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How Does Autism Affect The Brain

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Can I Get Ssi For My Autistic Child

Autism & Pediatric Diseases : What Parts of the Brain Does Autism Affect?

Resources for the care of your autistic child

If you are the parent of an autistic child, the everyday expenses can quickly pile up. When it gets financially difficult to maintain the needs of your autistic child, you may be forced to turn to financial aid. Assistance may seem frustratingly difficult to obtain, but with some patience and determination, you can receive the help needed to raise your happy healthy child.

One of the most common autism resources is SSI. Currently every state considers autism a legitimate basis for SSI. This is because autism affects the individuals ability to function in social or changing situations like school or work. Caring for an autistic child may require therapists, doctors, in home aid, specific products, and special schooling. The whole of an autistic childs physical, emotional, and mental needs far exceeds those of other children, and our government recognizes the overwhelming need for assistance.

All you can do is visit your local assistance agency, find out what information you need, and apply. It may be a hassle of a process, but once you get all the documents needed and get your foot in the door, it will all be well worth it.

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How Does Autism Affect The Functioning Of The Brain

AutismAutism is a developmental disability that typically appears during the first three years of life. This is the result of a neurological disorder that affects the functioning of the brain. If you dont pay close attention to your child, you wont notice it. If you attend to your child the way that a real parent should, then you will notice that something is not right. If you catch it early on, you can do some intense therapy that will attend to your child the right way. Depending on how severe

Treatments For People With Autism

There is no known cure for autism. For young children with autism, it is best to get help early. Ask about local early intervention and preschool programs. Adolescents and adults with autism also benefit from treatment to help them communicate better in school, at work, and in the community.

A variety of specialists might work with a person with autism throughout their lifetime. These can include SLPs, audiologists, psychologists, special educators, vocational counselors, and job coaches.

SLPs play an important role in autism treatment. They can help the person with autism build communication and social skills in various settings like home, school, and work. SLPs can also help the person learn to use AAC if they need help communicating. SLPs may work with the person alone or in small groups. Groups can help the person practice their skills with others.

Depending on the persons needs, SLPs may work on some of the following skills:

  • Getting along with others in a variety of settings
  • Using appropriate communication behaviors
  • Transitioning from one task or setting to another
  • Accepting change and expanding interests, including trying new foods
  • Improving reading and writing skills

For people with autism who are transitioning to work, SLPs can also

  • help them write cover letters
  • practice interview skills and

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Autistic People May Act In A Different Way To Other People

Autistic people may:

  • find it hard to communicate and interact with other people
  • find it hard to understand how other people think or feel
  • find things like bright lights or loud noises overwhelming, stressful or uncomfortable
  • get anxious or upset about unfamiliar situations and social events
  • take longer to understand information
  • do or think the same things over and over

If you think you or your child may be autistic, get advice about the signs of autism.

Treatment Now And To Come

Autism

Currently, most treatments focus on managing behavior through drug or behavioral therapies. For example, Risperdal, one of the newer antipsychotic medications prescribed for schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and agitation, has been found to be effective in treating aggression and sleep problems in autistic children. On the behavioral side, a form of therapy called applied behavior analysis focuses on teaching new skills, as well as correcting undesired habits, by breaking behaviors down into small, manageable steps and increasing a desired behavior with positive reinforcement. Unfortunately, these therapies have limited success. Moreover, they simply treat the symptoms, not the cause.

Traditionally, researchers have been reluctant to consider drug therapies for young children, in order to avoid disrupting the normal series of events in their rapidly developing brains.

Traditionally, researchers have been reluctant to consider drug therapies for young children, in order to avoid disrupting the normal series of events in their rapidly developing brains. But in the case of children with autism, that series of events does not seem to occur as it should. Therefore, a course of drug treatment during early childhood could potentially alter brain development and correct the deviation from the normal program, thus having a lasting impact on the organization of the brain and guiding its development to more closely mimic that of non-autistic children.7, 8

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Evaluation Of The Results

Patients were followed by means of periodic clinical evaluations made by the physician in charge. A monthly questionnaire was used to record treatment effects based on the answers given by the parents. Monthly standardized forms were filled out and contained questions covering the following symptom categories :

Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

Communication and Social Interaction Deficits

Cognitive Deficits

Sleep Disorders

Seizures .

Parents answered the initial questionnaires in August 2016 to assess the presence or absence of these symptoms before the onset of CE treatment. In the monthly questionnaires that followed for the next 9 months, until April 2017, the perceived percentage change for each symptom category was assessed. Clinical assessments and monthly records also included information regarding side effects and changes, maintenance, reduction, or withdrawal of neuropsychiatric drugs that were already in use .

The descriptive statistics in were plotted in MATLAB 2017a using the default settings of the boxplot function from the Statistics and Machine Learning Toolbox.

