It Releases Chemicals That Make You Feel Happy
When a person does something that brings about good feelings, like seeing a favorite band or scoring a goal in a soccer game, certain chemicals in the brain are released serotonin, dopamine, and adrenaline.
These chemicals are associated with regulating mood and energy, which explains why people on Adderall tend to feel happy and charged. When Adderall is taken by those who dont really need the medication, it can induce feelings of euphoria.
Adderall Is A Stimulant That Contains Both Amphetamine And Dextroamphetamine And Is Commonly Used To Treat Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
It increases awareness and alertness, improving concentration, helping a person with ADHD focus. Unfortunately, there has been a rise in Adderall abuse among young teens and adults. Theyre so focused on the temporary symptoms they experience that they dont realize the dangerous effects of Adderall on the brain.
What Is Neurotoxicity
Neurotoxicity is a substances ability to damage or disrupt brain or nervous system function.
There are many naturally occurring and man-made substances that can be neurotoxic, including many illicit and prescription drugs. When drugs are being investigated for use in humans, neurotoxicity is one of the important factors that researchers consider. Highly neurotoxic substances dont make it into use as medications. These substances damage nerves and the brain in relatively low doses, making them dangerous to use. However, some prescription drugs can be neurotoxic if they are taken in high doses for a long period of time.
Many stimulants can be neurotoxic, causing damage to nerve cells with very high doses. However, is Adderall neurotoxic, and can Adderall cause nerve damage?
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How To Get Help
Talk to your doctor or contact your public health department if you think you have a problem with Adderall. Or call a helpline. 800-662-HELP is a free and confidential government service that provides information and refers you to treatment centers. The sooner you get help, the better your chances of getting your drug use under control.
Journal of Health Communications: âThe Making of an Addiction: Examining Psychological Determinants of Prescription Stimulant Abuse among College Students.â
Mayo Clinic: âPrescription Drug Abuse.â
National Institute on Drug Abuse: âMisuse of Prescription Drugs Research Report,â âPrescription Stimulants Drug Facts.â
National Institute on Drug Abuse for Teens: âDrug Facts — Prescription Stimulant Medications .â
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration: âNational Helpline.â
American Psychiatric Association: âWhat Is Addiction?â
Anticholinergics: The Anti Drugs
Acetylcholine is the primary neurotransmitter of memory and learning.
When youre low in acetylcholine, you become forgetful and cant concentrate.
You may struggle to find the right words when you speak.
Acetylcholine deficiencies are associated with dementia and Alzheimers medications for these disorders work by preventing the breakdown of acetylcholine in the brain.
” Not all drugs that cause memory loss are prescription medications. Many popular over-the-counter drugs also cause memory loss by blocking the neurotransmitter acetylcholine.
Drugs that block the action of acetylcholine, causing low brain levels of acetylcholine, are known as anticholinergics.
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Not all anticholinergic drugs are equally hazardous, so these lists rate drugs by their level of anticholinergic activity mild, moderate, or severe.
Leo Galland, MD, a renowned functional medicine pioneer, has published an extensive list of anticholinergic substances that includes drugs and herbal remedies.
If your anticholinergic risk is high, we urge you to bring this to your doctors attention.
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Ways To Get In Contact With Us
If you believe you or someone you love may be struggling with addiction, let us hear your story and help you determine a path to treatment.
There are a variety of confidential, free, and no obligation ways to get in contact with us to learn more about treatment.
- Fill in our online insurance verification form below to find out if your insurance provider may be able to cover the cost of treatment. Our admissions advisors may contact you thereafter to discuss your options.
The Dangers Of Drinking On Adderall
When a person mixes Adderall and alcohol, they may encounter the following symptoms:
- Changes in blood pressure
- Increased body temperature, possibly to the point of hyperthermia
- Accelerated or irregular heart rate
- Impaired coordination that can result in falls or injuries
- Reduced inhibition and impulsivity leading to poor decision-making
Stimulants such as Adderall do, in some ways, camouflage some of the depressant effects of alcohol. Because of this, using these two substances in combination can prevent a person from realizing how much alcohol has been consumed.
This effect can occur because the stimulant masks the slowed down, tired sensations of being intoxicated. Moreover, because the person cannot feel how intoxicated they really are, using both substances simultaneously can increase the risk of alcohol poisoning and overdose.
Symptoms of alcohol poisoning may include the following:
- Extreme confusion
- Blacking out
- Depressed, labored, or irregular breathing
- Blue-tinged, cold, or clammy skin
- Being awake but unresponsive
- Being unrousable after falling asleep
Adderall can also prompt the body to process alcohol more rapidly, increasing how fast a person becomes drunk another effect that can increase the risk of alcohol poisoning.
