Finding The Cause Of Memory Loss
If you find that you are increasingly forgetful or if memory problems interfere with your daily life, schedule an appointment with your doctor to determine the cause and best treatment.
To evaluate memory loss, your doctor will take a medical history, perform a physical exam — including a neurologic exam — and ask questions to test mental ability. Depending on the results, further evaluation may include blood and urine tests, nerve tests, and imaging tests of the brain such as computerized axial tomography scans or magnetic resonance imaging .
You may also be sent for neuropsychological testing, which is a battery of tests that help pinpoint the memory loss.
New Drug Raises Hopes Of Reversing Memory Loss In Old Age
Toronto researchers believe the drug can also help those with depression, schizophrenia and Alzheimers
An experimental drug that bolsters ailing brain cells has raised hopes of a treatment for memory loss, poor decision making and other mental impairments that often strike in old age.
The drug could be taken as a daily pill by over-55s if clinical trials, which are expected to start within two years, show that the medicine is safe and effective at preventing memory lapses.
Tests in the lab showed that old animals had far better memory skills half an hour after receiving the drug. After two months on the treatment, brain cells which had shrunk in the animals had grown back, scientists found.
Etienne Sibille, at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health in Toronto, said the treatment was aimed not only at the normal cognitive decline that leads to senior moments, but at memory loss and mental impairments that commonly afflict people with depression, schizophrenia and Alzheimers disease.
If the drug did well in human trials, Sibille said it was possible that anybody over the age of 55-60 who may be at risk of cognitive problems later on could benefit from this treatment.
Our findings have direct implications for poor cognition in normal ageing, he said, with the drug potentially improving learning, memory, decision making and essential life planning. But we see this deficiency across disorders from depression to schizophrenia and Alzheimers.
What Are The Symptoms Of Vascular Dementia
The symptoms of vascular dementia depend on the location and amount of brain tissue involved. Vascular dementia symptoms may appear suddenly after a stroke, or gradually over time. Symptoms may get worse after another stroke, a heart attack, or major surgery. These are signs and symptoms of vascular dementia
- Increased trouble carrying out normal daily activities because of problems with concentration, communication, or inability to carry out instructions
- Memory problems, although short-term memory may not be affected
- Confusion, which may increase at night
- Stroke symptoms, such as sudden weakness and trouble with speech
- Personality changes
- Mood changes, such as depression or irritability
- Stride changes when walking too fast, shuffling steps
- Problems with movement and/or balance
- Urinary problems, such as urgency or incontinence
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Can You Reverse Memory Loss From Cannabis
by Valiant | Oct 28, 2018 | |
There are various debates taking place recently about how marijuana does and does not affect us from impairment while driving, leading us to try other drugs, and several other potential aspects of marijuana use.
One commonly known side effect of smoking marijuana is memory loss, often just short-term, but many people do experience some memory loss after extended periods of cannabis use. However, a recent study found that the negative impacts of cannabis use on your memory can be quickly reversed simply with time.
According to the study, young adults and adolescents who have been using cannabis regularly but stop for 30 days, notice a better memory and improved ability to learn compared to those around them who continue to smoke, ingest, or vape pot.
This study was done by researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital and focused on two broad areas of cognitive function memory and attention. The group observed ranged in age from 16 to 25 years old and were regular cannabis users meaning they indulged at least once a week.
Our findings provide two pieces of convincing evidence, said lead author Randi Schuster, director of neuropsychology at the Center for Addiction Medicine at the Boston hospital.
However, there was no evidence that there was a difference in attention, which is classified as the ability to stay focused on a visual task as one example. Both groups exhibited like abilities for this area.
Neurons Lose Touch With Each Other
Why does working memory deteriorate in the absence of a neurodegenerative disease? Scientists still dont know the answer to this question.
One recently published study found that synchronicity between neurons when theyre stimulated is important for a well-functioning memory.
Neurons are cells that respond to stimuli and then transmit the information to other neurons. However, if theyre out of synch, it would be similar to listening to an orchestra where individual musicians are all playing to their own rhythm. The result would be chaos. Something similar happens with neurons. When they get out of synch, memory starts to fail.
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Memory Loss With Aging
When people reach a certain age, they often complain of having trouble remembering peoples names, dates, or simple, day-to-day information.
One of the most common symptoms is the loss of working memory . This is the type of memory that helps you with everyday tasks such as remembering phone numbers, doing calculations, making decisions, and dealing with day-to-day situations. Working memory allows you to temporarily store and manipulate information.
Over the years, working memory deteriorates, which can make it difficult to get through your day.
Emotional Causes Of Memory Loss
Because our mind and body are connected and affect each other, our emotions and thoughts can impact our brain. The energy it takes to cope with certain feelings or life stress can get in the way of storing or remembering details and schedules.
Often, these emotional triggers of memory loss can be improved by support, counseling, and lifestyle changes. Even just being aware ofand limiting exposure tothings that increase stress can help.
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How Is Vascular Dementia Diagnosed
In addition to a complete medical history and physical exam, your healthcare provider may order some of the following:
- Computed tomography . This imaging test uses X-rays and a computer to make horizontal, or axial images of the brain. CT scans are more detailed than general X-rays.
