Addiction Treatment In Phoenix
Deciding to start treatment for a substance addiction is a big step. There are many different types of programs;available.
Partial hospitalization programs.;This type of program involves 40 hours of clinical treatment every week. Treatment plans strive to meet each individuals needs.
The clients spend their days in treatment. During evenings and nights, they may stay at home or a sober living facility.
Intensive outpatient program. This program offers between 9 and 21 hours of treatment each week. The length of the treatment differs according to each clients needs.
Outpatient treatment.;Clients take part in 1 to 3 hours of treatment per week. This program often involves the final stage of recovery care. Individuals spend more of their time occupied with their daily activities.
Long term care.;These programs often involve inpatient care lasting from 30 to 120 days depending on the clients needs. Following inpatient care, clients enter transition programs allowing them to gradually return to their daily life with recovery support.
Support programs. The client can continue to take part in these programs as long as needed. Known as aftercare, they often include weekly meetings, a 24-hour helpline, social events, and more.
How The Brain Works
The brain is the powerhouse of the body, even though it only makes up two per cent of the bodys weight. This soft, jelly-like organ has countless billions of neural cross-connections. It functions using a combination of electrical and chemical means. The brain oversees the workings of the body, and gives us consciousness and personality. It is divided into two halves; the left hemisphere and the right hemisphere. Each hemisphere is further subdivided into lobes. Different functions happen in different parts of the brain, which is suspended in a chemical soup called cerebrospinal fluid. This fluid nourishes the brain and serves as a shock absorber. The brain is connected to the rest of the body through the spinal cord. Together, the brain and spinal cord make up the central nervous system.
What Is Traumatic Brain Injury
Traumatic brain injury is a sudden injury that causes damage to the brain. It may happen when there is a blow, bump, or jolt to the head. This is a closed head injury. A TBI can also happen when an object penetrates the skull. This is a penetrating injury.
Symptoms of a TBI can be mild, moderate, or severe. Concussions are a type of mild TBI. The effects of a concussion can sometimes be serious, but most people completely recover in time. More severe TBI can lead to serious physical and psychological symptoms, coma, and even death.
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How Is Tbi Diagnosed
All TBIs require immediate assessment by a professional who has experience evaluating head injuries. A neurological exam will judge motor and sensory skills and test hearing and speech, coordination and balance, mental status, and changes in mood or behavior, among other abilities. Screening tools for coaches and athletic trainers can identify the most concerning concussions for medical evaluation.
Initial assessments may rely on standardized instruments such as the Acute Concussion Evaluation form from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention or the Sport Concussion Assessment Tool 2, which provide a systematic way to assess a person who has suffered a mild TBI. Reviewers collect information about the characteristics of the injury, the presence of amnesia and/or seizures, as well as the presence of physical, cognitive, emotional, and sleep-related symptoms. The ACE is also used to track symptom recovery over time. It also takes into account risk factors that can impact how long it takes to recover from a TBI.
Diagnostic imaging. When necessary, medical providers will use brain scans to evaluate the extent of the primary brain injuries and determine if surgery will be needed to help repair any damage to the brain. The need for imaging is based on a physical examination by a doctor and a persons symptoms.
How Abi Affects A Person
The long-term effects of brain injury are difficult to predict. They will be different for each person and can range from mild to profound.It is common for many people with ABI to experience increased fatigue and some slowing down in how fast they can process information, plan and solve problems. They may experience changes to their behaviour and personality, physical and sensory abilities, or thinking and learning.
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Can A Traumatic Brain Injury Be Prevented Or Avoided
There are some things you can do to lower the risk for a TBI. You should:
- Always wear a seatbelt in the car.
- Never drive under the influence of alcohol or drugs.
- Wear a helmet in sports and activities, like biking, skating, horse riding, skiing, and snowboarding.
- Avoid dangerous sports and activities.
- Use child car seats correctly. Always buckle your young child into a car seat before you drive.
- Make living areas safe for children. Install window guards to keep children from falling out of windows. Use safety gates at the top and bottom of stairs.
- Make sure the surface of playgrounds where your kids play is made of shock-absorbing material, such as mulch or sand.
- Make living areas safe for seniors. Remove tripping hazards, use nonslip mats in showers and bathtubs, and install handrails and grab bars on stairs or in the bathroom.
Sports And Recreation Head Injury Prevention Tips
- For specific sports, 100 percent of the time, buy and use helmets or protective headgear approved by the American Society for Testing and Materials .
- Supervise younger children at all times.
- Do not allow younger children to use sporting equipment or play sports unsuitable for their age.
- Avoid the use of playgrounds with hard surfaces.
- Follow all rules and warning signs at water parks, swimming pools and public beaches.
- Do not dive in water less than 12 feet deep or in above-ground pools. Check the depth and check for debris in the water before diving.
- Wear appropriate clothing for the sport.
- Do not wear any clothing that can interfere with your vision.
