Sunday, May 15, 2022

How To Heal Brain Damage

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What Is A Head Injury

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A head injury occurs as a result of trauma to the scalp, skull or brain. Head injuries are classified as closed, in which there is no cut or laceration;to the skin, or penetrating, in which the skin and/or bone of the skull is broken. Traumatic brain injuries range from mild to severe.

The symptoms of a head injury may occur immediately following trauma, or they may develop slowly over several hours or days. Specific types and symptoms of head injuries include:

  • Concussion: Also called a mild traumatic brain injury. This includes injuries to the brain that are caused by a blow to the head or body, a fall, or another trauma that jars or shakes the brain inside the skull. People who suffer from concussions may not always exhibit symptoms that are apparent to others. Symptoms of a concussion and minor head injuries include:
  • loss of consciousness for a few seconds to a few minutes
  • confusion; memory and/or concentration problems
  • dizziness
  • memory loss of events before the injury or immediately after it
  • nausea and vomiting
  • altered level of consciousness, such as being drowsy or difficult to awaken
  • Contusion: A bruise of the brain tissue often associated with swelling and an increase in pressure within the skull, called intracranial pressure;. Symptoms of raised pressure within the brain and skull include:
  • dilated pupils
  • high blood pressure
  • low pulse rate and abnormal breathing.
  • tenderness
  • bruising around the eyes or behind the ear
  • clear fluid leaking from the nose or ear.
  • How Is A Diagnosis Made

    When a person is brought to the emergency room with a head injury, doctors will learn as much as possible about his or her symptoms and how the injury occurred. The person’s condition is assessed quickly to determine the extent of injury.

    The Glasgow Coma Score is a 15-point test used to grade a patient’s level of consciousness. Doctors assess the patient’s ability to 1) open his or her eyes, 2) ability to respond appropriately to orientation questions, , and 3) ability to follow commands . If unconscious or unable to follow commands, his or her response to painful stimulation is checked. A number is taken from each category and added together to get the total GCS score. The score ranges from 3 to 15 and helps doctors classify an injury as mild, moderate, or severe. Mild TBI has a score of 13-15. Moderate TBI has a score of 9-12, and severe TBI has a score of 8 and below.

    Diagnostic imaging tests will be performed:

    Tips To Help Repair Your Brain From Trauma

    Have you ever hit your head?

    Despite prevailing thought on the subject, you dont have to be in a car accident or get concussed on a football field to cause damage to your brain.

    The sad reality is that head traumas occur every day; both minor hits and major traumas. Falling objects, trips/falls, physical assaults, and sports injuries lead to nearly 2 million ER visits every year. On top of that, hundreds of thousands of head injuries are never reported, remain undiagnosed and are largely ignored.

    Even a mild to moderate head trauma can significantly decrease your brain function. This can have far-reaching health consequences for your life.

    The first step to repairing the damage from a head injury is to know your brain type. For a deeper understanding of how your brain functions and how to obtain a personalized plan for your brain type, take this free Brain Health Assessment.

    If youve suffered a hit to the head of any severity, implementing these 6 tips can help restore brain function and enhance your recall:

    Brain and Body Fitness

    Eliminate Toxins

    Toxins can have a harmful effect on the body. Common toxins can be absorbed through the skin , ingested , or inhaled . Many noxious ingredients exist in household or health care products. Identify toxic products in your house and get rid of them. Use apps like Safe Cosmetics to ensure that the products you use are natural and safe.

    Avoid Alcohol

    Improve Your Diet

    Get Quality Sleep

    Brain Healthy Supplements to Speed Up Recovery

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    Latest Science And Integrative Strategies For Treating Concussions And Brain Trauma

    It seems that every week there is a news story highlighting the rising toll and damaging effect of head injuries and concussions. Traumatic Brain Injuries are generating greater medical and research interest as public awareness grows, especially in regards to the impact on younger and more vulnerable populations. A recent study found there are approximately 30,000 concussions or head related injuries reported annually among the 12 to 19 year old age group, with over 80% being sports related. Car accidents, falls, and military duty also frequently cause brain injuries. While these numbers are increasing every year, the majority of concussions are still not being reported so the true numbers are likely underestimated.

    Making Decisions About Medical Care

    How To Heal From Traumatic Brain Injury

    As early as 24 hours after your loved ones injury, the health care team may begin talking about the choices you must face about the next phase of care for your loved one. These choices may involve different options for rehabilitation, transitional care, a skilled nursing facility, or possibly home care.

    While these decisions may feel rushed to you, experts know that early treatment can maximize recovery and minimize long-term problems.

    Brain injury rehabilitation can begin before or after your loved one fully emerges from a coma. Your health care team can help you make these decisions. Some guidelines for making your decision are on page Where Will the Journey Go From Here?.

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    How Is Brain Damage Diagnosed

    When diagnosing a brain injury, a doctor will first consider the persons symptoms and the events that led to their injury. For example, they may ask if other people saw the person lose consciousness for a time period.

