Sunday, May 15, 2022

How To Prevent Brain Cancer

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Types Of Brain Cancer

How to Prevent Brain Cancer – Brain Tumor Treatment Natural

Cancer is named based on where in your body it begins. Brain cancer begins in your brain. This is sometimes referred to as primary brain cancer.

You can also have cancer that has spread to your brain after starting somewhere else in your body. This is called metastatic brain cancer. Cancerous tumors in the brain are typically metastatic and not due to primary brain cancer.

There are also types and grades of brain tumors. The tumor type is based on where its located in your brain, and the grade indicates how quickly a tumor grows. The grades range from 1 to 4, with grade 4 having the fastest growth.

There are more than 120 types of brain tumors. However, theres no standard for naming them according to type, and there are many subtypes. Different doctors might use different names for the same tumor.

If you have symptoms of a brain tumor, your doctor may perform one of the following to make a diagnosis:

  • a neurological examination to determine if a tumor is affecting your brain
  • imaging tests, such as CT, MRI, and positron emission tomography scans, to locate the tumor
  • a lumbar puncture, which is a procedure that collects a small sample of the fluid that surrounds your brain and spinal cord, to check for cancer cells
  • a brain biopsy, which is a surgical procedure in which a small amount of the tumor is removed for diagnostic testing and to determine if your tumor is malignant

Transduction Of Normal Brain With An Aav Vector Encoding Hifn

We speculated that the ability of AAV vectors to mediate efficient gene transfer to the brain parenchyma could provide a robust source of an antitumor protein which could prevent brain tumor growth. We chose to use the pleotropic cytokine, hIFN-, as a model therapeutic protein based on its potent antiangiogenic, antiproliferative, and proapoptotic effects on tumor cells. Two AAV vectors were initially constructed: one encoding hIFN- and a control with no transgene . The ability of the AAV-CBA-hIFN- vector to express hIFN was confirmed in vitro by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay after transduction of mouse primary neuronal cultures and in vivo by immunoblot analysis after injection of vector into the striatum of nude mice .

Pretreatment of brain with AAV-CBA-IFN- prevents aggressive glioma growth in nude mice

Next, we analyzed the effect of prior AAV-CBA-hIFN- delivery to normal brain on animal survival after tumor injection. Groups of nude mice were pretreated with 1011 gc of either AAV-CBA-hIFN- or AAV-ev vectors and 2 weeks later challenged with 5 × 105 U87fluc-mCherry cells or 105 U87fluc-mCherry-EGFRvIII cells. Mice were monitored for symptoms of tumor growth, and the end point was defined as > 20% body weight loss. We observed 100% survival in both cohorts of mice pretreated with AAV-CBA-hIFN-, while mice injected with AAV-ev followed by U87fluc-mCherry or U87fluc-mCherry-EGFRvIII cells had a median survival of 36 and 22 days, respectively .

What Are The Side Effects Of Brain Cancer Treatment

    Side effects of brain cancer treatment vary with the treatment plan and the overall health status of the patient. Most treatment plans try to keep all side effects to a minimum. For some patients, the side effects of brain cancer treatment can be severe. Treatment plans should include a discussion of potential side effects and the likelihood of them developing, so the patient and their caregivers can make appropriate treatment decisions in conjunction with their medical team. Also, if side effects develop, the patient has some knowledge of what to do about them such as when to take certain medicines or when to call their doctor to report health changes.

    Surgical side effects include an increase in current symptoms, damage to normal brain tissue, brain swelling, and seizures. Other symptoms of changes in brain function such as muscle weakness, mental changes, and decreases in any brain-controlled function can occur. Combinations of these side effects may happen. The side effects are most noticeable shortly after surgery but frequently decline over time. Occasionally, the side effects do not go away.

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    Risks And Causes Of Brain Tumours

    Anything that increases your risk of getting cancer is a risk factor. Having a risk factor does not mean you will get cancer.

