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How Does Xanax Work On The Brain

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Treatment For Xanax Addiction And Abuse

This is what happens to your brain when you take Xanax

Xanax addiction can cause serious mental and physical health problems. If you or someone you love is struggling with Xanax addiction, a quality treatment program can ease withdrawal symptoms and prevent relapse. At Arbor Behavioral Healthcare, you will meet knowledgeable, compassionate professionals that understand addiction in all its forms. The Arbor uses an integrative and holistic approach to treat addiction and mental health issues.

No treatment is one-size-fits-all, and at The Arbor, you will have a team of experts prepared to create your customized treatment plan. We offer care for your mind, body, and spirit so that you can heal from the inside out and look forward to a lifetime of sobriety and wellness. Through a wide range of programs, individuals can find the treatment that best fits their needs and goals in recovery:

  • Residential Care Program
  • Relapse Prevention Program
  • Alumni Program

These programs mean our team at The Arbor can support and guide individuals through all stages of recovery.

Coverage And Cost Comparison Of Zoloft Vs Xanax

Zoloft is usually covered by both private insurance and Medicare Part D. Generic Zoloft will have a lower copay, whereas brand name may have a higher copay or may not be covered at all. The out-of-pocket cost of generic Zoloft varies but can be as much as $85. With a SingleCare coupon, 30 tablets of 100 mg generic sertraline are less than $10 at participating pharmacies.

Xanax is typically covered by private insurance and Medicare Part D in the generic form of alprazolam. The brand-name Xanax may not be covered or have a high copay. A typical prescription of alprazolam would be for 60 tablets of 0.5 mg can cost around $40 out-of-pocket but less than $10 with a SingleCare coupon at participating pharmacies.

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What Does Xanax Do

According to Medical News Today, Xanax is a brand name for the drug alprazolam, which belongs to a group of drugs called benzodiazepines. Xanax is used to treat anxiety and panic disorders and is the single most prescribed psychiatric medication in the United States.

Xanax works by increasing the amount of the neurotransmitter GABA in the brain to promote calmness and a relaxed feeling. This greatly helps people who suffer from anxiety disorders so that they are able to remain calmer in a particularly stressful situation, help curb panic attacks and calm their bodys overactivity. When taken as prescribed, Xanax can be a safe and effective medication. However, it all too often becomes abused.

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Clinical Studies For Depression

Some studies have found that Xanax to be just as effective as several other antidepressants, including amitriptyline, clomipramine, and imipramine, for the treatment of moderate depression, but not for severe depression.

However, these studies only addressed short-term effects and were considered poor quality in a review published in 2012. It was also not clear if the effects of Xanax was due to an actual antidepressant effect or rather a general positive effect on anxiety and sleep issues.

With the arrival of newer antidepressants, such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors , the number of clinical trials evaluating Xanax in depression has significantly decreased. There have been no clinical trials directly comparing Xanax to SSRIs or other newer antidepressants for treating depression.

Does Xanax Have Long

The Effects of Xanax on the Brain

Our brains are amazingly efficient machines. If a person takes Xanax for a long period, the brain recognizes this and stops making its own GABA, and if a person takes Xanax for a very long period, the brain may quit making GABA altogether. The brain will slow its production of GABA in as little as six weeks. Another side-effect of taking Xanax is the tolerance a person will build toward the drug. If you take Xanax, you will eventually need a stronger dose to achieve the same relief, which leads to dependence and possibly addiction.

Because you become dependent on the drug for treating anxiety, if you were ever to stop taking Xanax suddenly, you may experience even worse anxiety or panic attacks. This phenomenon is widely referred to as rebound anxiety. Because of the strength of Xanax and rebound anxiety, the withdrawal symptoms that Xanax causes are worse than other benzodiazepines. The withdrawal symptoms of Xanax have been known to last for months and include:

  • Rebound anxiety
  • Loss of appetite

How Do You Treat Xanax Dependency

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Xanax And The Nervous System

Benzodiazepines are Central Nervous System depressants. This is a class of medication that works by decreasing abnormal brain activity, which promotes a sense of calm and relaxation. Xanax works by binding GABA receptors in the brain, which generates a sense of ease and well-being. It can also lead to sedation when taken in higher doses. As with many prescription medications, Xanax can be abused and is addictive. Those abusing Xanax are taking it either without a prescription or in ways and amounts other than as prescribed. In most cases, those they are seeking a carefree, euphoric high, or the feeling of being numb or completely separated from their environment.

Why Is Xanax So Addictive

Xanax, also known by its generic name alprazolam, belongs to a class of prescription drugs called benzodiazepines. For some people, Xanax can be an effective treatment for anxiety and panic disorders. However, Xanax users are at high risk for …

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You are not alone.DrugAbuse.com is a subsidiary of American Addiction Centers . Get help with finding the right treatment program when you are ready.

