Tuesday, May 3, 2022

Can Trauma Cause Memory Loss

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Developmental And Intellectual Disabilities

Developmental and intellectual disabilities like , , Down syndrome, Rett syndrome, and developmental language disorder commonly cause memory problems. Though some of these conditions may affect long-term and visual memory, they most often disrupt working memory.

Working memory gives children the ability to hold information in their mind long enough to complete a task or make decisions. This type of memory only lasts a few seconds and has a limited capacity. Most people can only hold a few pieces of information in their working memory at one time.

Without a strong working memory, your child struggles to pay attention. They have difficulties organizing their time, planning activities, and taking steps to reach a goal. You may notice that they cant follow instructions and they often dont complete homework assignments or chores.

What To Do If You Feel Your Anti

If you feel that you are experiencing memory loss as a result of taking antidepressants you should certainly see your doctor as quickly as possible. Your doctor is going to be able to better evaluate your condition and determine if you are in fact experiencing issues that are a result of your medication. They can help to adjust your dosage, put you on a different medication, and evaluate the issues that are causing you concern so that you can get back to living your life. 

It is important to talk to your doctor and get a full evaluation so that you do have proof and support to back up your claims. Memory loss is not something to be flippant about. It can affect how you go about your daily life, and it can make it difficult to do things. It can also make it hard to work, and it can affect the personal relationships that you are having. Taking the time to speak with your doctor and to find a good attorney that knows how to build a case is one of the only ways to build a successful and powerful brain injury case. 

Talk With A Professional

Research reveals that people with PTSD-associated memory issues sometimes have a harder time finding treatments that resolve certain symptoms, such as nightmares. In cases such as these, talking to a medical or mental health professional can help you find the best treatment for you.

PTSD treatment options often include taking medications and engaging in psychotherapy. Complementary and alternative therapies exist, as well, and include options like yoga and acupuncture. These might be helpful along with traditional treatments.

You don’t have to live with memory loss when you have PTSD. Working with your doctor can help you decide which therapies could be the most beneficial for preventing or reducing your PTSD memory issues.

Ptsd Memory Loss Often Makes Financial Freedom And Career Goals Hard To Hold On To

You may suffer the loss of your dreams and aspirations as well as your memory. Youre not alone if you find your capacity for picking up new skills or networking is limited and not ideal for employers.

This may be contributing to further stress, self-blame, and tension in your family as attempts to make practical advancements are frustrated by the way your mind stores the past and present.

Ptsd Is Bullying Your Hippocampus

Concussions I

According to recent research, the hippocampus, an organ in your brain, literally shrinks by 8 percent in the brains of PTSD sufferers. Thats a significant problem because the hippocampus is responsible for regulating emotion, storing long-term memory and sorting old and new memories.

Memory loss due to hippocampus damage increases flashbacks, anxiety and disjointed perceptions of the past. Unfortunately, the damage to this section of the brain reduces the likelihood that more recent, happier memories will be effectively converted to long term recollections. Thankfully, the hippocampus can be repaired. 

Cannot Be Explained By Another Condition

Many times, memory loss can be explained by another medical condition. However in people with DA, memory loss cannot be explained by other conditions, such as brain injury, , or use of alcohol or .

DA is linked to traumatic or intensely stressful events. Examples can include things like:

  • being in combat during a war
  • experiencing physical, , or sexual abuse
  • being the victim of a crime or seeing a crime being committed
  • going through a natural disaster such as an earthquake or hurricane
  • undergoing severe stress related to relationships, finances, or your job.

There are several thoughts regarding why these events can lead to DA. Its likely that a complex combination of them play a role in the development of the condition:

  • DA results from the brains attempts to cope with or protect you from painful memories by dissociating itself from a traumatic experience.
  • The stress from traumatic events interferes with your brains ability to retrieve personal memories related to that time.
  • Some studies have
  • To diagnose DA, a doctor will first take a thorough medical history and perform a physical examination. This can help them to rule out other causes of amnesia, such as:

    • illnesses
    • brain injury
    • effects of drugs and alcohol

    If a physical cause of amnesia can be ruled out, youll be referred to a mental health specialist, such as a psychologist or psychiatrist. This is someone who is trained to identify and diagnose various mental illnesses.

