Human Brain Facts: Take The Next Step
The human brain is a marvelous, if imperfect, organ.
We hope that the information presented here compels you to a greater appreciation of and deeper sense of responsibility for the care of your brain.
To learn more about any of the brain facts in this article, click on the citation links .
In the webpage that appears, youll find the study, recognized authority, or expert opinion that supports and expands on that fact.
Brief Report To Period Three By Episode
This episode aired at 22:00 on March 14, 2014. The foreign contestants are from Italy, and all of those are winners of Superbrain – Le Supermenti.
This episode’s guest is Lin Dan, a world-famous Chinese badminton athlete and the advised judge is Robert Desimone, the Director of the McGovern Institute for Brain Research at Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
|4||Wu Tiansheng||Write down the correct pyramid of 15 numbered paper cups based on memory in a certain time .||Wu||Matteo Salvo|
- Round 1: Franco tried to find the differences set by Zheng Caiqian 4 times, but he failed again and again in the 8-minute time limit Zheng Caiqian’s turn goes well, he found a difference at 6 minutes and 17.02 seconds so he won Round 1.
- Round 2: Both of the contestants faced three glasses of water, they must calculate how much water in these glasses in grams . Marco’s answer was 276 g, actually 273.7 g but Yang’s answer was 498 g, the actual answer was 493.6 g. Marco won Round 2.
- Round 3: They faced a random sequence of brides and bridegrooms, with a total of 102 people in the line. Li started from the right side, and Andrea from the left side. Li finished in 1 minute and 18.15 seconds, while Andrea used 2 minutes and 41.51 seconds. Under huge pressure, Andrea was totally correct. Li remembered the sequence correctly but thought he placed the models in the wrong order. Li cried, repeating these words:
I got the sequence correct, but I placed it wrongly!
Your Brain Is Still 30 Times More Powerful Than The Best Supercomputers
While we can’t completely dismiss the idea of an AI-driven robot revolution in the distant future, a new study has found that even today’s most advanced supercomputers are only one-thirtieth as powerful as the human brain, so we should be able to out-think the robots we’re sharing our lives with for some time yet.
Two PhD students in the US figured this out using a measurement called traversed edges per second to measure computational capability – it’s essentially how quickly a computer can shift information from one point to another within its own system. There’s no exact equivalent in the human brain , so they used a rough estimate of how frequently neurons in the brain fire off electrical signals.
“A big pragmatic benefit of measuring the brain in terms of communication is that it hadn’t been done before,” Katja Grace from the University of California, Berkeley told IEEE Spectrum. ” provides a relatively independent estimate of the price of computing hardware roughly comparable to the brain.”
The pair have estimated that cheap computer rigs could catch up with the brain’s processing power in seven to 14 years, though there are a lot of speculative assumptions built into that prediction, and even then, the software to utilise that power will need to be written by humans. One of the big unknowns right now is just how quickly TEPS performance is going to increase in supercomputers.
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This Strange Rule Is What Makes The Human Brain So Powerful
Run a supercomputer every second of every day, and eventually its storage will fill up, its speed decrease, and its components burn out.
Yet our brains run with astonishing efficacy nearly every moment of our lives. For 40 years, scientists have wondered how delicate biological components, strung together in a seemingly chaotic heap, can maintain continuous information storage over decades. Even as individual neurons die, our neural networks readjust, fine-tuning their connections to sustain optimal data transmission. Unlike a game of telephone with messages that increasingly deteriorate, somehow our neurons self-assemble into a magical state, where they can renew almost every single component of their interior protein makeup, yet still hold onto the memories stored within.
This week, a team from Washington University in St. Louis combined neural recordings from rats with computer modeling to uncover one of the largest mysteries of the brain: why, despite noisy components, its so damn powerful. By analyzing firing patterns from hundreds of neurons over days, the team found evidence that supports a type of computational regime that may underlie every thought and behavior that naturally emerge from electrical sparks in the brainincluding consciousness.
Its an elegant idea: that the brain can tune an emergent property to a point neatly predicted by the physicists, said lead author Dr. Keith Hengen.
The Brain Vs The Computer
Throughout history, peoplehave compared the brain to different inventions. In the past, thebrain has been said to be like a water clock and a telephone switchboard. These days, the favorite invention that the brain is compared to is acomputer. Some people use this comparison to say that the computer isbetter than the brain some people say that the comparison shows that thebrain is better than the computer. Perhaps, it is best to say that thebrain is better at doing some jobs and the computer is better at doingother jobs.
Let’s see how the brain and the computer are similar anddifferent.
