Wednesday, August 24, 2022

Can Hitting Your Head With Your Hand Cause Brain Damage

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Symptoms Of A Traumatic Brain Injury

Some symptoms of a traumatic brain injury happen immediately after the traumatic event. Others may not appear for several days or weeks.

For a mild injury, its normal to feel dizzy, nauseated, or have a headache. Other mild symptoms include:

  • Ringing in your ears

These mild symptoms usually go away after a few days or weeks.

In addition to these symptoms, moderate or severe TBIs may include:

  • Lasting nausea or vomiting
  • Dilated pupils
  • Trouble waking up, walking, or speaking
  • Slurred speech
  • Weakness or numbness in your arms or legs
  • Drainage of bloody or clear fluids from your ears or nose
  • Seizures

These types of TBIs are serious and can have lasting effects. Your mood can change, making you feel angry, anxious, or sensitive. Short-term memory can be affected, as well as your ability to think and focus. You may have trouble controlling your impulses.

Always seek medical care if you have hit your head. If your symptoms are severe, call 911 or go to the emergency room. Contact a doctor if someone you know has a head injury and acts strange.

Diagnosing Numbness After Head Injury

Since both a pinched nerve and brain damage can lead to numbness after head injury, its essential to determine which one is causing problems.

Doctors will perform a variety of tests for an accurate diagnosis, such as MRIs or CT scans that let them see which parts of the brain might be affected.

Your doctor may also decide to use a nerve conduction velocity test, which measures the electrical signals moving through your peripheral nerves. This method can be an effective way to determine whether your numbness is due to nerve damage or brain damage.

Finally, you can also try treatment with a physical therapist to determine if your neck injury is causing numbness.

The Impact Of Minor Hits

While its more obvious that experiencing a serious concussion while participating in sports can cause long-term brain damage, a new study in the online journal, , found that little hits along the way can cause problems, too.

The fact of the matter is, each time you have an impact activity to your head, it is a small, what we call, traumatic brain injury. It is damage to the brain, Dr. Dixon tells Local 12s Liz Bonis.

She says you dont have to be knocked unconscious, hit your head on the ground, or be directly hit in the head in order for the hit to cause problems. The repetitive force of the brain kind of going back and forth in your skull can cause minor damage, she points out.

Researchers who participated in the study took blood samples of college athletes after a game and found that in a small percentage of those, there was a higher measure for an autoimmune response. This means there is a higher level of protein in the blood, which is generally only present in those with epilepsy or dementia more serious brain problems.

Emotional Or Behavioural Effects

After a severe head injury, you may experience changes to your feelings and behaviour. For example, you may be angrier or more easily irritated than before.

You may be less sensitive to other people’s feelings, or lose your inhibitions and behave in a way that other people consider inappropriate.

Some people go on to develop a mental health condition after a severe head injury, such as:

How Is Tbi Diagnosed

Concussions & ImPACT Testing Guidelines for Athletes ...

All TBIs require immediate assessment by a professional who has experience evaluating head injuries. A neurological exam will judge motor and sensory skills and test hearing and speech, coordination and balance, mental status, and changes in mood or behavior, among other abilities. Screening tools for coaches and athletic trainers can identify the most concerning concussions for medical evaluation.

Initial assessments may rely on standardized instruments such as the Acute Concussion Evaluation form from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention or the Sport Concussion Assessment Tool 2, which provide a systematic way to assess a person who has suffered a mild TBI. Reviewers collect information about the characteristics of the injury, the presence of amnesia and/or seizures, as well as the presence of physical, cognitive, emotional, and sleep-related symptoms. The ACE is also used to track symptom recovery over time. It also takes into account risk factors that can impact how long it takes to recover from a TBI.

Diagnostic imaging. When necessary, medical providers will use brain scans to evaluate the extent of the primary brain injuries and determine if surgery will be needed to help repair any damage to the brain. The need for imaging is based on a physical examination by a doctor and a persons symptoms.

I Hit My Head But I Feel Fine Do I Still Need To Seek Medical Care

Yes. Delayed symptoms of a possible concussion or other types of brain injury can place you at risk for complications. The nausea you feel may signal more than just an upset stomach.