    The goals of DA treatment include:

    Ptsd Memory Loss Might Be Impairing Your Language Skills

    Research in recent years has revealed that some people experience aphasia,” which is defined as the reduced ability to speak and understand language. Essentially, you may increasingly struggle to find the right word. Or you may know which words to use but end up saying something else.

    Again, your impaired ability to connect intimately, socially, and professionally,  can lead to more anxiety or withdrawal as you try to cope.

    How Is Dissociative Amnesia Diagnosed

    If a patient has symptoms of dissociative amnesia, the doctor will perform a complete medical history and physical examination. Although there are no laboratory tests to diagnose dissociative disorders, the doctor might use blood tests or imaging to make sure the patient doesnt have a physical illness or side effects from a medication.

    If the person does not have a physical illness, he or she might be referred to a mental health professional such as a psychiatrist, psychologist, or psychiatric social worker who is specially trained to diagnose and treat mental illnesses. This caregiver will perform a clinical interview to get a full picture of the persons experiences and current functioning. Some psychiatrists and psychologists may use specialized tests or a standard interview such as the Structured Clinical Interview for Dissociation .

    Medical And Mental Health Disorders

    Many different medical conditions and mental health disorders affect short- and long-term memory. These are only a few examples:

    • PTSD
    • Childhood-onset systemic lupus erythematosus
    • PANDAS and PANS

    Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorders Associated with Streptococcal Infections and Pediatric Acute-onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome cause rapid and severe symptoms of OCD. Theyre also associated with a noticeable loss of non-verbal memory.

    Multiple Pathways Hide Memories

    Chemical receptors in the brain control emotional tides, excitement and calm. Normally, the system is balanced, but certain receptors, called extra-synaptic GABA receptors, are independent agents: they work outside the system to adjust brain waves and mental states according to the levels of internal chemicals.

    However, the study revealed that these receptors are also involved when the brain encodes and hides memories of a fear-inducing event. If a traumatic event occurs when these receptors are activated in the brain, the memory cannot be accessed unless those same receptors are activated once again.

    Specifically, the scientists discovered that when the drug activated the receptors in mice, it changed the way the stressful event was encoded. In the drug-induced state, the brain used completely different pathways to store the memory. On a genetic and molecular level, entirely different systems exist to store traumatic memories and normal memories separately.

    Symptoms Of Memory Loss

    Memory loss isnt always easy to identify, especially for the victim. Feelings of anxiety and depression can mask the symptoms, and the trauma of the accident may leave them unwilling to talk about it. Here are some warning signs to look for if you or a loved one has been in a car accident:

    • Clouded or foggy thinking

    New Insight For Mental Health Therapies

    The scientists believe that this different system may be a protective mechanism in the brain for when an experience is overwhelmingly stressful. Memories are usually stored in networks that make them easily accessible to consciously remember. However, in the drug-induced brain state, the drug had rerouted the processing of stress-related memories so that those memories couldnt be consciously accessed.

    The findings suggest that when faced with traumatic stress, the brain can activate a different system to form and suppress memories. Moreover, the study shows that there are multiple pathways of storing memories. While the Northwestern Medicine scientists only identified the first of these pathways, this research could some day lead to new treatments for patients for whom conscious access to memories is integral to recovery.

    Mindfulness And Better Sleep Can Help

    Short term memory loss

    editorial processDavid Susman, PhDMedical Review Board

    If you have post-traumatic stress disorder , you may notice that you have trouble concentrating or that you have issues with your memory, such as memory loss.

    In fact, memory and concentration problems are common symptoms of PTSD. People with PTSD also often experience difficulties sleeping, and poor sleep can further impact your ability to concentrate and stay focused during the day.

    Fortunately, there are a few things that you can do to improve your memory and boost your concentration skills when you have PTSD. Here are a few options to consider.