Severe and dangerous side effects of combining alcohol and Adderall include the following:
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How Fast Does One Lose Weight On Adderall
The speed at which a person may lose pounds depends on a number of factors, including the dosage, frequency of intake, and genetics. Generally, the weight loss can be, on average, 20 lbs within 6 months for both men and women.
The form of the drug used also influences how fast one can lose the excess fats. This drug is available in two forms: immediate-release and extended-release forms. Whilst taking XR pills, weight loss is more likely than with the IR form, except if the IR version is used several times in a day. Both usages may, at certain doses, cause significant weight loss over the cause of a week.
Long Term Adderall Effects
Adderall is often prescribed for long periods of time, which may cause dependency. In most cases, Adderall neurotoxicity is associated with taking higher doses than usual, but it may also appear if someone is taking the proper dosage over a long period of time.Over time, even if a doctor has prescribed the drug, Adderall causes dependency. Its considered a physical dependency because it changes the way the brain works. Rather than produce the neurotransmitters on its own normally, the brain becomes accustomed to the drug managing these levels instead. The proper production and reabsorption of serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine are no longer managed by the brain. If you stop taking the drug when your brain is unable to manage the hormones any longer, you will experience severe withdrawal. Most people will crave the drug and need to take it again, even if they know its best to get off it.When its not possible to easily stop the drug, it becomes an addiction. This is something that may be very difficult to deal with on your own. Fortunately, there is help available.Are you dealing with an addiction to Adderall or another medication? You dont need to do this on your own. Contact Windward Way Recovery today to get some help.
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Adderall Addiction Treatment Program
Struggling with an addiction to Adderall is incredibly frustrating. The side effects can impact all areas of life, including health, finances, and mental wellbeing. Fortunately, help is available. The right treatment offers an end to the unpleasant side effects of Adderall addiction.
Short Term Effects Of Adderall
Adderall is renowned for its short term effects. People who take Adderall for the treatment of ADHD or narcolepsy often notice a significant improvement in their symptoms over the short term.
The effects of Adderall are so well known that the medication is commonly abused by students and other people who want to be able to focus intently on a particular task or subject for a short period of time, such as during a stressful time at work or while studying for a test.
An estimated 30 percent of students report using a stimulant like Adderall as a study enhancer during stressful testing times.
Ironically, studies show that people who do not have ADHD and take Adderall may actually experience memory impairment as a result of using the drug.
The short term effects of Adderall can be broadly categorized as desirable and undesirable.
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How Widespread Are Adverse Effects
The side effects do not necessarily emerge during the treatment process. It is essential to note that if one is concerned about any Adderall side effects, immediately consult a family physician.
The doctor will outweigh the risks against the benefits of taking this medication, and preferable dosage as the regular 20 mg pill can appear to be too high in rare cases.
All of the side effects mentioned here have been reported by at least 1% of patients taking this medication. It is also important to note that some side effects can be managed, while others might disappear over time. If the stimulant is abused or taken incorrectly, the side effects of Adderall might be even more dangerous.
Adderall Xr And Cognitive Impairment In Ms
|The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government.Know the risks and potential benefitsof clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.|
|First Posted : February 8, 2016Last Update Posted : April 6, 2022|
- Study Details
It is now known that Multiple Sclerosis can cause cognitive impairment , estimated to occur in 40-65% of MS patients. The most frequently observed impairments in the MS population are in processing speed , as well memory , verbal fluency, executive function and selective attention can also be involved. Longitudinal studies demonstrate a slowly progressive, insidious course thus CI is unlikely to remit once present. CI has a negative effect on personal relationships and self-esteem, leading to social isolation. Also, a decrease in PS over time predicts a decrease in employment status in MS patients. Thus, CI is an important, but under-recognized consequence of MS and yet there are currently no approved therapies to treat this common symptom.
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Undesirable Short Term Effects Of Adderall
For all of Adderalls short term benefits, the medication is also associated with a number of undesirable short term effects or side effects.
Adderall should only be taken with a valid prescription from a doctor because your doctor will be able to document any side effects and reduce or otherwise adjust your dose accordingly.
Common undesirable short term effects of Adderall include:
- Appetite loss
- Digestive problems such as nausea and constipation
- Heart palpitations
- Mood changes, including irritability, anxiety, or agitation
- Sleep issues
- Mood changes
People experience the undesirable short term effects of Adderall differently.
Side effects vary from person to person and can be influenced by a persons age or underlying medical conditions.
