Reversible Causes Of Memory Loss
Its important to remember that memory loss doesnt automatically mean that you have dementia. There are many other reasons why you may be experiencing cognitive problems, including stress, depression, and even vitamin deficiencies. Thats why its so important to go to a doctor to get an official diagnosis if youre experiencing problems.
Sometimes, even what looks like significant memory loss can be caused by treatable conditions and reversible external factors, such as:
Depression. Depression can mimic the signs of memory loss, making it hard for you to concentrate, stay organized, remember things, and get stuff done. Depression is a common problem in older adultsespecially if youre less social and active than you used to be or youve recently experienced a number of important losses or major life changes .
Vitamin B12 deficiency. Vitamin B12 protects neurons and is vital to healthy brain functioning. In fact, a lack of B12 can cause permanent damage to the brain. Older people have a slower nutritional absorption rate, which can make it difficult for you to get the B12 your mind and body need. If you smoke or drink, you may be at particular risk. If you address a vitamin B12 deficiency early, you can reverse the associated memory problems. Treatment is available in the form of a monthly injection.
Are you taking three or more drugs?
Memory Loss Cause #2 Over
Self-medicating with alcohol, cigarettes, and other substances can affect our memory. While it is important to take your medications as prescribed, using several medications in a day is called polypharmacology, and further complicates health problems as well as the risk of overmedicating. Every added drug further complicates a potentially toxic cocktail, especially if you also drink alcohol. The most common drugs to be prescribed as one ages past 65 are hypertension medication, heart pills, and anti-diabetics. The National Institute of Health has a guide for safe medication use for elders, and recommend the following list of questions to ask your doctor whenever you are prescribed something new:
- Why am I taking this medication?
- What specific times do I need to take it?
- Do I need to eat or drink when taking this?
- How long can I expect this medicine to start working?
- Will this interact with any of my other medications?
- Can I drive when I take this?
- What does as needed mean?
- What should I do if I forget a dose?
- What side effects can I expect?
- Will I be able to take my normal vitamins with this medicine?
Condition Causing Slurred Speech
Slurring of one’s speech could be from substance intoxication or from a stroke. A doctor needs to make this distinction. You should see one immediately.
Top Symptoms: slurred speech, arm weakness, hearing voices or seeing things that aren’t there, odd walking gait, hard testicle lump
Urgency: Emergency medical service
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V Hypothesized Mechanisms Linking Water And Cognition
It has been hypothesized that positive effects of water on cognition could be due to a psychological effect of expectancy. This hypothesis was however recently rejected when Edmonds et al. enrolled 47 adults among which some received water without knowing it was part of the experiment . Some groups of subjects were informed that water could have an impact on their cognitive functions, and others were not. The authors found positive effects of acute water intake whether or not they were in the expectancy group .
Several physiological mechanisms might be involved in the cognitive consequences of dehydration. The main mechanism known to follow dehydration involves the hormone vasopressin . Dehydration causes a slight raise in blood osmolality, which is detected by specialized receptors that signal AVP release. The increase in circulating AVP may increase the synthesis of cortisol in the adrenal cortex of the kidneys. Hypotheses regarding how this could affect cognitive performance include animal studies that have shown an association between cortisol and reduced memory, poor processing speed and altered active learning . In parallel, AVP also induces thirst sensation. This is hypothesized to enter in competition with other cognitive tasks for resources, and might thereby decrease attention . These hypotheses are summarized in Figure 2.
Figure 7. Physiological consequences of dehydration and hypothesized mechanisms involved in the cognitive consequences.
Characteristics Of The Participants
A total of 12 male participants were recruited and completed the study . The average age of participants was 20.8 years old . The height, weight, BMI, and blood pressure measurements obtained during baseline, dehydration, and rehydration tests are shown in . No significant differences were observed in these anthropometric measurements over these three tests.
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Signs Of Dehydration In Elderly People With Dementia
Recognizing dehydration in dementia patients can be difficult, since many symptoms of elderly dehydration are behaviors commonly present in people with dementia, like disorientation, wandering, or fatigue throughout the day. Plus, seniors experiencing cognitive decline often have a harder time recognizing or communicating basic needs.
Its important to have a baseline knowledge of your loved ones behavior, to note any drastic changes. Keep these physical signs of dehydration in people with dementia in mind, and encourage regular water intake to avoid potential complications.
Early symptoms of dehydration include:
- Dry mouth
- Dark urine
- Muscle cramping
- Urinary tract infections
What To Do If Dehydration In People With Dementia Persists
Chronic dehydration in people with dementia is a serious health risk. This is because dehydration and dementia are cyclical. Dementia makes it difficult for the body to regulate water balance in turn, dehydration negatively affects cognitive performance, according to clinical studies by the School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences at the University of Reading.
Here are some additional ways to seek help if your loved one is struggling to stay hydrated:
- Talk to your loved ones doctor. If dehydration symptoms persist despite increasing your relatives liquid intake, talk to a doctor about how much fluid they need to consume each day to stay properly hydrated it may be more than you expect.
