The Grandmother Who Woke Up After Spending Three Days In The Morgue
A grandmother has been brought back from the dead twice – and has even survived spending three days in a morgue. The 61-year-old Russian woman has been declared dead twice by doctors, but each time has come back to life – and once was minutes away from being cut open for her autopsy.
Hardy Lyudmila Steblitskaya spent 3 days lying in a freezing cold morgue, while her family mourned the retired cook.
She has scared both doctors, friends, and family once in November last year and in October this year.The initial confusion began last year, when Lyudmila was taken to Tomsk Regional Clinical Hospital where she spent days because she felt unwell. When her 29-year-old daughter Anastasia, who has a nine-year-old daughter, Nelli, called on a Friday evening to ask about her mother’s condition, she was informed by doctors that her mother had died. The devastated woman began planning her mother’s funeral and breaking the bad news to friends and family. She spent 60,000 roubles buying flowers, a casket, and arranging for a grave to be dug.
She then went to the hospital to collect her mother’s body, only to be told to wait as doctors had not performed an autopsy. She told the newspaper that a startled doctor then approached her and said that her mother was not dead, but was in her bed, breathing and alive.
A disbelieving Anastasia went into the room to find her mother calling her name.
Hypothermia Catalepsy And Locked
One such condition is hypothermia, whereby the body experiences a sudden, potentially fatal drop in temperature, normally caused by prolonged exposure to the cold.
Hypothermia can cause heartbeat and breathing to slow, to the point where it is almost undetectable. It is believed that hypothermia led to the mistaken death of a newborn baby in Canada in 2013.
The baby in question was born on a sidewalk in freezing cold temperatures. Doctors were unable to detect a pulse, and the baby was declared dead. Two hours later, the baby started moving.
Dr. Michael Klein, of the University of British Columbia in Canada, said that the babys exposure to such cold temperatures may explain the situation. The whole circulation would have stopped but the neurological condition of the child could be protected by the cold.
Catalepsy and locked-in syndrome are examples of other conditions in which the living could be mistaken for dead.
Catalepsy is characterized by a trance-like state, slowed breathing, reduced sensitivity, and complete immobility, which can last from minutes to weeks. The condition may arise as a symptom of neurological disorders such as epilepsy and Parkinsons disease.
In locked-in syndrome, a patient is aware of their surroundings, but they experience complete paralysis of voluntary muscles, with the exception of muscles that control eye movement.
In 2014, The Daily Mailreported on 39-year-old British woman Kate Allatt, who had locked-in syndrome.
Brain Death Is Different From Vegetative State
The difference between brain death and a;vegetative state, which can happen after extensive brain damage, is that it’s possible to recover from a vegetative state, but brain death is permanent.
Someone in a vegetative state still has a functioning brain stem, which means:
- some form of consciousness may exist
- breathing unaided is usually possible
- there’s a slim chance of recovery because the brain stem’s core functions may be unaffected
Someone in a vegetative state can show signs of being awake. For example, they may open their eyes but not respond to their surroundings.
In rare cases, a;person in a vegetative state may show some sense of response that can be detected using a brain scan, but not be able to interact with their surroundings.
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Symptoms Of Vegetative State
People in a vegetative state can do some things because some parts of the brain are functioning:
They can open their eyes.
They have relatively regular sleeping and waking patterns .
They can breathe, suck, chew, cough, gag, swallow, and make guttural sounds.
They may even be startled by loud noises and appear to smile or frown.
Because of these responses, they may appear to be aware of their surroundings. However, they have no awareness of themselves or their environment. Their apparent responses to their surroundings result from automatic basic reflexes and not from a conscious action. For example, they may instinctively grasp an object when it touches their hand, as a baby does.
People in a vegetative state cannot do things that require thought or conscious intention. They cannot speak, follow commands, move their limbs purposefully, or move to avoid a painful stimulus.
People in a vegetative state have no control over urination and bowel movements .
Responding To An Important Objection: The Probative Value Of Tk’s Case
On February 34, 2005, the Pontifical Academy of Sciences, in cooperation with the World Organization for the Family, hosted a conference at the Vatican to discuss the validity of the brain-related criteria for death. In its final report on the proceedings of the meeting, the Pontifical Academy of Sciences raised an important objection to TK’s case. Basically, its final statement defending the validity of the neurological criteria for death suggests that TK’s case is an outlier, an exception to the rule, that is not relevant to the brain-death debate:
If was a valid documented case of brain death, it makes the point that in extraordinarily rare exceptions this kind of case occurs. However, many years have passed since this case, there is a great deal of uncertainty about it, and one cannot generalise from it to invalidate the criteria for brain deathThe neurological community does not believe that this case disturbs the conceptual validity of brain death as being equivalent to human death.