- Do not participate in sports when you are ill or very tired.
- Obey all traffic signals, and be aware of drivers when cycling or skateboarding.
- Avoid uneven or unpaved surfaces when cycling, skateboarding or in-line skating.
- Perform regular safety checks of sports fields, playgrounds and equipment.
- Discard and replace damaged sporting equipment or protective gear
- Never slide head-first when stealing a base.
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Understanding Tbi: Part 2
A traumatic brain injury interferes with the way the brain normally works. When nerve cells in the brain are damaged, they can no longer send information to each other in the normal way. This causes changes in the person’s behavior and abilities. The injury may cause different problems, depending upon which parts of the brain were damaged most.
There are three general types of problems that can happen after TBI: physical, cognitive and emotional/ behavioral problems. It is impossible to tell early on which specific problems a person will have after a TBI. Problems typically improve as the person recovers, but this may take weeks or months. With some severe injuries changes can take many years.
What Is Primary And Secondary Brain Injury
Primary brain injury refers to the sudden and profound injury to the brain that is considered to be more or less complete at the time of impact. This;happens at the time of the car accident, gunshot wound, or fall.
Secondary brain injury refers to the changes that evolve over a period of hours to days after the primary brain injury. It includes an entire;series of steps or stages;of cellular, chemical, tissue, or blood vessel changes in the brain that contribute to further destruction of brain tissue.
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Language And Spatial Abilities
There are also functions that are predominantly controlled by the left frontal lobe or the right frontal lobe. Along with the neighboring parietal and temporal lobes, the dominant frontal lobe is involved in language, rational, quantitative, and logical thinking, and analytical reasoning.
The right frontal lobe is involved with creativity, imagination, intuition, curiosity, musical and artistic ability.
Is Autism A Kind Of Brain Damage
Autism is a developmental disorder of the brain. It is Neurological Damage. People with autism have troubles communicating or interacting publicly with society. They also may have abnormal patterns of behavior, interests and activities. There are five kinds of autism, which is why doctors use the term autism spectrum disorder . The three main types of autism include: Classic autism, Aspergers syndrome, Nonspecific pervasive developmental disorder .
A group of children who dont quite fit the criteria for the other types. There are also two rare autism disorders: Rett syndrome a neurodevelopment disorder that affects typically girls; it includes problems with movement and speech, along with autistic features. Childhood disintegrative disorder a severe type in which the child loses more physical, language and social skills than in classic autism.
Autism used to be the term used for anyone with that particular situation. Today, there are numerous dissimilar sub categories for dissimilar levels of disability or function. No two children diagnosed will be the same, but there will be many things that they do have in common. With some high functioning autistics most people may not even be aware that they have autism, while others need assistance in approximately any part of life, and they are evidently living a very diverse life than other children. There are varying degrees of brain damage called autism nowadays.
- Learning may be unpredictable
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How Is A Diagnosis Made
When a person is brought to the emergency room with a head injury, doctors will learn as much as possible about his or her symptoms and how the injury occurred. The person’s condition is assessed quickly to determine the extent of injury.
The Glasgow Coma Score is a 15-point test used to grade a patient’s level of consciousness. Doctors assess the patient’s ability to 1) open his or her eyes, 2) ability to respond appropriately to orientation questions, , and 3) ability to follow commands . If unconscious or unable to follow commands, his or her response to painful stimulation is checked. A number is taken from each category and added together to get the total GCS score. The score ranges from 3 to 15 and helps doctors classify an injury as mild, moderate, or severe. Mild TBI has a score of 13-15. Moderate TBI has a score of 9-12, and severe TBI has a score of 8 and below.
Diagnostic imaging tests will be performed:
What Happens If A Concussion Goes Untreated
It is not uncommon for people to underestimate the seriousness of a concussion. However, an untreated head injury may lead to persistent symptoms. These include sensitivity to light, sore eyes, and blurry vision, headaches, fatigue, and interrupted sleep, which could lead to emotional and cognitive issues.
What to Look for When Diagnosing Moderate to Severe Brain Injuries
The signs and symptoms of moderate to severe traumatic brain injures can mimic those of milder injuries, and can also include the following in the first hours to days after the head injury:
- Loss of consciousness lasting for several minutes to hours
- Convulsions or seizures
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What Questions Should I Ask My Doctor About Traumatic Brain Injury
You may want to ask your healthcare provider:
- How severe is my TBI?
- What is the best treatment for me?
- When should symptoms improve?
- How can I prevent future brain injuries?
- Should I watch for signs of complications?
A note from Cleveland Clinic
Your healthcare provider should check out any type of head or brain injury, even if you dont think the impact was serious. Problems from TBIs can develop right away. But its possible to have a mild brain injury and not know it. Its helpful to know what signs to look for so you can get the medical care you need. Severe TBIs can cause lifelong physical, behavioral and mental health problems. Your provider can connect you and your family to resources to aid recovery. Having a TBI can make you feel anxious or depressed. Therapy and medications help.
Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 03/11/2021.
Helping Protect Athletes Brains From Repeated Minor Impacts To The Head
The device, called the Q-Collar, is intended for athletes aged 13 years and older. The device should be used with other protective sports equipment, which it does not replace. The Q-Collar does not require a prescription. ;Use has not been shown to allow for more rapid return to TBI risk activities or to allow for undertaking activities with increased risk of TBI or use of increased force during sports activities.
Remember, if you have any have questions about a possible brain injury, please talk with your health care provider.
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Can Infant Brain Damage Be Prevented
Preventing infant brain damage begins during pregnancy.; Proper prenatal care is essential to diagnosing and treating any condition, complication, or infection that could cause problems as pregnancy progresses into eventual delivery.; If doctors note a risk factor during pregnancy that could cause infant brain damage, they should label the pregnancy as high-risk.; The mother and her developing fetus should be treated and monitored accordingly.
During labor and delivery, it is important that healthcare providers appropriately monitor mother and infant.; Any signs of fetal distress should be taken seriously and should be immediately acted upon.; That may mean more consistent monitoring of fetal vital signs, or ordering a c-section to prevent oxygen deprivation.
During and after delivery, it is also important that healthcare providers take measures to prevent head trauma.; During delivery, head trauma may occur as a result of pressure, use of delivery assistance tools, or a doctor who uses too much force.; After delivery, healthcare providers must monitor the infant for signs of fetal distress, jaundice, stroke, or infection.; They must also be careful to properly handle and support the infants head to prevent injuries.
Failure to properly care for an infant before, during or after delivery is medical negligence.
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If you or your child is injured as a result of medical negligence, call us to learn more.
What Are The Possible Results Of Brain Injury
Some brain injuries are mild, with symptoms disappearing over time with proper attention. Others are more severe and may result in permanent disability. The long-term or permanent results of brain injury may;need post-injury and possibly lifelong rehabilitation. Effects of brain injury may include:
- Cognitive deficits
Difficulty understanding where limbs are in relation to the body
Vision problems, including double vision, lack of visual acuity, or limited range of vision
Difficulty speaking and understanding speech
Difficulty choosing the right words to say
Difficulty reading or writing
Difficulty knowing how to;perform certain very common actions, like brushing one’s teeth
Slow, hesitant speech and decreased vocabulary
Difficulty forming sentences that make sense
Problems identifying objects and their function
Problems with reading, writing, and ability to work with numbers
Impaired ability with activities of daily living , such as dressing, bathing, and eating
Problems with organization, shopping, or paying bills
Inability to drive a car or operate machinery
Impaired social capacity resulting in difficult interpersonal relationships
Difficulties in making and keeping friends
Difficulties understanding and responding to the nuances of social interaction
Anxiety and depression
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How Can I Support Tbi Research
If you or someone you know has been diagnosed with a TBI, enrolling in a clinical trial or brain bank are the best ways to support research toward new and better treatment options.
Clinical trials are research studies that involve people. Studies involving individuals with TBI and healthy individuals offer researchers the opportunity to greatly increase our knowledge of TBI and find better ways to safely detect, treat, and ultimately prevent TBI. By participating in a clinical study, healthy individuals and those with TBI can greatly benefit the lives of those living with this disorder. Talk with your doctor about clinical studies and help to make the difference in the quality of life for all people with TBI. Trials take place at medical centers across the United States and elsewhere. For information about NINDS-funded studies on TBI, see www.clinicaltrials.gov and search for TBI AND NINDS. For additional studies on TBI and information about participating in clinical studies, visit the NIH Clinical Trials and You website. Always talk with your health care provider before enrolling in a clinical trial.
People with a TBI also can support TBI research by designating the donation of brain tissue before they die. The study of human brain tissue is essential to increasing the understanding of how the nervous system functions.
How A Drink Of Alcohol Changes The Brain
The damage alcohol can cause begins with the very first sip you take. The Mayo Clinic reports that alcohol is a neurotoxin, meaning it is considered poisonous to the delicate cells that reside in the nervous system, including the brain. When you drink alcohol, it moves from the digestive system into the bloodstream. From there, it crosses into spaces within the brain, and it causes harm to the cells there.
Alcohols toxicity is responsible, in part, for the symptoms people feel when they drink. A lack of coordination, speech difficulty, and a reduced ability to make sound decisions could all be caused by damaged brain cells, and alcohol directly causes that damage.
The organization Drinkaware also points out that alcohol can reduce the production and/or uptake of chemicals brain cells use to communicate with one another. That reduction in neurotransmitter ability can also help us to feel relaxed and at ease with a drink, but those feelings are caused by damage to brain cells.
These changes are often associated with an episode of drinking, and they do tend to pass when the body has metabolized all of the ingested alcohol. But those who drink repeatedly may develop brain damage that does not go away when sobriety returns.
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