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How To Detect Brain Tumor At Home

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What Are The Treatments For Benign And Cancerous Brain Tumors

Caregiver STRESS & BURNOUT | Surprise BRAIN TUMOR Diagnosis while FULLTIME SAILING

People with brain tumors have several treatment options. The options are surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. Many people get a combination of treatments.

The choice of treatment depends mainly are:

  • The type and grade of brain tumor
  • Its location in the brain
  • Its size
  • Your age and general health

For some types of brain cancer, the doctor also needs to know whether cancer cells were found in the cerebrospinal fluid.

Your doctor can describe your treatment choices, the expected results, and the possible side effects. Because cancer therapy often damages healthy cells and tissues, side effects are common. Before treatment starts, ask your health care team about possible side effects and how treatment may change your normal activities. You and your health care team can work together to develop a treatment plan that meets your medical and personal needs.

You may want to talk with your doctor about taking part in a clinical trial, a research study of new treatment methods. See the Taking Part in Cancer Research section.

Your doctor may refer you to a specialist, or you may ask for a referral. Specialists who treat brain tumors include neurologists, neurosurgeons, neuro-oncologists, medical oncologists, radiation oncologists, and neuroradiologists.

Questions to ask your doctor before having brain tumor treatment

Can you recommend other doctors who could give me a second opinion about my treatment options? How often should I have checkups?

Brain Or Spinal Cord Tumor Biopsy

Imaging tests such as MRI and CT scans may show an abnormal area that is likely to be a brain or spinal cord tumor. But these scans cant always tell exactly what type of tumor it is. Often this can only be done by removing some of the tumor tissue in a procedure called a biopsy. A biopsy may be done as a procedure on its own, or it may be part of surgery to remove the tumor.

Sometimes, a tumor may look so characteristically obvious on an MRI scan that a biopsy is not needed, especially if the tumor is in a part of the brain that would make it hard to biopsy . In rare cases a PET scan or MR spectroscopy may give enough information so that a biopsy is not needed.

The 2 main types of biopsies for brain tumors are:

What’s The Outlook For People With A Brain Tumor

The outcome for people with brain tumors varies greatly. Factors that can affect prognosis include the tumorâs type, grade, and location successful removal of all of the tumor and your age and overall health.

In many people, doctors can successfully treat a brain tumor. Other people live active and fulfilling lives with brain tumors that do not cause symptoms.

In some people, brain tumors can recur after treatment. These people may need to continue treatments, including chemotherapy or radiation, to keep the tumor from growing or spreading. After brain tumor treatment, you should follow up with your doctor regularly.

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Changes In Memory Or Thinking

While it’s true that tumors can cause big shifts in a person’s behavior or personality, the types of radical transformations you sometimes hear aboutor see in moviesare uncommon, Schwartz says. People with tumors are more likely to have issues remembering things, to feel confused, or to suffer less-dramatic thinking problems, he says.

When To Seek Care

How To Detect Brain Tumor At Home

If you think you might have a brain tumor, keep a diary of whats going on. Be sure to include your symptoms, how often they happen and when. Its very likely that you dont have a brain tumor, but any worrisome neurological symptoms should always be checked out, says Dr. Danish.

Regardless of the rarity of brain tumors, it is important to recognize the symptoms and see a doctor if you think anythings off. Signs of a tumor vary, depending on the tumors location and size, and the early symptoms can be obscure, Dr. Danish says. But the quicker we find a tumor and start treatment, the better your outcome will be, so wed always rather you come in if you think you may have a tumor, rather than brush it off.

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Warning Signs Of A Brain Tumor You Should Know

This article originally appeared in Prevention magazine. Read the original here.

Neurosurgeon Theodore Schwartz, M.D.Brain tumors come in all shapes and sizesand so do their symptoms.

“The key to a tumor’s symptoms really depends on its location,” says Theodore Schwartz, MD, a neurosurgeon with the Weill Cornell Brain and Spine Center.

For example, if you have a tumor near the part of your brain that controls your arm or your eyesight, your symptoms may include limb weakness or blurry vision, Schwartz says.

When you consider that every cell in your brain can form a tumorand that your brain controls or interprets information from every part of your bodythe list of possible tumor symptoms encompasses “almost anything imaginable,” Schwartz says.

Still, some signs and symptoms are more common than others. Here’s what to watch out for.

How To Detect A Brain Tumor

Signs of brain tumors vary depending upon where in the brain they occur. Symptoms mimic those of other diseases, making brain cancer difficult to diagnose.

Brain tumors produce neurological deficits by destroying brain tissue, stealing nutrients from normal brain cells, or exerting pressure in the brain. This can cause a gradual loss of movement or sensation in an arm or leg, unsteadiness, vision or hearing loss, or the gradual onset of speech difficulties.

Increased pressure in the brain may cause headaches, vomiting, sleepiness, uncoordinated or clumsy movements and seizures, and eventually lead to death. A growing brain tumor may produce pressure within the bones that form the skull or block the fluid in the brain . This is called hydrocephalus.

Abnormal nerve cell electrical activity can trigger seizures, and may signal a brain tumor.

