Recovery From Brain Bleeds
Once someone has been diagnosed with a head or brain injury, the treatment and recovery process will start. Some people will require a rapid operation to relieve the swelling that has developed inside of their head as a result of the brain bleed. Other times, people could simply require medication to manage the symptoms. Regardless, the recovery process can be long and leave families wondering what to do while their loved one is in a hospital. For families with questions, a consultation with an experienced brain injury lawyer in Merced can be helpful. The attorney can deal with insurance adjusters while the injured party and their family members focus on the recovery of their loved one.
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What Is A Haemorrhagic Stroke
If blood leaks from a blood vessel in or around the brain, this is called a haemorrhagic stroke. You may also hear it called a brain haemorrhage or a brain bleed.
In the UK, around 15% of strokes are haemorrhagic , and about 85% are ischaemic .
Haemorrhagic stroke tends to affect younger people than ischaemic stroke, and is most common in people aged between 45 and 70. Most strokes in the UK happen over the age of 70.
There are two main types of haemorrhagic stroke:
- Bleeding within the brain: called an intracerebral haemorrhage, or intracranial haemorrhage .
- Bleeding on the surface of the brain: called a subarachnoid haemorrhage .
Bleeding within the brain
When an artery inside the brain bursts it’s called an intracerebral haemorrhage. About 10% of all strokes are of this type.;
The blood leaks out into the brain tissue at high pressure, killing brain cells and causing brain swelling.Bleeding on the surface of the brain
The brain sits inside a fluid-filled cushion of membranes that protects it from the skull, called the subarachnoid space. If blood vessels near the surface of the brain burst and blood leaks into the subarachnoid space, this is called a subarachnoid haemorrhage .
SAH accounts for around 5% of all strokes, and it is most often caused by a burst aneurysm .
Can A Brain Hemorrhage Heal Itself
For a free legal consultation with a Bleeding Of The Brain Lawyer serving nationwide, call
It is possible for a brain bleed to heal on its own, but that doesnt mean its likely. Our nursing home neglect lawyers in Chicago recommend that you never wait to see what happens if you suspect you or someone you love has had a brain hemorrhage. When bleeding of the brain does not resolve on its own, surgery may be necessary to prevent or reduce brain damage.
CT scans of brain hemorrhage can show signs of healing.
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Are Brain Aneurysms Painful
Most people who have an unruptured brain aneurysm dont even know its there. It usually doesnt cause pain or any symptoms at all.
However, many smaller aneurysms are actually found when investigating causes of chronic headache. Researchers don’t know for sure if headaches are directly related to an unruptured aneurysm. One thought is that the swollen blood vessel is pressing into the nerves and membranes/tissues around the brain, causing the headache.
A sudden, severe headache can be a sign of a ruptured aneurysm. Rarely, you can also have a headache that lasts for days or weeks from an aneurysm thats leaking a small amount of blood. This type of lingering headache is called a sentinel headache. Its a warning that the aneurysm is about to burst.
What Are The Symptoms Of Subdural Hematoma
Because a subdural hematoma is a type of traumatic brain injury , they share many symptoms. Symptoms of a subdural hematoma may appear immediately following trauma to the head, or they may develop over time even weeks to months.
Signs and symptoms of a subdural hematoma include:
- Headache that doesnt go away.
- Confusion and drowsiness.
- Slurred speech and changes in vision.
- Dizziness, loss of balance, difficulty walking.
- Weakness on one side of the body.
- Memory loss, disorientation, and personality changes, especially in older adults with chronic subdural hematoma.
- Enlarged head in babies, whose soft skulls can enlarge as blood collects.
As bleeding continues and the pressure in the brain increases, symptoms can get worse. Symptoms, at this point, include:
- Breathing problems.
- Loss of consciousness and coma.
Sometimes people have no symptoms immediately following a head injury. This is called a lucid interval. They develop symptoms days later. Also, its important to know that subdural hematomas that develop more slowly might be mistaken for other conditions, such as a brain tumor or stroke.
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Emergency Treatment For A Hemorrhagic Stroke
Immediate emergency care is crucial for a hemorrhagic stroke. This treatment focuses on controlling the bleeding in your brain and reducing the pressure caused by the bleeding.
Drugs can be used to reduce blood pressure or slow down the bleeding. If you experience a hemorrhagic stroke while on blood thinners, youre at particular risk for excessive bleeding. Drugs to counteract the effect of the blood thinners are usually given right away during emergency treatment.
Are Subdural Hematomas Serious
Yes, a subdural hematoma can be a serious event. Occasionally, the bleed is slow and the body is able to absorb the pooled blood. However, if the hematoma is severe, the buildup of blood can cause pressure on the brain. This pressure can lead to breathing problems, paralysis and death if not treated.
Because you dont immediately know how severe a brain bleed is until further testing, all blows to the head should be considered a serious event. If you hit your head, get checked out at a hospital.