    Physical Trauma And Memory Loss

    Physical trauma can greatly affect your memory, especially if brain damage occurs as a result of the injury. Physical trauma such as a head injury or stroke can damage the brain and impair a persons ability to process information and store information, the main functions of memory.

    Another form of brain damage that directly affects memory is Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome, which is a consequence of chronic alcohol abuse. Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome is a combination of two disorders: Wernickes Disorder, in which poor nutrition damages the nerves in both the central and peripheral nervous system, and Korsakoffs Syndrome, which impairs memory, problem-solving skills and learning abilities. Severe injuries and physical trauma can also produce post-traumatic stress disorder, which can cause temporary memory loss to help a person cope with the traumatic event that caused the injury.

    In the case of physical trauma, the length of memory loss depends on the severity of the injury.

    Connection Between Brain Injury And Memory Loss

    Your cherished memories can all but disappear through a particularly hard blow to the head or by falling and striking your head on a hard surface. Memories of your childhood, your first kiss, first love, graduation or wedding can all be erased in a single instant of violence or calamity.

    This article will look at the connection between a brain injury and memory loss, the different types of memory loss and whether or not there is a chance that these memories will ever return.

    Fatigue And Sleep Deprivation

    The benefits of getting a good night’s sleep are many: Less weight gain, more energy, and the ability to think more clearly. Being tired because you didn’t sleep well last night and being chronically short on sleep both have been shown to affect memory and learning. It’s worth trying some easy ways to improve your sleep habits.

    How To Identify Short

    Short-term memory loss with PTSD results in symptoms we often label as “forgetful.” Have you ever forgotten if you’ve fed a pet, why you walked into a room, or if you took your medications? All of these are related to short-term memory. Short-term memory declines with age but is distinguishable from memory issues related to dementia by the type of information that is forgotten.

    With short-term memory, reminders can help you recall what you did or said, or it may come back to you later. With advancing dementia, the ability to recollect how to use everyday objects, the names of familiar people, and how to perform typical tasks such as buttoning a shirt can become impossible. In the following video, I discuss some examples of how my PTSD challenges my short-term memory.

    Alcohol Or Illicit Drugs

    Drinking alcohol or using illicit drugs can impair your memory, both in the short term and long term. From to an increased risk of dementia years later, these substances can significantly harm your memory, among many other things. Too much alcohol can also cause Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome, which if treated immediately, may be able to be partially reversed in some people.

    How Is Amnesia Treated

    To treat amnesia, your doctor will focus on the underlying cause of your condition.

    Chemically induced amnesia, from alcohol for example, can be resolved through detoxification. Once the drug is out of your system, your memory problems will probably subside.

    Amnesia from mild head trauma usually resolves without treatment over time. Amnesia from severe head injury may not recede. However, improvements usually occur within six to nine months.

    Amnesia from dementia is often incurable. However, your doctor may prescribe medications to support learning and memory.

    If you have persistent memory loss, your doctor may recommend occupational therapy. This type of therapy can help you learn new information and memory skills for daily living. Your therapist can also teach you how to use memory aids and techniques for organizing information to make it easier to retrieve.

    The following healthy habits can lower your risk of blackouts, head injuries, dementia, stroke, and other potential causes of memory loss:

    • Avoid heavy use of alcohol or drugs.
    • Use protective headgear when youre playing sports that put you at high risk of concussion.
    • Stay mentally active throughout your life. For instance, take classes, explore new places, read new books, and play mentally challenging games.
    • Stay physically active throughout your life.
    • Eat a heart-healthy diet, including fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and low-fat proteins.
    • Stay hydrated.

    Types Of Dissociative Amnesia

    Dissociative amnesia is a dissociative disorder. Dissociative disorders are a type of mental illness. Theyre characterized by disconnect between things like your memories, identity, and surroundings.

    If you have a dissociative disorder you may feel disconnected from the world that surrounds you. Periods of dissociation can last for hours or days and in some cases can last longer for weeks or months.

