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How To Tell If You Have Brain Damage

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Living With A Traumatic Brain Injury

Quick Way to Know if You Have Brain Damage

Some traumatic brain injuries have lasting effects. You may be left with disabilities. These can be physical, behavioral, communicative, and/or mental. Customized treatment helps you to have as full and normal a life as possible.

If you have lasting effects from your injury, you might find it helpful to find a support group. There, others who have experienced similar injuries can help you learn about issues related to your injury, teach you coping strategies, and offer emotional support. Ask your doctor or rehabilitation therapist if there are any support groups near you.

Treating A Severe Head Injury

Severe head injuries always require hospital treatment.

This may involve:

  • observing the condition for any changes
  • running tests to check for further damage
  • treating any other injuries
  • breathing support or brain surgery

Most people are able to go home within 48 hours. But a small number of those admitted to hospital require skull or brain surgery.

When you’re discharged from hospital, your doctor will advise you on the best way to help your recovery when you return home.

Read more about how a severe head injury is treated and recovering from a severe head injury.

What Causes Traumatic Brain Injury

The main causes of TBI depend on the type of head injury:

  • Some of the common causes of a closed head injury include
  • Falls. This is the most common cause in adults age 65 and older.
  • Motor vehicle crashes. This is the most common cause in young adults.
  • Being struck by an object
  • Child abuse. This is the most common cause in children under age 4.
  • Blast injuries due to explosions
  • Some of the common causes of a penetrating injury include
  • Being hit by a bullet or shrapnel
  • Being hit by a weapon such as a hammer, knife, or baseball bat
  • A head injury that causes a bone fragment to penetrate the skull
  • Some accidents such as explosions, natural disasters, or other extreme events can cause both closed and penetrating TBI in the same person.

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    What Are The Symptoms Of A Traumatic Brain Injury

    TBI symptoms vary depending on how severe the injury is. A key sign is loss of consciousness after a blow. Some people feel dazed for a couple of minutes and others are unresponsive for long periods .

    People with mild TBIs can have several different symptoms, most of which occur right after the head injury or the days following. Sometimes people do not feel the severity of a symptom until they return to school or work.

    Signs of a TBI include:

    • Behavior or mood changes.

    Infants and children with TBIs may also:

    • Be inconsolable, crying nonstop.
    • Refuse to eat, drink or breastfeed.

    Hallucinogen Persisting Perception Disorder

    quick way to know if you have brain damage

    Hallucinogen persisting perception disorder can be a rare, long-lasting neurological consequence of hallucinogen abuse. It typically occurs with LSD, but may also occur following use of other hallucinogens like MDMA , psilocybin, and mescaline.12

    HPPD is characterized by flashbacks and chronic or recurrent perceptual symptoms that can make it feel like you are re-experiencing the feelings or sensations you experienced when you used the drug. The key symptom tends to be visual hallucinations , which may cause significant distress and affect your ability to function.13

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    Imaging For Tbi Diagnosis

    The two most common types of imaging used to diagnose a brain injury are magnetic resonance imaging and computerized tomography . If severe injuries are not suspected, its often best to wait on neuroimaging to see how the patient progresses.

    An MRI uses magnets and radio waves to look at soft tissue within the brain and the body. It is best used for detecting minor bleeding, tumors, excessive fluid, or even signs of dementia in the brain. It is not the best scan to start with immediately after a severe head injury. It might be done after the patient is more stable.

    A CT scan uses X-ray beams and, if performed after a head injury, can detect bleeding, swelling, and skull fractures. In an emergency situation, a CT scan is most commonly ordered to determine if a patient needs to be watched or if emergency neurosurgery is necessary.

    Neither a standard MRI nor a CT scan can detect a concussion, because they only detect structural problems within the brain. A concussion does not cause this type of problem. As we discussed earlier, a concussion damages the neurovascular coupling system within the brain. This type of dysfunction can be seen with functional MRI , which shows how blood flows through the brain in real time.

    Learn More About The Brain Its Relationship With Oxygen And Discover How You Can Maintain It In Optimal Conditions Naturally

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    Leer en español: 7 fáciles consejos naturales para oxigenar tu cerebro

    Mental weakness, lack of concentration and difficulty understanding, depression and fatigue are the typical symptoms of a poorly oxygenated brain. Have you ever heard a friend or relative worry about lack of work performance? Or some others who find it difficult to finish or understand a specific task? It is likely that the cause of this uncomfortable situation is due to the brain not receiving adequate oxygenation.

    The amount of oxygen that the brain requires for its functioning is almost 25% of the total amount consumed by the human body. This amount when it is not compensated properly hinders the natural regulation of neurons in their regeneration. That is to say, that the supply of oxygen, as it is not the ideal, impedes its complete movement.

    The neglect of this fundamental region of the human organism has several factors, among them, the emotional exhaustion due to a permanent worry, the overload of work or the lack of rest in the sleep periods. Other causes are mainly accidents.

    How to keep the brain in an optimal state?