- FDG-PET scan. This is a PET scan of the brain that uses a special tracer to light up regions of the brain.
- Electroencephalogram . This test measures electrical activity in the brain
- Magnetic resonance imaging . This test uses large magnets, radiofrequencies, and a computer to make detailed images of the brain.
- Neuropsychological assessments. These tests can help sort out vascular dementia from other types of dementia and Alzheimer’s.
- Neuropsychiatric evaluation. This may be done to rule out a psychiatric condition that may resemble dementia.
Memory Loss Cause # 6 Head Trauma
Minor Head Trauma might be suffered from even a small from a fall or mishap, as well as can cause amnesia as a result of harm to the brain. Along with the first trauma, troubles are frequently compounded by the bodys inflammatory feedback, which can make the mind swell or reduce, depending on the circumstance, making also a short autumn have the capacity for dramatic repercussions. Every fall should be reported to your primary care medical professional, so they can assess you for any kind of distressing brain injury . TBI is credited to several symptoms that harm our ability to operate, such as:.
Temporary amnesia.Lack of ability to cope with anxiety, and episodes of aggressiveness.Migraines.Inability to hold your urine.Adjustment in hunger as well as resting patterns, as well as individuality.
Loss are the most usual reason for TBI in older grownups with 60% of TBI in those over 65 being credited to a fall. Clients over 75 having the greatest event of falls causing TBI, a hospital stay, as well as death. Since medical monitoring can miss out on as much as 30% of TBI, a digital mind scan is recommended to confirm no mind swelling or contraction occurs after a loss..
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Reverse Memory Loss In Just 25 Minutes
In a study published in Nature magazine, researchers used transcranial magnetic stimulation to stimulate neurons and try to reverse memory loss. There were two groups of study participants: the first group was between the ages of sixty and seventy years old and the second was about 30 years younger.
Researchers stimulated different parts of the participants brains related to memory for 25 minutes. While they were stimulating the brain, they noticed that the neurons regained their synchronicity in those areas.
Surprisingly, after the stimulation, the sixty to seventy-year-old participants recovered mental agility at a level comparable to much younger volunteers. Unfortunately, this incredible memory loss reversal only lasted for about 50 minutes after the stimulation. After that, their memories returned to normal.
Factors That Affect Memory
Its important to note the reduced consumption of carbohydrates in the study – some researchers have called Alzheimers type 3 diabetes due to the deleterious effects of excess sugar and carbohydrates on the brain.
Exercise is also a fairly potent magic bullet when it comes to brain health and regular exercise has been shown to positively affect memory and help reverse memory loss.
Sufficient sleep is necessary to protect a healthy memory. The brain waves produced during sleep help us store memories. These brain waves transfer memories from the hippocampus, an area of short term memory, to the prefrontal cortex, where long term memories are stored. Lack of sleep and poor quality sleep disrupts this process and leads to memory loss.
Gluten and other foods to which you may have an immune reaction can cause memory loss by inflaming the brain. Although most people associate a gluten intolerance with digestive symptoms, the truth is gluten most often affects neurological tissue. Sometimes simply going gluten free can significantly improve brain function.
Ask my office for more ways you can support your memory, and also for which supplements can help support your brain health.
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Distinguishing Between Types Of Dementia
For physicians and families intent on pinning down a diagnosis, one major complicating factor is the existence of so many kinds of dementia. More than 50 conditions can mimic or cause dementia.
Alzheimers disease is by far the most common intractable condition. But other causes of irreversible dementia include blood vessel diseasevascular dementia), other degenerative disorders , slow-growing brain tumors, or infections of the central nervous system .
In some types of dementia, treatment will improve mental functioning, and in a small percentage, the dementia is completely reversible if treatment begins before permanent brain damage occurs. Thats why it is important to report to a doctor any signs of dementia as early as possible.
Alcohol Or Illicit Drugs
Drinking alcohol or using illicit drugs can impair your memory, both in the short term and long term. From blackouts to an increased risk of dementia years later, these substances can significantly harm your memory, among many other things. Too much alcohol can also cause Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome, which if treated immediately, may be able to be partially reversed in some people.
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Is It Alzheimer’s Or Another Kind Of Dementia
Alzheimer’s disease is the most common cause of dementia and causes significant memory loss, in addition to multiple other symptoms. If you think your memory loss could be caused by Alzheimer’s, review the symptoms and make an appointment with your physician for an assessment. Although Alzheimer’s typically affects those over the age of 65, early-onset Alzheimer’s can occur in those as young as 40.
Memory loss can also be caused by other kinds of dementia, such as vascular dementia, Lewy body dementia, frontotemporal dementia, and several others. Problems with memory should be discussed with your doctor so that any reversible cause can be found and treated, or so that treatment for Alzheimer’s or dementia can begin as soon as possible if this is the cause.
