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Does Ginkgo Improve Memory The Law Allows Marketers

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Supplement Industry Says It Polices Itself

What is the Connection Between Ginseng and Ginkgo Biloba

Mister said that the council has committed $1.5 million for an eight-year program at the Better Business Bureau‘s National Advertising Division to scrutinize supplement advertising and issue decisions on when supplement sellers should change or pull advertising claims. When a company ignores a National Advertising Division decision, the division refers the ads in question to the Federal Trade Commission.

“This is a good example of industry trying to police itself,” he said.

But Mister said the council also supports the FDA’s oversight of the industry. It has repeatedly asked, he said, for the Food and Drug Administration to be provided with more resources so it they can enforce a 1994 law that allows the FDA to remove a supplement from the market when the agency can show that the product is not safe.

Claims for Gingko, Ginseng and Garlic Discredited by GAO

The GAO found cases of deceptive marketing or questionable claims tied to Ginkgo biloba, ginseng, garlic and chamomile, according to Kurtz’s testimony. The GAO did not disclose the names of the herbal supplement marketers it investigated, but Kurtz said that “all cases of deceptive or questionable marketing and inappropriate medical advice” have been referred to the Food and Drug Administration and the Federal Trade Commission.

The GAO said it found herbal supplement sellers making the following deceptive claims:

Claim: Garlic prevents obesity and diabetes and cures cardiovascular disease.

Does Ginkgo Improve Memory The Law Allows Marketers Of Herbs And Other Natural Substances To Make Health Claims That Are Not Supported By Evidence Brands Of Ginkgo Extract Claim To Improve Memory And Concentration A Randomized Comparative Experiment Found No Statistically Significant Evidence For Such Effects The Subjects Were 350 Healthy Volunteers Over 60 Years Old They Were Randomly Assigned To Ginkgo Or A Placebo Pill All The Subjects Took A Battery Of Tests For Learning And Memory Before Treatment Started And Again After Six Weeks The Study Was Double

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Does ginkgo improve memory? The law allows marketers of herbs and other natural substances to make health claims that are not supported by evidence. Brands of ginkgo extract claim to improve memory and concentration. A randomized comparative experiment found no statistically significant evidence for such effects. The subjects were 350 healthy volunteers over 60 years old. They were randomly assigned to ginkgo or a placebo pill . All the subjects took a battery of tests for learning and memory before treatment started and again after six weeks.

The study was double-blind. Why is this important?

Can the results of this study be generalized to a larger population? Can cause-and-effect be inferred? Explain.

Explain why it is advantageous to use 350 volunteers in this study, rather than, say, 30.

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Trace Amounts Of Metals Including Lead Found In Supplements

The GAO also found trace amounts of lead, mercury, cadmium, arsenic or pesticides in 37 of the 40 herbal supplement products tested. But the level of the contaminants in the products, the GAO report said, did not exceed FDA or Environmental Protection Agency regulations on dietary supplements.

Mister said that plants grown in the ground — whether they’re in a grocery store’s vegetable aisle or used as a supplement ingredients — absorb trace amounts of what’s in the soil beneath them. As long as the amount of contaminants present in supplements isn’t enough to cause safety hazards, there’s no reason to label them, he said.

“In the same way, we don’t label squash or melons,” he said.

ABC News’ Tom Shine contributed to this report.

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    Does Ginkgo Improve Memoryginkgoclaimimprove Memoryrandomizedforeffects

    ? The;law allows marketers of herbs and other natural substances to make health claims that are not supported;by evidence. Brands of;;extract;;to “;and concentration.” A;;comparative experiment found no statistically significant evidence;such;The subjects were 350 healthy volunteers over 60 years old. They were randomly assigned to ginkgo or a placebo pill . All the subjects took a battery of tests for learning and memory before treatment started and again after six weeks.

    If the results were statistically significant, can the results of this study be generalized to a larger population? Can cause-and-effect be inferred? Explain.

    Explain why it is advantageous to use 350 volunteers in this study, rather than, say, 30 volunteers.

    Name two variables that were controlled in this experiment and why was it beneficial to control these

    variables?

    ‘dangerous’ Herbal Supplement Claims Under Fire In Government Report

    Study: Sellers made “deceptive” claims about garlic, Ginkgo biloba and ginseng.

    May 26, 2010 — Sales people marketing herbal supplements gave “potentially dangerous advice” to undercover government investigators, according to a new report from the Government Accountability Office.

    The report, released in conjunction with today’s Senate committee hearing on dietary supplements and the elderly, revealed the results of an investigation in which GAO investigators posed as elderly customers to ask sales staffers at 22 storefront and mail-order retailers about herbal dietary supplements. The GAO also reviewed marketing claims made on 30 retail websites.

    Investigators found that sales people gave them “potentially dangerous advice,” such as suggesting that they could take supplements instead of prescription medication, according to the report.