Accepting medical transport can serve as valuable documentation of your injuries. It is always best to get a medical examination by a professional rather than assuming you are fine.

Head Injury And Concussion

The term ‘head injury’ covers cuts and bruises to the scalp as well as injury to the brain, which is known as Traumatic Brain Injury or TBI.

Your brain is protected by your scalp and the bones of the skull, and is cushioned by lining layers of tissue and the spinal fluid inside your skull.

If you get hit hard, or are shaken forcefully, your brain can bounce around inside and be bruised by the hard bone of your skull. This can cause a bruise in the brain, and damage to nerve fibres and blood vessels.

If bleeding or a blood clot results, this can be serious. Sometimes bleeding starts hours after the injury.

Treatment For A Head Injury

While in the emergency department at hospital, you can expect:

  • Observation
  • Mild painkillers for any headache
  • To have nothing to eat or drink until further advised
  • Anti-nausea tablets for any nausea or vomiting
  • An x-ray of the neck, if you have any neck pain
  • A CT scan, if needed
  • For a mild head injury, to be discharged home with family or friends. Ask for a certificate for work, if needed.

What Are The Symptoms Of A Head Injury In A Child

Symptoms can occur a bit differently in each child, and vary depending on how severe the injury is.

Symptoms of mild head injury may include:

  • Raised, swollen area from a bump or a bruise
  • Small, shallow cut in the scalp
  • Headache
  • Sensitivity to noise and light
  • Irritability or abnormal behavior
  • Problems with memory or concentration
  • Change in sleep patterns
  • Ringing in the ears
  • Changes in taste

Symptoms of moderate to severe head injury may include any of the above plus: 

  • Loss of consciousness
  • Severe headache that does not go away
  • Repeated nausea and vomiting
  • Weakness in one side or area of the body
  • Sweating
  • Blood or clear fluid draining from ears or nose
  • Dark circle in the center of the eye looks larger in one eye
  • Deep cut in the scalp
  • Loss of consciousness and cant be awakened
  • Loss of thinking and awareness of surroundings
  • Locked-in syndrome, a condition where a person is conscious and can think, but cant speak or move

The symptoms of head injury can be like other health conditions. Make sure your child sees his or her healthcare provider for a diagnosis.

How Not To Panic Over A Brain Bleed

The first three days are critical. This is the acute subdural hematoma period. Get past these three days and you are out of the dense part of the woods.

Dont continue panicking two or three weeks out because this is the sub-acute phase; any brain bleed that becomes symptomatic during this time is not immediately life-threatening.

To put it another way, this would not be a Natasha Richardson situation remember her?

She was actor Liam Neesons wife and had sustained fatal head trauma from skiing and later that day had lapsed into a coma.

Get past three or four weeks, and you can breathe a heavier sigh of relief as far as immediately life-threatening.

Its extremely unlikely that in a middle aged or younger adult, getting your head hit by the car door frame, or a table after getting up from the floor, will tear a vein.

But what if you fell to the ground and slammed into the back of your head, like I did one day?

I slipped on ice backwards and never had time to break the fall.

My head snapped back and hit the concrete hard. I sprung to my feet and felt fine, never had any symptoms other than a headache six days later , and numerous more mild headaches that followed.

Once I was past the three week mark, I felt a lot more reassured, but I had also put myself on a 90 day grace period.

A chronic subdural hematoma can take 90 days to start causing symptoms.

Contact Sibley Dolman Gipe Accident Injury Lawyers Pa

The brain injury attorneys at Sibley Dolman Gipe Accident Injury Lawyers, PA have the resources available to front the cost of your case for as long as it takes to recover the damages you deserve for past, present, and future, medical bills, lost income, rehabilitation, career retraining as well as pain and suffering. Reach out to Dolman Law today for a free consultation. There is no cost to you until you receive what is coming to you. 

