V United Nations Organs For Indigenous Peoples’ Human Rights
The United Nations Working Group on Indigenous Populations, a subsidiary organ of the Sub-Commission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights , is the first and only UN body involved exclusively with matters concerning the human rights of Indigenous Peoples. It reviews national developments concerning the promotion and protection of Indigenous Peoples human rights and develops international standards for Indigenous Peoples human rights and freedoms. The Working Group also undertakes studies on a variety of issues affecting Indigenous Peoples. Nearly 700 persons regularly attend the Working Group sessions, including observers for Governments, Indigenous Peoples, non-governmental organizations, and scholars.
This Working Group of the Commission on Human Rights meets once a year and is responsible for reviewing and debating the draft Declaration. The Declaration will be non-binding for States, however, it will serve as a powerful statement of universally accepted norms as it will be adopted by consensus of all member states of the UN and will provide a strong basis for arguing for greater legal protection for indigenous rights in many countries.
How Can Work Performance Be Affected By Alcohol Consumption
Alcohol consumption can affect work performance in several ways:
- Absences – There is ample evidence that people withalcohol dependence and drinking problems are on sick leave more frequently than other employees, with a significant cost to employees, employers, and social security systems. In Costa Rica, an estimated 30% of absenteeism may be due toalcohol. In Australia, a survey showed that workers with drinking problems are nearly 3 times more likely than others to have injury-related absences from work.
- Work accidents – In Great Britain, up to 25% of workplace accidents and around 60% of fatal accidents at work may be linked to alcohol. In India about 40% of work accidents have been attributed to alcohol use.
- Productivity –Heavy drinking at work may reduce productivity. In Latvia, 10% of productivity losses are attributed to alcohol. Performance at work may be affected both by the volume and pattern of drinking. Co-workers perceive that heavy drinkers have lower performance, problems in personal relationships and lack of self-direction, though drinkers themselves do not necessarily perceive effects on their work performance
- Unemployment– Heavy drinking or alcohol abuse may lead to unemployment and unemployment may lead to increased drinking.
This text is a summary of: WHO Global Status Report on Alcohol 2004
Expert Witnesses In Domestic Violence And Coercive Control
It nearly goes without saying that children who are exposed to DV and are also physically or sexually abused are at a higher risk for emotional and psychological problems than those who witness such violence and are not physically or sexually abused.
In so many cases, it is difficult for those outside of these family systems to know with sufficient clarity what is going on, and it is often difficult to know how best to intervene. And unfortunately, the reality is that in many cases, meaningful intervention occurs only after a child has endured direct and continued exposure to DV.
Thank goodness there are protective factors that can mitigate the worst impacts, including a childs literacy and overall intelligence, the extent to which the child is outgoing and socially competent, and whether the child has safe and supportive relationships with at least one influential adult .
As a society, we have an opportunity and responsibility to inject resiliency through academic, emotional, and social support. We must all grapple with whether there are ways we might more effectively intervene within our families, schools, and communities to instigate help and healing.
Brown, B., and Bzostek, S. . Violence in the lives of children. Crosscurrents, 1. Bethesda, MD: Child Trends. Retrieved from .
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The Costs Of Violence
The following sections detail the costs of violence based on the prevalence of reported violence shown above to 2021-22. The sections provide details for each of the seven major cost categories and show the impact in terms the cost sub-categories and who bears the cost.
All figures relate to domestic violence, unless otherwise indicated. In many cases, the available data prevents us from breaking down the costs of non-domestic violence to the same level of detail that is possible for domestic violence. Section 11 presents the effects of including the costs of non-intimate partner violence on total costs of violence.
We note that with the implementation of the Plan of Action and increased awareness of the costs of domestic violence against women and their children, there is likely to be an initial increase in the number of cases of reported violence . However, a reduction in levels of violence over time can be expected as the initiatives gain traction. This pattern of prevalence in reported violence is presented for illustrative purposes only in Figure 1.
Figure 1: Profile of women experiencing violence
Note that the following sections 4-10 present the costs relating to domestic violence only and differ from the costs presented in the overview. Section 11 provides information on how the costs of non-domestic violence are incorporated into the overall cost estimate.
Take Action: 10 Ways You Can Help End Violence Against Women Even During A Pandemic
Date: Tuesday, November 17, 2020
In 2020, COVID-19 touched our lives in nearly every way, everywhere, as countries went into lockdown and restricted movement to contain the spread of the virus. As doors closed and isolation began, reports of all forms of violence against women and girls, particularly domestic violence, began to rise.
The pandemic of violence against women is not new. Even before COVID-19 hit us, globally, 243 million women and girls were abused by their intimate partners in the past year. The COVID-19 pandemic intensified the violence, even as support services faltered and accessing help became harder.