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Revealed: The Brain Power Foods
Fish: Enriched with oil and fortified with Omega-3 fatty assets, which are essential in brain function and development
Dark chocolate: A little goes a long way, dark chocolate is packed with antioxidants that slow down cognitive decline
Blueberries: Studies have shown that these small but mighty berries can actually delay brain ageing, improve memory and learning and muscle function
Broccoli: Packed with powerful plant compounds and antioxidants, broccoli is also very high in vitamin K, the fat-soluble vitamin that’s essential for forming sphingolipids, a type of fat that’s densely packed into brain cells
Eggs: As far as brain health goes, egg yolks are a good source of choline, which is associated with reducing inflammation and promoting brain function, like maintaining memory and communications between brain cells
Never skip breakfast
Tara said far too many people skip the breakfast, the most important meal of the day.
‘Having a nutrient-packed breakfast essentially serves as a catalyst for your body and brain because it kick-starts your metabolism, which is responsible for the speed at which your body and brain perform,’ she said.
She recommends eating a good protein source, like eggs, leafy greens and whole wheat bread or healthy oats.
Tara said the brain needs ‘very specifically portioned amounts of food’ to function at peak performance.
Gene And Protein Expression
Bioinformatics is a field of study that includes the creation and advancement of databases, and computational and statistical techniques, that can be used in studies of the human brain, particularly in the areas of gene and protein expression. Bioinformatics and studies in genomics, and functional genomics, generated the need for DNA annotation, a transcriptome technology, identifying genes, their locations and functions.GeneCards is a major database.
As of 2017, just under 20,000 protein-coding genes are seen to be expressed in the human, and some 400 of these genes are brain-specific. The data that has been provided on gene expression in the brain has fuelled further research into a number of disorders. The long term use of alcohol for example, has shown altered gene expression in the brain, and cell-type specific changes that may relate to alcohol use disorder. These changes have been noted in the synaptictranscriptome in the prefrontal cortex, and are seen as a factor causing the drive to alcohol dependence, and also to other substance abuses.
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You Should Be Ashamed Of Yourself
This phrase is often said to induce guilt in hopes of reforming a childs behavior. The thing is, more often than not, the behavior we seek to change is developmental, and we cannot punish a childs brain into developing more quickly.
Shame is a learned emotion, and it is most debilitating when it comes from those we are closest to. When we shame our children, they begin to identify their feelings and behaviors as their identity. Being good becomes reliant on feeling pleasant emotions and acting in ways that are desirable and convenient. Unpleasant emotions and mistakes become a scarlet letter for being bad.
Controversies & Criticism In And After Season 1
In Episode 8, Sun Cheran, the 14-year-old contestant from Beijing, challenged playing Sudoku blind. Several hours after the show aired, Chinese netizens mainly from social network Sina Weibo criticized the show, saying that her challenge was not difficult enough.
The people online said that she only completed one “easy” Sudoku, because the numbers of the Sudoku table were the repetition of numbers ‘1, 2, 3’, ‘5, 6, 7’ and ‘4, 8, 9’ in various orders, since Jay Chou filled one single number and one single color in the grid.
Chen Cen, the captain and head coach of the national Sudoku team of China, later said that Sun Cheran was qualified to stay in the show, the main reason being that her ability is more than enough to challenge the Europeans. Even more, Chen Cen clarified that in the other version, there were many contestants similar to Sun.
“Guiding the way of flyover”
One week after Sun’s performance, Li Yunlong qualified with the challenge of “Guiding the way of flyover.” On March 8, 2014, just one day after the show aired, Wei Kunlin said these words on his Sina Weibo:
However, Wei’s comments were strongly criticized by online viewers.
Kim Soo-hyun’s visit
Series controversies to episode 10
Minutes after Episode 10 finished, the online viewers had noted several controversies in Team China’s performance.
In Round 4, Wu got a question wrong. He accidentally wrote: “18+99= 107.”
Acting as a drama?
Excessive consumption after shows
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Period One’s Qualified Contestants By Episode
|Li Yunlong||120 pts.||Memorizing and guiding the guest Ning Caishen across the flyover containing a certain sequence of “traps.”|
|Liu Hongzhi||126 pts.||Memorize the password pictures of 100 new mobile phones only once, and unlock the chosen two phones.|
|Yang Guanxin||117 pts.||Given a wall of faces synthesized from any 2 faces of 60 Korean ladies, find the two faces from which the ‘mixed’ face was synthesized from.|
Eliminations in this episode: Rao Shunhan, Yang Wanli, Li Yong, Miki Yuk Kuen Lee.
Season : Human Vs Supercomputer
The entire season four is based on the concept “Human vs supercomputer”. Xiao Du, as an avatar of the Baidu AI system, would be recognised as a special contestant. However, if Xiao Du defeated any two human contestants on their nominated challenges, Xiao Du would be straightly qualified as a finalist, so it would be possible that there would be a non-human grand champion of the entire season. Competition structure is slightly different from the 2016 season.