    They will also consider if the person is acting very differently from their usual behavior or if the person is speaking and responsive to others.

    Doctors will also perform other types of testing to determine the extent of an injury. Examples of these tests include:

    • Imaging studies. CT scans or other imaging studies can reveal tumors, bleeding, or other damage to the brain.
    • Blood tests. Testing for signs of infection and electrolyte imbalances can reveal the causes and effects of traumatic and nontraumatic injuries.
    • Brain evaluations. Doctors have developed a number of tests that target certain areas of the brain, such as memory, problem-solving, and concentration.

    There are many potential causes of brain damage. Additional testing may depend on a persons symptoms and type of injury.

    How Brain Recovery Occurs After A Traumatic Brain Injury

    Whilst there may be actual organic recovery in the brain, called cell regeneration, and there is plenty of evidence from the last 20 years to show that this happens, much of the recovery of the brain is through what is called plasticity. This is the process through which parts of the brain compensate for damaged or destroyed brain matter and so information is re-routed around the damaged areas.

    Much of this recovery is therefore down to the discipline and attitude of the patient and the support they have around them, i.e. can they adapt to the brain telling them new ways to do the same functions? A good start is to build compensatory strategies, which are techniques to make up for lost abilities, such as writing things down to compensate for short-term memory loss, but this all forms part of a tailored programme specific to your individual needs.

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    What Happens To The Brain After A Concussion

    An explosion of recent research has uncovered some of the biochemical pathways involved in TBI. Emerging evidence shows that brain trauma from a concussion causes a complex cascade of neuro-inflammation. This process is started by an excessive release of neurotransmitters and excitotoxins . These molecules overwhelm the brains ability to function and repair itself, and ultimately damage the parts of the cell called the mitochondria which produce energy for cell survival.

    How Is Traumatic Brain Injury Diagnosed

    Quick Way to Know if You Have Brain Damage

    If you have a head injury or other trauma that may have caused a TBI, you need to get medical care as soon as possible. To make a diagnosis, your health care provider

    • Will ask about your symptoms and the details of your injury
    • May do imaging tests, such as a CT scan or MRI
    • May use a tool such as the Glasgow coma scale to determine how severe the TBI is. This scale measures your ability to open your eyes, speak, and move.
    • May do neuropsychological tests to check how your brain is functioning

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    General Head Injury Prevention Tips

    • Wear a seatbelt every time you drive or ride in a motor vehicle.
    • Never drive while under the influence of drugs, alcohol or ride as a passenger with anyone who is under the influence.
    • Keep firearms unloaded in a locked cabinet or safe, and store ammunition in a separate, secure location.
    • Remove hazards in the home that may contribute to falls. Secure rugs and loose electrical cords, put away toys, use safety gates and install window guards. Install grab bars and handrails if you are frail or elderly.

    What Exactly Is Neuroplasticity

    Neuroplasticity;is an umbrella term referring;to the ability of your brain to reorganize itself, both physically and functionally, throughout your life due to your environment, behavior, thinking, and emotions. Science used to believe that the brain only radically changed during growth periods in childhood. While it is true that the brain is much more plastic in youth and capacity declines with age, plasticity happens all throughout your life.

    Harnessing neuroplasticity as an adult does require extra effort and;specific circumstances, but it can be done. What you pay attention to, what you think, feel, and want, and how you react and behave all physically shape your brain. The point is you can intentionally change your brain.

    Heres a good video explaining it:

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    What Are The Leading Causes Of Tbi

    Falls. According to data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , falls are the most common cause of TBIs and occur most frequently among the youngest and oldest age groups. From 2006 to 2010 alone, falls caused more than half of TBIs among children aged 14 and younger. Among Americans age 65 and older, falls accounted for more than two-thirds of all reported TBIs.

    Blunt trauma accidents. Accidents that involve being struck by or against an object, particularly sports-related injuries, are a major cause of TBI. Anywhere from 1.6 million to 3.8 million sports- and recreation-related TBIs are estimated to occur in the United States annually.Vehicle-related injuries. Pedestrian-involved accidents, as well as accidents involving motor vehicles and bicycles, are the third most common cause of TBI. In young adults aged 15 to 24 years, motor vehicle accidents are the most likely cause of TBI.

    Assaults/violence. Assaults include abuse related TBIs, such as head injuries that result from domestic violence or shaken baby syndrome, and gunshot wounds to the head. TBI-related deaths in children age 4 and younger are most likely the result of assault.

    Additional information about TBI and its causes can be found on the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention TBI website: .

    What Are The Treatment Options

    NIH scientists watch the brains lining heal after a head ...

    Treatments for brain damage depend on the type of injury and the persons symptoms. They can also vary over time, as doctors see the extent to which a persons brain was damaged.

    According to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, an estimated 50 percent of patients with severe head injuries require surgery. This is true when theres significant bleeding in the brain, a tumor, or foreign objects that are in the skull or brain itself.

