Wednesday, May 25, 2022

Does Your Nose Lead To Your Brain

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Your Nose And Sinuses Are A Powerful Duo

Patient’s Runny Nose Is Actually A Brain Leak

Sinuses also play a part of the resonance in your voice.

Its hard to talk about the nose without mentioning the sinuses, which have a number of important and positive roles, according to Dr. Benninger.

Your sinuses are air-filled structures in your head that make your head lighter and probably played an important role in allowing us to become upright. They also serve as air cushion shock absorbers that help protect your brain and eyes.

The partnership between your nose and sinuses help control the amount of nitric oxide in your body and in your lungs. They also play a huge role in your immune functionality.

When it comes to your nose, theres a lot of amazing information to think about, Dr. Benninger says, But next time you look in a mirror, you may want to consider a new respect for the incredible and only one youve got.

The Effects Of Cocaine On The Nose

Experiencing nose bleeds after cocaine use is common because of the direct damage to the membrane lining. However, these short-term effects of cocaine on the nose can lead to long-term problems. The nose absorbs cocaine first through the mucus membrane linings, after which it enters the bloodstream. Any other additional cocaine cutting agents, such as paint thinner or fentanyl, are also absorbed in this process. These chemicals inflame the inner lining of the nose, causing stuffiness and irritation. After that, the drugs effects cause the blood vessels in the nose to shrivel, which blocks blood flow. As the effects of cocaine wear off, these vessels may burst, which causes nose bleeds. Despite this damage, a user may only be able to quit with cocaine addiction treatment.

Some additional effects of cocaine on the nose include:

The ugly side of addiction goes beyond nosebleeds and saddle nose. This drug can also cause damage to the heart, lungs, liver, kidneys, and more. Addiction is a cruel disease that should be treated by experts. If you have a cocaine addiction or know someone who does, we can help. Call Banyan Heartland now at to speak to a team member about our drug and alcohol treatment in Gilman.

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Outlook For Nasal And Sinus Cancer

There are many different types of cancer that can affect the nasal cavity and sinuses.

The outlook varies, depending on the specific type of nasal and sinus cancer you have, its exact location, how far it’s spread before being diagnosed and treated, and your overall level of health and fitness.

The Cancer Research UK website has more information about the outlook for nasal and sinus cancer.

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Your Sneeze Style May Be Genetic

Some honk, some shout, some just cant seem to stop your style of sneezing is one of the many things that makes you who you are. The basic process of sneezing usually starts when some kind of irritant, from pollen to black pepper, is detected by the trigeminal nerve . This irritation triggers a sequence of reflexes to expel the intruder: a deep inhalation followed by the closing the glottis in the throat and a buildup of pressure in the lungs , then the sudden opening of the glottis as the diaphragm forces air up through the mouth and nose, expelling the irritant . That expulsion has some real power particles in an average sneeze travel 100 miles per hour, says Dr. Payne.

And the particular style with which you execute this basic process could be something you inherit, Dr. Kao adds. Ive empirically noted similar styles of sneezes in families, probably because sneezes are a neurologic reflex were all born with, he says. Since tissues are very similar within families, all muscle actions, including smiling and laughing, will be similar also.

What Is Cerebrospinal Fluid

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Cerebrospinal fluid is a clear fluid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord. It cushions the brain and spinal cord from injury and also serves as a nutrient delivery and waste removal system for the brain. CSF is manufactured continuously in areas of the brain called ventricles and is absorbed by the bloodstream.

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Nose Picking Effects On Health

Everyone picks his nose at one time or the other. However, sometimes it becomes a habit. If this is done compulsively and excessively, you can have some harmful effects. Some children develop this bad habit, which may be difficult to stop. Teaching your child to use a handkerchief or tissue will help. Not only is picking socially unacceptable, but it can also lead to infections and nosebleeds.

Modes Of Transmission Of Viruses

Viruses spread by different means, and some are more infectious than others. Some of the modes of viral transmission include:

  • coughs or sneezes from an infected person that release airborne viruses, which are then inhaled by others
  • infected insects and animals, which can transfer some viruses directly into the bloodstream via their bite
  • eating contaminated food or drink
  • the transfer of some viruses can occur through touching an infected person
  • there is evidence to suggest that some cases of viral encephalitis are caused by a dormant viral infection becoming active again.

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A Brain Tumor Actually Can Cause A Nosebleed

Tumors starting from the skull base can erode into the sinus cavity causing nosebleeds, says John M. Abrahams, MD, chief of neurosurgery at Northern Westchester Hospital, and founder of the Westchester Neuroscience Research Foundation which is studying the genomic profile of malignant brain tumors.

First, you should know that nosebleeds have a ton of non-serious causes including dry air, aggressive blowing and picking.

Even aiming a nasal spray straight up the nostril, rather than at a tilted angle, can irritate the tiny blood vessels in the membrane and trigger some bleeding.

If a nosebleed seems to come out of nowhere and/or is heavy when it happens, this still does not mean it might be a brain tumor.

It could be a nasal polyp, abrupt temperature changes, allergic rhinitis, sinusitis, a cold or high blood pressure. All of these are more likely causes much more likely than a brain tumor.