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Early Warning Signs And Symptoms Of A Brain Lesion

Symptoms of a brain lesion depend upon what part of the brain is affected. Large parts of the brain can be involved in some diseases and there may be relatively few symptoms. Alternatively, very tiny lesions may be catastrophic if they occur in a critical part of the brain.

Initial signs and symptoms of a brain lesion are often non-specific and may include:

  • Worst headache of your life
  • Nausea
  • How Often You Have Follow Up

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    How often you have follow up depends on:

    • your brain tumour type
    • the treatment you have had
    • your side effects
    • whether you have a low grade or a high grade tumour

    At first, it’s likely that you will see your doctor every few weeks. The appointments gradually become less frequent if you don’t have any problems.

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    How Preventive Health Checkups Can Save Your Life

    Staying healthy is one of the first things we look forward to these days. be it securing that health insurance to take care of us in the time emergency or investing in that mediclaim to take care of the medical bills, we try everything possible to stay in good health.

    Most of the insurance companies allow that you can undergo a complete preventive medical health check up in order to detect any underlying diseases which usually do not show any major symptoms. That is when establishments like City X Ray and Scan Clinic come into play to ensure that you know what is going in that anatomy of yours.

    City X Ray And Scan Clinic offer multiple services. Major of them include the following:

    • Radiology
    • Neurophysiology
    • Molecular Biology

    They also have a great customer care where they offer a home collection of samples. All you need to do is pick out a package on offer and give their experts a call so that they can come home and take samples as per the requirement of the test. Their highly trained staff ensures that they are no discomfort to you at all. You can choose from the below packages:

    • Neo Wellness
    • Extended Neo Wellness for Men
    • Extended Neo Wellness for Women

    What Are The Symptoms Of A Brain Tumor

    Some people with a brain or central nervous system tumor have no symptoms. In some cases, doctors discover a tumor during treatment for another issue.

    As a brain tumor grows and presses on surrounding nerves or blood vessels, it may cause symptoms. Signs and symptoms of a brain tumor vary depending on the tumorâs location and type, size and what the affected part of the brain controls. They can include:

    • Headaches that are ongoing or severe or that occur in the morning or go away after vomiting.
    • Behavior or personality changes.
    • Trouble with memory, thinking, speaking or understanding language.

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    Surgical Or Open Biopsy

    If imaging tests show the tumor can likely be treated with surgery, the neurosurgeon may not do a needle biopsy. Instead, he or she may do an operation called a craniotomy to remove all or most of the tumor.

    For a preliminary diagnosis, small samples of the tumor are looked at right away by the pathologist while the patient is still in the operating room. This can help guide treatment, including whether further surgery should be done at that time. A final diagnosis is made within a few days in most cases.

    You can read more about the kinds of tests done on biopsy or tissue samples in Testing Biopsy and Cytology Specimens for Cancer.

    What Are The Grades For Benign And Cancerous Brain Tumors

    How To Detect Brain Tumor At Home

    Doctors group brain tumors by grade. The grade of a tumor refers to the way the cells look under a microscope:

    • Grade I: The tissue is benign. The cells look nearly like normal brain cells, and they grow slowly.
    • Grade II: The tissue is malignant. The cells look less like normal cells than do the cells in a Grade I tumor.
    • Grade III: The malignant tissue has cells that look very different from normal cells. The abnormal cells are actively growing .
    • Grade IV: The malignant tissue has cells that look most abnormal and tend to grow quickly.

    Cells from low-grade tumors look more normal and generally grow more slowly than cells from high-grade tumors . Over time, a low-grade tumor may become a high-grade tumor. However, the change to a high-grade tumor happens more often among adults than children.

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    Benign Vs Malignant Brain Tumors

    Benign brain tumors arenât aggressive and normally donât spread to surrounding tissues, although they can be serious and even life-threatening. Benign brain tumors usually have clearly defined borders and usually arenât deeply rooted in brain tissue. This makes them easier to surgically remove if theyâre in an area of the brain where itâs safe to operate. But they can come back. Benign tumors are less likely to come back than cancerous ones.

    Even a benign brain tumor can be a serious health problem. Brain tumors can damage the cells around them by causing inflammation and putting increased pressure on nearby tissue, as well as inside your skull.

    Malignant primary brain tumors are cancers that start in your brain, typically grow faster than benign tumors, and quickly invade surrounding tissue. Although brain cancer rarely spreads to other organs, it can spread to other parts of your brain and central nervous system.

    Secondary brain tumors are cancer. They come from cancer that started somewhere else in your body and spread, or metastasized, to your brain. About 1 in 4 people with cancer develop a secondary brain tumor.