    A surgeon may place special tools to monitor a persons intracranial pressure or to drain blood or cerebral spinal fluid. This can help reduce pressure in the brain and prevent ongoing injury.

    If a persons brain injury is severe or theyve experienced other injuries to the body, a doctor may insert a breathing tube to support their breathing while their brain and body heal.

    Doctors may also administer antibiotics to treat infections or medications to treat electrolyte imbalances.

    After treating the most acute brain injury stages, doctors may recommend treatments such as:

    • occupational therapy
    • psychotherapy
    • speech/language therapy

    Brain injury can take time and effort to recover. Some people may never fully return to their cognitive function before their injury. Over time and with treatment, doctors can work with a person and their loved ones to identify realistic expectations for a persons recovery.

    where to find help

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    How Does Tbi Affect The Brain

    TBI-related damage can be confined to one area of the brain, known as a focal injury, or it can occur over a more widespread area, known as a diffuse injury. The type of injury also affects how the brain is damaged.

    Primary effects on the brain include various types of bleeding and tearing forces that injure nerve fibers and cause inflammation, metabolic changes, and brain swelling.

  • Contusions a bruising or swelling of the brain that occurs when very small blood vessels bleed into brain tissue. Contusions can occur directly under the impact site or, more often, on the complete opposite side of the brain from the impact . They can appear after a delay of hours to a day. Coup and contrecoup lesions generally occur when the head abruptly decelerates, which causes the brain to bounce back and forth within the skull .
  • Skull fractures breaks or cracks in one or more of the bones that form the skull. They are a result of blunt force trauma and can cause damage to the membranes, blood vessels, and brain under the fracture. One main benefit of helmets is to prevent skull fracture.
  • Secondary damage can include:

    Other secondary damage can be caused by infections to the brain, low blood pressure or oxygen flow as a result of the injury, hydrocephalus , and seizures.

    If Symptoms Last Longer Than A Week

    While the symptoms of most uncomplicated concussions resolve after; one to two weeks, a small proportion of people have persistent symptoms leading to a condition called Post Concussion Syndrome . Symptoms of PCS can vary for each person depending on the type and severity of the injury. Common symptoms include headaches, seizures, difficulty concentrating, poor memory, nausea, neck pain, jaw pain, depression, anxiety, and personality changes. The reasons and risk factors that cause certain people to progress to PCS are not quite clear, but experts now believe that multiple brain injuries, poor brain blood flow, cervical spine damage, and underlying brain stress are contributing factors. The research does clearly show that chronic inflammation and mitochondrial damage are key drivers of PCS.

    Its also important to consider the supportive structures around the brain and in the neck as well. Every brain trauma causes severe stretching and damage to muscles and ligaments of the neck, face, and upper back which can refer pain to the head causing a variety of symptoms that appear to be from a damaged brain.

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    Foods To Avoid During Brain Injury Recovery

    Now that weve covered some of the best foods for brain injury, its time to look at some of the foods you should avoid during recovery.

    In general, you should avoid foods containing saturated fat and processed sugar. These foods can hamper BDNF and neuroplasticity, the very things you want to promote in a good head injury diet.

    Some foods high in saturated fat and sugar include:

    • Dairy products
    • Fatty meat cuts such as ribeye steak or lamb chops
    • Processed meat
    • Sugary drinks

    Its important to note that this isnt an absolute prohibition because some of these foods have important health benefits. The key is to eat these foods sparingly if you want to improve your brains function.

    Independance Motivation And Hope

    Using Fish Oil to Heal From Brain Injury

    My son Sharat suffered a severe traumatic brain injury 23 years ago leaving him with Aphasia and right sided weakness from his vision,hearing to his limbs. The lockdown in June was a great challenge for him as his caregivers stopped coming, no gym workouts and no outings for a coffee.

    Being his mother and primary carer I feared that this was a hotbed for depression. I scoured the net and chanced upon FlintRehab. As there was a trial period it was safe for us to risk getting it across to Auckland.

    His OT checked it out and felt that it was ideal. I can honestly second this.

    He enjoys working on it and now after three months can do it on his own. His left hand helps his right hand. The FitMi video explains and shows him what to do, it gives him marks and applauds him too!!

    He has to use both sides of his brain. The caregivers are OT students who returned enjoy working on it with him.

    In three months there motivation built up in him with a drive to use his right hand. There is definitely a slight improvement in his right hand.

    This encourages him as well as the caregivers to try harder.His overall mood is upbeat. He enjoys it, so much so, that it doesnt matter if his caregiver is away.

    FitMi is a blessing.

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    Legumes And Squash Seeds

    If you have a history of heart disease, or would just prefer to avoid meat products altogether, there are alternatives to meat. For example, legumes such as;chickpeas and lentils;can provide the zinc you need to recover from brain injury.

    In addition, seeds like squash seeds and flaxseeds have also been shown to lower cholesterol and blood pressure. This makes them an all-around great food to add to your diet plan for head injury.

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