What Causes A Cerebrospinal Fluid Leak

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Many cases of cerebrospinal fluid leak have no known causes. This is called a spontaneous CSF leak. The following are other possible common causes:

  • Head trauma or spine injury
  • History of epidurals or spinal catheters
  • Certain head and spine surgeries
  • Epidural injection
  • Skull base defects
  • High pressure intracranial hydrocephalus
  • Underlying and untreated intracranial hypertension
  • Underlying and untreated connective tissue diseases, such as Ehlers-Danlos and syndromes
  • Bone spurs along the spine

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How Effective Is Snorting Cocaine

Snorting cocaine is pretty much effective in giving a person a high. However, doing so is considered less effective compared to smoking cocaine. This is because it gives a milder euphoria and slower onset. No matter how the drug is taken, people should always remember that using cocaine comes with a cost.

Some Noses Merit Their Own Insurance Policies

Though not as finely tuned as a bloodhounds sniffer, the average human nose is still quite sensitive just four molecules of an odorous substance are enough to stimulate an olfactory sensor. And some people are blessed with such an acute sense of smell they base their whole livelihood on their noses. Dutch winemaker Ilja Gort , for example, insured his nose through Lloyds of London for a reported $8 million. Perfume testing is another occupation that attracts insurance plans for noses, says the Lloyds Web site.

At the other end of the sensitivity spectrum, some people can lose their sense of smell. Known as anosmia, the condition could affect as many as 2 million people in the United States . Loss of smell could also be an early sign of Alzheimer’s disease.

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How Common Is Nasal And Paranasal Sinus Cancer

Cancer of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses is rare. Only around 500 cases are diagnosed in the UK each year compared with around 42,317 cases of bowel cancer.

  • Cancer and its management J Tobias and D HochhauserWiley-Blackwell, 2015

  • Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology

    VT De Vita, TS Lawrence and SA Rosenberg

    Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins, 2019

  • Tumors of the nasal cavity

    R Dagan and others

Lymph Nodes In Your Neck

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Like other parts of the body, the head and neck contains lymph nodes . These small, bean shaped glands are part of the lymphatic system. Lymph nodes are often the first place cancer cells spread to when they break away from a tumour.

There are major groups of lymph nodes in the neck. Nasal and paranasal sinus cancers can spread to these nodes.

You may need an operation to remove lymph nodes. This will usually be on the same side of your neck as the cancer.

More rarely, a surgeon may suggest removing nodes from both sides of your neck. These operations are called neck dissections. You may hear your surgeon call this type of surgery a radical neck dissection.

A specialist in human tissues examines the lymph nodes to see if they have cancer cells. It helps them to find out how advanced the cancer is. This is also called the stage of the cancer and helps doctors decide on the most suitable treatment for you.

Nasal and paranasal sinus cancer rarely spreads to other parts of the body such as the lungs, bones or liver.

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Experiment : Electrical Stimulation Aimed At Altering The Perception Of Odor

In this experiment, we test the hypothesis that electrical stimulation delivered to the olfactory mucosa concurrent with odor stimulation will alter odor perception.

Subjects, Odorants, and Stimulation

In the first of two paradigms with odor, a total of 16 subjects participated in different sessions with the pleasant smelling pure molecule 2-phenylethanol , and two complex odorants a pleasant smelling chocolate odor and an unpleasant smelling manure odor . In a second paradigm, 15 subjects participated in an experiment where each trial contained a binary mixture of PEA and manure odor. The odorants were delivered into the stimulated nostril using a computer-controlled air-dilution olfactometer that embedded the odorant pulse within a constant stream of clean air at 5.5 L per min, 80% humidity, 37°C. Electrical stimulation was as before, using a stimulating electrode placed on the ventral surface of the middle turbinate and a reference electrode placed on the forehead, in order to deliver a continuous 2-Hz sine wave. Current amplitude was individually set for each participant by first delivering incremental currents until a sensation of any kind was reported, and then reverting to the highest yet un-sensed current. This assured the use of the highest possible current yet without awareness for the stimulation process. The resulting average current applied was 200 µA .

Procedures

Acute Sinusitis Care Tips

Try moist heat or steam. You can make a steam inhaler by putting hot water in a bowl and inhaling the steam. To do this:

  • Keep at least 8 inches away from the water so that you dont burn yourself.
  • Inhale for about 2 minutes.
  • Create an enclosed space for the moist, warm air to collect by draping a towel over your head as you lean over the bowl.
  • You can also buy a vaporizer, which creates steam from heat.

    Other tips to manage symptoms:

    • Take over-the-counter pain medication to ease headaches.
    • Try OTC drugs such as guaifenesin that thins your mucus, which can help to pass the mucus and lessen congestion.
    • Try acupuncture theres some evidence that its useful for sinus-related symptoms.

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    Ear And Sinus Infections

    Did you know that your ears, nose, and throat are all part of the same system?

    Thanks to this connection, blowing your nose too hard can create problems in your ear and throat as well.If your stuffy nose is the result of a viral or bacterial infection, you might spread these germs around when blowing your nose. The germs can work their way into your throat or inner ear, resulting in a more severe issue than the common cold.