    Age is a risk factor in brain tumours. The older you get the higher the risk. Being overweight or obese can also slightly increase your risk.

    If you have had radiotherapy treatment before can also increase your risk slightly. As can having a close relative such as parent, child or sibling who has had a brain tumour.

    There are ways you can reduce your risk of cancer in general.

    Your risk of developing cancer depends on many things including your age, genetics, lifestyle and environmental factors. Anything that can increase your risk is called a risk factor.

    The risk factors for developing a brain tumour include getting older and family history. But having a risk factor doesnt mean that you will definitely develop a brain tumour.

    Give Your Brain Sleep

    How To Prevent Brain Cancer

    A study by Maiken Nedergaard found that sleep is when your brain cleans up. During sleep, your brain clears amyloid-beta protein, which contributes to the plaque that is often found in the brains of people with dementia. Without adequate amounts of sleep, your brain may start to suffer from toxic buildup.

    Action Strategy: Make a date with sleep. Figure out when your best sleep hours are in a 24-hour period and commit to being in bed for those times. Get yourself ready for sleep an hour before you meet your pillow. Promote high-quality sleep by:

    • Turning off electronics
    • Having a relaxing shower or bath
    • Practicing meditation or light reading

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    How To Prevent Brain Cancer

    This article was medically reviewed by . Dr. Litza is a board certified Family Medicine Physician in Wisconsin. She is a practicing Physician and taught as a Clinical Professor for 13 years, after receiving her MD from the University of Wisconsin-Madison School of Medicine and Public Health in 1998.There are 10 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. This article has been viewed 120,483 times.

    Researchers say that most cases of brain cancer don’t have a clear cause, but exposure to radiation and a family history of brain tumors may increase your risk. Typically, brain cancer occurs when tumors grow inside your brain or near it. Although brain cancer may originate in your brain, it’s also possible for cancer to spread to your brain from other areas of your body.XTrustworthy SourceMayo ClinicEducational website from one of the world’s leading hospitalsGo to source Experts agree that cancerous tumors usually develop after your cell DNA is altered, but, unfortunately, researchers are still trying to figure out what lifestyle factors might contribute to brain cancer.XTrustworthy SourceAmerican Cancer SocietyNonprofit devoted to promoting cancer research, education, and supportGo to source If you’re worried about cancer, living a healthy lifestyle and getting wellness exams may help you protect your health.

    Types Of Brain Tumors

    Pinealoma Medulloblastoma

    The World Health Organization developed a classification and grading system to standardize communication, treatment planning, and predict outcomes for brain tumors. Tumors are classified by their cell type and grade by viewing the cells, usually taken during a biopsy, under a microscope.

    Cell type. Refers to the cell of origin of the tumor. For example, nerve cells and support cells give rise to tumors. About half of all primary brain tumors grow from glial cells . There are many types of gliomas because there are different kinds of glial cells.

    Grade. Refers to the way tumor cells look under the microscope and is an indication of aggressiveness . Tumors often have a mix of cell grades and can change as they grow. Differentiated and anaplastic are terms used to describe how similar or abnormal the tumor cells appear compared to normal cells.

    Table 1. Glioma Grading Scale

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    Brain Cancer Treatment Overview

    Treatment of brain cancer is usually complex. Most treatment plans involve several doctors. Your team might include:

    Your team may also include a dietitian, a social worker, a physical therapist, and other specialists.

    The most widely used treatments are surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. In most cases, more than one of these is used.

    The treatment you get will depend on:

    • The type of tumor
    • The size and location of the tumor
    • Your age and overall health
    • The risks of a particular treatment
    • Other medical problems you have
    • The treatment you most prefer

    What Treatments Are Available

    3 Tips for Helping to Prevent Brain Cancer | how to avoid brain cancer

    Treatment options vary depending on the type, grade, size and location of the tumor whether it has spread and your age and general health. The goal of treatment may be curative or focus on relieving symptoms . Treatments are often used in combination with one another. The goal is to remove all or as much of the tumor as possible through surgery to minimize the chance of recurrence. Radiation therapy and chemotherapy are used to treat tumors that cannot be removed by surgery alone. For example, surgery may remove the bulk of the tumor and a small amount of residual tumor near a critical structure can later be treated with radiation.