Many patients will find that their side effects disappear after a week or two as their body adjusts to the medication, and some people may not experience any side effects at all.
Patients experiencing any of the potentially serious side effects of Adderall, including symptoms of psychosis, heart problems, and mood changes should seek medical attention immediately, even if the symptoms disappear after a short period of time.
What To Do If You Or Your Relative Is On These Medications
So what should you do if you discover that your older relative or you yourself are taking some of these medications?
If its an over-the-counter anticholinergic, you can just stop it. Allergies can be treated with non-sedating antihistamines like loratadine , or you can ask the doctor about a nasal steroid spray. PM painkillers can be replaced by the non-PM version, and remember that the safest OTC analgesic for older adults is acetaminophen .
If you are taking an over-the-counter sleep aid, it contains a sedating antihistamine and those are strongly anticholinergic. You can just stop an OTC sleep aid, but in the short term, insomnia often gets worse. So youll need to address the insomnia with non-drug techniques.
You should also discuss any insomnia or sleep problems with your doctors its important to rule out pain and serious medical problems as a cause of insomnia but be careful: many of them will prescribe a sleeping pill, because they havent trained in geriatrics and they under-estimate the risks of these drugs.
If one or more of the medications above has been prescribed, dont stop without first consulting with a health professional. Youll want to make an appointment soon, to review the reasons that the medication was prescribed, alternative options for treating the problem, and then work out a plan to reduce or eliminate the drug.
Now go check out those medication bottles, and let me know what you find!
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Adderall Statistics & Use In The United States
Close to 50 million prescription stimulant drugs like Adderall were dispensed in 2011 to treat symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, or ADHD.
This represents an almost 40 percent rise in these prescriptions since 2007, the Drug Enforcement Agency states. ADHD is one of the most common childhood neurobiological disorders. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported that as of July 2015, almost 10 percent, or close to 6 million, American children between the ages of 4 and 17 had been diagnosed with ADHD at some point in their lifetimes.
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As prescriptions for Adderall rise, so may its potential for diversion and nonmedical use, which increases its health risks too. Adderall is abused as a smart drug across college campuses. It may be abused by students to combat pressures of higher education, as students perceive it will help them get better grades because they can stay up and study for longer.
A study at the University of Kentucky found that 30 percent of its students had abused an ADHD stimulant drug like Adderall at some point as a possible study enhancer, CNN reports.
Stimulant drugs like Adderall are addictive and using them recreationally may increase the chances of developing a psychological and physical dependence on them.
Focus Boosting Drugs Not Worth The Risks Studies Warn
Many younger adults use focus boosting drugs without a prescription to help them study and stay on track with work. However, new research suggests that such drugs bring healthy adults very few and only short-lived benefits while placing their cognitive health at risk in the long run.
Adderall is an amphetamine based drug that doctors prescribe to individuals with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder or narcolepsy a condition that causes people to fall asleep suddenly, even in the middle of the day.
The manufacturers of this drug created it to allow people with these conditions to remain alert and focused. Increasingly, however, healthy young people have started procuring and using this and similar drugs as a way of hacking their brains to enhance performance while working or studying.
A 2016 study by researchers from Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore, MD, found that in the United States, the nonprescribed use of Adderall had increased by 67% among young adults over approximately 6 years.
Healthy individuals who use psychostimulants for cognitive enhancement may incur unintended costs to cognitive processes that depend on good sleep, warns lead author Lauren Whitehurst.
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Who Is Mostly Commonly Drinking On Adderall
College-age students may be more likely to combine Adderall and alcohol than others. Students have reported abusing Adderall to sustain a sense of focus during all-night cram/study sessions.
Research suggests, however, that Adderall does not actually increase the ability to focus or learn in those who do not have ADHD. Nonetheless, it is a widely held belief that using stimulants such as Adderall will aid a person in staying awake while writing a last-minute paper or studying for an exam.
College students may also be more likely to binge drink or consume large amounts of alcohol at parties, bars, or social events, even if they are underage. If a student has abused Adderall in order to study, then attends a party and drinks excessively, they could seriously injure themselves, engage in exceptionally risky behavior, experience alcohol poisoning, or die.
Alcohol is a popular component of polydrug use, and polydrug users often combine alcohol and another drug of abuse, such as Adderall or other stimulants. Polydrug users may also consume several other substances simultaneously, including cigarettes, marijuana, opioids, and more.
This complex form of substance abuse is common among amphetamine users, including those who take Adderall. This abuse can be implemented as a means to intensify the high from Adderall, or to moderate the effects of other substances so that use of amphetamine may be less likely to produce anxiety, paranoia or aggression.