What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Post
Each area of the brain controls different functions. Therefore, the symptoms of vascular dementia vary between individuals depending on how the brain has been affected.
Some symptoms of vascular dementia can include:
- Rapid mood swings
Its important to note that some of these symptoms alone, such as mood swings, do not necessarily signify the presence of post-stroke dementia. Many of these symptoms, when occurring alone, are common cognitive effects of a stroke. However, when many cognitive effects occur together, a doctor may diagnose it as vascular dementia.
How A Stroke Affects Your Short
A stroke often leads to short-term memory loss. Most people dont realize that a stroke doesnt leave you with just physical limitations. After a stroke many people struggle with cognitive tasks like planning, solving problems and concentrating. Some stroke survivors struggle with aphasia. About one third of stroke survivors find they have short-term memory problems.
Memory Loss Cause # 6 Head Trauma
Minor Head Trauma might be endured from also a small from a fall or crash, as well as can trigger memory loss due to damage to the mind. Every loss must be reported to your primary care doctor, so they can examine you for any type of kind of traumatic mind injury .
Short-term memory loss.Inability to deal with anxiety, as well as episodes of hostility.Frustrations.Lack of ability to hold your urine.Change in appetite and sleeping patterns, along with personality.
Falls are the most common source of TBI in older grownups with 60% of TBI in those over 65 being attributed to a loss. Patients over 75 having the highest occurrence of falls leading to TBI, a hospital stay, and also death. Because clinical observation can miss out on up to 30% of TBI, a digital mind check is recommended to verify no mind swelling or shrinking takes place after a loss..
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What Is Vascular Dementia
If you are worried about vascular dementia or know someone who is, this guide can help you understand what you need to do. It explains what vascular dementia is and how it is linked to stroke. It also explains what you can do if you or someone you know is diagnosed with vascular dementia.
Its aimed at people who’ve had a stroke or who think they may have vascular dementia, but there is information for family and friends as well. If you have a question that is not answered in this guide call our Stroke Helpline.
The information on this page can be accessed in the following formats:
- as a pdf or large print Word document.
- To request a braille copy, email .
Memory Loss Cause # 8 Diabetes
Research studies reveal that amongst people aged 65 and older, 26% have actually identified or undiagnosed diabetes, as well as one in five are suggested a medication to deal with diabetes, triggering an extra collection of potential problems for cognition. Patients of diabetes are currently aware of the effects of hypo- or hyper-glycemia on memory and general state of mind, as well as it is clinically proven that diabetes mellitus has a tendency to have remarkable results on cognition..
If you think diabetes might be the wrongdoer of your recent memory problems, please reach out to your doctor for a check-up. They can quickly and rapidly examine your blood sugar levels with a quick finger puncture, as well as carry out more tests if it seems likely that diabetes is the problem. The medical professional will have the ability to prescribe insulin and other medication if you require them, but there are still a couple of things suggested by the American Diabetes Association that youll need to do at home, as well as need to start prior to you are diagnosed as diabetic person:.
Eat right- it might be obvious to avoid excessive sugar, but did you know that simple diet regimen adjustments such as reducing gluten consumption and increasing healthy and balanced fats can normally keep your blood glucose regulated?Consume lots of water.Rest well.Exercise 150 mins a week, as well as take evening strolls to keep your blood sugars low throughout the evening.
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Factors That Result In Stroke
The best way to protect yourself from cognitive decline is to prevent stroke. There are many contributing factors that can result in a stroke. Some of these include:
- Being overweight
- Being over the age of 55 increases your risk
- Family history
- Men have a higher risk than women
Notably, you can control some of these factors. If youre a man over the age of 55 you should be more proactive in taking the necessary steps to prevent a stroke. If your family history includes stroke, make sure you eat well, dont smoke and exercise to reduce your risk.
Is There Surgery For Stroke
The goal of surgery is to improve the flow of blood in the blood vessels of the brain. An example is carotid endarterectomy, an operation to remove a blockage from a carotid artery, one of a pair that comprises the main arteries leading to the brain. Not everyone is a candidate for these operations.
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What Causes Vascular Dementia
Vascular dementia is caused by a lack of blood flow to a part of the brain. Blood flow may be decreased or interrupted by:
- Blood clots
- Bleeding because of a ruptured blood vessel
- Damage to a blood vessel from atherosclerosis, infection, high blood pressure, or other causes, such as an autoimmune disorder
CADASIL is a genetic disorder that generally leads to dementia of the vascular type. One parent with the gene for CADASIL passes it on to a child, which makes it an autosomal-dominant inheritance disorder. It affects the blood vessels in the white matter of the brain. Symptoms, such as migraine headaches, seizures, and severe depression, generally start when a person is in his or her mid-30s but, symptoms may not appear until later in life.
Dementia Terms You May Hear
- Alzheimers disease: the most common type of dementia, caused by clumps of proteins building up in the brain.