Sibley Dolman Gipe Accident Injury Lawyers, PA800 North Belcher Road

Striking The Head On A Hard Surface Or Object

Many head injuries caused by a fall occur because the victim strikes their head on the ground, a wall, or another object. This type of blow to the head can cause both open head injuries and closed head injuries, as well as primary and secondary brain injuries. Secondary injuries occur when the brain bleeds or swells, dangerously increasing intracranial pressure. This can damage other areas of the brain not affected by the primary injury and requires immediate medical attention. Symptoms of this increased pressure in your skull include headache, vomiting, and blurred vision.

What Are The Different Types Of Head Injury

8 Reasons Why Short

The following are some of the different types of head injuries:

  • Intracranial hematoma . There are several types of ICH, or blood clots, in or around the brain. The different types are classified by their location in the brain. These can range from mild head injuries to quite serious and potentially life-threatening injuries. The different types of ICH include the following:

  • Epidural hematoma. Epidural hematomas occur when a blood clot forms underneath the skull, but on top of the dura, the tough covering that surrounds the brain. They usually come from a tear in an artery that runs just under the skull called the middle meningeal artery. Epidural hematomas are usually associated with a skull fracture.

  • Subdural hematoma. Subdural hematomas occur when a blood clot forms underneath the skull and underneath the dura, but outside of the brain. These can form from a tear in the veins that go from the brain to the dura, or from a cut on the brain itself. They are sometimes, but not always, associated with a skull fracture.

  • Diffuse axonal injury . These injuries are fairly common and are usually caused by shaking of the brain back and forth, which can happen in car accidents, from falls or shaken baby syndrome. Diffuse injuries can be mild, such as with a concussion, or may be very severe, as in diffuse axonal injury . In DAI, the patient is usually in a coma for a prolonged period of time, with injury to many different parts of the brain.

  • Warning Signs Of A Serious Brain Injury

    • Pain: Constant or recurring headache
    • Motor dysfunction: Inability to control or coordinate motor functions or disturbance to balance
    • Sensory: Changes in ability to hear, taste or see; dizziness; hypersensitivity to light or sound
    • Cognitive: Shortened attention span; easily distracted; overstimulated by environment; difficulty staying focused on a task, following directions or understanding information; feeling of disorientation, confusion and other neuropsychological deficiencies
    • Speech: Difficulty finding the “right” word; difficulty expressing words or thoughts; speech

    Seek immediate medical attention if any of these warning signs occur

    Head Injuries & Hearing Loss

    In the United States alone, estimates suggest that there are over one million cases of traumatic brain injury each year which require hospitalization, and as many as 3 million cases of any head injury, including mild concussions. Survivors of serious head injuries may suffer permanent, lifelong effects, and those whose injuries are more mild may experience negative side effects that last days, weeks, or longer. Hearing loss, either temporary or permanent, is one of those side effects. So how exactly do head injuries affect the sense of hearing?

    Can You Have A Brain Bleed And Not Know It

    There may be no warning signs of a bleed on the brain. For example, it could happen after someone falls and hits their head. If there is a weakness in the blood vessel wall, it can bulge or swell, which is known as an aneurysm. Aneurysms can rupture suddenly without warning, and cause a bleed on the brain.

    Striking And Construction Accidents

    Falling materials from construction sites, flying roadway debris, and household accidents also contribute to brain trauma. Eligible claimants might seek compensation from property owners, workers compensation insurers, and even liable state entities in such cases. Further, claimants might recover damages from the designers and distributors of dangerous products that caused the head trauma.

    Even without lost consciousness, always consider seeking medical help following head trauma. Minor bumps can result in seemingly invisible brain bleeds that develop into brain hemorrhages and permanent brain damage. Brain injury attorneys could help claimants recover money for their medical damages, including necessary medical monitoring and emergency treatment, in appropriate cases.

    How Is Tbi Treated

    Many factors, including the size, severity, and location of the brain injury, influence how a TBI is treated and how quickly a person might recover. One of the critical elements to a persons prognosis is the severity of the injury. Although brain injury often occurs at the moment of head impact, much of the damage related to severe TBI develops from secondary injuries which happen days or weeks after the initial trauma. For this reason, people who receive immediate medical attention at a certified trauma center tend to have the best health outcomes. 

