Thursday, June 16, 2022

Can Short Term Memory Loss Be Reversed

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Reversible Causes Of Memory Loss

How Can Memory Loss Be Reversed? | FYI

Its important to remember that memory loss doesnt automatically mean that you have dementia. There are many other reasons why you may be experiencing cognitive problems, including stress, depression, and even vitamin deficiencies. Thats why its so important to go to a doctor to get an official diagnosis if youre experiencing problems.

Sometimes, even what looks like significant memory loss can be caused by treatable conditions and reversible external factors, such as:

Depression. Depression can mimic the signs of memory loss, making it hard for you to concentrate, stay organized, remember things, and get stuff done. Depression is a common problem in older adultsespecially if youre less social and active than you used to be or youve recently experienced a number of important losses or major life changes .

Vitamin B12 deficiency. Vitamin B12 protects neurons and is vital to healthy brain functioning. In fact, a lack of B12 can cause permanent damage to the brain. Older people have a slower nutritional absorption rate, which can make it difficult for you to get the B12 your mind and body need. If you smoke or drink, you may be at particular risk. If you address a vitamin B12 deficiency early, you can reverse the associated memory problems. Treatment is available in the form of a monthly injection.

Are you taking three or more drugs?

S To Control Your Anxiety

The good news about exercise and sleep is that they’re important for anxiety as well, so if you start ensuring that you get enough exercise and rest daily you’ll put yourself in a much better position for overcoming anxiety.

But you’ll still need to commit to a treatment option that can reduce your anxiety – and ultimately improve your memory – in the long term.

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Finding The Cause Of Memory Loss

If you find that you are increasingly forgetful or if memory problems interfere with your daily life, schedule an appointment with your doctor to determine the cause and best treatment.

To evaluate memory loss, your doctor will take a medical history, perform a physical exam — including a neurologic exam — and ask questions to test mental ability. Depending on the results, further evaluation may include blood and urine tests, nerve tests, and imaging tests of the brain such as computerized axial tomography scans or magnetic resonance imaging .

You may also be sent for neuropsychological testing, which is a battery of tests that help pinpoint the memory loss.

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What Is Vascular Dementia

Vascular dementia is the second most common form of dementia after Alzheimer’s disease. It’s caused when decreased blood flow damages brain tissue. Blood flow to brain tissue may be reduced by a partial blockage or completely blocked by a blood clot.

Symptoms of vascular dementia may develop gradually, or may become apparent after a stroke or major surgery, such as heart bypass surgery or abdominal surgery.

Dementia and other related diseases and conditions are hard to tell apart because they share similar signs and symptoms. Although vascular dementia is caused by problems with blood flow to the brain, this blood flow problem can develop in different ways. Examples of vascular dementia include:

  • Mixed dementia. This type occurs when symptoms of both vascular dementia and Alzheimer’s exist.
  • Multi-infarct dementia. This occurs after repeated small, often “silent,” blockages affect blood flow to a certain part of the brain. The changes that occur after each blockage may not be apparent, but over time, the combined effect starts to cause symptoms of impairment. Multi-infarct dementia is also called vascular cognitive impairment.

Researchers think that vascular dementia will become more common in the next few decades because:

Short Term Memory Treatment In Southeast Michigan

Memory Loss Reversed

If you are experiencing short-term memory loss, speak to the experienced neurologists at Associates in Neurology. Our experienced physicians have the advanced training and technology to effectively diagnose the cause of your memory loss.

If you would like to find out more about the services and treatments we provide or to arrange a consultation at one of our convenient locations, call us at . Alternatively, you can use our secure Request an Appointment form to schedule your visit.

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Can You Reverse Memory Problems From Anticholinergic Drugs

Many people, including a lot of health professionals, are unaware how many medications have anticholinergic activity. Perhaps even more alarming are the complications from a big anticholinergic burden. The more medicines a person takes that have anticholinergic activity the greater the risk of side effects such as memory problems, as this reader discovered:

Q. Are there antidotes to anticholinergic drugs? I have taken Benadryl , Paxil and oxybutynin for years.

I have read that such drugs can affect the brain. I feel as though my memory is half gone.

I am 83 and had a very good brain and a high IQ. I am worried and hope there are ways to reverse my mental decline.

A. There is growing recognition that drugs affecting the brain chemical acetylcholine can impair mental function, especially in older people . The medications you mention all have anticholinergic activity and could contribute to memory problems.

Does Your Memory Loss Affect Your Ability To Function

The primary difference between age-related memory loss and dementia is that the former isnt disabling. The memory lapses have little impact on your daily performance and ability to do what you want to do. Dementia, on the other hand, is marked by a persistent, disabling decline in two or more intellectual abilities such as memory, language, judgment, and abstract thinking.

When memory loss becomes so pervasive and severe that it disrupts your work, hobbies, social activities, and family relationships, you may be experiencing the warning signs of Alzheimers disease, or another disorder that causes dementia, or a condition that mimics dementia.

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Diabetes And The Brain

Studies show that a reduced blood supply to the brain is the number one predictor of future memory or cognitive complications. A technology known as SPECT shows that diabetes causes decreased blood flow to the brain and reduces the size of the hippocampus, which is the region of the brain involved in the formation of memories by turning short-term memory into long-term memory.