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Is A Brain Hemorrhage Painful
Blood also irritates brain tissues, creating a bruise or bump called a hematoma, which can also place pressure on brain tissue. Occasionally, you wont feel any initial symptoms. When symptoms of brain hemorrhage appear, they may come as a combination of the following: A sudden and very severe headache.
What Did The Authors Do
In their article, Electrographic seizures and periodic discharges after intracerebral hemorrhage, Dr. Claassen and colleagues discuss several important issues that affect people who have bleeding into the brain . They used a retrospective review to study problems associated with bleeding within the brain. There are problems with this type of study. However, it is this kind of study that often leads to further research.
In a retrospective study, the authors select a group of people with a particular problem or illness. For instance, the authors might look for a group of people who have migraines. They start carefully looking for problems that the group share. For instance, many people with migraine take pain medications. In a retrospective study, the use of pain medications would be something shared by a large number of these people. Two statements are possible. The first is that people who are in pain are more likely to take a pain medication. A second possibility is that the medication caused the headaches. Remember that the retrospective study only shows those things that a group of people have in common. It does not necessarily tell us whether the illness caused a problem or vice versa.
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When Should I Call The Doctor Or Seek Emergency Care
Go to the emergency room if you are experiencing a thunderclap headache for the first time. It is urgent to determine if a dangerous condition is the underlying cause so it can be treated quickly if necessary. Some conditions associated with a thunderclap headache can be fatal without prompt treatment.
Treating Infant Intracranial Hemorrhages
Treatment of brain bleeds is mostly of a supportive nature, although neurosurgical intervention may be necessary to manage certain types. The prognosis varies depending on the severity and location of the bleed. Some infants do very well with little or no residual effects. More severe bleeds can result in mental and physical impairments such as developmental delays, learning disabilities, and cerebral palsy . Diagnosing an intracranial hemorrhage is crucialthe earlier a baby is diagnosed with an intracranial hemorrhage, the earlier treatment and therapy can begin.For more information on treatments for intracranial hemorrhages, please visit this page.
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How Does A Brain Bleed Differ From A Stroke
Dr. Wiles: In the absence of trauma or tumor, a brain bleed is a type of stroke. There are strokes that are caused by a blockage in a blood vessel preventing blood flow. And there are strokes caused by breakage of a blood vessel, which causes bleeding into the brain tissue and affects blood flow beyond the break point.
What Happens When You Have A Brain Hemorrhage
According to informed health.org, when blood vessels inside the skull are damaged, it can lead to bleeding. This will increase pressure on the brain tissue because the brain has a limited amount of space inside the skull. In addition to pressure, this can cause blood clotting issues and damaged blood vessels .
One immediate effect a victim of a brain bleed may notice is a severe headache. If it isnt treated, it can lead to unconsciousness, respiratory affect, and irregular heartbeat. In the most serious cases, the victim may require nursing care due to devastating consequences like paralysis.
In this video, Dr. Rohan Moftakhar, Chief of Neurosurgery at Palmetto Health Richland, explains what happens to the brain during a hemorrhagic stroke.
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What Is A Cerebral Aneurysm
A cerebral aneurysm is a weak or thin spot on an artery in the brain that balloons or bulges out and fills with blood.; The bulging aneurysm can put pressure on the nerves or brain tissue.; It may also burst or rupture, spilling blood into the surrounding tissue .; A ruptured aneurysm can cause serious health problems such as hemorrhagic stroke, brain damage, coma, and even death.;
Some cerebral aneurysms, particularly those that are very small, do not bleed or cause other problems. These types of aneurysms are usually detected during imaging tests for other medical conditions.; Cerebral aneurysms can occur anywhere in the brain, but most form in the major arteries along the base of the skull.
Brain aneurysms can occur in anyone and at any age.; They are most common in adults between the ages of 30 and 60 and are more common in women than in men.; People with certain inherited disorders are also at higher risk.
All cerebral aneurysms have the potential to rupture and cause bleeding within the brain or surrounding area. Approximately 30,000 Americans per year suffer a brain aneurysm rupture. Much less is known about how many people have cerebral aneurysms, since they dont always cause symptoms. There are no proven statistics but a consensus of scientific papers indicate that between 3 and 5 percent of Americans may have an aneurysm in their lifetime.
Recovery From A Hemorrhagic Stroke
The duration of recovery and rehabilitation depends on the severity of the stroke and the amount of tissue damage that occurred. Different types of therapy may be involved, depending on your needs. Options include physical therapy, occupational therapy, or speech therapy. The primary goal of therapy is to restore as much function as possible.
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Symptoms Of A Brain Bleed From A Car Accident
If you are experiencing any of the following symptoms for a brain bleed from a car accident either immediately after or in the hours and days that follow a blow to the head after a vehicle crash then you should seek medical attention as soon as possible:
- Severe headache
- Sudden loss of or decreased consciousness/alertness
- Difficulty with or loss of movement
- Loss of feeling
- Vision problems
What Are The Treatments For Subdural Hematoma
Healthcare providers treat larger hematomas with decompression surgery. A surgeon drills one or more holes in the skull to drain the blood. Draining the blood relieves the pressure the blood buildup causes on the brain. Additional surgery may be needed to remove large or thick blood clots if present. Usually, healthcare providers leave a drain in place for several days following surgery to allow the blood to continue draining.