    The stability of the brain and its recommended active balance can be achieved through compliance with specific natural tips that we list below:

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    What Is A Traumatic Brain Injury

    TBI is an injury to the brain caused by a blow or jolt to the head from blunt or penetrating trauma. The injury that occurs at the moment of impact is known as the primary injury. Primary injuries can involve a specific lobe of the brain or can involve the entire brain. Sometimes the skull may be fractured, but not always. During the impact of an accident, the brain crashes back and forth inside the skull causing bruising, bleeding, and tearing of nerve fibers . Immediately after the accident the person may be confused, not remember what happened, have blurry vision and dizziness, or lose consciousness. At first the person may appear fine, but their condition can decline rapidly. After the initial impact occurs, the brain undergoes a delayed trauma â it swells â pushing itself against the skull and reducing the flow of oxygen-rich blood. This is called secondary injury, which is often more damaging than the primary injury.

    Traumatic brain injuries are classified according to the severity and mechanism of injury:

    • Mild: person is awake eyes open. Symptoms can include confusion, disorientation, memory loss, headache, and brief loss of consciousness.
    • Moderate: person is lethargic eyes open to stimulation. Loss of consciousness lasting 20 minutes to 6 hours. Some brain swelling or bleeding causing sleepiness, but still arousable.
    • Severe: person is unconscious eyes do not open, even with stimulation. Loss of consciousness lasting more than 6 hours.

    What Are The Complications Of A Traumatic Brain Injury

    How Brain Damage Works

    A moderate or severe TBI can cause permanent brain damage and disabilities. People with TBIs also have a higher risk of:

    • Seizures .

    In rare cases, severe head injuries or having had several moderate to severe TBIs can increase someones risk to developing Alzheimers disease, dementia, or movement disorders later in life. Reassuringly, this is unlikely to happen with a mild TBI.

    Finally, chronic traumatic encephalopathy or CTE can occur. This is a condition that happens when someone has had several blows to the head over an extended period, such as professional athletes. This condition is in the early stages of research and is still in the process of being understood. Currently, this condition cannot be diagnosed until the brain tissue at autopsy.

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    Seek Treatment If You Have A Brain Injury

    If you believe you are at risk it is always best to seek medical treatment from providers you trust. If you believe another party is responsible for your injuries, contact a qualified and experienced brain injury attorney to make sure you are getting the care and protection you need.

    If you have further questions about the risk or symptoms of traumatic brain injury, check out the ebook below, or contact us at Brain Injury Law of Seattle with any questions.

    Treatment For Traumatic Brain Injury

    Treatment for a traumatic brain injury depends on the type, location and how severe the injury is. For mild brain injuries, treatment will typically consist of rest and over the counter pain medication. However, anyone with a head injury should be monitored closely while at home to make sure symptoms dont get worse.

    When a moderate or severe injury has occurred, a doctor will stabilize the injury. This can involve getting oxygen to the brain and maintaining strong blood flow. There are some cases that will require surgery to be performed. Most people with traumatic brain injuries will require rehabilitation. This could include speech or physical therapy.

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    Causes And Symptoms Of Tbi

    TBI is often caused by a bump, blow, jolt, or explosive blast to the head, or a penetrating head injury that disrupts the brains normal function. Not all hits to the head result in TBI. But when it happens, TBI can range from mild to severe .

    About 75 percent of TBIs that occur each year are mild. If a person has the symptoms of TBI after a blow to the head, then the brain has been injured. Mild TBIs always involve some degree of brain injury.

    Symptoms of mild TBI include:

    • headache

    Moderate and severe TBI can produce more symptoms including:

    • repeated vomiting or nausea
    • weakness in the arms or legs
    • problems with thinking and learning
    • death

    If you have questions about TBI, talk to your health care provider. Anyone with signs of TBI should receive medical attention as soon as possible. Call 911 in emergency situations.

    Who Might Get A Traumatic Brain Injury

    How Do You Know If Your Child Has Brain Damage?

    Anyone can experience a TBI, although nearly 80% of them happen to males. TBIs are also more common among people older than 65. People in this age group are more prone to losing their balance, falling and hitting their heads. But even infants can experience TBIs from incidents like falling from a bed or changing table, or more rarely, from abuse.

    People involved in certain professions or activities have a higher risk of TBIs, including:

    • Athletes .
    • Construction workers.
    • Police and law enforcement.

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    Traumatic Brain Injury: What To Know About Symptoms Diagnosis And Treatment

    Traumatic brain injury can happen in a variety of situations. And everyone is at risk, especially children and older adults.

    A car accident. A football tackle. An unfortunate fall. These thingsand morecan cause head injuries. Head injuries can happen to anyone, at any age, and they can damage the brain.

    Heres how damage can happen: A sudden movement of the head and brain can cause the brain to bounce or twist in the skull, injuring brain cells, breaking blood vessels, and creating chemical changes. This damage is called a traumatic brain injury .

    The U.S. Food and Drug Administration continues to study TBI and encourages the development of medical devices to help diagnose and treat it.

