How Is A Damaged Brain Treated
A traumatic brain injury needs emergency care that aims at
- Making sure there is enough oxygen: Oxygen will be delivered through a face mask connected to an oxygen cylinder. You may be put on artificial respiration with the help of ventilators.
- An adequate blood supply: A blood transfusion may be done.
- Maintaining blood pressure with fluids and medications.
- Preventing any further injury to the head or neck.
Doctors will focus on minimizing further loss due to inflammation, bleeding or reduced oxygen supply to the brain.
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy
The doctor may prescribe hyperbaric oxygen therapy to improve the lost cognitive functions/skills, such as reading or cooking, after the brain damage. Currently, HBOT is one of the most important therapies for TBI. It involves putting you in an oxygen-rich chamber that increases the blood oxygen levels ten times the normal level.
Noninvasive brain stimulation
Noninvasive brain stimulation without the introduction of any instruments through the skin. It is a painless procedure for the treatment of TBI. Studies have shown that it could improve depression and cognitive function after TBI.
There is something known as a stem cell that seems to be a promising option to regenerate damaged neurons in the brain. Stem cells are a special type of cells that can be trained to develop into any kind of cell, such as a neuron. However, research is ongoing to determine the efficacy and safety of the therapy.
How To Grow New Brain Cells
This is where things get good. In a TED Talk, Doctor Sandrine Thuret, a neuroscientist at Kings College London, explains that until the 1990s people thought that adults couldnt generate new brain cells. But now we know that they do.
Here, then, are 10 ways to grow new brain cells:
As you can see from the list above, there are lots of simple things you can do to grown new brain cells. Once youve grown new brain cells, you need to maintain them. Youll discover how in the next section of this blog post.
Using Hightech Tools To Assess Alcoholic Brain Damage
Researchers studying the effects of alcohol use on the brain are aided by advanced technology such as magnetic resonance imaging , diffusion tensor imaging , positron emission tomography , and electrophysiological brain mapping. These tools are providing valuable insight into how alcohol affects the brains structure and function.
Longterm heavy drinking may lead to shrinking of the brain and deficiencies in the fibers that carry information between brain cells . MRI and DTI are being used together to assess the brains of patients when they first stop chronic heavy drinking and again after long periods of sobriety, to monitor for possible relapse to drinking .
Memory formation and retrieval are highly influenced by factors such as attention and motivation . Studies using MRI are helping scientists to determine how memory and attention improve with long-time abstinence from alcohol, as well as what changes take place when a patient begins drinking again. The goal of these studies is to determine which alcoholinduced effects on the brain are permanent and which ones can be reversed with abstinence.
Another hightech tool, electroencephalography , records the brains electrical signals . Small electrodes are placed on the scalp to detect this electrical activity, which then is magnified and graphed as brain waves . These brain waves show realtime activity as it happens in the brain.
The P3 component is reduced in alcoholics compared with control subjects.
END OF SIDEBAR
Don’t Miss: Does Mike Tyson Have Brain Damage
List Of Things That Kill Brain Cells
Included below is an extensive list of things that will kill your brain cells. The list is grouped by categories including: head trauma, health conditions, drugs, environmental, chemicals, miscellaneous, and psychological causes of brain cell death. Keep in mind that most people have lost brain cells throughout their lifetime.
Losing brain cells should not be a reason to panic or stress yourself out. This list was compiled simply out of curiosity and should not be obsessed over. Also understand that there are ways to grow new brain cells if you would like to repair your brain. For additional reading, check out: Myths of Things that Kill Brain Cells this addresses the falsehood and propaganda surrounding various common substances.
When Use Becomes Abuse And Then Addiction
As more research is conducted, it is becoming clearer that the younger a person begins regularly smoking weed, the more likely they are to develop a marijuana use disorder. One study indicates that kids ages 12-18 who smoke regularly maybe 4-7 times more likely to have a marijuana use problem that continues into adulthood.