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Xanax Effects Happen Fast

Xanax is intended to be taken only for a short time. It acts quickly to relieve anxiety, but can become habit-forming if taken over a long period. The effects of Xanax happen fast, usually within an hour. Xanax is short-acting, and half of it is gone within about 11 hours. Xanax is typically taken three times a day.

Usually, Xanax is taken to treat transitory feelings of anxiety or until the effect of an antidepressant such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors kicks in. SSRIs can take up to six weeks to be fully effective.

Signs Of Xanax Addiction

How Does Xanax Work?

Xanax is a highly addictive drug. It can be difficult to spot a Xanax addiction however if you do suspect a loved on is abusing this drug and confront them about it, they may deny their use and become angry. It may be helpful to express concerns, however be prepared for the person to become defensive. Your loved one may be ankle-deep in denial that they dont even realize they have a problem. Part of the recovery process is someone admitting to themselves that they have a problem and that may take time.

Signs of Xanax addiction can vary and may include:

  • Mood swings
  • Loss of interest in day-to-day activities
  • Taking more than a prescribed amount
  • Crushing pills to snort so they will work faster

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How To Use Xanax

See also Warning section.

Read the Medication Guide provided by yourpharmacist before you start taking alprazolam and each time you get a refill. If you have any questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

Take this medication by mouth as directed by your doctor. Dosage is based on your medical condition, age, and response to treatment. Your dose may be gradually increased until the drug starts working well. Follow your doctor’s instructions closely to reduce the risk of side effects.

Though it helps many people, this medication may sometimes cause addiction. This risk may be higher if you have a substance use disorder . Take this medication exactly as prescribed to lower the risk of addiction. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more details.

When this medication is used for a long time, it may not work as well. Talk with your doctor if this medication stops working well.

Tell your doctor if your condition persists or worsens.

What Are The Main Differences Between Zoloft And Xanax

Zoloft is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor and is available in both brand and generic form. The generic name is sertraline. Zoloft is available in both tablet and liquid form.

Xanax is a benzodiazepine available in both brand and generic form. The generic name of Xanax is alprazolam. It is available in tablet form and as an oral concentrate.

Main differences between Zoloft and Xanax
Zoloft
Yes

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How Xanax Treats Panic Disorder

Like other benzodiazepines, Xanax impacts receptors for gamma-aminobutyric acid , a neurotransmitter in the brain that’s involved in sleep regulation, relaxation, and anxiety. This action can assist in slowing down the central nervous system , decreasing agitation and over-excitement while creating a tranquilizing or relaxing effect. Depressing the CNS also helps alleviate feelings of anxiety and lessen the severity of panic attacks.

Xanax is quickly absorbed into the bloodstream typically produces fast-acting results, rapidly eliciting feelings of calm and quickly decreasing panic disorder symptoms. Xanax has a short half-life, meaning it gets in and out of your system quickly. This has advantages and drawbacks, including the fact that you have to take it frequently, and it may result in ups and downs in anxiety control in some people.

  • Tension
  • Tremors

To minimize the risk of dependence, Xanax is often prescribed for a limited period of time. Your doctor may regulate your prescription by only providing a certain amount of medication so that your condition can be periodically reevaluated before continuing on Xanax. Never increase or decrease your dosage without first consulting your doctor. To prevent withdrawal symptoms, your doctor may gradually reduce your dosage.

What Is The Safest Way To Take Xanax

Can Benzodiazepines Cause Brain Damage?

Because of Xanaxs serious side effects and the risk of misuse and dependence, you should only take it under the supervision of a healthcare provider. If you and your provider decide that Xanax is right for you, take it at the lowest dose possible for the shortest time possible.

If you are taking Xanax, you should also avoid alcohol and certain drugs such as opioids . These substances affect the brain in similar ways and can have an additive effect. They can lead to serious health complications such as breathing problems and sometimes even death. All of these substances have a high risk of misuse and dependence.

You might be taking other medications in addition to Xanax or another benzodiazepine. Certain medications, when taken with Xanax, can slow down or speed up the amount of time it takes Xanax to leave the body. Conversely, sometimes Xanax can slow down or speed up how long it takes other medications to leave the body.

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How Does Xanax Work In The Brain Signs Of Dependence On Xanax

You may have developed dependency if you notice that youre taking Xanax regularly and feel like you cant stop taking it. This may be particularly obvious if youre using more than your prescribed dose or a safe amount.

Dependence also becomes more noticeable when you need a higher dose to experience the same effect. This happens when your body becomes used to the drug and needs more to feel the desired effect. It means that you have developed a tolerance to the drug.

Effects Of Xanax On The Body

Because Xanax is a depressant that works on the central nervous system, its effect is similar to that of alcohol. You may feel sleepy or less alert, and your mental and mechanical performance may be temporarily impaired. Because of a possible delay in reaction time, you should avoid driving or operating machinery after taking Xanax. Your heart rate and blood pressure may drop. You may feel lazy or numb, and your body may feel relaxed and heavy.