    How Is Icp Monitored

    Intracranial pressure is measured in two ways. One way is to place a small hollow tube into the fluid-filled space in the brain . Other times, a small, hollow device is placed through the skull into the space just between the skull and the brain. Both devices are inserted by the doctor either in the intensive care unit or in the operating room. The ICP device is then attached to a monitor that gives a constant reading of the pressure inside the skull. If the pressure goes up, it can be treated right away. While the ICP device is in place the patient will be given medication to stay comfortable. When the swelling has gone down and there is little chance of more swelling, the device will be removed.

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    Concussion Signs And Symptoms

    Children and teens who show or report one or more of the signs and symptoms listed below, or simply say they just dont feel right after a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body, may have a concussion or more serious brain injury.

    • Cant recall events prior to or after a hit or fall.
    • Appears dazed or stunned.
    • Forgets an instruction, is confused about an assignment or position, or is unsure of the game, score, or opponent.
    • Moves clumsily.
    • Shows mood, behavior, or personality changes.
    • Headache or pressure in head.
    • Nausea or vomiting.
    • Balance problems or dizziness, or double or blurry vision.
    • Bothered by light or noise.
    • Feeling sluggish, hazy, foggy, or groggy.
    • Confusion, or concentration or memory problems.
    • Just not feeling right, or feeling down.

    Signs and symptoms generally show up soon after the injury. However, you may not know how serious the injury is at first and some symptoms may not show up for hours or days. For example, in the first few minutes your child or teen might be a little confused or a bit dazed, but an hour later your child might not be able to remember how he or she got hurt.

    You should continue to check for signs of concussion right after the injury and a few days after the injury. If your child or teens concussion signs or symptoms get worse, you should take him or her to the emergency department right away.

    Video: Concussion Signs & Symptoms

    Learn More about Concussions and Brain Injury

    Can A Traumatic Brain Injury Be Prevented Or Avoided

    Do I Have a Brain Injury?

    There are some things you can do to lower the risk for a TBI. You should:

    • Always wear a seatbelt in the car.
    • Never drive under the influence of alcohol or drugs.
    • Wear a helmet in sports and activities, like biking, skating, horse riding, skiing, and snowboarding.
    • Avoid dangerous sports and activities.
    • Use child car seats correctly. Always buckle your young child into a car seat before you drive.
    • Make living areas safe for children. Install window guards to keep children from falling out of windows. Use safety gates at the top and bottom of stairs.
    • Make sure the surface of playgrounds where your kids play is made of shock-absorbing material, such as mulch or sand.
    • Make living areas safe for seniors. Remove tripping hazards, use nonslip mats in showers and bathtubs, and install handrails and grab bars on stairs or in the bathroom.

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    Addiction Treatment In Phoenix

    Deciding to start treatment for a substance addiction is a big step. There are many different types of programs available.

    Partial hospitalization programs. This type of program involves 40 hours of clinical treatment every week. Treatment plans strive to meet each individuals needs.

    The clients spend their days in treatment. During evenings and nights, they may stay at home or a sober living facility.

    Intensive outpatient program. This program offers between 9 and 21 hours of treatment each week. The length of the treatment differs according to each clients needs.

    Outpatient treatment. Clients take part in 1 to 3 hours of treatment per week. This program often involves the final stage of recovery care. Individuals spend more of their time occupied with their daily activities.

    Long term care. These programs often involve inpatient care lasting from 30 to 120 days depending on the clients needs. Following inpatient care, clients enter transition programs allowing them to gradually return to their daily life with recovery support.

    Support programs. The client can continue to take part in these programs as long as needed. Known as aftercare, they often include weekly meetings, a 24-hour helpline, social events, and more.

    Pounding Or Racing Heart

    Feelings of anxiety are often categorized by a racing or fast-beating heart. This symptom signifies that your heart is working hard to get oxygen to all the places it needs to go inside your body because there isnt enough of it.

    Suppose youve never experienced anxiety symptoms before, and your body has started to exhibit a racing heart without other anxiety symptoms. In that case, it might be due to a low oxygen level in the blood.

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    Location Of Brain Damage Predicts Symptoms

    Symptoms of brain injuries can also be influenced by the location of the injury and as a result impairments are specific to the part of the brain affected. Lesion size is correlated with severity, recovery, and comprehension. Brain injuries often create impairment or disability that can vary greatly in severity.

    In cases of severe brain injuries, the likelihood of areas with permanent disability is great, including neurocognitive deficits, delusions , speech or movement problems, and intellectual disability. There may also be personality changes. The most severe cases result in coma or even persistent vegetative state. Even a mild incident can have long-term effects or cause symptoms to appear years later.

    Studies show there is a correlation between brain lesion and language, speech, and category-specific disorders. Wernicke’s aphasia is associated with anomia, unknowingly making up words , and problems with comprehension. The symptoms of Wernickeâs aphasia are caused by damage to the posterior section of the superior temporal gyrus.

    Damage to the Brocaâs area typically produces symptoms like omitting functional words , sound production changes, dyslexia, dysgraphia, and problems with comprehension and production. Brocaâs aphasia is indicative of damage to the posterior inferior frontal gyrus of the brain.

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