Increased blood sugar levels can cause significant complications, such as brain atrophy, dementia, and memory problems, even when the levels are mildly elevated. Individuals who didnt have diabetes but had average blood glucose levels of 115 milligrams per deciliter had an 18% higher risk for dementia than those with average glucose levels of 100 mg/dL. The normal blood glucose range is less than 100 mg/dL, and individuals with an incrementally higher glucose level have a higher risk of dementia. People with an average glucose level of 190 mg/d had a 40% higher risk of memory loss or dementia than those with a glucose level of 160 mg/dL.

Does Reading Improve Memory

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You can improve your memory by reading . It is a brain-stimulating activity that requires constant recollection of words and meanings. You can improve your short-term and long-term memory when you take notes or discuss what you have read. Studies suggest that reading also delays cognitive decline in the elderly.

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Identifying Potentially Harmful Drugs:

Geriatricians and those health experts who specialize in cognitive function have been advocating for medication audits to identify and deprescribe drugs with strong anticholinergic activity . These authors note that 33 to 47% of older people who are admitted to hospitals are found to be taking such medicines. The researchers note that it is possible reduce anticholinergic drug exposure once such audits are undertaken.

Experts from Australia and New Zealand encourage deprescribing of anticholinergic drugs . They state:

higher anticholinergic burden is a strong predictor of cognitive and physical impairments in older people. Anticholinergic burden is not only a concern related to long-term use of medicines with AA but short-term use as well. Anticholinergic exposure for as short as 2 weeks has shown to be associated with a decline in global cognitive function, visual memory, verbal fluency, and on activities of daily living.

No one has done the research to determine if reducing the anticholinergic burden will reverse memory problems. These authors offer this expert opinion, however:

It is postulated that minimizing anticholinergic burden in older people may result in improved short-term memory, confusion, behavior, and delirium together with an enhanced quality of life and daily functioning. Medicines with AA are to be best avoided in the geriatric population, unless considered clinically essential.

How Insomnia Causes Short

Getting adequate sleep is one of the most important things you can do for your brain, yet over 50 million Americans struggle with chronic insomnia.

Sleep-deprived brains are inefficient and have to work harder.

Lack of quality sleep wreaks havoc on both your long-term and short-term memories.

Normally, you should be able to remember three to seven bits of information at a time, but when you dont get enough quality sleep, that number plummets to one or two.

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How Sugar Accelerates Short

Your brain needs a steady supply of glucose, its main fuel.

The key word here is steady.

But the simple carbs found in the types of sugar and flour commonly used in processed foods can push blood glucose levels into an unhealthy range.

Sugar also increases free radical damage and promotes inflammation of the brain.

It can even change your brainwave patterns, making it hard to think clearly.

Consuming too many simple carbohydrates can even cause insulin resistance in the brain.

This type of insulin resistance has been linked to Alzheimers disease.

Key Points About Vascular Dementia

What Can Cause Short Term Memory Loss In Child
  • Vascular dementia is a disorder characterized by damaged brain tissue due to a lack of blood flow. Causes can include blood clots, ruptured blood vessels, or narrowing or hardening of blood vessels that supply the brain.
  • Symptoms can include problems with memory and concentration, confusion, changes in personality and behavior, loss of speech and language skills, and sometimes physical symptoms such as weakness or tremors.
  • Vascular dementia tends to progress over time. Treatments can’t cure the disease, but lifestyle changes and medicines to treat underlying causes might help slow its progress.
  • Surgical procedures to improve blood flow to the brain can also be helpful. Other medicines might slow the progression of dementia or help with some of the symptoms it can cause.
  • A person with vascular dementia may eventually need full-time nursing care or to stay in a long-term care facility.

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Symptoms Of Mild Cognitive Impairment

Mild cognitive impairment is an intermediate stage between normal age-related cognitive changes and the more serious symptoms that indicate dementia.

MCI can involve problems with memory, language, thinking, and judgment that are greater than normal age-related changes, but the line between MCI and normal memory problems is not always a clear one. The difference is often one of degrees. For example, its normal as you age to have some problems remembering the names of people. However, its not normal to forget the names of your close family and friends and then still be unable to recall them after a period of time.

If you have mild cognitive impairment, you and your family or close friends will likely be aware of the decline in your memory or mental function. But, unlike people with full-blown dementia, you are still able to function in your daily life without relying on others.

While many people with MCI eventually develop Alzheimers disease or another type of dementia, that doesnt mean its inevitable. Some people with MCI plateau at a relatively mild stage of decline while others even return to normal. The course is difficult to predict, but in general, the greater the degree of memory impairment, the greater your risk of developing dementia some time in the future.

