Symptoms Based On Tumor Location
Some symptoms can provide insights into where the tumor might be located within the brain.
- Vision problems. Vision problems can be due to a tumor located in or around the pituitary gland, optic nerve, occipital lobe, or temporal lobe.
- Speech, reading, and writing difficulties. These difficulties may be caused by a tumor near the temporal lobe or parietal lobe.
- Hearing problems. These may be caused by a tumor near the cranial nerves or temporal lobe.
- Swallowing problems. There may be a tumor near the cerebellum or in or near cranial nerves.
- Trouble with movement in the hands, arms, feet, and legs, or difficulty walking. This could be caused by a tumor near the cerebellum, frontal lobe, or brainstem.
- Balance issues. Balance issues may indicate a tumor near the cerebellum, brainstem, or the base of the brain.
- Facial numbness, weakness, or pain. This may also occur with a tumor involving the brainstem.
Help Them Get Answers
Being diagnosed with a brain tumor can trigger a lot of emotions fear, confusion, anger or sadness. These overwhelming feelings affect your childs thinking and fill their mind with doubts and concerns. Your teenager may have a lot of questions for you.
While you may not have answers to all these questions, you can help them talk to their doctors, specialists, and therapist to address their concerns and eliminate any irrational fears. Some of the things you may want them to understand are:
- A brain tumor is an illness and not their fault. They did not get it because of something wrong they did. It is NOT a punishment.
- A tumor is not contagious you cannot get it from anyone, nor can you give it to anyone.
- Having a tumor does not change the person. Tell your teen that regardless of how they are, you love them the same.
Making sure that your teenager is alright is important. At the same time, do not overdo things or behave any differently after the diagnosis. That will only make them uncomfortable and unhappy.
Brain Tumours That Affect The Pituitary Gland
Because the pituitary gland has such varied functions, tumours in this area can be difficult to diagnose. Symptoms are often due to changes in the levels of the hormones that the gland produces and there is a range of reasons why those hormone levels may fluctuate, hence delaying the diagnosis of a tumour.
Symptoms caused by hormonal fluctuations include:
- Delayed puberty in children
- Loss of muscle mass in adults
- Easy bruising of the skin, often combined with muscle weakness
- Diabetes insipidus, caused by problems with a hormone called vasopressin , commonly known as antidiuretic hormone . Symptoms are extreme thirst and/or excessive urination
Professional medical advice should be sought to check the cause of these symptoms as soon as possible, although they are also more commonly symptomatic of other illnesses or diseases.
However, if no definite alternative cause for your symptoms can be found and if you suspect something is really wrong, and if youre experiencing a combination of these brain tumour symptoms together or in succession, then insist that you or your family member gets referred to a neurologist and for an MRI scan. Early detection and treatment may avoid acute complications later on.
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Brain Tumor Warning Signs You Should Know
According to the American Brain Tumor Association, nearly 80,000 new cases of primary brain tumors tumors that originate in the brain are expected to be diagnosed this year.
Brain tumors do not discriminate. They come in all shapes and sizes, and so do their symptoms. The key to understanding a tumors symptoms is largely dependent on its location in the brain. For example, if a tumor is positioned in the part of your brain responsible for controlling your arms or your vision, your symptoms may include weakness in the limbs and blurry vision. However, when you consider that the brain is responsible for controlling and interpreting information from every part of your body it is easy to see why the list of symptoms that can be associated with a brain tumor is extremely varied.
There are still some signs and symptoms that are more common than others. Here are six common symptoms to look for:
How You Can Tell That You Might Have A Brain Tumor
Brain tumors produce both physical and mental symptoms, which vary depending on the tumors type, location, and stage of development, but dont vary depending on whether the tumor is benign or malignant.
A primary tumor is one that forms from the cells in the brain. A secondary tumor, also known as a metastatic tumor, is one that originated elsewhere in the body and moves to the brain.
About a third of primary brain tumors are meningiomas. They grow from the tissue surrounding the brain and spinal cord and produce pressure on the brain area where they develop. Theyre most common in women over 60, and theyre usually slow-growing and benign.
Meningioma symptoms include:
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Brain Tumor Causes And Risk Factors
Doctors donât know why some cells begin to form into tumor cells. It may have something to do with a personâs genes or his or her environment, or both. Some potential brain tumor causes and risk factors may include:
- Cancers that spread from other parts of the body
- Certain genetic conditions that predispose a person to overproduction of certain cells
- Exposure to some forms of radiation
Early Warning Signs And Symptoms Of A Brain Lesion
Symptoms of a brain lesion depend upon what part of the brain is affected. Large parts of the brain can be involved in some diseases and there may be relatively few symptoms. Alternatively, very tiny lesions may be catastrophic if they occur in a critical part of the brain.
