What Should Patients Know About Long
Prof. Dr. Ilhan Elmaci: For operations involving brain tumors, one hour after surgery, we do a CT scan. The next morning, before the patient is taken out from intensive care, we do a magnetic resonance scan. We need to know exactly how the case evolves and whether there are any other tumoral debris, even if we did this by ultrasonography during surgery. And according to the anatomopathological report, we do a re-assessment at 3 months or 6 months. If the patient has a grade 4 tumor, we do a quarterly follow-up to see what other types of therapies we can further apply. If the patient has a benign tumor, we do the evaluation at 6 months, then one year and then the patient is considered healed.
Support Groups And Counseling
Living with cancer presents many new challenges, both for you and for your family and friends. You will probably have many concerns about how the cancer will affect you and your ability to “live a normal life,” such as caring for your family and home, working, and continuing the friendships and activities you enjoy.
For most people with cancer, talking about their feelings and concerns helps.
- Your friends and family members can be very supportive. They may be hesitant to offer support until they see how you are coping. Don’t wait for them to bring it up. If you want to talk about concerns, let them know.
- Some people don’t want to “burden” their loved ones or prefer talking about their concerns with a more neutral professional. A social worker, counselor, or member of the clergy may be helpful if you want to discuss feelings and concerns about having cancer. Your oncologist should be able to recommend someone.
- Many people with cancer are helped profoundly by talking to other people who have cancer. Sharing concerns with others who have been through the same experience can be remarkably reassuring. Support groups of people with cancer may be available through the medical center where you are receiving treatment. The American Cancer Society also has information about support groups all over the U.S.
What Are The Metastatic Surgical Solutions And What Is The Success Rate Of Treating Them
Prof. Dr. Ilhan Elmaci: It is clear that the medical decision is taken depending on the patientâs situation and the primary tumor that generated the metastasis. If the primary tumor is under control and the life expectancy is good, we can remove the metastasis if it is resistant to radiotherapy. There are situations when the primary malignancy directs us to radiotherapy. For example, if there are 3 or 4 cerebral metastases and the patient suffers because of the biggest because it causes a strong brain compression, then we extirpate it. We can treat the others with radiotherapy. We adapt the treatment according to each case, we personalize it.
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What Are The Different Types Of Brain Tumors
The different types of brain tumors include the following:
Surgery To Give Chemotherapy
During brain surgery, you might have chemotherapy into the area of the tumour as a wafer . Or you might have a ventricular access device put in. Ventricular access devices allow you to have chemotherapy straight into the fluid filled spaces of the brain .
We have information about chemotherapy wafers and ventricular access devices in the chemotherapy section.
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Chemotherapy And Radiation Therapy
You may be given chemotherapy drugs to destroy cancer cells in your brain and to shrink your tumor. Chemotherapy drugs may be given orally or intravenously.
Radiation therapy may be recommended to destroy tumor tissue or cancer cells that cant be surgically removed. This is done with high-energy waves, such as X-rays.
Sometimes, you may need to undergo chemotherapy and radiation therapy at the same time. Chemotherapy may also be done after radiation treatment.
Targeted Drug Therapy For Brain Tumors
Targeted drug therapies are medications that selectively attack specific cell traits to halt a tumors spread. Unlike chemotherapy, targeted therapies spare healthy tissue, so they generally have fewer, milder side effects. These drugs are most often used to treat metastatic brain tumors and are frequently paired with other therapies like surgery or radiation.
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Monitoring Quality Of Life
Although certain treatment options can at least help to improve a dog’s quality of life and may slow the progression of the disease, there is still a lot to learn about brain tumors in dogs. It is important to be aware that following the diagnosis of a brain tumor, the long-term prognosis is usually guarded.
The most important thing to monitor is your dog’s quality of life. Regardless of whether or not treatment is selected, you need to make sure your dog is still comfortable and happy.
Appetite, elimination schedules, socialization, playing with favorite toys, and other normal activities for your dog are things to monitor. When these things start becoming less of a normal activity, it may, unfortunately, be time to discuss euthanasia with your veterinarian.
Survival times for dogs with brain tumors vary drastically, but the average survival time is only three to four months with palliative care directed at keeping the dog comfortable for as long as possible.
Some types of tumors, like cerebral tumors, may carry a survival time of up to a year but others, like tumors in the brainstem, unfortunately, have an even shorter survival time.
Dogs that receive chemotherapy, radiation, and surgical treatment may have extended survival times but, again, it is entirely dependent on the type of tumor.