- Mild cognitive impairment: this can happen after a stroke. This is when someone has memory and thinking problems but they are not severe enough to interfere with their day-to-day activities.
- Other types of dementia: you may hear about dementia with Lewy bodies, frontotemporal dementia and young-onset dementia, as well as other rarer types.
- Small vessel disease: damage to the blood vessels deep inside the brain, often caused by high blood pressure.
- Vascular cognitive impairment: this describes all memory and thinking problems associated with stroke. It includes vascular dementia and mild cognitive impairment.
- Vascular dementia: problems with memory and thinking due to reduced blood flow in your brain.
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How Do We Treat Memory Loss That Occurs After A Stroke
There is no specific medical treatment to help reverse the memory loss that occurs after a stroke. Neurologists sometimes prescribe medications approved for AD for people with vascular dementia, but we do not yet have studies to address the usefulness of these medications in patients with vascular dementia.
Compensating Strategies Implemented In Response To Impact
Responding to their new memory difficulties, stroke-survivors would often adapt and find new practical ways to manage their symptoms in order to appear to function normally’ in the community.
If I’m going anywhere like that, I’d always try to arrange to put the money, if I’m like we get a taxi, now I put the money in this pocket for me taxi so I know that I’ve got it there. And that’s what I do, I put things like ready for us just to pay out and it’s not as much distraction to meself
Participants would discuss the need to find ways of reminding themselves of everyday activities:
Like, I had an appointment for the vet for the dog and because I didn’t look at the notice board, I nearly forgot it. I had to get, rush at the last minute to the vet. Eh, so, now, before I go to bed, I sit with a piece of paper and I write down the things I have to do the next day. Emm, me friend have- me and Lavender spend a lot of time together and if she’s coming, or I’m supposed to go there, I always have to ring and ask her again, What time are we going to meet? Because I forget.
Writing things down and preparation were common methods used by stroke-survivors to help them remember. This was important both to enable them to continue to function and participate in their community:
Carers also gave examples of how they also needed to adapt in terms of changing roles and the impact on their lives:
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What Is The Risk Of Vascular Dementia After Stroke
Vascular dementia could be caused by a stroke or other conditions that impact the supply of blood in the brain, such as poor circulation.
A persons risk of post-stroke dementia increases with the number of strokes they experience. For example, a large study of over 5,000 stroke survivors found that the rate of vascular dementia was around 9% in those who had only suffered one stroke. In those who had experienced more than one stroke, however, the rate increased to 25%. The risk of vascular dementia also increases with age.
Because a stroke is a vascular disease that impacts the arteries, the same factors that increase the risk of stroke also increase the risk of vascular dementia. This means that conditions like high blood pressure, diabetes, and high cholesterol all increase the risk of vascular dementia.
Not all strokes cause vascular dementia, though. Every stroke is different and every person experiences different effects following a stroke. For example, a massive stroke may cause paralysis while very mild strokes may not cause any noticeable secondary effects at all.
However, just because a person does not experience many effects after a stroke does not mean they wont develop vascular dementia. The best way to reduce the risk of vascular dementia is to improve the health of your arteries and blood flow by managing any vascular diseases such as hypertension and diabetes.
Why Did We Fund This Project
Comments from members of our Research Network:
‘I would support this project due to the increase in life expectancy of those experiencing a stroke and the higher risk of developing dementia post stroke.’
‘Post stroke dementia must surely be on the increase. This work may well help to prevent this.’
‘Building on knowledge already discovered.’
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Can Memory Loss After Stroke Be Treated
Memory can improve over time, either spontaneously or through rehabilitation, but symptoms can last for years. Your memory loss may benefit from medications for related problems, such as anxiety, depression or sleeping problems.
Brain retraining techniques are designed to improve your thinking and memory after a stroke. The training can help improve alertness and attention, but theres no scientific proof that such therapy can improve your ability to carry out daily tasks. This training can be done in person as well as with computer programs and applications. To stimulate your brain and improve memory and cognitive ability, you can try new hobbies that involve both the mind and body. Also, exercise: Physical fitness adds to overall physical and mental health.
A Tia Is A Warning Of Two Serious Health Conditions
1. Its a sign of major stroke in the near futureMini strokes usually dont cause permanent brain damage, but theyre a serious warning sign that a major stroke will happen in the future.
In fact, a TIA occurs before about 12% of all strokes.
2. They cause vascular dementiaVascular dementia is the second most common form of dementia and is caused by reduced blood flow to the brain usually from a stroke or a series of strokes.
This type of dementia usually affects people aged 60 to 75 and is more common in men than women.
Even though TIAs can be unnoticeably small, the damage to the brain adds up over time.
When the blood flow to the brain is blocked, brain cells dont get oxygen and nutrients. That causes damage to areas of the brain associated with learning, memory, and language.
This leads to memory loss, confusion, and other signs of dementia.
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Tia Stroke Symptoms And Causes
During a mini stroke, the blood supply to the brain is briefly blocked. Its basically a stroke that only lasts for a few minutes.