A common belief is that marijuana is not and cannot be addictive, but studies are showing that large amounts of marijuana used on a daily or near-daily basis can result in addiction, and this addiction can ruin lives.
You May Like: Is Prevagen Safe For Diabetics
Q& a: Does Drinking Alcohol Kill Brain Cells
Q. Does drinking alcohol kill brain cells?
A. Alcohol is a neurotoxin that can disrupt communications of the brain. It also affects functions of brain cells directly and indirectly through different organ dysfunction from alcohol usage and vitamin deficiency. Depending on the area of the brain affected, people can have different symptoms. Abusing alcohol can lead to seizure, stroke and dementia, to name a few conditions. Additionally, alcohol is toxic to a developing brain during pregnancy and can cause birth defects, including developmental disorders with lifelong impact.
There has been talk about alcohol being good for the brain and heart. People like to say whats good for the heart is good for the brain. Recent findings now question alcohol’s benefit for the heart in terms of coronary heart disease. Theres a chemical found in red grapes called resveratrol that might be helpful to people with Alzheimers disease. This chemical is currently undergoing clinical trials, but more studies are needed at this time.
Theres no known level of safe drinking. Impact of alcohol consumption depends on the age, gender, medical issues, medications, genetics, personal situations, etc. The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse on Alcoholism and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have very good information regarding alcohol consumption.
If you’re experiencing problems with alcohol, speak with your health care provider or a licensed counselor.
Topics in this Post
How Does Marijuana Affect The Brain
As recreational Marijuana use becomes legalized throughout the US, many people now wonder how affects the brain and whether or not it kills brain cells. Just as years of heavy alcohol, Meth, and Heroin use can cause some irreversible brain damage, prolonged Marijuana abuse can affect the ability of brain cells to convey messages . Using Marijuana can cause damage to brain cells that results in a number of concurrent symptoms throughout the body.
Like other drugs, components of Marijuana bind with specific receptors in the brain. Tetrahydrocannabinol is Marijuanas primary Psychoactive ingredient, and it attaches to the brains Cannabinoid receptors . These receptors connect to nerves in the brain which govern memory, appetite, pain regulation, and mood.
When a person smokes Marijuana, they may notice they struggle with staying focused or recalling important details. This can worsen with prolonged Marijuana use, resulting in problems like poor memory and concentration. Motor skills can also be affected by the drug. If users decide to drive while high, they can endanger their lives and the lives of others.
You May Like: Part Of The Brain That Controls Eyesight
Evidence Suggests That Pot Smoke Doesnt Destroy Brain Cells
A 2017 study done in Nature showed that a chronic low dose of THC helped old mice to perform up to the level of young mice cognitively. And this result was even duplicated in humans. The THC would hinder the young people but improve the abilities of older clients in the study. It is therefore important to understand recreational cannabis use should be limited to adults.
What Happens To The Brain In Alzheimer’s Disease
The healthy human brain contains tens of billions of neuronsspecialized cells that process and transmit information via electrical and chemical signals. They send messages between different parts of the brain, and from the brain to the muscles and organs of the body. Alzheimers disease disrupts this communication among neurons, resulting in loss of function and cell death.
Read Also: Preventing Brain Freeze
Loss Of Neuronal Connections And Cell Death
In Alzheimers disease, as neurons are injured and die throughout the brain, connections between networks of neurons may break down, and many brain regions begin to shrink. By the final stages of Alzheimers, this processcalled brain atrophyis widespread, causing significant loss of brain volume.
Learn more about Alzheimer’s disease from MedlinePlus.
Killing Brain Cells Is Not Really A Thing
Your parents were rightat least, kind of rightwhen they warned you about the consequences of partying too hard. Headbanging, binge drinking, smoking pot, and all the other things you’re liable to get into on a Friday night really aren’t particularly good for your brain cells. But your mom or dad may also have been a little melodramatic: It’s actually pretty hard to kill your brain cells, though you can still do some serious damage.