Short Term Memory Treatment

Treatment can vary and will depend on what is contributing to your memory loss. If a condition such as depression or a sleep problem is the main contributor to memory loss, treatment aims to treat the underlying condition, with the aim of reversing the memory loss. Other ways of treating short term memory loss include:

  • Changes to medications if they are thought to be the cause
  • Cognitive behavior therapy for head injury-related memory loss
  • Medication and surgery for conditions such as blood clots, bleeding on the brain, and brain tumors
  • Nutritional supplements to treat vitamin deficiencies
  • Rehabilitation for drug or alcohol misuse

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You Could Have A Serious Memory Problem If You:

Not being able to recall where you put your keys, having trouble calling up a certain word or name, and taking longer to learn new things are signs of mild forgetfulness, which is common. Getting lost in places you know well can signal a more serious problem like Alzheimer’s disease, depression, or a circulation problem.

Other signs of a serious memory problem include asking the same questions repeatedly not being able to follow directions becoming confused about time, people, and places and forgetting to take proper care of yourself.

When To Contact A Doctor

Little-known disorder looks just like dementia — but can be reversed

A person should contact a doctor if memory problems interfere with their daily life or quality of life. Severe memory problems are not an inevitable part of aging. A doctor should assess people with more serious memory symptoms to determine the cause and prescribe treatment where appropriate.

People who have mild cognitive impairment should visit their doctor regularly to monitor changes in their cognition over time.

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Memory Loss From Ageing And Disease Can Be Reversed Studies Suggest

Two separate studies have for the first time shown promise that memory loss can be reversed. The first study focused on people with Alzheimers.

The second, and more far-reaching study, Torontos Centre for Addiction and Mental Health , tackles memory loss linked to depression and ageing.

In other words, it offers hope to just about everyone simply because we all eventually suffer cognitive decline.

What Types Of Indirect Treatment May Be Considered

Adjusting Seizure Medications: For people being treated for epilepsy, the most common way to treat the memory indirectly is to manage the seizure medication better. Optimal treatment of your epilepsy ultimately will enhance your memory by reducing seizure frequency and side effects. The doctor may adjust dosages or begin to add or delete various medications. Most often your memory will function best when you are taking the smallest amount of medication that is effective. Some medications also have fewer side effects than others, so sometimes a change to a different medication can help. Alternative forms of epilepsy treatment are another possibility. These may include surgery for some people.

Treating Mood Problems:

The next step in the indirect treatment approach may involve treating other conditions that affect memory. People with epilepsy often benefit from further attention to their mood and emotional functioning. Treatment for depression or an anxiety disorder can have a significant impact on memory. This often can be accomplished by adding an antidepressant medication to your regimen. At first glance, it may seem as if adding another medication will just increase the risk of side effects. Actually, improving a person’s mood is more likely to help memory.

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Tips From Our Community

I use a shared calendar, so people that know me can write any dates we arrange, straight into it. Its just become a normal thing to do when you make plans with me.

When my childs memory loss was at its worst, we kept a diary together to help them remember what they had and hadnt done. This helped them stick to a routine.

I always try to keep things in the same place, like hanging my bag on the back of the door or leaving my keys on a hook by the front door.

Its simply a matter of time and patience. Its been a slow process but after having surgery a year ago, my memory is now much better.

Join one of our our Online Support Communities for more tips about coping with a brain tumour diagnosis, from people who truly understand what youre going through.

How Are Diabetes And Memory Loss Symptoms Related

10 Quick Fixes to Reverse Memory Loss  Brain Health

The primary symptoms of Alzheimers disease: general cognitive impairment and memory loss, are both linked to Type 2 diabetes. Since damage to the blood vessels is also common in people with high blood glucose levels, they are also at an elevated risk for vascular dementia and cognitive decline.

One study shows that Alzheimers disease is closely associated with glucose metabolism and signaling in the brain as it contains insulin receptors. These receptors recognize insulin, and thus an imbalance in its production increases the risk for memory loss and AD. Symptoms of this metabolic syndrome affect memory in specific ways, and scientists have endeavored to chalk them. Some common symptoms of metabolic syndrome, which is also a risk factor for type 2 diabetes, may include:

  • High cholesterol levels
  • Increased blood pressure
  • Increased body fat, particularly around the waist

Although researchers are unable to draw out the full link between these two factors, the connection between insulin signaling and Alzheimers disease is specific.

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Causes Of Memory Loss

Here are some of the more common things that can cause memory loss:

Medications. A number of prescription and over-the-counter medications can interfere with or cause loss of memory. Possible culprits include: antidepressants, antihistamines, anti-anxiety medications, muscle relaxants, tranquilizers, sleeping pills, and pain medications given after surgery.

Alcohol, tobacco, or drug use. Excessive alcohol use has long been recognized as a cause of memory loss.

Smoking harms memory by reducing the amount of oxygen that gets to the brain. Studies have shown that people who smoke find it more difficult to put faces with names than do nonsmokers. Illegal drugs can change chemicals in the brain that can make it hard to recall memories.

Sleep deprivation. Both quantity and quality of sleep are important to memory. Getting too little sleep or waking frequently in the night can lead to fatigue, which interferes with the ability to consolidate and retrieve information.

Depression and stress. Being depressed can make it difficult to pay attention and focus, which can affect memory. Stress and anxiety can also get in the way of concentration. When you are tense and your mind is overstimulated or distracted, your ability to remember can suffer. Stress caused by an emotional trauma can also lead to memory loss.

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