Additional Brain Regions Display Likely Secondary Structural And Functional Atypicalities In Asd

Additional brain regions display structural and functional abnormalities in ASD, predominantly visual cortical areas, inferior frontal gyrus and other regions of the PFC, caudate nucleus and putamen in the basal ganglia, hippocampus, sensorimotor cortex, cerebellum, and thalamus . It is suggested that some of these abnormalities are sequelae rather than etiological disruptions.

5.4.1. Visual cortex

See , Box 7.

Visual cortical areas processing motion and ventral temporal cortex subregions have been found by structural neuroimaging to be abnormal in ASD . In addition, functional neuroimaging meta-analyses have reported MTG and FG hypoactivity in social tasks in ASD versus TD controls .

At the neural level, as previously summarized, the amygdala relays strongly and reciprocally with the visual cortex, and these regions engage in recurrent processing . Conversely, amygdala dysfunction caused by surgical lesions in monkey or UrbachWiethe or other diseases in human induces hypoactivation of the visual cortex to emotional stimuli, as well as structural degeneration of it relative to healthy controls . At the behavioral level, social network size in monkeys and in humans has been found to be positively associated with VTC and STS volumes . Moreover, as the monkeys were independently allocated to different sized groups, variations in network size likely drove the variation in visual cortex volumes .

5.4.2. IFG

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Can My Autistic Child Qualify For Disability Benefits In Pennsylvania

Every parent hopes that their child will grow and develop without presenting for childhood disabilities, conditions or illnesses. However, sometimes a child will develop an impairment such as autism. While the causes of autism have not been fully explained, the condition does have a strong genetic bias. Other proposed explanations for the condition include chemicals likely to cause birth defects and other environmental factors.

However regardless of the cause of the condition, all parents are dedicated to providing supportive care and the resources their child needs to reach his or her potential. Some parents may apply for Social Security Disability benefits that can provide cash payments that can contribute to financing the care for your child. An experienced Social Security Disability attorney from Young, Marr & Associates can assist you and your family in appealing your Social Security Disability denial.

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Wilderness Adventure Therapy And Specialized Residential Programs As Treatment For Level 1 Autism

How Does Autism Affect the Brain? Part 1 of 2 | SCIENCE CAFE

Additionally, for teens with level 1 autism, a credible wilderness adventure therapy program, such as Vantage Point by Aspiro, or a smaller residential programs such as Daniels Academy or Black Mountain Academy, can be a highly effective treatment option in helping these individuals improve their social skills, establish healthier patterns, and learn how to make smooth transitions.

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Vaccines Don’t Cause Autism

No link has been found between vaccines and autism, despite many scientific studies. Researchers have scrutinized the measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine since a 1998 British report raised concerns. That report has been retracted by the Lancet medical journal for poor science and fraud. Thimerosol, a form of mercury, was removed from childhood vaccines in 2001 as a precaution — though no good evidence ever linked it to autism.

Do I Believe That Everyone Is On The Spectrum

Personally, I feel like there is something to be said for both opinions. However, if someone is autistic and discussing the challenges they are facing, its better to just lend an ear than try and sympathise with a myth full of half-truths.

Even within the autistic community, I will never use my experiences of being autistic to judge or manipulate someone elses, as the complete variance of how autism impacts on us all means that, even as an autist myself, my opinions and experiences are so different to others that it would be damaging to assume everyone is like me.

This doesnt mean people should stop trying to empathise with autists though. But maybe next time, instead of saying We are all on the spectrum try saying something like I see where youre coming from or Ive experienced something similar. It still sends the same message but it doesnt carry the same risk of backfiring and causing more harm than good.

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White Matter: Connecting The Clinical Dots

The second study, also published in Biological Psychiatry, linked changes in the brains white matter growth with autism traits in some children.

The researchers used a type of MRI scan called diffusion-weighted imaging, which allowed them to look at white matter regions, or tracts, in the brain. White matter provides the structural connections in the brain, allowing different regions to communicate with each other.

The study included 125 children with autism and 69 typically developing children who served as controls, between the ages of 2.5 and 7.

The researchers found that the development of the white matter tracts in the brain was linked to changes in autism symptom severity. They observed slower development in children whose symptom severity increased over time, and faster development in those with decreased severity over time.

From a biological standpoint, this emphasizes the role of white matter development in autism and autism symptoms, said Derek Sayre Andrews, postdoctoral scholar at the MIND Institute and lead author on the paper. We hope that in the future, measurements like this can identify children who would benefit from more intensive intervention and serve as a marker to determine the effectiveness of an intervention for a particular child, he said.

Can You Be A Little Bit Autistic

Why does it take brains to understand autism?

It is not uncommon for people to ascribe certain behaviors or moods to medical conditions or suggest that they are driven by a diagnosable psychological disorder. Examples might include:

  • Oh, I know Im picky. Im just a little obsessive-compulsive.
  • Yes, Im moody. I guess Im sort of bipolar.
  • Im in a crappy mood. I think Im depressed.

All of these statements, which are used all the time, equate a passing mood or mild preference with a major mental illness.