As we mark the annual 16 Days of Activism against Gender-based Violence campaign , UN Women is joining hands with survivors, activists, decision-makers, the UN system, and people from every walk of life, to shine a light on the need for funding, essential services, prevention and data that shapes better-informed responses.
Ending violence against women is everyones business.
Here are just ten ways you can make a difference, safely and impactfully.
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Can You Pray If Youre Not Religious
One does not need to believe in God for prayer to work. This makes sense because you do not need to subscribe to any particular religion or believe in any God to meditate. Though Harris does not realise it, the same is true of prayer. It is possible to be a praying atheist, a pray-theist if you like.
Signs Of Domestic Abuse
Because domestic abuse can be subtle and complex, you may not be sure whether what youre experiencing qualifies as abuse.
Domestic abuse can be much more than physical violence. Even if they dont cause you physical harm, controlling or dominating behaviors can still be considered domestic abuse.
Signs of financial abuse:
- All the finances are under your partners name.
- Your name is used for legal documents without your permission.
- You have an allowance thats often unrealistic and not self-imposed.
- Youre not allowed to work or have income.
Signs of sexual abuse:
- Youre forced into sexual acts or sex work.
- Youre harmed during intimacy or sexually assaulted
- Birth control is either withheld or forced on you without your consent.
Signs of physical abuse:
- Partner aggression is directed at things you care about, like belongings, children, or pets.
- Youre punished with deliberate reckless driving.
- Youre forced or pressured into taking substances nonconsensually.
- Your partner withholds food, water, or prevents sleep.
- Your partner holds you down or keeps you imprisoned.
Signs of emotional abuse:
- Your partner devalues or dismisses your beliefs.
- Your partner withholds praise or appreciation.
- Your partner is excessively jealous.
- Youre accused of constant infidelity.
- Your partner harms themselves or threatens to harm themselves to get you to cooperate.
- Your partner makes you feel as though you deserved to be punished.
Signs of verbal abuse:
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What Are The Effects Of Prayer
According to a study by CentraState Healthcare System, “the psychological benefits of prayer may help reduce stress and anxiety, promote a more positive outlook, and strengthen the will to live.” Other practices such as Yoga, T’ai chi, and Meditation may also have a positive impact on physical and psychological health.
What Are The Estimated Economic And Social Costs
Strong efforts are made in many countries to estimate the overall economic and social costs ofalcohol use.
Social and economic costs cover the negative economic impacts of alcohol consumption on the material welfare of the society as a whole.They comprise both direct costs – the value of goods and services delivered to address the harmful effects of alcohol, and indirect costs – the value of personal productive services that are not delivered as a consequence of drinking.
In industrialized countries, estimates of social and economic costs of alcohol use can reach several percent of the Gross Domestic Product , ranging for instance from 1.1% in Canada to 5-6% in the case of Italy.
Estimates of social and economic costs can help:
- make the case for public policies on alcohol,
- target policies and public expenditure on the most important problems ,
- identify information gaps,
- assess the effectiveness of policies and programmes against alcohol abuse.
Estimating the costs of the impact ofalcohol on the material welfare of society is often difficult and requires estimates of the social costs of treatment, prevention, research, law enforcement, lost productivity and some measure of years and quality of life lost.
This text is a summary of: WHO Global Status Report on Alcohol 2004
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Women In The Philippines: Inspiring And Empowered
Here in Asia Society Philippines, positions are held mostly by women. This is somehow an affirmation of the ‘women-friendly’ societal conditions of the country. Although this is only a small portion of a large and competitive professional community, reflections of the nation’s recognition of the role and importance of women are evident on aspects such as justice, education, economics, politics and health. The last is still a debatable topic, with the current issue of the Reproductive Health Bill in the Philippine Congress. Nevertheless, the country has evolved from depicting women as only subservient and modest individuals to powerful nation builders and leaders. It would be an understatement that this could all be attributed to the efforts of the government, but it could not be denied that a democratic state stamped the gateway of the formalization of women protection through the Constitution and its supporting statutes.
Although the Philippines still has rooms for improvement in addressing issues concerning women, it is by-far a great place to become a woman. One of the best things that your country could probably give to you is the chance to aspire and create your own future without unfair limits. The Philippines could set an example to its Asian neighbors on how to move-on from traditional mindsets and accept that everyone deserves equal opportunities and treatment regardless of appearance, size, color, age and gender.
This post originally appeared on Asia Blog.
