Relate New Concepts To What You Already Know
Since we already know that re-learning is much easier than learning from scratch, it can also help to relate new concepts you want to remember to those you already know. This learning concept is formally referred to as “relational learning.”
For example, if you’re trying to remember that an acquaintance works as a teacher, you could try to associate a characteristic of this person with one of your previous teachers. By relating a new concept to something you already know, it can be easier to remember.
How To Improve Your Memory According To Neuroscience
Why is it that you can perfectly recite the words to *NSYNCs Bye Bye Bye, but cant remember the title of the new TV show you started watching on Netflix and wanted to tell your coworker about?
We remember things because they either stand out, they relate to and can easily be integrated in our existing knowledge base, or its something we retrieve, recount or use repeatedly over time, explains Sean Kang, PhD, assistant professor in the Department of Education at Dartmouth College, whose research focuses on the cognitive psychology of learning and memory. The average layperson trying to learn nuclear physics for the first time, for example, will probably find it very difficult to retain that information.” That’s because he or she likely doesnt have existing knowledge in their brain to connect that new information to.
And on a molecular level neuroscientists suspect that theres actually a physical process that needs to be completed to form a memory and us not remembering something is a result of that not happening, explains Blake Richards, DPhil, assistant professor in the Department of Biological Sciences and Fellow at the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research.
So the ultimate question, at the cellular level, as to whether or not a memory gets stored is does that process actually complete properly, he explains. Do all of the molecular signals get transmitted to ensure that that cell changes physically?
And thats probably a good thing, he adds.
Pay Extra Attention To Difficult Information
Have you ever noticed how it’s sometimes easier to remember information at the beginning or end of a chapter? Researchers have found that the order of information can play a role in recall, which is known as the serial position effect.
While recalling middle information can be difficult, you can overcome this problem by spending extra time rehearsing this information. Another strategy is to try restructuring what you have learned so it will be easier to remember. When you come across an especially difficult concept, devote some extra time to memorizing the information.
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Color Association: Put Those Markers To Good Use
This method might seem a bit weird, but visual learners will know what we mean. Some people are lousy remembering concepts, but they can tell you many things related to the textbook where they found it. They can say where to find it or what font was used on the page.
As random as it looks, this makes total sense. When you are a visual learner, you make an image in your mind, and youll stick with it, so take advantage of it! This method works like this, assign a color of a concept category, and make your own symbology. For example:
Red: Crucial concept
Once you have a clear understanding of your own system, your study sessions will become easier. By recognizing the nature of the information you need, you can recall a color and find the ones you have associated with inside your mind.
- Why it Works: colors are easier to remember than entire pieces of information, so they become an effective method to recall concepts.
- Best used for: when you need to make sense of large pieces of text or books, this method will give you a sense of organization and help you find key information more easily.
Tips To Improve Memory While Studying
Have you ever thought you were well-prepared for an upcoming quiz, only to find youve forgotten much of what you studied once it comes time to take the test? If so, you may benefit from adding some simple memory-boosting techniques into your study routine.
The ability to retain and apply bits of related information can be directly improved through the use of Cogmed Working Memory Training, which can help you get and keep information in long-term storage. Adding in some supplemental memory-based activities can dramatically improve your ability to generalize use of the skill and apply it to a larger variety of situations. So, if you want to improve your memory while studying, consider integrating the following strategies to achieve more mindful approach to learning.
1.) Recap information just before you go to sleep. There have been a number of studies that indicate that if you quickly review material 15 minutes before going to sleep at night, you will be better able to tap into the information later, keeping from slipping away into dreamland. Remember, this is not a full study session before bed which can cause stress but rather a simple recap, like reading or verbalizing out loud what you have already studied.
PART OF OUR WORKING MEMORY SERIES:
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Improve Your Memory With A Rewards System
Taking part in any competition is no easy feat. If youre running a race, you must improve your diet, practice running every day and adopt a positive mindset. But winning a trophy at the end of the track is what any runner wants. It makes all the hard work that came before worthwhile. In the same way, remind yourself that you can indulge in a reward once youve memorized material for an exam youre more likely to do the hard work to get your desired result. Whether this means watching your favourite TV show or having a bigger scoop of ice cream, its entirely up to you!