Let’s start with booze. Like other substances, it changes the chemistry of your brain, says Julia Chester, an associate professor of behavioral neuroscience at Purdue University. No, it doesn’t outright kill brain cells, but tinkering with your brain chemistry still isn’t the brightest of ideas. A few drinks here and there are not an issue for an otherwise healthy adult, but regular benders can do lasting damage. “When you’re regularly changing the neurochemistry of the brain, the proteins of the cells start to change,” Chester says. Imagine a charger for your cell phone. “It’s made up of a set of wires that can get frayed over time,” she says. “If you start to break those fibers, the speed at which you can charge your phone decreases. You have less connectivity.”
Read Also: What Does The Hippocampus Do In The Brain
Signs Of Marijuana Addiction
Perhaps you are reading this because you Googled does smoking weed really kill brain cells, because you are worried about your marijuana use and how it is affecting your life, but are still not sure if you have a problem. If you suffer any of these signs of addiction, its time to seek help:
- Inability to quit using
Reduce Your Toxic Load
To optimize your brain health, you cannot forget about reducing your toxic load. Eat organic foods as much as possible. Remove conventional beauty, body, and household products, and replace them with organic, natural, or homemade alternatives.
Spend time in nature as much as possible. Getting good water filtration is also especially important. You can also get a quality Berkey filter or take it up a notch and use a hydrogen water system which adds molecular hydrogen to combat oxidative stress and improve immune health.
Also Check: Evander Holyfield Brain Damage
Effect Of Marijuana Use On Iq
The effect Marijuana has on the brain is influenced by the amount a person has smoked and the users age. Individuals under 25, whose brains are still developing, are most susceptible to the effects of Marijuana on the brain. A study of Marijuanas effect on IQ revealed individuals who began using Marijuana at a young age lost 6 to 8 points from their IQ by middle age. Moreover, those who smoked Marijuana throughout their adolescence, then stopped, did not regain their IQ points. Conversely, individuals who began using Marijuana in their adulthood did not experience any IQ loss.
Study Blames Mental Lapses On Sleep
A new UCLA-led study is the first to reveal how sleep deprivation disrupts brain cells’ ability to communicate with each other. Itzhak Fried, MD, PhD ’81, professor of neurosurgery, and his colleagues believe that disruption leads to temporary mental lapses that affect memory and visual perception.
We discovered that starving the body of sleep also robs neurons of the ability to function properly, Dr. Fried says. This leads to cognitive lapses in how we perceive and react to the world around us.
The international team of scientists studied 12 people who were preparing to undergo surgery for epilepsy at UCLA. The patients had electrodes implanted in their brains in order to pinpoint the origin of their seizures prior to surgery. Because lack of sleep can provoke seizures, patients stay awake all night to speed the onset of an epileptic episode and shorten their hospital stay.
Researchers asked each participant to categorize a variety of images as quickly as possible. The electrodes recorded the firing of a total of nearly 1,500 brain cells as the patients responded, and the scientists paid particular attention to neurons in the temporal lobe, which regulates visual perception and memory. Performing the task grew more challenging as the patients grew sleepier. As the patients slowed down, so did their brain cells.
Selective Neuronal Lapses Precede Human Cognitive Lapses Following Sleep Deprivation,Nature Medicine, November 6, 2017
Don’t Miss: How To Relieve Brain Freeze
How Marijuana Interferes With The Brain
Experts do not believe that marijuana use damages or destroys brain cells. However, marijuana effects on the brain can be many, including the inhibition of short-term memories, distorting the perception of time, and regulating appetite. THC, the psychoactive ingredient found in marijuana, interferes with cannabinoid receptors in the brain.
After a user ingests marijuana, its chemicals make their way into the bloodstream, which carries these different substances throughout the body. Also, cannabis contains molecules that are similar to those produced in the brain, known as cannabinoids. Once THC reaches the brain, it binds to these receptors, which are then directly affected by the chemical.