To put it another way, given the exceptionality of TK’s case, the Pontifical Academy is proposing that TK’s autopsy report is not probative for understanding the state of all/most/more than a few patients diagnosed with total brain failure.
If being alive as a biological organism requires being a whole that is more than the mere sum of its parts, then it would be difficult to deny that the body of a patient with total brain failure can still be alive, at least in some cases.
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Confirming Death Beyond Doubt
If this article has sent a shiver down your spine, fear not; Lazarus syndrome is extremely rare, as is the possibility of being wrongly declared as deceased.
That said, the fact that such cases have even occurred has raised questions about death recognition and confirmation in a clinical setting.
According to Adhiyaman and colleagues, some researchers have suggested that patients should be passively monitored for 10 minutes following death, as that is the time frame in which delayed ROSC is most likely to occur.
Death should not be certified in any patient immediately after stopping CPR, the researchers write, and one should wait at least 10 minutes, if not longer, to verify and confirm death beyond doubt.
When it comes to organ donation, however, other researchers note that waiting as long as 10 minutes to see whether ROSC might occur could be detrimental.
Current guidelines recommend 2 to 5 minutes of observation after the heart has stopped beating before declaring death; the longer the blood flow to the organs is restricted, the less likely they are to be suitable for donation.
With this in mind, it is unlikely that protocols surrounding death confirmation will change anytime soon.
But healthcare professionals and researchers alike are in general agreement that in this day and age, physicians have the expertise and medical equipment to effectively determine when a patient has passed.
Why Do Dead Bodies Twitch
The brainstem is the part of the brain where the body’s vital functions are controlled – the breathing, the heart, the brain itself; it is the computer room of the body. If that bit of the brain is dead, then the person is essentially dead. You can still have reflex actions, so you may twitch after death./span>
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Other Brain Death Testing
After completing the physical assessment, the physician may elect to order additional testing. While it is typical for both a physical assessment and an apnea test to be done, some people who are not brain dead cannot tolerate apnea testing. Often, in those cases, a flow study will be done. These studies are done to see if blood is traveling to the brain through the bloodstream. If the study shows that no blood is reaching the brain, the test is consistent with brain death.
Some physicians will use an EEG, or electroencephalogram, which is a test that measures brain waves. A person who is brain dead will have a “flat” EEG, as brain waves will be absent.
Atropine, a prescription medication that causes the heart rate to increase, an also be administered as an ancillary test for brain death because it is not effective in brain dead individuals. If the heart rate increases notably after the medication is given, this suggests that a person is not brain dead.
A Summary Of Tk’s Clinical History
TK’s autopsy report includes a narrative of his clinical history with medical details that will be relevant for the philosophical analysis of brain death that follows below. In brief, TK was born in 1979. When he was four years old, he contracted Haemophilus influenzae meningitis that put him into a coma. While staying in a Nebraska hospital for treatment, he experienced an increase in intracranial pressure so severe that it separated the bony plates of his skull. An EEG revealed no electrocerebral activity, but his family was opposed to his removal from life support.
For several weeks following his initial infection, TK experienced severe temperature and blood pressure fluctuations that required days of dopamine infusion to support his blood pressure. Urine output fluctuated tremendously suggesting that he had diabetes insipidus. There were also dramatic shifts in his serum sodium. After this period of crisis, however, TK’s temperature, blood pressure, urine output, and serum sodium levels became stable.
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Attempting To Reverse The Irreversible
The clinical trial will involve a four-step approach. The spinal cords of the brain dead subjects will be injected with stem cells, which are cells that have the ability to differentiate into other cell types, including neurons.
The stem cells minimally manipulated, autologous, adult stem cells derived and expanded from patient fat and/or peripheral blood will serve as some new bricks in the regenerative process, Pastor explained to Medical News Today.
Subjects will also be injected with a peptide called BQ-A derived from ooplasms, the cytoplasm of an egg, or oocyte which Pastor told us will act as the blue print and mortar in the regenerative process.
As well as aiding neuronal growth, Pastor explained that the peptides will help to reprogram and recondition the surrounding tissue at the location where stem cells are injected, and they will also help to target and destroy components of dead tissue.
Once these steps are complete, median nerve stimulation techniques and transcranial laser therapy will be applied to each subject for 15 days, with the aim of spurring connections between the newly formed neurons.
In short, it is our contention that there will be no single magic bullet for success and any traditional single drug approach would be fairly futile. Hence why we are employing this type of combinatorial approach, Pastor told MNT.
Secondarily, he added, we hope the trial will answer certain deeper issues about the human mind.
