Brain Stem Injury Consequences
A person who survives a brain stem injury will face an array of challenges which can be mental, physical, emotional, and financial. These challenges can last for a long duration, even a lifetime, depending upon the severity of the injury. There may be a loss of occupation or the ability to work at all. There may be extended therapy and rehabilitation required. The person may even become dependent on others to live anything close to a normal life. In many cases, the injury that caused such devastation in the persons life was not their fault but the fault of another party.
What Are The Outcomes Of Hypoxic/anoxic Brain Injury
The family will want to know about the time scale of recovery after cerebral anoxia and the point at which further significant improvement becomes unlikely. As with any kind of acquired brain injury, it is difficult to give definitive rules about this.
There is some evidence that the outcome for a severe anoxic brain injury may be poorer than for a traumatic brain injury of equivalent severity, as assessed by the Glasgow Coma Scale . This may well be because of differences in the nature of the damage to the brain. In traumatic brain injury, damage to the axons is usually a prominent feature and the brain can often create alternative connections to compensate for this. In anoxic brain injury, the actual nerve cell bodies themselves are very vulnerable to damage and this damage is irreparable.
A number of factors can help to predict the outcome after cerebral anoxia:
How Brain Stem Injuries Happen
Brain stem injuries can occur in a variety of ways from a brain stem injury car accident, to slipping and falling. A brain stem injury resulting from a car accident can even occur through whiplash. Slipping and falling can result in blunt force trauma to a persons head, which can lead to the hemorrhaging mentioned above. One of the most common causes of brain stem injury are Las Vegas motorcycle accidents.
If you have been involved in an accident and have suffered an injury to your brain stem, it is vital that you consult with an attorney. Brain stem injuries are often the most devasting injuries a person can suffer because the care the person will need after the accident is expensive and may be needed for the rest of the victims life.
Furthermore, the injury may take away a persons ability to work. Please contact Las Vegas personal injury attorney firm Valiente Mott for a free consultation today if you have been involved in an accident involving an injury to your brain stem.
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You Should Retain An Attorney
As researchers continue to study injuries pertaining to the brain, from the field of sports medicine to the effects of concussive impacts from working in a hostile environmentsuch as being a soldier or first responderwe are learning how to recognize and treat traumatic brain injuries better every day. These treatments are often cost-prohibitive, and the long-term effects of a brain stem injury often impact a persons ability to enjoy a happy, productive life. If you or someone you know has been the victim of an accident, trauma, or condition that has resulted in brain stem injury, you need an attorney.
You might not be enjoying the same quality of life, but you have rights that you should protect. You deserve compensation for the full cost of your injuries. This is not a battle you should ever fight by yourself. As it is, dealing with a brain stem injury is enough to contend with. You or your loved ones have already been fighting the battle of their lives. This is why it is time to hire a professional who will fight zealously to help you seek justice.
Without an experienced brain injury lawyer, insurance companies and liable parties may try to take advantage of you. Moreover, whatever the cause of your traumatic brain injury, a brain injury attorney can answer your questions, evaluate your case, and help you determine how to navigate the court system and seek compensation.
Common Symptoms Of Stroke
Symptoms of stroke depend on which area of the brain is affected. A stroke in the brain stem can interfere with vital functions such as breathing and heartbeat. Other functions that we perform without thinking, such as eye movements and swallowing, can also be altered. Brain stem stroke can also impair your speech and hearing, and cause vertigo.
All of the signals from your brain move through the brain stem to reach the different parts of your body. Nerve cells that come from various sections of the brain carry these signals right through the brain stem to the spinal cord.
When blood flow in the brain stem is interrupted, such as with stroke, those brain signals are also disrupted. In turn, the different parts of the body that these signals control will also be affected. This is why some people experience numbness on one or both sides of the body, or paralysis in their arms or legs.
What Is The Cerebellum
The cerebellum is located on the base of the brain, right behind the brain stem.
The cerebellum controls which muscles should activate and which need to relax. It does this by sending inhibitory or excitatory signals to the right muscle groups.
However, if this region is damaged, then this process is disrupted, which will make muscle coordination difficult, if not impossible.
Besides muscle movement, new discoveries show the cerebellum is crucial in several other functions, including:
This means that cerebellum brain damage can affect all these functions and many others.
Trouble Detecting Visual Motion
Another side effect associated with cerebellum brain damage is problems with visual detection.
This can make it difficult, sometimes impossible, to tell which direction an object is moving.
Unfortunately, there arent very many ways to treat this problem. Sometimes, as the cerebellum heals, it will go away on its own.
Otherwise, you will need to learn some techniques to compensate. An occupational therapist can show you some helpful ones that will let you navigate around your environment safely.
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Brain Stem Cells Can Be Awakened Say Schepens Scientists
Study findings promise to help in treatment of brain diseases
Schepens Eye Research Institute
Boston, MA-Scientists at Schepens Eye Research Institute have identifiedspecific molecules in the brain that are responsible for awakening andputting to sleep brain stem cells, which, when activated, can transform intoneurons and repair damaged brain tissue. Their findings arepublished online this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy ofScience .