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Is Zoloft Or Xanax Better / Is Zoloft Safer Than Xanax

Zoloft or Xanax may be used for different indications, so studies do not compare the two drugs directly. It is difficult to make a comparison between the two drugs because they are different and not in the same category of medication. In terms of safety, Xanax does have a risk of abuse and dependence, while Zoloft does not. Drug interactions must be considered as well, as each drug has many potential interactions. Consult your healthcare provider for medical advice.

How Does Xanax Work In The Body

2-Minute Neuroscience: Benzodiazepines

Xanax interacts with modulating the firing of certain clusters of neurons in the brain. Although the molecular specifics of its mechanism of action are not precisely known, it is known that Xanax works by binding to inhibitory receptors in the brain. Specifically, Xanax binds to GABA receptors in neurons. This makes the neuron more resistant to depolarization, meaning there is less chance of an action potential event.

In other words, Xanax basically works by dampening neuron responsiveness to electrical stimulation making them less likely to initiate an action potential event. This is why benzodiazepines are called depressants they depress and slow certain physiological processes.

Overall, this dampening of neurons slows the bodys responses to stimuli and lowers heart rate, breathing, relaxes muscles, and lessens racing thoughts and emotions. This is why Xanax is effective in treating anxiety-related disorders.

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Changes In Mood And Behavior

Many people originally take Xanax to help them relieve severe anxiety or stress. Short-term, therapeutic use of Xanax can be effective for this. Long-term use of the drug, however, has shown to cause an increase in anxiety over time, especially when used.

This can cause people to feel anxious and agitated throughout the day, and make it difficult to concentrate on anything outside of getting or taking another Xanax. People may also begin feeling depressed due to how the drug use is affecting their life, or as a result of its effects in the brain.

Other effects on mood and behavior can include:

  • mood swings
  • engaging in risky behaviors

Workout Recovery And Muscle Building

A 2019 research study asked 21 healthy males to take a supplement with whey protein or whey protein plus GABA once a day for 12 weeks.

The participants performed the same resistance training exercises twice a week, and the researchers measured the results. The researchers found that the combination of whey protein and GABA increased levels of growth hormone compared to whey protein alone.

Although this was another small study, the researchers concluded that GABA supplements might help to build muscle and assist in workout recovery. They recommended that researchers conduct more studies.

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What Is The Most Xanax A Doctor Can Prescribe

For anxiety disorders, the dosage for adults typically starts at 0.25 mg to 0.5 mg three times per day. A doctor may incrementally increase the dosage to maximize the effect. However, the maximum dosage does not usually exceed 4 mg per day. For panic disorders, the required dose of Xanax may exceed 4 mg per day.

Is 25 Mg Of Zoloft Enough For Anxiety

Video: How Xanax works

The effective dose of any drug depends on the individual and can be a matter of trial and error. Often, healthcare providers start Zoloft at a dose of 25 mg. Sometimes, this dose is sufficient and other times, if needed, the dose may be slowly increased under the direction of your healthcare provider. Ask your prescriber what dose should be used to treat your condition.

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Can I Use Zoloft Or Xanax With Alcohol

No. Neither drug should be used with alcohol. Combining an antidepressant, like Zoloft, with alcohol, can worsen the symptoms of depression or anxiety, impair thinking and alertness, and increase the effects of sedation and drowsiness. Combining Xanax with alcohol is dangerous and can cause respiratory depression, extreme sedation, coma, or even death.

What Are Neurotransmitters

A neurotransmitter is a chemical messenger that carries, boosts, and balances the signals between nerve cells and the target cells all over the body. The target cells may be in muscles, glands, or other neurons. There are literally billions of neurotransmitter molecules constantly working to keep our brains functioning. Neurotransmitters manage:

  • Breathing
  • Psychological functions such as fear, pleasure, joy, and overall mood

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How Long Does It Last

In comparison with other benzodiazepines, the body absorbs Xanax quickly, so its effects come on rapidly. Within about 1â2 hours, the concentration of Xanax in the blood reaches its peak.

The effects of the drug usually appear within 1 hour, with one small scale study finding an average onset time of 49 minutes with oral administration.

Xanax also leaves the body quickly. Its half-life is 11.2 hours in healthy adults, meaning that the body removes about half of the Xanax that it has absorbed in just over 11 hours.

Doctors often prescribe Xanax to take three times per day, spread out over the course of the day.

high abuse potential , especially for individuals with a history of substance misuse or abuse.

As the body absorbs Xanax quickly, its effects occur faster than those of other benzodiazepines. Xanax also has a short half-life, which means that its effects disappear quickly. These characteristics increase its addictive potential.

After taking Xanax for a long time, the body gets used to the substance, so a person may experience withdrawal symptoms when they stop taking it. Reducing Xanax slowly over time reduces the severity of these symptoms.

The manufacturers recommend decreasing the dosage by no more than 0.5 milligrams every 3 days. A doctor will determine the most appropriate discontinuation schedule for the individual, as the experience may differ from person to person.

Withdrawal symptoms of Xanax may include:

  • mild feelings of dissatisfaction

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