Is It Possible To Bring Someone Back From The Dead
Michael Menna, DO, is board-certified in emergency medicine. He is an attending emergency medicine physician at White Plains Hospital in White Plains, New York and also works at an urgent care center and a telemedicine company that provides care to patients across the country.
When I tell people that I’m a paramedic, there are usually some follow-up questions. The most common is, “What’s the worst call you’ve ever had?” Another favorite: “Is it possible to bring people back from the dead?” The latter is one of my all-time favorites, and the answer just might surprise you. Yes.
However, there is a catch. The patient can’t be too dead. This is a;question of survival, not about zombies or chanting at the full moon.
It begins with whether we’re discussing clinical death or biological death. Both mean the patient is technically dead, but each term refers to a different level of permanency. One is fixable; the other is not.
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What Happens To The Brain After A Coma
Someone who is in a coma is unconscious and will not respond to voices, other sounds, or any sort of activity going on nearby. The person is still alive, but the brain is functioning at its lowest stage of alertness. You cant shake and wake up someone who is in a coma like you can someone who has just fallen asleep.
The Dead Brazilian Boy Who Sat Up In The Coffin At His Own Funeral And Asked For Water Before Lying Back Down Lifeless
A two-year-old boy sat up in his coffin and asked for water before laying back down again lifeless, according to a Brazilian news website. In a case that seems almost too incredible to be true, ORM claimed that Kelvin Santos stopped breathing during treatment for pneumonia at a hospital in Belem, northern Brazil.
He was declared dead at 7:40pm on a Friday evening, and his body was handed over to his family in a plastic bag. The child’s devastated family took him home, where grieving relatives held a wake throughout the night, with the boy’s body laid in an open coffin.
But an hour before his funeral was due to take place, the boy apparently sat up in his coffin and said, “Daddy, can I have some water?”. The boy’s father, Antonio Santos, said, “Everybody started to scream, we couldn’t believe our eyes. Then we thought a miracle had taken place and our boy had come back to life. Then Kelvin just laid back down, the way he was. We couldn’t wake him. He was dead again.”
Mr. Santos rushed his son back to the Aberlardo Santos Hospital in Belem, where the doctors reexamined the boy and confirmed that he had no signs of life.
The boy’s family decided to delay the funeral for an hour in the hope that he would wake up again, but ended up burying him at 5pm that day in a local cemetery.
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Brain Death Is Legal Death
If someone’s brain dead, the damage is irreversible and, according to UK law, the person has died.
It can be confusing to be told someone has brain death, because their life support machine will keep their heart beating and their chest will still rise and fall with every breath from the ventilator.
But they will not ever regain consciousness or start breathing on their own again. They have already died.
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Diagnosis Of Vegetative State
A doctor’s evaluation
Tests such as magnetic resonance imaging and electroencephalography
Doctors suspect a vegetative state based on symptoms. However, before a vegetative state can be diagnosed, people should be observed for a period of time and on more than one occasion. If people are not observed long enough, evidence of awareness may be missed. People who have some awareness may be in a minimally conscious state rather than a vegetative state.
An imaging test, such as magnetic resonance imaging or computed tomography , is done to check for disorders that may be causing the problem, especially those that can be treated. If the diagnosis is in doubt, doctors may do other imaging testsâpositron emission tomography or single-photon emission computed tomography . These tests can indicate how well the brain is functioning.
Electroencephalography may be done to check for abnormalities in the brain’s electrical activity that suggest seizures, which may impair consciousness.
Functional MRI may be done to check for brain activity and thus determine whether awareness is completely impaired. This test can detect when a person responds to questions and commands, even when the response is not apparentâthat is, when the person does not speak or move in response . EEG can also detect this brain activity. The results of these tests can affect decisions about long-term care.
Can You Recover From Brain Death
No, a patient who is brain dead will not be able to recover. The body may continue to breathe with mechanical support but eventually, both the breathing and heart will stop even with continued support.
Being brain dead is not the same as being in a coma or a prolonged vegetative state. The latter two are medical states where one may be unconscious;but still show brain function.
The media and Hollywood often use these terms interchangeably. But both medically and legally, brain death is its;own distinguishable diagnosis;that one cannot recover from.
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How Brain Death Is Diagnosed
There is more to the loss of consciousness than not being awake. Sleep and coma, for example, each involves the loss of consciousness and are largely defined by the time it takes to return to consciousness. Even a person in a persistent vegetative state has the possibility, albeit slight, of waking up.
Brain death is different. As the term suggests, brain death indicates that there is no brain activity and, as such, no hope of recovery. Medically speaking, brain death is the definitive diagnosis of death.