But of course, picky eating is a far cry from obsessive-compulsive disorder , which can make it impossible to fulfill the demands of daily life. And, a passing feeling of unhappiness or moodiness cant be compared in any meaningful way to the extreme challenges of bipolar disorder or clinical depression.

Some people may truly believe that spending 20 minutes choosing a color scheme for a party is akin to true OCD, or that a rotten mood is the same thing as major depression.

Others know better but will still use these terms as a colorful way to describe a passing emotion or a behavior thats not quite appropriate. This has extended to behaviors that some have haphazardly labeled as autistic or being on the spectrum.

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Autism Is A Complex Disorder Of The Central Nervous System

The nervous system is a complicated network and in cases of autism, the system becomes disrupted. The disruption leads to changes in the way the brain is âwiredâ to process information. The differences can lead to social dysfunction, self stimulatory behaviors and language problems.

Researchers are trying to find the possible causes of autism and it appears that some individuals are genetically susceptible to have the neuro-developmental disorder. Among the issues researchers are exploring are inflammation in the brain.

How Does It Work Differently

The connections within a brain bring it to life. And its the brain cells or neurons that act as the messengers. When a brain cell is active, it creates an electrical impulse and that gets propagated to other cells in the brain. We think that electrical activity holds the basis of thought and behavior and how the brain functions, Dr. Anderson says.

Researchers indirectly measure these electrical impulses by looking at how synchronized regions of the brain are. When regions are working together, they tend to have brain activity at the same time. Functional connectivity is the measurement of how much two regions of the brain seem to be synchronized or talking together.

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The Challenges Of Living With High

Steven Gans, MD, is board-certified in psychiatry and is an active supervisor, teacher, and mentor at Massachusetts General Hospital.

Autism is a spectrum disorder. This means people with autism have a wide range of symptoms and abilities. High-functioning autism is often considered mild, but thats not necessarily true.

People with HFA can struggle significantly. They may not need the same level of support as people with more severe autism. However, it can still have a major impact on their daily lives.

This article discusses the common challenges of living with high-functioning autism.

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How Is The Structure Of The Brain Different

Autism Study Shows Link to Brain Overgrowth

The neuroanatomy of autism is difficult to describe, Dr. Culotta says. So it might be easier to talk about the architecture of the brain and how the autistic brain may differ.

So whats different in the structure of this three-pound organ? Lets start with a quick anatomy refresher: First of all, the brain is split into two halves or hemispheres. It is these two hemispheres that we get the idea of a left brain and a right brain. In reality, our thinking and cognitive processes bounce back and forth between the two halves. Theres a little bit of difficulty in autism communicating between the left and right hemispheres in the brain. Theres not as many strong connections between the two hemispheres, Dr. Anderson says.

In recent years, science has found that the hemispheres of ASD brains have slightly more symmetry than those of a regular brain. This small difference in asymmetry isnt enough to diagnosis ASD, according to a report in Nature Communications. And, exactly how the symmetry may play into autisms traits is still be researched.

Now, were going to get a little technical. Grey matter ripples into peaks and troughs called gyri and sulci, respectively. According to researchers from San Diego State University, these deep folds and wrinkles may develop differently in ASD. Specifically, in autistic brains there is significantly more folding in the left parietal and temporal lobes as well as in the right frontal and temporal regions.

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Challenges And Future Perspectives

The field of imaging genetics has exponentially grown in recent decades from its candidate gene studies to large-scale longitudinal studies, cross-modal investigations, and translational animal models of various psychiatric disorders. In addition, imaging genetics has begun integrating transcriptomic data and analytical methods for assessing pathway enrichment, such as the score system for pathway regulation. Of addition to translational animal research and pharmacological intervention in vitro and in vivo, imaging genetics can also provide an insight into various behavioral and genetic factors that contribute to the risk of ASDs.

One of the challenges facing imaging genetics is the conceptualization of endophenotypes, which states that endophenotypes are heritable and associated with psychiatric disorders and may impede research on brain-based associations by limiting imaging genetic research to genes previously associated with a psychiatric disorder. It is important to properly replicate the studies, particularly those with false-positive results, to address the impact of a genetic variation in a disease, and this problem can be solved by correcting genome-wide associations with large sample size imaging phenotypes.

Cbd Oil For Autism And Epilepsy

Did you know that less than 2% of the general population has epilepsy, but up to 33% of people with autism also suffer from epilepsy? While scientists do not clearly understand the reasons behind the relationship, they suspect that the different brain development that occurs in autistic children is more likely to create circuits that cause epileptic seizures.

Earlier this year, a U.S. Food and Drug Administration advisory panel unanimously recommended approval of the CBD medication Epidiolex to treat two rare forms of childhood epilepsy, Dravet Syndrome and Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome. These two conditions have early onset in childhood and present with seizures that are difficult to control.

The syndromes have impacts that grossly affect the childs development and overall quality of life. This news is huge for the medical and autism community as this is the first time the FDA has approved a marijuana-derived substance.

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