Initial signs and symptoms of a brain lesion are often non-specific and may include:
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How Can You Tell You Have A Brain Tumor
Once you are diagnosed with a brain tumor, you must wonder how you would have known. More importantly, psychological factors can influence how much emphasis we attribute to our symptoms. Most people experience some of the symptoms listed below. Symptoms depend on tumor location and degree of brain irritation.
From our Brain Tumor page, you will see the symptoms of having a tumor:
- Headache Headaches can occur due to increased pressure
- Seizures Can occur from a brain irritation
- A Change in Personality Mainly occurs from frontal lobe lesions
- Memory Loss Can be from frontal and temporal lobe
- Balance Issues From the cerebellum, parietal, and frontal movement areas
- Fatigue & Weakness
- Difficulty Speaking or Comprehending your language areas
- Difficulty Walking your movement areas
An expert in Health Psychology from the United Kingdom recently reviewed how beliefs and psychology could influence when we seek medical attention from a physician whenever we experience any of the symptoms above. The main thing from Dr. Suzanne Scott, Senior Lecturer in Health Psychology at Kings College London:
The idea is that when you get one of those odd feelings, it is worthwhile documenting and mentioning to your physician. Early diagnosis of brain tumors is very important since treatment can be initiated sooner. Do not forget if you do not feel right, go to your physician.
Brain Tumor Diagnosis In Children
A child experiencing brain tumor symptoms should be thoroughly evaluated by a pediatrician or pediatric neurologist, or in the emergency room to find the source of the problem.
The doctors evaluation usually includes imaging of the brain by an MRI scan. If the scan shows a brain tumor, the next step is a neurosurgical consultation. The pediatric neurosurgeon will work with the whole family to develop the best treatment plan for the child.
Other specialists may join the childs treatment team, such as a pediatric oncologist , an ophthalmologist , an epileptologist , a radiation oncologist, and advanced practitioners and technologists.
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Brain Tumor Vs Brain Cancer
All brain cancers are tumors, but not all brain tumors are cancerous. Noncancerous brain tumors are called benign brain tumors.
Benign brain tumors typically grow slowly, have distinct borders and rarely spread. Benign tumors can still be dangerous. They can damage and compress parts of the brain, causing severe dysfunction. Benign brain tumors located in a vital area of the brain can be life-threatening. Very rarely, a benign tumor can become malignant. Examples of typically benign tumors include meningioma, vestibular schwannoma and pituitary adenoma.
Malignant brain tumors are cancerous. They typically grow rapidly and invade surrounding healthy brain structures. Brain cancer can be life-threatening due to the changes it causes to the vital structures of the brain. Some examples of malignant tumors that originate in or near the brain include olfactory neuroblastoma, chondrosarcoma and medulloblastoma.
What Are The Early Warning Symptoms And Signs Of A Brain Tumor
Cancer that has spread to the brain from another part of the body is called a metastatic brain tumor. Metastatic brain tumors are much more common than primary tumors.
The symptoms of a brain tumor depend on tumor size, type, and location. Symptoms may be caused when a tumor presses on a nerve or harms a part of the brain. Also, they may be caused when a tumor blocks the fluid that flows through and around the brain, or when the brain swells because of the buildup of fluid.
The most common early warning symptoms and signs of brain tumors include:
When most normal cells grow old or get damaged, they die, and new cells take their place. Sometimes, this process goes wrong. New cells form when the body doesn’t need them, and old or damaged cells don’t die as they should. The buildup of extra cells often forms a mass of tissue called a growth or tumor. There are two types of brain tumors, primary and cancerous.
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Benign Vs Malignant Brain Tumors
Benign brain tumors arenât aggressive and normally donât spread to surrounding tissues, although they can be serious and even life-threatening. Benign brain tumors usually have clearly defined borders and usually arenât deeply rooted in brain tissue. This makes them easier to surgically remove if theyâre in an area of the brain where itâs safe to operate. But they can come back. Benign tumors are less likely to come back than cancerous ones.
Even a benign brain tumor can be a serious health problem. Brain tumors can damage the cells around them by causing inflammation and putting increased pressure on nearby tissue, as well as inside your skull.
Malignant primary brain tumors are cancers that start in your brain, typically grow faster than benign tumors, and quickly invade surrounding tissue. Although brain cancer rarely spreads to other organs, it can spread to other parts of your brain and central nervous system.