New Molecules Derived From Common Sleeping Pills
The Toronto scientists have developed new therapeutic molecules derived from common anxiety and sleeping pills such as Xanax and Valium that not only rapidly improve symptoms, but also appear to renew the underlying brain impairments causing memory loss in preclinical models, according to a statement from CAMH released on Valentines Day.
Dr Étienne Sibille is deputy director of the Campbell Family Mental Health Research Institute at CAMH and lead scientist on the study. He said: Currently there are no medications to treat cognitive symptoms, such as memory loss, that occur in depression, other mental illnesses and ageing.
Whats unique and promising about these findings, in the face of many failures in drug development for mental illness, is that the compounds are highly targeted to activate the impaired brain receptors that are causing memory loss.
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A Note About Unproven Treatments
Some people are tempted by untried or unproven “cures” that claim to make the brain sharper or prevent dementia. Be cautious of pills, supplements, brain training computer games, or other products that promise to improve memory or prevent brain disorders. These might be unsafe, a waste of money, or both. They might even interfere with other medical treatments. Currently there is no drug or treatment that prevents Alzheimer’s or related dementias.
However, there are currently several drugs available by prescription to safely treat the symptoms of early and mid-stage Alzheimer’s. If you have been diagnosed with dementia, your doctor may suggest that you take one of them.
How to protect yourself and others from unproven treatments:
- Beware if the product claim seems too promising and if it conflicts with what youve heard from your health care provider.
- Question any product that claims to be a scientific breakthrough. Companies marketing these products often take advantage of people when they are most vulnerable and looking for a miracle cure.
- Check with your doctor or health care professional before buying any product, including those labeled as dietary supplements, that promises to improve your memory or prevent dementia.
- Report any products or supplements being advertised as a treatment for Alzheimer’s or other diseases on the U.S. Food and Drug Administrations website.
Can You Reverse Memory Problems From Anticholinergic Drugs
Many people, including a lot of health professionals, are unaware how many medications have anticholinergic activity. Perhaps even more alarming are the complications from a big anticholinergic burden. The more medicines a person takes that have anticholinergic activity the greater the risk of side effects such as memory problems, as this reader discovered:
Q. Are there antidotes to anticholinergic drugs? I have taken Benadryl , Paxil and oxybutynin for years.
I have read that such drugs can affect the brain. I feel as though my memory is half gone.
I am 83 and had a very good brain and a high IQ. I am worried and hope there are ways to reverse my mental decline.
A. There is growing recognition that drugs affecting the brain chemical acetylcholine can impair mental function, especially in older people . The medications you mention all have anticholinergic activity and could contribute to memory problems.
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Living With Vascular Dementia
Vascular dementia is a progressive disease that has no cure, but the rate at which the disease progresses can vary. Some people with vascular dementia may eventually need a high level of care due to the loss of mental and physical abilities. Family members may be able to care for a person with vascular dementia early on. But if the disease progresses, the person may need more specialized care.
Respite programs, adult daycare programs, and other resources can help the caregiver get some time away from the demands of caring for a loved one with vascular dementia.
Long-term care facilities that specialize in the care of people with dementias, Alzheimer’s, and other related conditions are often available if a person affected by vascular dementia can no longer be cared for at home. Your healthcare provider can recommend caregiver resources.
Memory Loss Cause # 2 Over
Self-medicating with alcohol, cigarettes, as well as various other compounds can impact our memory. While it is important to take your medications as recommended, using several drugs in a day is called polypharmacology, and also better makes complex health issue as well as the threat of overmedicating. Every added medication even more complicates a potentially hazardous cocktail, especially if you additionally consume alcohol. The most typical drugs to be recommended as one ages previous 65 are hypertension medication, heart tablets, and also anti-diabetics. The National Institute of Health has a guide for secure medication use for senior citizens, and recommend the following list of inquiries to ask your medical professional whenever you are prescribed something brand-new:.
Why am I taking this medicine?What certain times do I need to take it?Do I require to eat or drink when taking this?For how long can I expect this medication to begin working?Will this engage with any of my various other medications?Can I drive when I take this?What does as needed indicate?What should I do if I neglect a dosage?What adverse effects can I expect?Will I be able to take my typical vitamins with this medication?
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Breakthrough: Understanding And Reversing Memory Loss In Epilepsy Patients
New research from the University of Alabama at Birmingham identifies an epigenetic cause for why patients with temporal lobe epilepsy tend to have memory loss, and suggests a potential way to reverse that loss. The findings, published in April in the Annals of Translational and Clinical Neurology, indicate the discovery may have implications for many other memory disorders.
Patients with temporal lobe epilepsy have a high incidence of memory loss, even when seizures associated with epilepsy are controlled well by medication. The UAB research team targeted the BDNF gene, which is known to play a role in memory formation. The gene produces a protein called brain-derived neurotrophic factor.
An epigenetic process called DNA methylation regulates when genes are turned on or off. When turned on, a gene transmits instructions for the production of its particular protein. When turned off, production of that protein ceases. Disruptions in DNA methylation can affect whether a gene is on or off, with a corresponding change in the amount of protein produced.
Lubin says that a great deal of what science knows regarding memory formation and memory loss can be attributed to knowledge gained in the study of epilepsy.