    Observation

    Sometimes the best treatment is observation. For example, benign, slow growing tumors that are small and have few symptoms may be observed with routine MRI scans every year until their growth or symptoms necessitate surgery. Observation may be the best option for people who are older or with other health conditions.

    Medication

    Medications are used to control some of the common side effects of brain tumors.

    Surgery

    Image-guided surgery technologies, tumor fluorescence, intraoperative MRI/CT, and functional brain mapping have improved the surgeonâs ability to precisely locate the tumor, define the tumorâs borders, avoid injury to vital brain areas, and confirm the amount of tumor removal while in the operating room.

    Laser Interstitial Thermal Therapy

    Radiation

    Figure 6.

    Chemotherapy

    Adjunct therapies

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    Causes & Symptoms Of Brain Cancer

    Seizures, sleepiness, confusion, and behavioral changes are among the symptoms of brain cancer. Benign brain cancer tumors also may have similar symptoms.

    The location, size of the tumor, and rate of growth may vary and will affect the signs and symptoms of brain cancer. Generally speaking, these may include:

    Headaches that gradually become more frequent and more severe Unexplained nausea or vomiting Vision problems, such as blurred vision, double vision or loss of peripheral vision Gradual loss of sensation or movement in an arm or a leg Difficulty with balance Seizures, especially in someone who doesn’t have a history of seizures Hearing problems

    Diagnosis Of Brain Cancer

    If a brain tumour is suspected, the doctor may check how different parts of the brain are functioning by checking your reflexes, muscle strength, balance and coordination, ability to feel pin-pricks and to distinguish between hot and cold. An opthalmoscope is used to view the optic nerve, which may bulge if the pressure in the skull is raised, for example by a tumour.

    The main tests for brain cancer diagnosis are:

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    Let Your Brain Breathe

    The Alzheimers Association has found strong links between smoking and dementia. Smoking causes damage to your heart and blood vessels. Cigarette smoke can also cause swelling in your brain that is linked to dementia.

    Action Strategy: Smoking can be a lifelong habit, which makes it very difficult to quit. There are many programs that can be helpful. Consider talking to your doctor or browsing the Smoke Free website. You might be surprised at the apps, programs and support available.

    Risk Factors For Brain Tumors May Include:

    How to Prevent Brain Cancer
    • A compromised immune system, which can increase the risk of developing lymphomas of the brain.
    • Radiation exposure, which is most often from radiation therapy to treat another condition. Imaging tests that use radiation could possibly increase the risk, but it is not known for sure.
    • Family history, although this is very rare. Von Hippel-Lindau disease, Li-Fraumeni syndrome, Tuberous sclerosis, and Neurofibromatosis are inherited conditions that have been found in families with a history of rare brain tumors.

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    Understanding Brain Cancer In Adults

  • 1Learn the symptoms. There are many different symptoms of brain cancer that you may have. The signs and symptoms of a brain tumor can vary significantly. They depend on where in your brain the cancer is and the rate at which it is growing. There are several general signs of brain tumors that may alert you to seek medical treatment. Changes in a person’s memory, personality, coordination, sensations, motor functions, etc. can be important clues to help locate the tumor. The following are possible signs of brain cancer:XTrustworthy SourceMayo ClinicEducational website from one of the world’s leading hospitalsGo to source
  • New headaches or a change in the pattern of your headaches.
  • Unexplained nausea or vomiting.
  • Strategy #7 Be Wary Of Mobile Devices

    The electromagnetic field emitted by cell phones is categorized as a possible human carcinogen by the World Health Organization International Agency for Research on Cancer . Radiofrequency originates from both the device and battery which has been found in one study to impact the survival rate of brain tumor patients.

