Saturday, May 14, 2022

How To Talk To A Person With Brain Injury

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Can A Tbi Be Prevented

How to include someone with brain injury

The best treatment for TBI is prevention. Unlike most neurological disorders, head injuries can be prevented. According to the CDC, doing the following can help prevent TBIs:

  • Wear a seatbelt when you drive or ride in a motor vehicle.;;
  • Wear the correct helmet and make sure it fits properly when riding a bicycle, skateboarding, and playing sports like hockey and football.;;
  • Install window guards and stair safety gates at home for young children.
  • Never drive under the influence of drugs or alcohol.;;
  • Improve lighting and remove rugs, clutter, and other trip hazards in the hallway.;
  • Use nonslip mats and install grab bars next to the toilet and in the tub or shower for older adults.;
  • Install handrails on stairways.;;
  • Improve balance and strength with a regular physical activity program.;;
  • Ensure childrens playgrounds are made of shock-absorbing material, such as hardwood mulch or sand.

Assume Ownership Of Tasks They Cant Handle For Now

Some brain injury patients are able to do quite a lot; others can do very little. It all depends on the severity of their symptoms. If youre their caregiver , then you will likely have to take over some chores and other obligations for them.

If they were the family caregiver in charge of the schedule, for example, you may have to get a shared wall calendar to get that responsibility off their plate. If they struggle with driving, someone else needs to handle that, whether its getting them to follow-up medical care appointments or driving the kids to soccer practice. If you cant do it, find someone who can.

However you divvy up the work, make sure your loved one is a part of the conversation. Dont forcibly take tasks from them unless its a safety issue. Instead, ask what theyd like help with and talk to them about how it needs to be done. Let them be a part of whats happening, even if they cant do it the way they did before.

Be Patient And Understanding

One of the most important things to remember when figuring out how to care for someone with a traumatic brain injury is that this is probably the worst experience of their life. They likely feel frustrated and impatient with their inability to do the simple tasks they were able to do before the injury. As a result, you must show them the utmost patience and understanding.

Patience can be difficult at times since your loved one may express hostility toward you or you may get tired of having to repeat yourself to them. However, it is important to remember that as frustrated as you get, your loved one is likely more frustrated with themselves.;

Educate yourself on their injury and its effects so you better understand why they may be acting as they are. Knowing the “why” behind their behavior can help you practice patience with them since you will understand a bit of what is making them act the way they act. Support groups for people whose loved ones have suffered a traumatic brain injury can also help you better understand their ordeal and provide validation for your feelings.

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How Are Brain Damage And Brain Injuries Treated

Anyone who has a head or brain injury needs immediate medical attention.

A brain injury that seems mild — referred to as a concussion — can be as dangerous as clearly severe injuries. The key factor is the extent and location of the damage. Brain injury does not necessarily result in long-term disability or impairment. But the correct diagnosis and treatment is needed to contain or minimize the damage.

The extent and effect of brain damage is determined by a neurological exam, neuroimaging testing such as MRI or CT scans, and neuropsychological assessments. Doctors will stabilize the patient to prevent further injury, ensure blood and oxygen are flowing properly to the brain, and ensure that blood pressure is controlled.

Almost all patients will benefit from rehabilitation to assist in long-term recovery. That may include:

  • Physical therapy

Look Out For Your Friend

What are some long
  • Ask after your friend and offer to help out where needed. At the same time, respect your friends independence and do not assume that they cannot do things by themselves, as many survivors learn ways of adapting to their injury over time.
  • If you are concerned that your friend lacks insight, and you notice effects that cause you to be concerned for their safety, consider speaking to their partner or other family members.
  • If appropriate, attend;rehabilitation;sessions with your friend and ask the;rehabilitation team;if there are any activities that you can help your friend with.

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How Long Can The Brain Survive Without Oxygen

Every brain is different, of course, and the extent of oxygen deprivation varies depending on the injury. Some causes of anoxic brain injuries only reduce oxygen and blood flow, while others eliminate it entirely. On average, the brain can survive a mere four minutes without oxygen, so if you suspect a stroke or other injury that is cutting off oxygen to the brain, you need to act immediately.

As easily as 30 seconds in, brain damage can begin, and at two minutes brain damage becomes almost inevitable. Even if you or your loved one feel fine after a loss of oxygen to the brain, you need to seek prompt medical treatment to reduce the potential long-term harm.

Resuming Sex After Brain Injury

Before resuming sex, talk with your doctor. Be guided by their advice, but general suggestions include:

  • Talk about your expectations, fears and feelings. A couple can solve most relationship problems if they communicate frankly with each other.
  • Take it easy, and try not to put too much pressure on yourselves.
  • Focus on pleasure, rather than technique. You may need to change your earlier style of lovemaking for a while. For example, if penis-in-vagina sex isnt possible, experiment with other sexual activities including oral sex and mutual masturbation.
  • Concentrate on boosting the romance in your relationship. Suggestions include remembering to appreciate and compliment each other, offering lots of affection and celebrating special occasions such as birthdays and anniversaries.