Sometimes hematomas cause few or no symptoms and are small enough that they dont require surgical treatment. Bed rest, medications and observation may be all that is needed. The body can absorb the small amount of blood over time, usually a few months. Your healthcare providers may order regular imaging tests to monitor the hematoma and make sure it is healing.
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What Is The Prognosis After A Brain Hemorrhage Is Recovery Possible
Many patients who have experienced a brain hemorrhage do survive. However, survival rates are decreased when the bleeding occurs in certain areas of the brain or if the initial bleed was very large.
If a patient survives the initial event of an intracranial hemorrhage, recovery may take many months. Over time and with extensive rehabilitation efforts, including physical, occupational, and speech therapy, patients can regain function. However, some can be left with persistent weakness or sensory problems. Other patients may have residual seizures, headaches, or memory problems.
Can Brain Hemorrhages Be Prevented
Because the majority of brain hemorrhages are associated with specific risk factors, you can minimize your risk in the following ways:
- Treat high blood pressure. Studies show that 80% of cerebral hemorrhage patients have a history of high blood pressure. The single most important thing you can do is control yours through diet, exercise, and medication.
- Donât smoke.
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The Basics About Brain Bleeds / Hemorrhages
A hematoma is a collection of blood outside the brain. A subdural hematoma results from blood collecting between the outermost layer of the brain, also known as the dura, and the next layer called the arachnoid. An epidural hematoma refers to the bleeding between the dura matter and the skull. Hematomas can result in excess pressure and/or swelling of the brain, and in the worst cases can lead to death.
What Is An Intracerebral Hemorrhage
Tiny arteries bring blood to areas deep inside the brain . High blood pressure can cause these thin-walled arteries to rupture, releasing blood into the brain tissue. Enclosed within the rigid skull, clotted blood and fluid buildup increases pressure that can crush the brain against the bone or cause it to shift and herniate . As blood spills into the brain, the area that artery supplied is now deprived of oxygen-rich blood called a stroke. As blood cells within the clot die, toxins are released that further damage brain cells in the area surrounding the hematoma.
An ICH can occur close to the surface or in deep areas of the brain. Sometimes deep hemorrhages can expand into the ventricles the fluid filled spaces in the center of the brain. Blockage of the normal cerebrospinal circulation can enlarge the ventricles causing confusion, lethargy, and loss of consciousness.
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How Long Does It Take For A Brain Hemorrhage To Heal
If a patient survives the initial event of an intracranial hemorrhage, recovery may take many months. Over time and with extensive rehabilitation efforts, including physical, occupational, and speech therapy, patients can regain function. However, some can be left with persistent weakness or sensory problems.
Types Of Bleeding And A Traumatic Brain Injury
There are many different types of brain injuries and various brain bleeds go along with these injuries. One of the more common types of brain bleeds is called an epidural hematoma. Someone who suffers trauma to the side of their skull can cause blood to leak out from the middle meningeal artery. This gradual bleed can cause someone to pass out several minutes after the event. Other times, people could already have a brain aneurysm and a traumatic event is just the spark that causes the aneurysm to burst. Finally, ruptures of the veins can be just as serious as arterial ruptures and can also place someone in a dire situation.
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What Are The Causes Of Brain Bleeds
Bleeding in the brain has a number of causes, including:
- Head trauma, caused by a fall, car accident, sports accident or other type of blow to the head.
- High blood pressure , which can damage the blood vessel walls and cause the blood vessel to leak or burst.
- Buildup of fatty deposits in the arteries .
- Blood clot that formed in the brain or traveled to the brain from another part of the body, which damaged the artery and caused it to leak.
- Ruptured cerebral aneurysm .
- Buildup of amyloid protein within the artery walls of the brain .
- A leak from abnormally formed connections between arteries and veins .
- Bleeding disorders or treatment with anticoagulant therapy .
- Brain tumor that presses on brain tissue causing bleeding.
- Smoking, heavy alcohol use, or use of illegal drugs such as cocaine.
- Conditions related to pregnancy or childbirth, including eclampsia, postpartum vasculopathy, or neonatal intraventricular hemorrhage.
- Conditions related to abnormal collagen formation in the blood vessel walls that can cause to walls to be weak, resulting in a rupture of the vessel wall.
Symptoms Of Bleeding In The Brain
Many times it can be hard to distinguish the exact symptoms of brain bleeding, and thats mainly because the symptoms can vary. It will mostly depend on the exact location of the brain bleeding, as well as the severity and amount of tissue affected. Symptoms develop both over time as well as appear suddenly.
- Severe headaches
- Seizures with no prior history
- Difficulty speaking or comprehending speech
- Difficulty swallowing
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