    What Research Is Ninds Funding

    The mission of the National Institute on Neurological Disorders and Stroke is to seek fundamental knowledge about the brain and nervous system and use that knowledge to reduce the burden of neurological disease. The NINDS is a component of the National Institutes of Health , the leading supporter of biomedical research in the world.

    supports research across the full range of TBI severity, in animal models and people, from children to adults. Projects focus on the mechanisms that result in immediate and delayed damage to the brain, on the processes that underlie recovery, and developing better diagnostic tools and more effective treatments.

    Among NINDS research efforts:

    In addition to , other Institutes fund research on TBI. Research projects on TBI and other disorders can be found using NIH RePORTER , a searchable database of current and past research projects supported by and other federal agencies. RePORTER also includes links to publications from these projects and other resources.

    Nausea After Hitting Head: How A Brain Injury Can Affect Your Body And Your Life

    Striking your head against a hard surface can affect your body in multiple ways. As home to one of the bodys most important organsthe brainhitting your head can leave you feeling downright sick. If you suffer nausea after hitting your head, seek medical attention immediately. If the accident that caused you to strike your head was due to negligence, seek legal representation. A brain injury lawyer can determine liability for your brain injury, and help you fight for the compensation you deserve.

    Slip And Fall Brain Injuries Can Vary In Severity

    What is Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

    There is a wide range of TBI symptoms. Most victims only suffer a minor concussion and recover relatively quickly, although they still need to see a doctor and receive treatment. A mild TBI can cause:

    • A brief loss of consciousness, in some cases
    • Dizziness and disorientation
    • Feeling foggy and suffering problems with memory
    • Sensitivity to light and other vision-related symptoms
    • Emotional changes
    • Sleep disturbances, including insomnia and/or fatigue
    • Problems with word recall

    Some Facts About Concussions

    -A concussion is a mild form of traumatic brain injury caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head. A concussion can also be caused by violent movement or jarring of the head or neck, or as a result of a sound blast, in which the pressure of the noise is so loud that it causes brain damage.

    -The primary injury in a mild concussion is a contusion of the brain. But in moderate to severe cases, hemorrhaging of the brain can also occur.

    -The most common causes of concussions are sports injuries, bicycle and car accidents, and falls.

    -People who have already sustained one concussion tend to be more susceptible to having another.

    -Although a concussion is not a life-threatening injury and people generally recover quickly, it can cause serious symptoms, including hearing loss.

    Q: Are Subconcussive Impacts Dangerous

    A: There have been studies on accelerometers and helmets, but the data is difficult to interpret because:

    • The force that hits the helmet doesnt get transmitted all the way to the brain, so its hard to measure completely.
    • For studies involving athletes with no symptoms, we cant be sure theyre telling the truth about the lack of symptoms or if their trauma is worth noting. So we dont know how many subconcussive hits are potentially problematic down the road.
    • We dont know what effect, if any, these hits have on the brain over time. The literatures not there to support a conclusive answer.

    Ive had situations where athletes who often sustain blows to their heads have gotten concussions from a small unexpected hit on the back of the head. While soccer and football players often develop neck strength that may absorb smaller blows, if they receive a hit theyre not ready for, they can be out for two or more weeks with a concussion because they never had time to prepare for that unexpected hit.

    Traumatic Brain Injury Treatment

    Traumatic brain injury is an emergency situation. Treatment depends on the type, location, and severity of the injury.

    If you have a mild injury, treatment will consist mainly of rest. You can also take over-the-counter pain medicine can help relieve headaches or neck pain. You should be watched closely at home for any new or worsening symptoms. You may go back to see the doctor for a check-up.

    If you have a moderate or severe injury, your doctor will start by stabilizing your injury. This involves getting oxygen to your brain and body, maintaining blood flow, and managing blood pressure. These precautions help prevent further damage. You may receive medicines in the hospital or you could need surgery. A surgeon can repair a skull fracture, stop bleeding in the brain, remove blood clots, or relieve pressure inside the skull. Surgery may be needed immediately. Sometimes blood clots take time to form, and surgery is needed days or weeks after the injury.