Try Learning In The Afternoon
Even if you think you function better in the morning or late at night, studies show that it’s easier to retain information if you learn it and review it in the afternoon. A study published in the Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research proved this theory. 68 undergraduate participants were provided with words to remember. One group was asked to only study in the morning while the other group only studied in the afternoon. The results concluded that, “The subjects who acquired information in the afternoon had better performance than those who acquired it in the morning.”
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Can You Improve Your Memory
Its commonplace to hear people complain about having poor memory. When we try to recall information we have encoded and stored, and we cant, then our memory has failed us. The good news is that it is possible to improve your memory and make the process of encoding, storing, and recalling information more seamless. Here are a couple of tips that could help you improve your memory:
- Take care of your body. If you take care of your body by eating a balanced diet, exercising regularly, and getting enough sleep, you improve your brain health which helps you process and recall memories better.
- Exercise your mind. There are several activities and puzzles you could do to give your mind a great workout.
- Take advantage of calendars and planners. Clear up memory space in your brain by using calendars and planners to remember the little things like shopping lists and meeting times.
- Stay mentally active. Reading, writing, and constantly learning help you remain mentally active, which can improve your memory.
The Major Method For Memory Improvement
Want an effortless way to remember numbers for studying in history, maths, physics, etc.?
Quite a mouthful! So, lets just stick with the Major Method!
Heres how it works.
In the Major Method, you associate each number with a sound, typically, a consonant. Heres the system most people follow:
0 = soft c, s or z
1 = d, t
6 = ch, j or sh
7 = k
8 = f or v
9 = b or p
The first step is to memorize these associations between numbers and letters. Then use these associations to form words from numbers.
For instance, 22 could be nun
54 could be liar . Personally, I think of Jim Carrey in the movie Liar Liar with a lyre to help make it even more memorable.
To remember longer sequences of numbers, you need to combine the sounds you have made. If you want to remember the number 2254, you could visualize a nun punching Jim Carrey for lying!
Make the image as animated and ridiculous as possible, and it will stick in your mind!
If you can, create a fixed image for every number from 0 to 99. That will make it easier to combine them to remember longer sequences of numbers used in mathematics, physics, chemistry or engineering.
If that sounds like a lot to you, just associate a fixed object for each number from 0-9.
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Give Importance To Revise
Revision is an astounding way to improve concentration and memory while studying for exams. It is a human tendency to forget things. Revision makes it possible to retain chapters you have studied. For revision, you must make short notes and mind maps.
With mind-maps and short notes, you can enhance the pace of your journey. After completing your chapter after 1-hour students should revision that chapter. It is a wonderful tactic to improve your concentration.
Visual And Spatial Techniques
Visual and spatial techniques are memory tricks that involve your five senses. They utilize images, songs, feelings, and our bodies to help information stick. Humans have outstanding visual and spatial memory systems. When you use visual and spatial memory techniques, you use fun, memorable, and creative approaches rather than boring, rote memorization. This makes it easier to see, feel, or hear the things you want to remember. Visual and spatial techniques also free up your working memory. When you group things together, you enhance your long-term memory. Using visual and spatial techniques helps your mind focus and pay attention when your mind would rather wander to something else. They help you make what you learn meaningful, memorable, and fun.
The common practice of using your knuckles to remember the number of days in each month is a great example of an easy visual spatial technique to help you remember details.
Songs and jingles. Much like the memory palace and images, songs or jingles use your brains right hemisphere and can help us remember tricky things like equations and lists. There are already plenty of songs out there for things like the quadratic formulatry Googling what you are trying to remember to see if someone has already created a tune. If not, try making your own.
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Get Rid Of Your Smartphone
This step is essential. In this era of technology, things like smartphone, tabs work as a great distractor while studying. A simple notification on your phone can easily distract you.
So, if you dont need these electronics while studying, you should keep them silent. And, dont keep them close to you as your subconscious mind may want you to check them. The devices also include computers too. However, if you need them for notes and tutorials, then you may keep them.
How Are Memories Made
Memories are made in three distinct stages. It starts with encoding. Encoding is the way external stimuli and information make their way into your brain. This could occur through any of your five senses.
The next stage is storage, where the information we take in is stored either briefly, like with sensory and short term memory, or more permanently, like with long term memory.
The final stage is recall. Recall is our ability to retrieve the memory weve made from where it is stored. These processes are also how sensory memory might be turned into short-term memory or short-term memory into long-term memory.