Natural Cures For Brain Tumors
Green tea is a powerful source of antioxidants which help to keep the body cells and tissues healthy. It also helps improve circulation in the body by helping to maintain the health of arteries and nerves. Green tea should be taken daily by a person diagnosed with brain tumor. Its strong cancer-fighting abilities will help inhibit the growth of thetumor.
Mistletoe is a semi-parasitic plant that has been used since ages to treat a multitude of health ailments. Its extract is believed to have the ability to destroy cancer cells. It also helps to make your immune system stronger, helping it tofight the disease well.
Mistletoe helps to detoxify your liver when having chemotherapy for the treatment of braintumor. It has no harmful side effects and can be taken safely as a natural cure for brain tumor.
Brain tumors can cause nausea and extreme fatigue in affected individuals. Ginger intake can help to treat nausea and headache in such individuals. It also contains strong anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties, which help to boost your immunity.
This helps protect your body from infections that might result due to weakened immunity. So, consume some fresh ginger juice daily if you are suffering from brain tumor.
Turmeric contains a compound called curcumin, which gives it special medicinal properties. It helps reduce inflammation and inhibits microbial activity, thus improving your bodys immune system.
Plenty of Water
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About The Functional Wellness Initiative
The Funtional Wellness Initiative is a collaborative early intervention program combining language, motor and neurocognitive rehabilitation to improve the survival and quality of life of brain tumor patients.
It is estimated that 90 percent of brain tumor patients are coping with significant impairment as a result of their tumor, impacting their ability to maximize their quality of life. Rarely are brain tumors situated in “silent” areas of the brain, and areas often considered silent nevertheless can affect complex human functions, such as relationships, employment and decision-making.
The Functional Wellness Initiative of the University of Michigan Brain Tumor Program works to identify and treat adult and pediatric patients with both malignant and benign brain tumors affecting language, motor, psychological and neurocognitive outcomes.
After A Diagnosis Of Brain Cancer
After finding out you have brain cancer, you may feel shocked, upset, anxious or confused. These are normal responses. A diagnosis of brain cancer affects each person differently. For most it will be a difficult time, however some people manage to continue with their normal daily activities.
Your specialist will arrange for a range of health professionals to plan your treatment. This will be based on several factors including the type, size, location and genetic make-up of the cancer as well as, your age and general health, the types of symptoms you have and your needs and preferences.
Find out more about the best cancer care for brain cancer:
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Surgery For Brain Tumours
Surgery is one of the main treatments for brain and spinal cord tumours. You might have an operation to:
- remove the whole tumour to try to cure it
- remove part of the tumour to slow its growth and help with symptoms
- drain a build up of fluid on your brain
- help to give other treatments such as chemotherapy
- help diagnose a brain tumour
Having brain surgery might sound like a frightening procedure, but it is quite safe. Doctors who carry out these surgeries are very skilled specialists. You can share your concerns and worries with your doctors and cancer nurse specialist. They will be able to tell you what will happen during the operation.
Brain surgery is not suitable for everyone. Its a major operation so you need to be well overall. And some tumours grow in areas of the brain that are difficult for doctors to operate such as the brain stem.
When A Cure Isn’t Possible
If a glioma has been diagnosed in its later stages, the cancer may have spread to the point where a cure is no longer possible. Treatment then focuses on improving quality of life by relieving the symptoms. This is called palliative treatment and may include using medications to relieve pain, nausea and vomiting.
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Chemotherapy For Brain Cancer
Chemotherapy drugs are medicines that kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy is rarely used as a stand-alone treatment for brain tumors it is often used in combination with surgery and/or radiation. Researchers have pioneered different ways to get chemotherapy drugs into the brain, including surgically implanted wafers such as Gliadel. To mop up any lingering cancer cells, surgeons use these wafers to line the area left behind after a tumor is removed.
Confusion Or Loss Of Awareness
Sometimes brain tumors trigger a type of seizure that causes the person to zone out or become unaware of their surroundings for a short time, Peters says. Called complex partial seizures or focal impaired awareness seizures, they may not be recognized as seizures because people tend to think of the classic type that causes muscle convulsions.
Peters describes complex partial seizures this way: Youre talking to a loved one, and all of a sudden, they are staring into space and blanked out and miss what just happened in the conversation. Afterward, the person may seem confused and have no memory of the past few minutes.