Common Questions About Violence In Intimate Relationships
1. What is meant by domestic or dating violence?
Domestic violence can be defined to include any threatening, abusive, or violent behavior in the home, including between adult children and other adult family members. However, most people use the term to mean that this behavior is used by one intimate partner to establish power and control over the other partner through fear and intimidation. Dating or relationship violence means that this behavior is directed by one person towards another in a dating relationship.
2. Who is affected by relationship violence?
The National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey conducted in 2010 by the Centers for Disease Control found that more than 1 in 3 women and 1 in 4 men in the U.S. are survivors of relationship violence in their lifetime. Relationship violence can happen anywhere to anyone of any race, religion, culture, or economic status. Domestic violence affects both partners, their children, other family members, friends, and colleagues. Domestic and dating violence can occur in ANY intimate relationship, including same-sex relationships and including by women towards men.
3. What about the social issues involved?
4. What if a victim of domestic violence refuses to leave?
The goal of personal safety skills is to empower people to make their own choices, even if we do not agree with them personally or might not make the same choices ourselves. People will not leave an abusive relationship until they are ready.
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Making It More Specific
A good research question should also be specific and clear about the concepts it addresses. A student investigating gender and household tasks knows what they mean by household tasks. You likely also have an impression of what household tasks means. But are your definition and the students definition the same? A participant in their study may think that managing finances and performing home maintenance are household tasks, but the researcher may be interested in other tasks like childcare or cleaning. The only way to ensure your study stays focused and clear is to be specific about what you mean by a concept. The student in our example could choose a specific household task, like childcare, or they could choose a broader view of household tasks that encompasses childcare, food preparation, financial management, home repair, and care for relatives. Any option is suitable as long as the researcher is clearly defining household tasks as they relate to the study.
Table 8.2 contains some watch words that indicate you may need to be more specific about the concepts in your research question.
How Can I Help My Children Recover After Witnessing Or Experiencing Domestic Violence
You can help your children by:
Your doctor can recommend a mental health professional who works with children who have been exposed to violence or abuse. Many shelters and domestic violence organizations also have support groups for kids. These groups can help children by letting them know they are not alone and helping them process their experiences in a nonjudgmental place.
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Restriction On Use Of Alcohol
There should be prohibition of alcohol use in mass gatherings in institutions, public places like trains and buses. The number of alcohol outlets should be decreased. The age for purchasing alcohol may be raised to 30 years. Special checks on festive occasions are recommended with the help of breath analyzers. Involuntary treatment of persons with alcohol dependence should be carried out.
Treatment For Battered Woman Syndrome
The first step in treating battered woman syndrome is to get the person to a safe place away from their abuser.
If you or someone you care about is living with battered woman syndrome, you can form a safety plan and a getaway plan without the abuser. Its also good to have a doctor examine any injuries that may have been sustained in the abuse.
A therapist with experience in PTSD or domestic abuse should be consulted. The therapist needs to validate the victim when they detail their abuse.
The therapist should help them to understand that none of this was their fault and should also help empower them.
Feminism And Womens Rights Movements
There are people who believe that we do not need feminism today, but nothing could be further from the truth. Women have struggled for equality and against oppression for centuries, and although some battles have been partly won – such as the right to vote and equal access to education women are still disproportionally affected by all forms of violence and by discrimination in every aspect of life.
It is true that in some areas and on certain issues, there have been improvements: for example, in Saudi Arabia women were allowed, for the first time, to vote and run for office in 2015. However, on other issues there has been little or no progress: for example, there have been insignificant reductions in cases of violence against women. Women continue to receive lower pay for the same work as men in all parts of the world there are still countries that do not have laws against marital rape and still allow child brides, and practices such as ‘honour’ killings and female genital mutilation still exist.
Jokes about feminism and stereotypes about feminists persist, and many of these are also homophobic and assume that being lesbian is something bad. In fact, being a feminist is not something particular to any sex or gender: there are women and men who consider themselves feminists, some are gay or lesbian, some heterosexual, bisexual or transgender – and some may identify differently.
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Medically Reviewed By: Beverly Vanover, MS LPC NCC BC-TMH CCTP
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Plan Of Action Priorities
The Plan of Action advocates a range of actions designed to reduce the costs of pain, suffering and premature death as a result of violence against women. For example, the Plan of Action advocates the establishment of homicide/fatality review processes in each jurisdiction to review deaths that result from violence against women and their children.
If the review processes were established and review findings incorporated into ways of addressing violence against women and their children, $10,073 could be saved in costs associated with pain, suffering and premature death for every woman whose experience of violence is prevented.
|Total health costs||445|
Without the Plan of Action interventions, the costs of health-related expenditure are estimated at $445 million in 2021-22. For every woman whose experience of violence is prevented as a result of the Plan of Action, $1,154 in health costs can be avoided. This equates to $45 million in reduced costs if levels