    How Is A Brain Tumor Diagnosed

    Doctors use several tests to confirm the presence of a brain tumor. These tests include:

    • Physical exam and medical history: Your doctor will perform a general health exam, looking for signs of diseases or illnesses. Your doctor will also ask questions about past and current health conditions, surgeries and medical treatments and family history of disease.
    • Blood test: To check for tumor markers that are linked to certain types of tumors.
    • Biopsy: Through a small hole in the skull, a doctor uses a needle to take a sample of tissue from the tumor. A laboratory studies the sample to identify details from the tumor, including how fast it is growing and whether it is spreading.
    • Imaging tests:CTs, MRIs, SPECTs and PET scans help doctors locate the tumor and determine if it is cancerous or benign. Your doctor may also look at other parts of the body, such as the lungs, colon or breasts, to identify where the tumor started.
    • Neurological exam: During a neurological exam, your doctor will look for changes in your balance, coordination, mental status, hearing, vision and reflexes. These changes can point to the part of your brain that may be affected by a tumor.
    • Spinal tap: A doctor uses a small needle to remove fluid from around the spine. A laboratory examines this fluid to look for cancer cells, which can indicate a malignant tumor somewhere in the central nervous system.

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    How Dangerous Are Ct Scans

    CT scan or a computerized tomography scan usually opts when doctors need an imaging data that pertains to blood vessels, bones, soft tissues and other internal structure of the body. It involves making use of X-Ray generated combinations from multiple angles and forms that image. CT scans have been beneficial for screening and detecting diseases with ease. There are both risks and benefits associated with the use of a computerized tomography scan. It has so many purposes including diagnose a condition, guide any medical procedure, monitor the effectiveness of some treatments. It is also used to check the effectiveness of cancer treatments.

    Multiple types of research have shown that over exposure to the scanning process can cause cancer. All of that exposure can pose multiple health threats. The amount of radiation that the body is exposed to is not necessarily regulated. Thus, over exposure is one of the un-monitored hazards.

    You should also ask why CT scan is necessary. You should not go through the CT scan test if it is not really necessary. You should also ask for lower effective dose. The strength of the radiation dose can vary, so you should be careful about it.

    What Are The Symptoms

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    Tumors can affect the brain by destroying normal tissue, compressing normal tissue, or increasing intracranial pressure. Symptoms vary depending on the tumorâs type, size, and location in the brain . General symptoms include:

    • headaches that tend to worsen in the morning
    • seizures
    • speech problems
    • vision problems, abnormal eye movements
    • weakness on one side of the body
    • increased intracranial pressure, which causes drowsiness, headaches, nausea and vomiting, sluggish responses

    Figure 2.

    Specific symptoms include:

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    Brain Tumor Vs Brain Cancer

    All brain cancers are tumors, but not all brain tumors are cancerous. Noncancerous brain tumors are called benign brain tumors.

    Benign brain tumors typically grow slowly, have distinct borders and rarely spread. Benign tumors can still be dangerous. They can damage and compress parts of the brain, causing severe dysfunction. Benign brain tumors located in a vital area of the brain can be life-threatening. Very rarely, a benign tumor can become malignant. Examples of typically benign tumors include meningioma, vestibular schwannoma and pituitary adenoma.

    Malignant brain tumors are cancerous. They typically grow rapidly and invade surrounding healthy brain structures. Brain cancer can be life-threatening due to the changes it causes to the vital structures of the brain. Some examples of malignant tumors that originate in or near the brain include olfactory neuroblastoma, chondrosarcoma and medulloblastoma.

    What Causes A Brain Tumor

    Doctors are not sure what causes most brain tumors. Mutations or defects in genes may cause cells in the brain to grow uncontrollably, causing a tumor.

    The only known environmental cause of brain tumors is having exposure to large amounts of radiation from X-rays or previous cancer treatment. Some brain tumors occur when hereditary conditions are passed down among family members.

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    Lab Tests Of Biopsy Specimens

    Finding out which type of tumor someone has is very important in helping to determine their outlook and treatment options. But in recent years, doctors have found that changes in certain genes, chromosomes, or proteins within the cancer cells can also be important. Some tumors are now tested for these types of changes. For example:

    • Gliomas that are found to have IDH1 or IDH2 gene mutations tend to have a better outlook than gliomas without these gene mutations.
    • In high-grade gliomas, the presence of MGMT promoter methylation is linked with better outcomes and a higher likelihood of responding to chemotherapy.

    Data Processing Techniques For Brain Tumor Detection With Deep Learning

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    We perform Multiple image augmentation techniques on this dataset in the pre-processing stage. The reasons for the augmentation are as follows:

  • The dataset size is small. So with image augmentation techniques, we are essentially generating new data and hence increasing the training size. This augmentations will give us better performance in the detection of brain tumors with deep learning.
  • All the images in the original dataset are oriented in the same way.But, it is very possible that the images the model encounter in real life are at an angle, zoomed in or out, sheared, etc. So in order to mitigate these problems, we perform image augmentation techniques.
  • We performed the following image augmentation techniques to the MRI images.

  • Rotation: Firstly we rorate the images .
  • Width Shift: Secondly, we shift the image to the left or right . We kept the range to 0.05.
  • Height shift: Thirdly, we actually shift the image to the up or down . We kept the range to 0.05.
  • Shear: Fourthly, we shear the image
  • Zoom: Fifthly, we zoom in or out the image
  • Horizontal Flip: It flips random images horizontally .
  • Fill mode: We use K-nearest neighbors to fill up any blank pixels as a result of the above augmentation techniques.
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