- Consider other lifestyle adjustments. Maybe a change in medication could reduce dehydration, or your aging relatives symptoms could be caused by a a vitamin or mineral deficiency, instead . Ask a doctor about any concerns, and remember to bring a list of all current medications.
- Look into hydration programs. Some memory care communities offer hydration programs to help reduce dehydration in dementia patients. Professional in-home care for dementia may use similar techniques.
If youre concerned about managing your loved ones dehydration and dementia at home, reach out to one of our free, local Senior Living Advisors. Theyll learn more about your familys unique needs, and can recommend senior living or home care options that may work for you.
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Dehydration Affects Your Mood
A number of studies have identified a link between dehydration and mood disturbances. In a 2012 study, researchers at the University of Connecticut induced dehydration in healthy young women through either exercise or exercise plus a diuretic and assessed its effects on mood state. Dehydration was found to result in a measurable increase in total mood disturbance.
Benefits Of Drinking Water
Water is a beneficial part of maintaining overall good health as proper hydration is required for all bodily functions. It is recommended that we consume at least eight glasses of water a day, but this can change based on different factors such as a persons size, activity level, and age. Here are some common benefits of being well hydrated.
- Helps to flush out toxins
- Improves skin complexion
- Prevents cramps and sprains because water is a natural lubricant for your muscles
- Help regulate body temperature
- Prevents backaches because much of the spinal cord is made up of water and being dehydrated can lead to pains
- Improves heart health
Mohan Garikiparithi got his degree in medicine from Osmania University . He practiced clinical medicine for over a decade before he shifted his focus to the field of health communications. During his active practice he served as the head of the Dept. of Microbiology in a diagnostic centre in India. On a three-year communications program in Germany, Mohan developed a keen interest in German Medicine , and other alternative systems of medicine. He now advocates treating different medical conditions without the use of traditional drugs. An ardent squash player, Mohan believes in the importance of fitness and wellness.
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Whats The Best Way To Tell If You Are Well Hydrated
Producing lots of clear, dilute urine is a good indication that youre well-hydrated. During the activity, replenish fluids at regular intervals and continue drinking water or other fluids after youre finished. Hot or cold weather.
Can dehydration cause shortness of breath? Can dehydration cause shortness of breath? Shortness of breath is not a symptom of dehydration. However, it may go alongside dehydration. For example, you might be playing a sport outside in the hot sun and get dehydrated from lack of water and also feel short of breath from all
How Is Dehydration Treated
The treatment of dehydration depends on:
- Whether the dehydration appears to be mild, moderate, or severe
- What type of electrolyte imbalances appear on laboratory testing
- If known, the cause of the dehydration
Mild dehydration can usually be treated by having the person take more fluids by mouth. Generally, its best to have the person drink something with some electrolytes, such as a commercial rehydration solution, a sports drink, juice, or even bouillon. But in most cases, even drinking water or tea will help.
Mildly dehydrated older adults will often perk up noticeably after they drink some fluids, usually within 5-10 minutes.
Moderate dehydration is often treated with intravenous hydration in urgent care, the emergency room, or even the hospital. Some nursing homes can also treat dehydration with a subcutaneous infusion, which means providing fluid through a small IV needle placed into the skin of the belly or thigh. This is called hypodermoclysis, and this is actually safer and more comfortable for older adults than traditional IV hydration.
Severe dehydration may require additional intervention to support the kidneys, and sometimes even requires short-term dialysis.
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Memory Loss Cause # 2 Over
Self-medicating with alcohol, cigarettes, and various other materials can influence our memory. While it is very important to take your medicines as suggested, using numerous medications in a day is called polypharmacology, as well as additionally makes complex illness as well as the threat of overmedicating. Every added drug additionally makes complex a possibly hazardous alcoholic drink, especially if you likewise consume alcohol. The most typical drugs to be recommended as one ages past 65 are high blood pressure medication, heart tablets, and also anti-diabetics. The National Institute of Health has a guide for risk-free medication usage for seniors, and suggest the following checklist of questions to ask your doctor whenever you are recommended something brand-new:.
Why am I taking this medicine?What certain times do I need to take it?Do I need to consume or drink when taking this?For how long can I expect this medicine to start functioning?Will this engage with any of my other drugs?Can I drive when I take this?What does as required indicate?What should I do if I fail to remember a dosage?What adverse effects can I expect?Will I be able to take my normal vitamins with this medication?
How Do I Get Myself And My Loved Ones To Drink More Water
- Carry a water bottle with you. Keep it filled!
- Choose water instead of sugary drinks, including at meals.
- Add flavor. A wedge of lime or lemon might make it tastier, and more fun! You can also try some flavored drink mixes, but watch out for the sugar!
- Eat foods that are high in water content. Many soups, fruits and vegetables meet this description.
- If you dont like drinking a lot of water at once, try smaller doses spread out throughout the day.