At What Age Do You Start To Lose Brain Cells
The brains overall size begins to shrink when youre in your 30s or 40s, and the rate of shrinkage increases once you reach age 60. Brain shrinkage doesnt happen to all areas of the brain at once. Some areas shrink more and faster than others, and brain shrinkage is likely to get more severe as you get older.
You May Like: Atrophy Of The Hippocampus
Bdnf And Synaptic Plasticity
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor or BDNF is a protein produced inside your nerve cells to help your brain to communicate and function properly. It protects neurons, encourages their growth, improves their functions, and helps them to survive by protecting them from premature cell death. It also strengthens the signal between neurons by binding to the receptors at the synapses.
BDNF is essential for optimal brain function and a key player in brain regeneration. It plays an important role in learning and memory. It regulates various body functions, including eating and drinking.
Weed For Weight Loss And Diabetes Management
Unfortunately, weed is not the answer when it comes to weight lossnot yet, at least. While these studies are certainly interesting, I would not recommend it for that purposeafter all, there are contradictory appetite stimulating and suppressing effects of the compounds in cannabis, says Chen. Even more troubling, cannabis can have the opposite desired effect in some cases. There have been studies showing a correlation between cannabis use and an increased risk of prediabetes, which is a state where blood sugar is abnormally high and often leads to developing diabetes.
Furthermore, Chen says, there are a few studies showing a correlation between using cannabis and having a heart attack in the timeframe immediately after cannabis use. This is especially dangerous for individuals who are obese or diabetic and are at a higher risk for cardiovascular disease and heart attack.
Most medical experts have similar conclusions when discussing cannabis: There appears to be some promise, but we need more research. Chen stresses that while these studies dont do much to prove that marijuana is the key to weight loss and diabetes treatment, they inspire more researchand thats a good thing. In one study, type-2 diabetics who were treated with the cannabinoid THCV were found to have lower blood sugar and improved pancreatic function. Now researchers and pharmaceutical companies are further investigating whether this cannabinoid can aid in weight loss and treat diabetes.
You May Like: Does Prevagen Help With Memory Loss
How Long Does It Take For A Brain To Develop
It takes months for our brains to develop properly the first time, with our 100 billion neurons settling in the right place and forming the right connections to each other and tuning those connections in exactly the right way. Now that we finally have a beautiful network that works perfectly, were going to mess with it by adding in new cells?
Chronic Stress And Poor Sleep Habits
When you are experiencing stress, the amygdala, the area in your brain that partakes in emotional processing, signals your hypothalamus. As a response, your hypothalamus increases your heart rate encourages deeper intake of oxygen and heavier breathing, heightens your senses, rushes adrenaline in your body, and increases your cortisol levels. When the stress is over, everything should return to normal. However, when you are under stress, this stress response is never over.
Chronic stress leads to a build-up of cortisol in the body. Among many other functions, cortisol helps your hippocampus, where your memories are stored and processed. When you are under chronic stress and there is too much cortisol, it wears your brain down, impairs brain and memory function, disrupts synapse regulation, and kills brain cells. Chronic stress has a seriously negative effect on your memory and learning .
Regular poor sleep can also have a serious impact on your brain health. It may increase chronic stress, fatigue, and chronic inflammation, which may lead to brain fog, memory troubles, mood swings, low mood, and learning difficulties. According to research, sleep deprivation may even increase the risk of dementia and Alzheimers disease .
Recommended Reading: Hippocampus Shrinkage Symptoms
Long Term Effects Of Cocaine Use On The Brain
If you use cocaine for a long period of time your brain might have long-term effects which can include:
- Severe depression
- Increased risk for disorders like Parkinsons disease, schizophrenia, and bipolar disorder
- Delirium or psychosis
- Seizures and other neurological conditions
- Permanent damage to blood vessels
- Cognitive decline which may lead to disorientation and mental confusion