An earlier paper by the samescientists laid the foundation for the PNAS study findings by demonstratingthat neural stem cells exist in every part of the brain, but are mostly keptsilent by chemical signals from support cells known as astrocytes.
³The findings from both papers should have a far-reaching impact,² saysprincipal investigator, Dr. Dong Feng Chen, who is an associate scientist atSchepens Eye Research Institute and an assistant professor of ophthalmologyat Harvard Medical School. Chen believes that tapping the brain¹s dormant,but intrinsic, ability to regenerate itself is the best hope for peoplesuffering from brain-ravaging diseases such as Parkinson¹s or Alzheimer¹sdisease or traumatic brain or spinal cord injuries.
In the first study, Chen¹s team learned that stem cells existed everywherein the brain by testing tissue from different parts of adult mice brains incultures containing support cells from thehippocampus, where stem cells do regenerate.
What Are The Causes And Effects Of Brain Stem Injuries
Stephen Hasner | Personal Injury | January 8, 2020
Motorcycle and car accidents are serious and can lead to various types of head trauma. Brain stem injuries are particularly problematic as they can affect your quality of life and ability to work. In some cases, they can even result in death.
If someone was responsible for an accident that caused you or a loved one to suffer a brainstem injury, you may be entitled to financial compensation. This can help cover your medical bills, lost wages, and pain and suffering. Contact our brain injury lawyers for more information.
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What Is Nerve Damage
According to the National Institutes of Health, there are more than 100 different types of nerve damage. Peripheral nerve damage, in particular, refers to damage to the peripheral nervous system, which consists of all nerves that branch off the central nervous system . The peripheral nervous system extends to many tissues and organs throughout the body and is responsible for transferring information to and from the central nervous system.
In addition to transmitting sensory information, peripheral nerves also enable voluntary movements and regulate involuntary body functions, such as increasing heart rate in response to fight-or-flight scenarios.
An estimated 20 million Americans have peripheral nerve damage, and this widespread problem has many different causes. For example, its estimated that up to 70% of people with diabetes have nerve damage. Other factors that can lead to peripheral nerve damage include illnesses, injuries, cancer treatments and birth trauma.
Scientists Have Discovered A New Stem Cell That Could Heal Brain Damage
A newly discovered type of stem cell could help brains repair themselves from injury or even debilitating diseases like Alzheimer’s, according to the latest research.
Called the “G2 quiescent stem cell”, it’s one of several ‘sleeping’ stem cells in the brain.
But this one is showing more potential for regeneration than the others have so far. Like other stem cells, it can produce cells of all different types on demand whatever the body needs.
If we can work out ways to enable and harness these stem cells, they could eventually be used in place of invasive surgical procedures, according to the two researchers from the University of Cambridge in the UK.
“The brain is not good at repairing itself, but these newly-discovered stem cells suggest there may be a way to improve its ability,” says one of the researchers, molecular biologist Andrea Brand.
“These stem cells are in a dormant state, but once awake, they have the ability to generate key brain cells.”
Stem cells waking up in the Drosophila brain.
And that’s key to developing new treatments off the back of this research quiescent cells have to be roused from their slumber before they’ll produce any new cells. Right now it’s not clear exactly how to do that.
The signs are good though: the new study found that G2 quiescent stem cells can wake up relatively quickly to start producing neurons and glia, the key cell types in the brain.
The research has been published in Science.
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Causes Of Cerebellum Brain Damage
Because of the cerebellums location, its very difficult for an external force to damage it. However, a strong blow to the back of your head could cause trauma.
Most cerebellum brain damage occurs after an anoxic brain injury or infection. Alcohol abuse can also cause the cerebellum to deteriorate.
When the cerebellum sustains damage, the signals it sends to the muscles become weaker or can cease entirely. This disruption is what leads to the various side effects associated with cerebellar damage.
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Repairing The Injured Brain
Why Proper Rehabilitation Is Essential to Recovering Function
Recovery from a brain injury is a slow process with no obvious end pointa practical dilemma for patients, caregivers, and medical professionals. While research continues to advance the field to determine optimal interventions , front-line providers, like author Mark J. Ashley, founder and CEO of the Centre for Neuro Skills, have found that certain rehabilitation environments and procedures encourage a stronger recovery than others. But even as specialized facilities make strides, many people face barriers to adequate care.
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Who Decides That It Is Time To Test My Child For Brain Stem Death
If the consultant caring for a child suspects that brain stem death has occurred, they will discuss it with parents and they will confirm timing of the tests.
This is dependent upon the childs injury or condition and their progress within the intensive care unit. It is a national standard to test anyone who may be brain stem dead.
Common Causes Of Brain Stem Injuries
Auto and motorcycle accidents are a leading cause of brain stem injuries. They affect people of all ages. Wearing seatbelts in cars and helmets on bikes has shown to be protective from these injuries. This protection comes from lessened chances of neck hyper-flexion, frontward and backward, and reduced twisting. These are two extreme motions that can lead to brain stem injuries in many cases.