Phase 1: Qualification
Similar to the previous season’s second phase, contestants have to achieve 80 points by the panel’s decisions. One of the members of “The Brain’s Hall of Fame” will join the judging panel, in order to select the best contestants. However, contestants cannot request head-to-heads against those who has already qualified until the next round.
“The Brain’s Hall of Fame” consists of the contestants who successfully performed in the previous three seasons. As the previous season’s grand champion, Chen Zhiqiang is guaranteed as a finalist to defend his title. If the contestant fail to qualify, the “Hall of Fame” may challenge the judging panel, but the decision must be unanimous in order to qualify. Should even one of the members did not challenge the judges, the contestant would be eliminated. As always, if the contestant failed to complete his or her challenge, he or she would be eliminated, cannot be qualified.
Last Man Standing
Odd One Out
Phase 2: Knockout
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It Is A Myth That Humans Only Use 10% Of Our Brain
We actually use all of it. Were even using more than 10 percent when we sleep. Although its true that at any given moment all of the brains regions are not concurrently firing, brain researchers using imaging technology have shown that, like the bodys muscles, most are continually active over a 24-hour period.
The Power Of The Human Brain
The human brain is a most unusual instrument of elegant and as yet unknown capacity. Stuart Seaton
Ever since I was a kid, Ive heard it said that the average person uses less than one-tenth his brainpower.
I always liked the idea of that statement the implication that if I could just tap into that other 90%, I could do wondrous things . . .
- Solve the most complex mathematical problems in less time than it takes to propose them.
- Memorize the complete works of Shakespeare and be able to recite passages in perfect 16th-century English on demand at cocktail parties.
- Beat the blackjack dealers in Vegas.
And Ive spent many years trying to activate my sleeping gray matter. But whatever progress Ive made must be counted in fractions, not multiples. Yet, I have persisted and still enjoy the occasional book that promises to boost my brainpower, improve my language skills, or recharge my memory.
My modest progress after all these years has made me question whether our brains really are so wonderful especially when we compare what we can do with the capacity of modern computers.
New hope was born while scanning a book titled The Age of Spiritual Machines: When Computers Exceed Human Intelligence. Author Raymond Kurzweil estimates that the human brain is capable of 20 million calculations per second.
Let me run that by you again 20 million calculations per second!
Given that potential, does that make us more or less intelligent than computers?
Computer Not Having Intuition Must Analyze Every Possible Move And Permutation Of That Move Before Deciding On A Course Of Action The Human Mind In Contrast Eliminates 99% Of The Options By Intuition
In my opinion, the fact that we can make these judgments that we can rule out so many seemingly valid but senseless options is clearly a tribute to the higher intelligence of the human mind.
It is a mistake, I think, to compare the brain to a computer.
The brain is an organism, not a mechanical contraption and, as a living thing, it can make adaptations to its own thinking mechanism based on experience. The more experience the human brain has, the smarter it gets. So far, at least, computers are not very good at doing that.
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The ability that your mind has to routinely make common-sense judgments such as telling you to stay out of a certain part of town or to avoid driving your car over 70 on a dark, winding road is actually the result of a highly sophisticated form of intelligence. In other words, its the stuff that we know in our guts thats the really smart stuff, the stuff that separates us from computers.
Bottom line: You have to be impressed with the overwhelming potential intelligence of the human mind. And you dont have to have the checkmating capabilities of a Kasporov to realize that you can do and think much more than you are doing and thinking now.
The Effects Of The Modern Lifestyle On The Brain
Our modern lifestyle is changing our brains.
And its not all for the better.
Low levels of omega-3s result in brain shrinkage equivalent to two years of structural brain aging.
27. Technology has forced most of us to be prodigious multitaskers.
But your brain cant learn or concentrate on two things at once.
What it can do is quickly toggle back and forth between tasks.
But doing so decreases your attention span, ability to learn, short-term memory, and overall mental performance.
It even temporarily by up to 15 points.
28. Unexpectedly, millennials are more forgetful than baby boomers.
They are more likely to forget what day it is or where they put their keys than their parents.
29.Brain cells will cannibalize themselves as a last ditch source of energy to ward off starvation.
So, in very real ways, dieting, especially low-fat diets, can force your brain to literally eat itself.
31. Relying on GPS to navigate destroys your innate sense of direction, a skill that took our ancestors thousands of years to develop.
When areas of the brain involved in navigation are no longer used, those neural connections fade away via a process known as synaptic pruning.
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- Cleaning Up Your Mental Mess with Dr. Caroline Leaf Episode 463
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