    “What a lot of people do is … they start taking both at the same time and then slowly you will stop taking the other prescription medicine and just continue with this,” said one seller on an audio recording made by the GAO.

    A seller during another GAO sales call said that a combination supplements can prevent or cure serious conditions.

    “My mom and dad both have high cholesterol and problems maintaining blood pressure; I don’t have either one, but my parents have both. If I wouldn’t have started taking my product … I would eventually get it, because it’s in my genes,” the seller told the GAO.

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    Does Ginkgo Improve Memory The Law Allows Marketers Of Herbs And Other Natural Substances To Make Health Claims That Are Not Supported By Evidence Brands Of Ginkgo Extract Claim To Improve Memory And Concentration A Randomized Comparative Experiment Found No Statistically Significant Evidence For Such Effects The Subjects Were 350 Healthy Volunteers Over 60 Years Old They Were Randomly Assigned To Ginkgo Or A Placebo Pill All The Subjects Took A Battery Of Tests For Learning And Memory Before Treatment Started And Again After Six Weeks A If The Results Were Statistically Significant Can The Results Of This Study Be Generalized To A Larger Population Can Cause

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    1. Does ginkgo improve memory? The law allowsmarketers of herbs and other naturalsubstances to make health claims that are notsupported by evidence. Brands of ginkgoextract claim to improve memory andconcentration.” A randomized comparativeexperiment found no statistically significantevidence for such effects. The subjects were350 healthy volunteers over 60 years old.They were randomly assigned to ginkgo or aplacebo pill . All the subjects took abattery of tests for learning and memorybefore treatment started and again after sixweeks.A. If the results were statistically significant,can the results of this study be generalizedto a larger population? Can cause-and-effect be inferred? Explain.B. Explain why it is advantageous to use 350volunteers in this study, rather than, say,30 volunteers.C. Name a confounding variable that wascontrolled in this experiment and explainwhy it was beneficial to control thatvariable.

    Does Ginkgo Improve Memory The Law Allows Marketers Of

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    Does ginkgo improve memory? The law allows marketers of herbs and other natural substances to make health claims that are not supported by evidence. Brands of ginkgo extract claim to “improve memory and concentration.” A recent experiment found no evidence for such effects. The subjects were 230 healthy people over 60 years old. They were randomly assigned to ginkgo or a placebo pill . AU of the subject took a battery of tests for learning and memory before treatment started and again after six weeks.

    1) What are the explanatory and responses variables in this experiment?

    2) What is the experiment design in this case?

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    5 14. Does ginkgo improve memory? The law allows marketers of herbs and other natural substances to make health claims that are not supported by evidence. Brands of ginkgo extract claim to improve memory and concentration. A randomized comparative experiment found no statistically significant evidence for such effects. The subjects were 230 healthy volunteers over 60 years old. They were randomly assigned to ginkgo or a placebo pill . All the subjects took a battery of tests for learning and memory before treatment started and again after six weeks. The study was double-blind. What does this mean? Comment briefly on the extent to which results of this study can be generalized to some larger population, and the extent to which cause and effect has been established. Explain why it is advantageous to use 230 volunteers in this study, rather than, say, 30. Explain what the expression no statistically significant evidence means in the context of this study. Using the random digits below , choose the first four members of the ginkgo group. Explain your method BFW Publishers The Practice of Statistics, 4/e- Chapter 4 191

    Solution For Problem 95 Chapter 9

    The Basic Practice of Statistics | 4th Edition

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    The Basic Practice of Statistics | 4th Edition

    Does ginkgo improve memory? The law allows marketers of herbs and othernatural substances to make health claims that are not supported by evidence.Brands of ginkgo extract claim to improve memory and concentration. Arandomized comparative experiment found no evidence for such effects.3 Thesubjects were 230 healthy people over 60 years old. They were randomly assignedto ginkgo or a placebo pill . All thesubjects took a battery of tests for learning and memory before treatment startedand again after six weeks. Following the model of Figure 9.3, outline the design of this experiment. Use the Simple Random Sample applet, other software, or Table B to assignAPPLEThalf the subjects to the ginkgo group. If you use software, report the first20 members of the ginkgo group and the first20 members of the placebo group . If youuse Table B, start at line 103 and choose only the first 5 members of the ginkgogroup.

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      1. Does ginkgo improve memory? The law allows marketers of herbs and other natural

      substances to make health claims that are not supportedby evidence. Brands of ginkgo extractclaim to improve memory and concentration. A randomized comparative experiment found nostatistically significant evidence for such effects. The subjects were 350 healthy volunteers over60 years old. They were randomly assigned to ginkgo or a placebo pill . All the subjects took a battery of tests for learning and memory beforetreatment started and again after six weeks. Name two variables that were controlled in this experiment and why was it beneficial tocontrol these variables?

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