    There are a few different types of DA:

    • Localized. This is where you cannot remember events from a specific time period.
    • Generalized. This is a complete loss of memory, including things like identity and life history. Its very rare.
    • Fugue. In dissociative fugue you forget most or all of your personal information and may wander or travel to places you wouldnt usually go. In longer-lasting cases, you may even take on a whole new identity.

    DA can be characterized by the following:

    Improving Cognition After Tbi

    The Overlooked Head Injury

    Specialists who work in TBI recovery programs are trained to look for and treat cognition problems. If you are in such a program, take advantage of their help. There are also many things you can do on your own to improve cognition:

    • Think of your brain as a muscle. You can help your brain improve by exercising it and keeping it active. Practice memorizing things, or work on crossword puzzles. A memory specialist can teach you different ways to improve your memory.

    • To avoid losing your keys, wallet, or important papers, have one place at home where you keep them.

    • Write things down. Make lists of tasks you need to remember when those things are still fresh in your mind. Keep a to-do list and fill in a daily planner for the days ahead.

    • Break down your chores each day into easy pieces. Do one thing at a time and then move on to the next thing.

    • If you are struggling to find the right word, talk around the word by using other similar words. You can sometimes find the word you want by going through the alphabet for the right first letter.

    • Go to bed and get up at the same time every day. Being tired during the day makes cognition worse. Dont try to do too much when youre tired.

    • Avoid stressful situations and strong emotions. Learn ways to reduce stress. Try exercise, deep breathing, massage, listening to music, or doing an activity or hobby you enjoy.

    • Avoid caffeine, alcohol, and nicotine.

    Ptsd And Traumatic Memories: Whats The Connection

    ScienceDirect explains that traumatic memory plays a central role in the criteria used to diagnose PTSD. It also cites research that shows memory capacity, contents of memory, and memory processes  that are affected by traumatic events could transition to the development of PTSD.

    Helping people manage their traumatic memories is essential to treating the disorder. Traumatic memories can be formed after an experience boosts stress hormone levels and emotional arousal levels. WebMD that stressful events can create bad memories that are challenging to forget.

    The theory: In stressful situations, the stress hormone norepinephrine may prime the brain to remember what happened in order to avoid the same threat in the future, according to the health site.

    Another challenge traumatic memories present is that they are not always realized by or accessible to the people who have them. This group includes those who have not been formally diagnosed with PTSD.

    Not being able to tap into distressing memories makes it harder for some people to connect their inability to function to the trauma loop they are stuck in. They are experiencing stressful events repeatedly without knowing it.

    A 2015 Northwestern University report states that traumatic memories hide in the brain like a shadow. It goes on to say that, At first, hidden memories that cant be consciously accessed may protect the individual from the emotional pain of recalling the event.

    Neurobiological Abnormalities In Ptsd

    Researchers have established multiple neurobiological systems and structural and functional abnormalities involved in PTSD.- Here, key systems and structures and their relationship to declarative memory will be briefly summarized. Memory deficits appear to be most related to abnormalities in the hippocampus and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, and the prefrontal cortex and catecholamine system.

    Over 15 years of PTSD research has focused on the role of the hippocampus, a brain area particularly sensitive to the effects of stress. Studies showing glucocorticoid toxicity in the hippocampus and memory dysfunction in animals under stress- led to the hypothesis that severe stress, in particular traumatic stress, may result in similar changes in humans. Meta-analyses, of adults with PTSD reveal smaller hippocampal volume in both the left and right sides. Functional imaging studies have demonstrated abnormal cerebral blood flow to the hippocampus, during declarative memory tasks. Other studies have found reductions in N-acctyl aspartate , a marker of neuronal integrity., In addition, dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis is associated with PTSD.-

    How Is Dissociative Amnesia Treated

    The goals of treatment for dissociative amnesia are to relieve symptoms, to make sure the patient and those around him or her are safe, and to reconnect the person with his or her lost memories. Treatment also aims to help the person:

    • Safely deal with and manage painful events;
    • Develop new coping skills and life skills;
    • Get back to functioning as well as possible; and
    • Improve relationships.