Symptoms of a TIA are like typical stroke symptoms, but dont last as long. Most symptoms disappear within an hour, but could last for up to 24 hours.
You wont be able to tell if these symptoms are from a TIA or a major stroke, so if your older adult has these symptoms, immediately call 911 or go to the emergency room.
Symptoms happen suddenly and include:
- Numbness or weakness, especially on one side of the body
- Confusion, trouble speaking, difficulty understanding speech
- Trouble seeing in one or both eyes
- Difficulty walking
- Problems with balance or coordination
- An abnormal sense of taste or smell
A TIA is usually caused by low blood flow at a narrow part of a major artery that carries blood to the brain, like the carotid artery.
It could also be caused by a blood clot that travels to the brain and blocks a blood vessel there.
A third common cause is the narrowing of smaller blood vessels in the brain. That blocks blood flow for a short period of time often caused by plaque build-up.
What To Do After A Tia
If you suspect that your older adult has had a mini stroke, take them to a hospital immediately and describe all the symptoms they experienced.
To reduce the risk of a major stroke in the near future, doctors may recommend medication to prevent blood clots from forming or to treat high blood pressure, high cholesterol, or heart disease. Depending on the situation, surgery could also be recommended.
In the longer term, help your older adult lower their stroke and vascular dementia risk by improving their lifestyle.
A healthy lifestyle means not smoking, not drinking too much, eating a healthy diet, and exercising regularly.
It is also important to keep other health conditions under control, especially high blood pressure and high cholesterol.
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Small Vessel Disease And Vascular Cognitive Impairment
Vascular dementia can also be caused by small vessel disease. This is when the small blood vessels deep within your brain become narrow and clogged up. The damage stops blood from getting to parts of your brain. The damage can build up over time and may cause signs of vascular cognitive impairment. This can eventually lead to vascular dementia.
Many of the things that increase your risk of small vessel disease, such as high blood pressure and diabetes, also increase your risk of stroke.
You can read more about how to reduce your risk of stroke and small vessel disease.
Are There Any Treatments Or Medications To Help
There are no specific medical treatments to help reverse the memory loss that occurs after a stroke. Neurologists sometimes prescribe medications approved for Alzheimers dementia for people with vascular dementia, but the usefulness of these medications in patients with vascular dementia is still unknown. Therapies or medicines almost never fully restore memory after stroke. However, many people do recover at least some memory spontaneously after stroke. Others improve through rehabilitation. Successful rehabilitation depends on:
Amount of damage to the brain
Cooperation of patients caregivers
Skill of the rehabilitation team
Onset of rehabilitation the earlier it begins the more likely lost abilities and skills can be regained
The goal of rehabilitation is to enable an individual who has experienced a stroke to reach the highest possible level of independence and be as productive as possible. Because stroke survivors often have complex rehabilitation needs, progress and recovery are unique for each person. Although a majority of functional abilities may be restored soon after a stroke, recovery is an ongoing process.
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Being Proactive About Stroke Prevention
The big question is: if a stroke comes without any symptoms and it can only be seen on an MRI or CT scan, how do you know you’ve had one, and what, if anything, can you do about it?
“I don’t think it would be cost effective for everybody to have an MRI scan,” Dr. Furie says. However, she adds, silent strokes “should make people aware that it’s imperative to manage risk factors.” Those risk factors include:
High blood pressure
Understanding The Connection Between Stroke And Dementia
While not every stroke survivor will experience dementia, loss of blood flow to the brain can increase the persons risk of cognitive decline.
However, by practicing cognitive rehabilitation and making certain lifestyle changes, patients can improve their symptoms and even slow vascular dementias progression.
Finally, always remember that even with post-stroke dementia, it is still possible to live a happy and fulfilling life. Although the road ahead might look difficult, its important to maintain hope.
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What Facts Should I Know About Stroke
What is the medical definition of a stroke?
Stroke is a disease of the blood vessels in and around the brain. It occurs when part of the brain does not receive enough blood to function normally and the cells die , or when a blood vessel ruptures . Infarction is more common than hemorrhage and has a number of causes for example, a vessel supplying blood to the brain can become blocked by a fatty deposit , which can form clots and send pieces into vessels further in the brain, or these arteries become thickened or hardened, narrowing the space where the blood flows . In addition, clots can arise in the heart and travel to the brain. Permanent damage to brain cells can result.
The symptoms of stroke vary, depending on which part of the brain is affected.
- Common symptoms of stroke are sudden paralysis or loss of sensation in part of the body , partial loss of vision or double vision, or loss of balance. Loss of bladder and bowel control can also occur.
- Other symptoms include decline in cognitive mental functions such as memory, speech and language, thinking, organization, reasoning, or judgment.
- Changes in behavior and personality may occur.
- If these symptoms are severe enough to interfere with everyday activities, they are called dementia.
People who have had a stroke have a greater risk of dementia than people who have not had a stroke. About 1 in 10 people who have a stroke develop signs of dementia within 1 year.