    Where Can I Get More Information

    For more information on neurological disorders or research programs funded by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, contact the Institute’s Brain Resources and Information Network at:

    Office of Communications and Public LiaisonNational Institute of Neurological Disorders and StrokeNational Institutes of HealthBethesda, MD 20892

    health-related material is provided for information purposes only and does not necessarily represent endorsement by or an official position of the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke or any other Federal agency. Advice on the treatment or care of an individual patient should be obtained through consultation with a physician who has examined that patient or is familiar with that patient’s medical history.

    All NINDS-prepared information is in the public domain and may be freely copied. Credit to the or the is appreciated.

    How Will I Know The Status Of My Case

    A brain injury lawyer understands what an uncertain and anxious time this is for you. Your lawyer should keep you informed with consistent communication as your case progresseseither through negotiations or at trial. Your lawyer is on your side, and while they are generally aggressive with insurance companies, they will treat their clients with compassion.

    Understanding how the legal process works is confusing and challenging for most plaintiffs, especially in brain injury cases. Your lawyer can answer any questions you may have by explaining the answers in a way that is relatable and easy to comprehend. Entrusting a lawyer with your civil case means you can focus on your recovery instead of the legal details of your accident. This can protect you from reliving the details of the traumatic event that changed your life.

    I Feel Responsible For My Accident Should I Admit Fault

    No. Never admit responsibility for the accident that caused you harm. Traumatic accidents are sudden and unexpected, with confusion immediately following the impact.

    Concern for the other party or embarrassment for your injuries is no reason to admit fault. Witnesses may affirm the fact that you admitted fault, making your case more difficult to prove. Limiting what you say and to whom you say it is imperative for protecting your best interests.

    Protecting Your Best Interests

    Feeling nauseated is an unpleasant experience. A brain injury attorney understands that victims of negligence do not feel well and need to rest. That is why they represent accident victims by managing the details of their case.

    While a speedy resolution to your situation is likely your preference, civil cases take time. An attorney can carefully review all evidence regarding how the accident occurred and who is liable for your harm. In some cases, liability may fall on more than one party.

    Insurance company negotiations are where most brain injury cases begin. Negotiating for a settlement amount that covers all damages associated with your head injury is vital for your financial future. It also sends a strong message regarding accountability for the injustice you experienced.

    Types of compensation possible in brain injury cases include:

    • Medical expenses related to everything from medical transport to hospital fees
    • Medical expenses that are ongoing and cover continuous needs, like that of expensive prescriptions
    • Lost pay due to your recovery
    • The income possible had your injury not prevented you from returning to your job
    • Pain and suffering

    Brain injury cases often involve preventable accidents had the responsible party used proper care. Taking civil action against the responsible party is your right, and a lawyer can stand by your side throughout the process.

    Coup And Contrecoup Injuries

    Daily Safety Briefs: 6/10/2011 Head Injuries

    Coup and contrecoup injuries occur when the brain bounces back and forth inside the skull, causing bruises on each side. This can occur any time there is a sudden stop or a fall whips the head back and forth. Unfortunately, these types of TBIs are often misdiagnosed. Watch out for blurred vision, nausea, headache, and other symptoms. Its important the victim seek emergency medical help.

    Recovering From Numbness After Head Injury

    Numbness after head injury can either be caused by injury to the brain or nerve damage.

    Once you can determine the source of your numbness, you can start appropriate treatment after talking with your physical therapist. Treatment may include sensory retraining, electrical stimulation, massage therapy, and acupuncture.

    It may take some time before you notice improvements, so please do not give up. The brain is a remarkably adaptive organ, and with treatment, you can live your best life with adaptations.

    First Aid For Concussion

    If you think someone may have a concussion, use the following steps:

  • Check to make sure the scene is safe.
  • Check for loss of consciousness.
  • If the person is unconscious, check their ABC
  • Do not move the person unless absolutely necessary.
  • Check the persons mental awareness.
  • Check the persons eyes.
  • Watch for vomiting.
  • Keep the person awake for a period of time to see if their condition gets worse.
  • Be aware that complaints can subside only to appear later on and be worse.
  • Be aware that children can become worse very quickly.
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