    The best treatment approach depends on the person, the type of amnesia, and how severe the symptoms are. Treatment will most likely include some combination of the following methods:

    People with dissociative amnesia usually respond well to treatment; however, progress and success depend on many things, including the persons life situation and if he or she has support from family and friends.

    Physical Childhood Trauma And Memory Loss

    If you suffered brain damage from physical abuse as a child then you may experience memory loss. Any type of damage to the brain can affect your ability to process and store information which are the main functions of memory. 

    The length of memory loss from physical abuse depends on the severity of the injury. In very severe cases, you may never receive your memory back. 

    Ptsd Is A Brain Changer: Look For Ways Youve Been Impacted

    If you or a loved one are living with PTSD, its crucial to understand this aspect of the condition. Then you can approach healing with your whole brain in mind. Try to consider how memory loss might be affecting you and your cognitive abilities.

    If you recognize an area of concern among the issues listed below, dont wait. Now is the time to seek treatment. Lets consider the following:

    Association With A Trauma

    Dissociative disorders such as DA are often linked to a specific traumatic or stressful life event. Examples include experiencing abuse or taking part in military combat.

    People with DA may not remember information as it relates to this period of trauma. One example is a person who experienced abuse being unable to recall details or information from the time period when the abuse occurred.

    How Threat And Highly Stressful Events Affect Memory

    Normally, the amygdala neurons encode fear memory traces while the hippocampus learns about the context of the fear. But when faced with threatening experiences, this emotionally arousing information increases amygdala activity. That activity correlates with more deeply remembered memory traces in the amygdala.

    Stress and fear heighten activation of the amygdala. This reinforces and intensifies traumatic memories while at the same time impairing hippocampal function, which is involved in episodic or explicit memory. Victims whose memories are not integrated into their hippocampus and cortical circuitry have implicit or limbic memory traces . This happens because the amygdala activates the HPA axis, resulting in a flood of neurohormones that interfere with hippocampal learning. This is why, after a stressful situation, people have trouble remembering some specific details, and say things like, It was all a blur.

    Implicit memory, also called procedural or sensorimotor memory, refers to behavioral knowledge of an experience without conscious recall. It is not a memory we can reflect on or think about. These memories are impossible to verbalize. They are often fragmented in time, and for the most part consist of primary sensory information that are linked to physiological fear symptoms.

    Why Rape And Trauma Survivors Have Fragmented And Incomplete Memories

    Care of patient with head injury

    James Hopper and David LisakJames Hopper, Ph.D., is an independent consultant and Instructor in Psychology in the Department of Psychiatry at Harvard Medical School. He trains investigators, prosecutors, judges and military commanders on the neurobiology of sexual assault. David Lisak, Ph.D., is a forensic consultant, researcher, national trainer and the board president of 1in6, a non-profit that provides information and services to men who were sexually abused as children.

    A door opens and a police officer is suddenly staring at the wrong end of a gun. In a split second, his brain is hyper-focused on that gun. It is very likely that he will not recall any of the details that were irrelevant to his immediate survival: Did the shooter have a moustache? What color was the shooters hair? What was the shooter wearing?

    The officers reaction is not a result of poor training. Its his brain reacting to a life-threatening situation just the way it is supposed tojust the way the brain of a rape victim reacts to an assault. In the aftermath, the officer may be unable to recall many important details. He may be uncertain about many. He may be confused about many. He may recall some details inaccurately. Simultaneously, he will recall certain details the things his brain focused on with extraordinary accuracy. He may well never forget them. All of this, too, is the human brain working the way it was designed to work.

    TIME Ideas

    Can The Brain Heal Itself After Trauma

    When evaluating the damage that emotional trauma and PTSD have caused, scientists have found that the brain is unable to heal itself. While the brain is unable to fully recover itself, Highland Springs is able to offer treatments to help prevent further damage and encourage healing for emotional trauma. With the experts that Highland Springs is able to offer, patients will be able to identify the cause of their trauma/triggers and eventually be able to overcome it.

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