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Injuries To The Brain Stem
With that in mind, injuries to the brain stem can happen in a number of ways. Examples include trauma that leads to laceration of the spinal cord, ligaments to separate from the spinal column, hemorrhaging , and/or hyperextension of the vertebrae.
As mentioned, brain stem injuries are often the result of car and motorcycle collisions. However, it has been shown that wearing seatbelts in automobiles and helmets on bikes can help prevent this type of trauma. Other causes of brain stem injuries that we commonly see are due to falls. An example would be a construction worker plunging from scaffolding.
Keep in mind that these types of injuries can also lead to a person suffering what is known as a brain stem stroke. This is the result of the blood supply to the brain being interrupted. However, unlike automobile accidents or falls, which involve some type of force or impact, brain stem strokes can happen to anyone at any time.
However, its important to note that certain lifestyle factors and health conditions can increase your risk of suffering a brain stem stroke. These include having a history of smoking, drug use, high blood pressure, and diabetes.
As you can see, because of how vital the brain stem is to proper functioning, even minor injuries can have serious consequences. For that reason, you should always seek medical attention as soon as possible after an accident, even if you believe that your injuries are not severe.
Brain Stem Injury Symptoms
The brain stem plays an important role in how messages are transmitted from the brain to the rest of the body. The most common signs of a brain stem injury often involve a person not being able to function as they should. Symptoms of a brain stem injury include:
- Abnormal sleeping patterns
If you have suffered a head injury, it is critical to seek medical attention as soon as possible. You will want to be certain that a physician has ordered the necessary tests to diagnose a brain stem injury so you can receive the proper treatment and have the best chance at recovery.
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The Need For An Experienced Brain Injury Attorney
It is imperative that a person who suffered a brain stem injury from the negligence of another seek the representation of an experienced brain injury attorney. A settlement mill or general practice attorney will not suffice in these cases. The skilled brain injury attorney knows the lifetime costs that result from the injury, along with the high degree of pain and suffering, diminished quality of life including loss of consortium. The attorney will not settle the case for what may appear like a lot of money at the time but is a fraction of the value of the case. He or she will fight aggressively for the true value of the case, even if it requires a court battle in front of a jury. The lawyer knows the awards given in past cases and will aim even higher.
What Is Known About Recovery Of Consciousness And Outcomes After A Severe Tbi
Some doctors consider certain severe TBIs to be beyond hope. However, this cant be determined in the first few days after an injury. It may take weeksor even monthsfor a doctor to determine how or if a person will recover over time. Many people will eventually regain consciousness. The following are some important facts to keep in mind about recovery from a disorder of consciousness caused by a severe TBI.
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What Causes Brain Damage
Brain damage can be caused either by a traumatic brain injury or acquired brain injury . Brain injuries can cause rupture or blockage of the blood vessels. Depending on the impact of the injury, oxygen and nutrient supply get disrupted to a part or all of the brain. Nutrient and oxygen deprivation of the nerve cells for a prolonged period may lead to brain damage.
TBI refers to brain injuries caused by an external force. They usually result from head injuries. Examples include
- Violent blow or jolt to the head
- Objects, such as a bullet or shattered piece of skull, that penetrate the brain
ABI refers to the brain injury that is acquired during your life. This means the injury was not congenital or due to genetic causes. An acquired brain injury or ABI includes injuries due to an external force . They, however, also include injuries that do not involve an external force, such as a tumor, stroke or a reduced supply of oxygen to the brain.
What Are The Initial Effects Of Hypoxic/anoxic Brain Injury
The effects of hypoxic or anoxic brain injury, where the brain is starved of oxygen, can range from mild, short-term symptoms such as dizziness or concentration problems, through to severe, long-term issues including vision, speech and memory.
The body will respond to cerebral anoxia by increasing blood flow to the brain in an attempt to restore an adequate supply of oxygen. However, it is only possible to increase brain blood flow to about twice the normal level. If this is not enough to compensate for the anoxia, brain function will be disturbed and symptoms will become apparent.
Mild hypoxic/anoxic brain injury
If the cerebral anoxia is mild, there will be problems with concentration, attention, co-ordination and short-term memory, which may be relatively subtle to begin with. There may be headache, light-headedness, dizziness, an increase in breathing rate and sweating. There can be a restriction in the field of vision, a sensation of numbness or tingling and feelings of euphoria.
Severe hypoxic/anoxic brain injury
As the degree of anoxia becomes more pronounced, confusion, agitation or drowsiness appear, along with cyanosis – a bluish tinge to the skin, reflecting the lowered oxygen content of the blood, often most apparent around the lips, mouth and fingertips. There may be brief jerks of the limbs and seizures, both resulting from the damaging effects of lack of oxygen on the brain. If the anoxia is severe, it will result in loss of consciousness and coma.
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