    They can also work their way back into your sinuses. If you have a stuffy nose and start to experience the symptoms of these infections, you should seek medical attention before it worsens. Talk to a doctor to treat your infection.

    Your Nose Helps You Find A Mate

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    Its amazing how many of our body functions are directed toward sexual activity and reproduction, Dr. Benninger says.

    Not only does your olfactory system trigger memory, but your nose plays a critical role when paired with your olfactory system in your perception of sex.

    That characteristic smell of a persons perfume, cologne or the scent of their shampoo or soap is important to sexual arousal. The smell of human perspiration also has a direct effect on sexual receptors in the brain. And loss of smell correlates with

    Another interesting and widely debated area is the impact of pheromones. These are very important to reproduction in animals, as well as on human sexuality and stimulation.

    A small accessory organ in the nose the vomeronasal organ is related to the olfactory system. Some refer to it as the sixth sense. The VNO is located at the base of your nasal septum and almost all animals, including amphibians, have it.

    In humans, the VNO is largely vestigial or non-functional, acting as an old remnant like your appendix. But some researchers believe that it still plays a role in pheromone and other chemical communication, Dr. Benninger says.

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    Cosmo Kramer Was Right About Beauty

    When Kramer blurted out to Georges girlfriend that she was pretty except for her nose in the Seinfeld episode The Nose Job, he had a point noses have a big impact on our perception of beauty. The nose is the most prominent and protruding part of the human face, so its immediately noticed, says Rod Rohrich, MD, professor and chairman of the department of plastic surgery at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas. He adds that nose shape has historically been considered an indicator of character. In Greek and Roman times, a strong, long nose meant power and strength.

    Its hardly surprising, then, that rhinoplasty is the second most common cosmetic surgical procedure. More than 250,000 nose reshapings were done in 2010, second only to breast augmentation, according to the American Society of Plastic Surgeons. Dr. Rohrich says the nose job is the most difficult cosmetic and functional operation done by board-certified plastic surgeons because it is a surgery of millimeters the difference between a good and bad outcome may be only one millimeter.

    How The Sinus Infection Spreads To The Brain

    Although there are various barriers that protect the brain from various pathogens, sometimes bacteria can pass through. The reason is that the space between the sinuses and the brain is very less making it easy for the pathogens to spread. If the infection spreads and infects the brain, it can lead to swelling, seizures, vomiting and abnormal mental health.

    Hence, for people looking for the answer to the question can sinusitis lead to brain infection- YES, it can. But remember, only in rare instances this occurs. The likelihood of a patient dying from this condition is very low.

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    Diagram Of Sinus Infection

    Symptoms of a sinus infection are similar to those of a cold:

    • Depending on which sinuses are infected, you may feel pain or pressure in your forehead, cheeks, ears, or teeth.
    • You may have thick, sticky mucus coming from your nose.
    • Your mucus may be cloudy, or have a greenish-yellow color.
    • Mucus may drip down the back of your throat , giving you a sore throat and cough.
    • Your nose may be stuffed, restricting your breathing.
    • Your face may feel tender, especially around the eyes.

    Other symptoms include:

      The Nose Grows Downward

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      Your overall nasal shape is formed by age 10, and your nose continues to grow slowly until about age 15 to 17 in women and about age 17 to 19 in men, says Rohrich. But over time, the nose lengthens and droops due to the endless tug of gravity and the gradual breakdown of proteins collagen and elastin in your skin, especially in the nasal tip. This is such a telltale sign of aging that I often do a tip rhinoplasty in my facelift patients, Rohrich says.

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      Air Pushed Into Your Lungs

      While it may seem like a good thing to have air in your lungs, blowing the nose too hard can result in the air showing up in places that it doesnt belong.

      If pressure rises in your lungs, your air sacs can rupture and allow air to enter the tissue between the lobes of the lung.

      While this is rare, if it does happen, it comes with considerable chest pain. Overall, this condition isnt dangerous, but talking to a doctor is always useful.

      Understanding Sinus Ct Scans

      Computed tomography scans are radiographic exams that basically consist of three colors white, grey and black. White structures are bone, grey structures are the soft tissues of your body and black is air.

      You want your sinuses to be black on CT scan, indicating they are full of air and not fluid or infection. If you look at the two CT scans of the infant above, you can see there are many shades of grey too.

      The outline of the eyeballs in the bony orbital socket are evident because there are different shades of grey arising from the fat and muscles of the eye socket. That color differentiation is because our tissues have different consistencies, as indicated in the CTscan of the teenage below to the left and the corresponding cadaveric diagram to the right.

      A CT scan or Computerized axial tomography scan produces X-rays, like a regular x-ray but more of them in slices. A conventional X-ray image is basically a shadow. A powerful light in the form of electromagnetic energy is shined on one side of the body, and a piece of film on the other side registers the silhouette of the bones and the soft tissues, depending on how much energy is given.

      There is an axial slice from the nose to the back of the head, as the second CT scan slice of the infant depicts. To understand this view, picture someone lying on their bed as you are sitting in a chair at the foot of their bed. This view is as if you are looking at them from the vantage point of their feet.

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