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Medically Reviewed by: Dr. BautistaUpdated on: February 25, 2020
Brain cancer is an illness that affects a large number of individuals across the globe. It can be very challenging for you or a loved one to develop a brain tumor, as it can leave feelings of fear or uncertainty. The usual method for how brain cancer is diagnosed is upon discovering certain unusual signs of brain cancer. These can include seizures, headaches, changes in mood, and more. Doctors will usually perform various tests, such as MRI scans, in order to provide a brain tumor diagnosis and its severity.1
Treatment Of Brain Tumors In Dogs
There is no cure for a brain tumor, but some treatments for specific types may buy you some extra time with your dog by delaying tumor growth and spread.
Primary brain tumors tend to have more options in terms of treatment when compared to secondary types.
Chemotherapy, radiation, and surgery may be options that are discussed to treat your dog’s specific brain tumor. Even without running diagnostic tests, some of these options may still be available.
Palliative care can also help to manage the symptoms of a brain tumor for as long as possible. It aims to maintain or improve your dog’s quality of life and may include pain medications and steroids.
You’ll want to discuss your options and what they involve with your family and veterinarian to choose the right steps for you and your dog.
Not every dog is well-suited for chemotherapy, radiation, or surgery and many drug options require special at-home care for the safe removal of feces as well as a strict schedule of medication administration.
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Are There Any New Developments In Treating My Disease
Over the past decade, improvements in fractionated and stereotactic radiotherapy have improved survival rates and quality of life for brain tumor patients. A few experimental drugs and therapies also show promise in clinical trials, including:
- Angiogenesis inhibitors are drugs that interfere with the growth of blood vessels in the tumor. By reducing its blood supply, they starve the tumor of the nutrients and oxygen it needs to grow. This is also called anti-angiogenetic therapy.
- Immunotherapy promotes the immune response against tumor antigens . There are many different types of immunotherapy approved for use, Many others are still undergoing clinical trial.
- New classes of biological agents targeted against various aspects of tumor cell signaling or metabolism.
- Enhanced drug delivery methods are undergoing clinical trials.
- Emerging re-irradiation treatment protocols for recurrent brain tumors are now available .
Radiofrequency tumor treating fields are now available to treat glioblastoma. This treatment sends mild electrical fields into the tumor and disrupts the cancer cells ability to grow and divide. Electrodes placed on the scalp deliver the electrical fields to the tumor. A radiofrequency generator with a battery backpack power the fields. This treatment does not use radiation. While it may be of value, it does require significant commitment to wear a treatment apparatus throughout the day and at night. This may be a significant lifestyle modification.
Unexplained Speech Vision Or Hearing Problems
If a tumor is growing in the area that affects language and speech, you may have moments when you suddenly have trouble expressing words or understanding what is being said. If its growing near the visual pathways in your brain, you may experience vision problems, lose your peripheral vision on one side or see flashing lights.
Similarly, if you lose your hearing on one side or start to develop vertigo or tinnitus, it can be a sign of a tumor pressing on your hearing or balance nerves, Black says.
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What Are The Causes Of Brain Tumors As You Know Them To Date
Prof. Dr. Ilhan Elmaci: Currently, we know precisely that at the human body level there is a system that shows us certain conditions, such as infections. In the same way, the central nervous system in the brain has the ability to repair itself when small problems occur. There is also a balance between dead and new cells that are being formed. If this balance is disturbed for some reason then it can develop masses, tumors that may be benign or malignant. In addition, our lifestyle, stress, certain eating habits, electromagnetic radiation, smoking, alcohol can all increase the risk of brain tumors. Our resistance is influenced by these risk factors and thus, over time, tumors may appear.
Home Care For Brain Cancer
When you have brain cancer, your health care team will discuss details about home care with you and your family members. This could include:
- Physical therapists. They can help if you have trouble walking or moving.
- Occupational therapists. Can teach you how to use equipment to help with daily activities.
- Speech therapists. Can help with problems related to speaking and swallowing.
- Home health aides. Theyâre specially trained to help with personal care tasks like bathing, dressing, and eating.
- Nurses. Can give medicines, provide wound care, and keep an eye on your side effects.
- Home hospice care. Provides pain and symptom relief, as well as emotional and spiritual support for you and your family, at home rather than in the hospital. It may include a doctor, nurses, a pharmacist, aides, a social worker, a spiritual caregiver, and counselors.
- Advance directives. These legal documents provide a way for you to express your wishes for treatment and choose the person you want to make decisions on your behalf if you canât. Types of advance directives include a living will and durable power of attorney for health care. For example, you may not want to be put on a ventilator if you stop breathing. You have the right to make these decisions for yourself as long as youâre mentally competent.
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