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Weird Things Dehydration Does To Your Body
I am convinced Bikram yoga would kill me. I’m just too sweaty. I can produce a puddle of sweat under a spin bike that a small child could swim in. I don’t wear gray. I was poked and prodded by doctors who thought there could be an underlying thyroid problem to explain my drenched T-shirts. But no, every expert came to the same nonmedical, totally unhelpful conclusion: I am a sweaty person.
It took me a while to be anything but embarrassed by my tendency . And before I had learned to just accept my sweatiness or risk never lifting my arms above my head again, things got a little scary.
The first time I got seriously dehydrated, I was just trying to make varsity. A week of two-a-day high school soccer tryouts terminated in a scrimmage one particularly hot August afternoon, and by the end of the game I had stopped sweating and lost all the color in my usually flushed face. Eventually, my cramping legs buckled as I tried to get out of my dad’s car in our driveway.
Mix dehydration with high temps and you’ve got a pretty perfect recipe for heat illness, an experience I am eager not to repeat. I had to learn the signs my body’s water tank was running low: a scratchy, salty film that dries on my face feeling cool in the middle of a 90-minute game in the summer. Seriously, I should buy stock in Gatorade.
Acute Water Intervention And Mood
The majority of studies that have investigated acute water intervention in children have either not included a mood measure or asked children to rate their happiness, which provides a measure of mood similar to standardised mood assessments, and yet have so far failed to show any change after water consumption. This is possibly because self-reported happiness may not be sensitive enough, particularly as happiness does not usually capture a state of arousal that has shown sensitivity to water intervention. A more recent study involving children has used an adapted version of the Profiles of Mood State questionnaire designed for children and found a significant correlation between better hydration and reports of vigour, further supporting young adult mood reports. Studies that have included mood measures of alertness and other arousal states reveal that water consumption does have a significant impact on alertness and arousal however, the extent to which this consumption sustains these mood changes is still inconclusive. Current findings suggest that these mood effects are short-lived and occur immediately after water consumption. Future studies should consider investigating the temporal pattern of mood changes before and after water consumption.
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Memory Loss Cause #11 Anxiety
To some extent, stress can assist your memory, Legendre states. Both ends of the continuum also little tension, or too much can hurt your memory. Contrary to what we might assume, not having enough anxiety hormones can be as poor for your memory as having as well much, Legendre says.Learn more about Can Severe Dehydration Cause Memory Loss in this article.
To limit exactly how tension affects your focus as well as memory, Legendre suggests building mindfulness techniques into your day. Attempt reflection for a couple of mins every day. These techniques help you be aware of the present minute and also concentrate on what youre doing, she states.
Memory Loss Cause # 10 Dementia
An evident description to getting worse memory problems, especially the capacity to bear in mind recent events, names, and also telephone number, is Alzheimers condition and also associated dementias. While not all older grownups deal with memory-related diseases, the danger of developing mental deterioration boosts with age. New innovations in technology have made it feasible to find Alzheimers illness in your doctors office with a straightforward eye examination, and there are lots of cognitive examinations that can additionally be executed to help determine the specific nature of your memory concerns, so make certain to reach out to your medical professional if you presume your memory problems are coming to be an issue for you..
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Memory Loss Cause # 6 Head Trauma
Minor Head Trauma may be received from even a small from a loss or mishap, and can create memory loss due to damage to the brain. Every fall ought to be reported to your main care doctor, so they can evaluate you for any type of kind of terrible mind injury .
Short-term amnesia.Inability to deal with anxiety, and episodes of hostility.Migraines.Inability to hold your urine.Adjustment in hunger and also sleeping patterns, in addition to character.
Falls are one of the most usual root cause of TBI in older adults with 60% of TBI in those over 65 being attributed to a loss. People over 75 having the highest possible incident of falls leading to TBI, a hospital stay, and also death. Since clinical monitoring can miss out on approximately 30% of TBI, an electronic brain scan is advised to validate no mind swelling or shrinkage takes place after a loss..
How Dehydration Affects The Brain
Water is a macronutrient that is vital to human health. You can survive for weeks or even months without food, but you will die within days without water. Yet most people are at least marginally dehydrated, especially when the weather is hot and humid, and it can severely impact your cognitive function.
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Memory Loss Cause #4 Vitamin Deficiency
Nutritional deficiencies have been known to be the root of many ailments, from scurvy, a vitamin C deficiency, to osteoporosis, which is largely related to a lack of calcium and vitamin D in the diet. It is estimated that half of all elders are vitamin D deficient, and even less elders get enough vitamin C. Vitamin deficiency can cause mild to severe cognitive decline, so its important to be aware of your nutritional needs.
The vitamins that studies have shown to affect memory loss and cognition are:
Your doctor will be able to guide you in what vitamins to take, keeping in mind your current prescriptions. Its important to note that water is also a key ingredient to a well-maintained body, and dehydration is closely linked to cognitive decline. A recent survey reports that 56% of seniors drink less than six glasses of water a day, two less than the recommended daily amount.