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The Best Diet For Brain Function
BroccoliThis jolly green giant of the vegetable world has plenty of vitamins C and K, plus choline to keep your memory sharp as a tack.
AvocadosThis fruit is one of the healthiest ones you can eat, and hey, who doesnt like guacamole? If youve been avoiding avocados because of their high fat content, know that they are loaded with mono-saturated fats to keep your blood sugar levels in the right range. And because they have both vitamin K and folate, avocados can improve both memory and concentration and even protect against strokes by helping to prevent blood clots. Theyre also rich in vitamin B and vitamin C, which arent stored in your body and need to be replenished daily. Plus, they have the highest protein and lowest sugar content of any fruit.
BerriesColorful berries, especially blueberries are packed with vitamins C and K. Because of their high levels of gallic acid, blueberries are especially good at protecting our brains from degeneration and stress.
CeleryCelery stalkers appreciate that this crunchy veggie has antioxidants and polysaccharides which serve as anti-inflammatories to battle symptoms like inflammation, joint pain and irritable bowel syndrome. Celery also has so few calories it is great to keep your mouth busy while you study.
Techniques For Memorizing Information
When studying for an exam, preparing a presentation, or getting ready to deliver a speech, you will likely need to memorize information.
Before you start preparing, you can do several things to set yourself up for success. Try to get rid of distractions while youre studying, plan ahead so you dont need to cram, and take study breaks. Evidence suggests that studying shortly before going to sleep, as well as sleeping between learning sessions, can help people retain information.
Below are 8 science-backed techniques for retaining information and improving recall.
1. Organize the information
Start by outlining the information you will need to recall. Creating a detailed, but organized outline of the information allows you to highlight and focus on important concepts.
A useful organization strategy is thechunking method, which is the process of breaking down large amounts of information into smaller, logical units that are easy to understand. For example, when learning a foreign language, you can list vocabulary words in functional groups such as household items, animals, and occupations. Chunking is a valuable tool for memorization.
2. Make associations
Creating associations by drawing on existing knowledge is another helpful way to memorize information. You can create mental images and make connections with sounds, smells, and tastes to help encode memories.
3. Use visual cues
4. Create mnemonics
5. Write it down
6. Say it out loud
7. Engage in active recall
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Use Mental Associations To Improve Memory Power
When you come across a new piece of information, your brain subconsciously also picks up any images, sounds or physical feelings that were occurring at the same time. This means that you can improve memory if you actively associate an image, sound or a feeling to what youre learning. For instance, youre more likely to remember a great weekend with your friends when you think about what you were wearing, the conversations you had, and your feelings of happiness. Use any of these four mental association techniques to improve memory retention:
Keyword mnemonics: Improve memory for exams by creating mental associations to the information you are trying to learn using keyword mnemonics. This technique involves choosing a keyword or an image that compels you to think of a word. For example, if you want to remember the French word for star, which is étoile, you could think of a towel in English.
Chunking: Additionally, you could also try chunking. This involves breaking down number phrases of words into manageable pieces of information. For instance, onomatopoeia can become three separate phrases of onom, atop, eia. You could also try creating an acronym or rhyme to remember elements within the periodic table. Think Fresh Prince of Bel Air!
Songs: Are you having a hard time learning those physics equations? Try associating the equations with songs to improve memory and brain function.
Self Assessment By Giving Tests
Self-assessment is an indispensable tactic that students must follow. Self-assessment means check yourself whether you have remembered that chapter or not. For assessment, you should give a model test. There are many apps and websites that are available on which students can enroll and give tests.
Tests will help you to analyze how much you have retained from the earlier study. Students can improve their performance and increase their learning pace by self-assessment.
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Powerful Study Hacks That Will Improve Your Memory For A Test
Do you have an important exam taking place just around the corner?
Come exam time, there’s no denying that high levels of stress and anxiety that come alongside a series of tests. This stress paired with the stress and ongoings of everyday life can feel incredibly overwhelming for students.
Fortunately, there are proven ways to improve your memory and reduce stress before an exam. These tactics are especially beneficial to those that feel their natural memory isn’t their strong point.
If you’re looking for ways to improve your memory before a test, you’re going to want to read this. We’re uncovering nine of the study hacks for enhancing your memory.
These tactics are sure to help you score the best results possible on your test.