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Possible Stages Of Recovery

In the first few weeks after a moderate to severe brain injury, swelling, bleeding or changes in brain chemistry often affect the function of healthy brain tissue. The injured person’s eyes may remain closed, and the person may not show signs of awareness. As swelling decreases and blood flow and brain chemistry improve, brain function usually improves. With time, the person’s eyes may open, sleep-wake cycles may begin, and the injured person may follow commands, respond to family members, and speak. Some terms that might be used in these early stages of recovery are:

A period of confusion and disorientation often follows a moderate-severe TBI. This may be referred to as post-traumatic amnesia; but a more correct name is confusional state. A person’s ability will have difficulty paying attention and remembering things during this time.;Often, they are agitated, nervous, restless, and easily frustrated. Sleeping patterns may be disrupted. The person may overreact to stimulation, such as noise. They may get upset easily. Sometimes a person may not know whats real and what isnt. They may see things that arent there. This stage can be disturbing for family because the person behaves so uncharacteristically.

Inconsistent behavior is also common. Some days are better than others. This stage of recovery may last days or even weeks for some people. In this stage of recovery, ups and downs are normal and are not cause for concern. Ups and downs are normal.

Get Specialized Care At Post Acute Medical

Patience, Listening and Communicating with Aphasia Patients

Recovering from a traumatic brain injury is best done with a solid support system that includes medical professionals certified in specific conditions. The staff at Post Acute Medical is determined to offer comprehensive and trans-disciplinary medical care.

We offer inpatient and outpatient services intending to get patients back to their homes and prevent readmissions, and our friendly and caring staff is focused on long-term patient success, using advanced techniques and equipment.

Find a location near you and call for more information or to schedule a tour of the facility.

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People With Traumatic Brain Injury Are Not ‘thick’

TBI can affect a persons ability to remember, to form new memories and to speak as articulately as they did before the trauma, but it is unlikely to affect their intelligence. It is not the persons intelligence that is affected but their ability to apply that intelligence. Do not speak down to them, just keep in mind that they can be easily confused so you should speak clearly, not necessarily slowly.

What Can You Do For A Loved One Who’s Had A Brain Injury

If someone you care about has had a traumatic brain injury, you may feel helpless. It’s hard to watch someone who used to be active or happy become inactive, struggle with speech and memory, or suffer from chronic pain. But there are some things you can do to help.

  • Help the person get treatment or stay in treatment.
  • Encourage and support the person.
  • Learn about brain injuries and the long-lasting symptoms that can interrupt a life.
  • Help the person have good health habits, such as being active, eating healthy foods, getting enough sleep, and limiting alcohol.
  • Help the person take it one day at a time, setting small goals on the way to getting better.
  • If the person isn’t getting better, help him or her get treatment with a doctor who specializes in brain injury.

It’s possible for long-lasting effects of a brain injury to lead to depression. And depression can lead to suicide. 911, your , or provincial health information line, or other emergency services if the person plans to harm himself or herself or others.

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Computation And Reasoning Problems

Finally, a left-side brain injury may cause difficulties with math and logic skills.

It may also affect abstract reasoning and organization skills. People with left hemisphere damage often struggle to keep their thoughts straight, which may make problem-solving more difficult.

Some other cognitive skills that left hemisphere injuries can affect include:

  • Concentration
  • Ability to gather and sort information
  • Prioritization
  • Strategy and planning

These skills ;are comprised of a group of abilities known as;executive functions. Speech therapists are exceptional at creating exercises to help you improve these functions.

Help Them Expand Their Comfort Zone

7 Habits will make your Brain Damage

Brain injury patients arent always eager to leave their safe spaces. Some patients will stay locked in a dark room for days on end. While you shouldnt try to force them out, you can encourage them to make progress.

Invite them on a short walk around the block with you. They may need to wear sunglasses, or take advantage of a cloudy day. Exercise is great for the brain!

See if theyll let you open the shades just a tiny bit; maybe you can slowly increase the light in that room.

If they cant handle conversations well, have just one friend over at a time instead of three. Or perhaps you can start with 20-minute social visits that slowly increase in length.

The key is not to be forceful. Instead, be encouraging, and take care of the little details so its easier for them to say yes. If they say no, try again another day.

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Types Of Traumatic Brain Injuries

Brain injury can happen in various parts of the brain, and it is going to depend on how the trauma occurred. There are brain injuries that are going to go away after a short time and all that will be needed is rest and limited treatment. Some injuries are permanent and intensive treatment is needed. The treatment can also take a long time.

Some common types include;

Understanding Your Loved Ones Brain Injury

One key to understanding how to help your loved one after a brain injury is learning about what theyre going through. Some patients have a hard time putting into words what symptoms they are experiencing. Having a better understanding of brain injury and its effects can help you empathize more fully and know what they need. But that can be difficult when so many myths about concussion and traumatic brain injuries persist. Here are some examples:

Myth: The best way to recover from a mild traumatic brain injury is to stay in a dark room and rest.