    The Interphone Study collaborated amongst researchers internationally found that cell phone use elevates ones risk of brain tumors and is directly correlated with age and duration of use. Adolescents are most at risk of hazardous exposure because the brain is developing causing a greater likelihood for abnormal cell growth. Use of a cell phone before the age of 20 and continued use for a duration longer than 10 years is directly associated with severe brain cancer diagnosis.

    Avoiding the cell phone all together in todays modern age is nearly impossible, but there are a few strategies which can help reduce your exposure to its radiation:

    • Text instead of talk
    • Delay giving your child a cell phone
    • Talk only when the reception signal is strong
    • Shut off wireless devices when possible and never sleep with a device in the bedroom, and especially near your head

    Please share this information with friends and family. It could save someones life!

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    What Is The Treatment For Brain Cancer

    A treatment plan is individualized for each brain cancer patient. The treatment plan is constructed by the doctors who specialize in brain cancer, and treatments vary widely depending on the cancer type, brain location, tumor size, patient age, and the patient’s general health status. A major part of the plan is also determined by the patient’s wishes. Patients should discuss treatment options with their health care providers.

    Surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy are the major treatment categories for most brain cancers. Individual treatment plans often include a combination of these treatments. Surgical therapy attempts to remove all of the tumor cells by cutting the tumor away from normal brain tissue. This surgery that involves opening the skull is often termed invasive surgery to distinguish it from noninvasive radiosurgery or radiation therapy described below. Some brain cancers are termed inoperable by surgeons because attempting to remove the cancer may cause further brain damage or death. However, a brain cancer termed inoperable by one surgeon may be considered operable by another surgeon. Patients with a diagnosis of an inoperable brain tumor should consider seeking a second opinion before surgical treatment is abandoned.

    Other treatment options may include hyperthermia , immunotherapy , or steroids to reduce inflammation and brain swelling. These may be added on to other treatment plans.

    Having Certain Genetic Syndromes May Increase The Risk Of A Central Nervous System Tumor

    Brain Cancer: Warning Signs and How To Prevent It

    Anything that increases your chance of getting a disease is called a risk factor. Having a risk factor does not mean that you will get cancer not having risk factors doesnt mean that you will not get cancer. Talk with your doctor if you think you may be at risk. There are few known risk factors for brain tumors. The following conditions may increase the risk of certain types of brain tumors:

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    Measurement Of Human Ifn

    Quantitation of IFN- in culture media and tissue lysates was performed using an ELISA kit for human IFN- according to the manufacturers instructions. The limit of detection at the utilized dilution is 125 pg IFN-/ml. For detection in brain lysates, the striatum was dissected from a 2-mm coronal brain slice spanning the injection site, and placed in 400 µl MPER lysis buffer containing Complete Protease Inhibitor Cocktail . Lysates were diluted 1:1,000 in dilution buffer before ELISA. The limit of detection at this dilution is 25 ng IFN-/ml. Total protein concentrations were determined using the DC protein assay .

    What Is A Balanced Diet

    Healthy eating is about the overall balance of your diet over weeks, months and years. Its about having a diet of foods you enjoy, with as much variety as possible and not too much of anything.

    A healthy diet consists of a balance of protein, carbohydrates and fats and well as other nutrients, such as fibre, vitamins and minerals.

    The Eatwell Guide

    Use the Eatwell Guide to help you get a balance of healthier and more sustainable food. It shows how much of what you eat overall should come from each food group.

    You can also find excellent general advice about achieving a healthy diet on the NHS Eatwell website.

    The Eatwell Guide graphic is Crown copyright 2020 and was produced by Public Health England in association with the Welsh government, Food Standards Scotland and the Food Standards Agency in Northern Ireland.

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