Secondary brain tumors are cancer. They come from cancer that started somewhere else in your body and spread, or metastasized, to your brain. About 1 in 4 people with cancer develop a secondary brain tumor.
How To Help Your Teen Cope With Brain Tumor
A brain tumor is a serious condition that can turn your teens life, as well as yours, upside down. Whether the tumor is malignant or benign, treatment is a must. While the doctors treat your teen, you need to help the kid handle the stress and the trauma of having to deal with a life-threatening disease. Here is what you can do to help your teenager cope with a brain tumor.
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Brain Tumors In Children
Brain tumors are the most common solid tumor in children and adolescents, affecting about 5,000 children in the U.S. each year. Several different types of brain tumors can occur in children, including astrocytomas , gliomas, ependymomas and medulloblastomas.
Changes In Memory Or Thinking
While it’s true that tumors can cause big shifts in a person’s behavior or personality, the types of radical transformations you sometimes hear aboutor see in moviesare uncommon, Schwartz says. People with tumors are more likely to have issues remembering things, to feel confused, or to suffer less-dramatic thinking problems, he says.
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How A Brain Tumor Is Diagnosed
Imaging tests can help doctors find out if the tumor is a primary brain tumor or if it is cancer that has spread to the brain from elsewhere in the body. Imaging tests show pictures of the inside of the body. Your doctor may consider these factors when choosing a diagnostic test:
The type of tumor suspected
Your signs and symptoms
Your age and general health
The results of earlier medical tests
Most brain tumors are diagnosed after symptoms appear. Often a brain tumor is first diagnosed by an internist or a neurologist. An internist is a doctor who specializes in treating adults. A neurologist is a doctor who specializes in problems with the brain and central nervous system.
In addition to asking the patient for a detailed medical history and doing a physical examination, the doctor may recommend the tests described below. These tests are to help find out the presence, and sometimes the type or grade, of a brain tumor.
In general, diagnosing a brain tumor usually begins with magnetic resonance imaging . Once MRI shows that there is a tumor in the brain, the most common way to determine the type of brain tumor is to look at the results from a sample of tissue after a biopsy or surgery. These tests and procedures are described below in more detail.
Your health care team may also recommend other tests to help make a diagnosis or find out how well treatment is working. Not all tests described here will be used for every person.
What Is Brain Tumor
Young children usually develop new cells for growth and repair of any damaged tissues. But when unwanted cells grow in number and multiply inside the body, it is abnormal. Such an abnormal growth of cells inside the body is called a tumor. A brain tumor is abnormal cell growth in the brain and can affect children of any age. But not all tumors are cancers.
A tumor in the brain can be benign or malignant . Benign tumors tend to grow slowly and do not come back after they are removed through treatment. Malignant tumors spread quickly and can come back even after they are completely removed, warranting further treatment to contain it. Unfortunately, both types of tumors can be life-threatening.
There are over 130 types of brain cancers , and the treatment for each type of cancer varies based on the size of the tumor, its location and whether or not it is malignant. While childhood cancers are not common, a brain tumor is one of the most common cancers that children aged 0-14 can get . Brain tumors that begin in the brain are known as primary brain tumors, and those that start in other parts of the body before entering the brain are metastatic.
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Increased Pressure On The Brain
Common symptoms of increased pressure within the skull include:
- new, persistent headaches which are sometimes worse in the morning or when bending over or coughing
- feeling sick all the time
- vision problems such as blurred vision, double vision, loss of part of the visual field , and temporary vision loss
- epileptic fits which may affect the whole body, or you may just have a twitch in one area
How Does Cancer Cause Signs And Symptoms
A cancer can grow into,or begin to push on nearby organs, blood vessels, and nerves. This pressure causes some of the signs and symptoms of cancer.
A cancer may also cause symptoms like fever, extreme tiredness , or weight loss. This may be because cancer cells use up much of the bodys energy supply. Or the cancer could release substances that change the way the body makes energy. Cancer can also cause the immune system to react in ways that produce these signs and symptoms.
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Symptoms Of A Brain Tumour
The symptoms of a brain tumour vary depending on the exact part of the brain affected.
Common symptoms include:
- persistently feeling sick , being sick and drowsiness
- mental or behavioural changes, such as memory problems or changes in personality
- progressive weakness or paralysis on one side of the body
- vision or speech problems
Sometimes you may not have any symptoms to begin with, or they may develop very slowly over time.