Fact:An active recovery is better. Patients who try some physical activity and do cognitive exercises in addition to resting recover better and faster.

Myth: Symptoms of a concussion go away after two weeks.

Fact: While most mild TBI patients recover within two weeks, some take longer. Up to 30% of people who sustain a concussion have symptoms that linger for months or years after their injury . This happens when the patients neurons dont communicate efficiently with the blood vessels that supply them with energy, a process called neurovascular coupling.

Myth: You have to experience loss of consciousness to get a mild traumatic brain injury.

Fact: Concussions can come from a blow to the head, whiplash, or jostling of the brain. You dont have to lose consciousness. Concussion-like illness can also come from other circumstances, such as carbon monoxide poisoning, bacterial and viral disease, chemotherapy, mini-strokes, and more.

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Signs And Symptoms Of Tbi

No matter what accident caused the brain injury, it is going to have a very big impact on the life of the individual. It can take months or even years for the symptoms to go away. Individuals with traumatic brain injuries are forced to adjust to a new way of life because their capabilities are affected, from their ability to work to their ability to relate well with others.

Our attorneys have a good understanding of traumatic brain injuries and how devastating they are. We focus on helping victims of brain trauma by providing our legal representation. You may be eligible for compensation if you have a traumatic brain injury as a result of an accident. Contact us today to learn more.

Brain damage is very complicated, and this is why different people have different signs of damage. Losing consciousness is not proof enough that someone is suffering from brain damage. There are some symptoms that will come up fast, while there are those that take long before being noticed. Below are some of the signs:

There are other signs of brain injuries. If you or your loved experiences have a problem with sleep, memory, motor skills, or change in behavior after being involved in an accident, then it is important to seek medical attention immediately then contact us so we can handle the legal issues.

What Happens After Rehab For Traumatic Brain Injury

Understanding Traumatic Brain Injury

How long your rehab lasts and how much follow-up care you will need afterwards depends on how severe your brain damage was and how well you respond to therapy. Some people may be able to return to the same level of ability they had before TBI. Others need lifetime care.

Some long-term effects of TBI can show up years later. You may be at higher risk long-term for problems such as Parkinson disease, Alzheimer disease, and other forms of dementia.

After rehab you may be given these instructions:

  • Symptoms and signs that you should call your healthcare provider about

  • Symptoms and signs that are to be expected

  • Advice on safety and self-care

  • Advice on alcohol and drug use

  • Community support resources available to you

Your primary care provider should be given all the records and recommendations from your therapy team to help ensure that you continue to get the right care.

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  • Brain injury can change the way a person experiences and expresses their sexuality.
  • Common problems can include reduced sex drive, difficulties with sexual functioning and behaving sexually at inappropriate times.
  • Talking about sex can be embarrassing, but it is important for the person with brain injury and their loved ones to discuss the various problems and seek professional advice.

What Causes Brain Damage

When the brain is starved of oxygen for a prolonged period of time, brain damage may occur. Brain damage can occur as a result of a wide range of injuries, illnesses, or conditions. Because of high-risk behaviors, males between ages 15 and 24 are most vulnerable. Young children and the elderly also have a higher risk.

Causes of traumatic brain injury include:

  • Car accidents

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Dont Refer To Brain Injury As A Mental Illness

Whilst TBI can cause a number of psychological effects such as anxiety, obsessiveness, frustration and depression, TBI itself is not a mental illness. It is, in fact, a cognitive impairment meaning that the brain no longer works as efficiently as it did before the trauma. It may increase the chance of mental illness developing, but a person with a TBI is not mentally ill, they just require a bit more time to process information.

What Are The Treatment Options

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Treatments for brain damage depend on the type of injury and the persons symptoms. They can also vary over time, as doctors see the extent to which a persons brain was damaged.

According to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, an estimated 50 percent of patients with severe head injuries require surgery. This is true when theres significant bleeding in the brain, a tumor, or foreign objects that are in the skull or brain itself.

A surgeon may place special tools to monitor a persons intracranial pressure or to drain blood or cerebral spinal fluid. This can help reduce pressure in the brain and prevent ongoing injury.

If a persons brain injury is severe or theyve experienced other injuries to the body, a doctor may insert a breathing tube to support their breathing while their brain and body heal.

Doctors may also administer antibiotics to treat infections or medications to treat electrolyte imbalances.

After treating the most acute brain injury stages, doctors may recommend treatments such as:

  • occupational therapy
  • psychotherapy
  • speech/language therapy

Brain injury can take time and effort to recover. Some people may never fully return to their cognitive function before their injury. Over time and with treatment, doctors can work with a person and their loved ones to identify realistic expectations for a persons recovery.

where to find help

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