Saturday, August 13, 2022

Is A Concussion A Traumatic Brain Injury

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Symptoms Of Concussion In A Loved One

Is It Concussion or Mild Traumatic Brain Injury?

Sometimes other people are able to observe signs of a concussion more clearly than the concussed person.

Signs of a concussion observed by others include:

  • memory problems
  • sudden mood, behavior, or personality changes
  • losing consciousness
  • slow reflexes and responses

These symptoms may begin immediately, or they can be delayed for hours or days following the injury. Its important to consistently check on someone if they may have a concussion to monitor any symptom changes.

Concussion Types And Symptoms

Concussions are graded on the severity of their symptoms. Some symptoms happen instantly and others may take days or weeks after the initial impact to appear.

  • Grade 0: Headache and difficulty concentrating
  • Grade 1: Headache, difficulty concentrating, and a dazed feeling for less than a minute
  • Grade 2: More than a few minutes of feeling disoriented, with possible dizziness, confusion, amnesia, ringing in the ears, and irritability
  • Grade 3: Full Loss of consciousness for less than a minute
  • Grade 4: Full Loss of consciousness for longer than a minute

Grade 3 and Grade 4 concussions are the most serious. If you lose consciousness due to a head injury, you need to seek immediate medical assistance. Brain swelling and bleeding may not be visible, but it can lead to permanent side effects or death if not addressed immediately.

Treatment For A Concussion

If someone might have a concussion, they should see a doctor right away. A doctor will usually start with physical and neurological exams. The exam might include:

  • Checking the persons thinking abilities and memory
  • Assessing the patients balance and vision
  • Ordering imaging like a CT scan or MRI to look for fractures, bleeding, or inflammation

Concussions usually heal with proper treatment. A doctor might advise rest and limiting daily activities until the person recovers.

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What Is The Prognosis For People With Traumatic Brain Injuries

Recovery from a TBI is highly individualized. It depends on the severity, cause and type of injury. People with mild TBIs are expected to improve and return to their pre-injury functioning within days to a few months. Some people with mild TBIs have few concerns and never seek treatment.

Moderate to severe TBIs can cause more significant difficulties with changes to their thinking and behavior. People with severe TBIs can have lifelong changes.

There are several different factors that can influence someones recovery.

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_Imaging of Traumatic Brain Injury

Concussions and traumatic brain injuries are serious conditions. If you have a brain injury from an accident, you have legal rights. You might be entitled to financial recovery for your losses.

John Foy & Associates is here to help. With 20-plus years of experience, we know what it takes to win cases. Were also not afraid to strong-arm the insurance companies and fight for your rights.

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Causes Of Concussions And More Severe Tbi

Any blow to the head or severe shaking of the head can cause a TBI. The most common causes are:

  • Falling. The higher the height, the more serious the brain injury can be. However, even falls from a lower level, like rolling off a bed, can result in a TBI.

  • Car and bicycle accidents. Brain injuries can be caused by an impact to the head or the sudden jolt of the collision.

  • Sports injuries. Some sports are well known to cause concussions, usually contact sports like football or soccer , but any sport where you could fall or come into contact with another player can cause a TBI.

  • Violence and combat. Being near an explosion can cause a TBI, as can penetrating wounds from shrapnel or bullets. Also, domestic violence, including shaken baby syndrome, are common causes.

Can Concussions Be Prevented

You can take a number of steps to help reduce your risk for a concussion or prevent it in your children:

  • Wear a seat belt every time you’re in a motor vehicle.
  • Make sure your children use the proper safety seat, booster seat, or seat belt.
  • Never drive under the influence of drugs or alcohol.
  • Wear a helmet for activities such as riding a bike or motorcycle, playing contact sports, skiing, horseback riding, and snowboarding.
  • Reduce your risk for falls by eliminating clutter in your home, removing slippery area rugs, and installing grab bars in the bathroom if needed, especially for older adults.
  • Never work on a ladder if you feel dizzy or lightheaded. Alcohol can make you dizzy. Some medicines also can make you dizzy or affect your balance.
  • Have your vision checked at least once a year. Poor vision can increase your risk for falls and other types of accidents.

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Recovery From Severe Brain Injury

Recovery from severe traumatic brain injuries usually requires the injured person to have help from professionals. Physical, occupational, and/or speech therapists are helpful and allow the person to recover some or most of their normal life functions . A psychiatrist or a psychologist can also help with mental and behavioral problems.

How Are Concussions Treated

Concussion and Minor Traumatic Brain Injury

An important part of treatment for a concussion is getting plenty of rest, both sleep at night and naps or rest breaks during the day if needed. Your doctor will probably tell you to avoid certain physical activities and sports while you recover and may suggest medicine to take if you have a headache.

If your symptoms don’t go away in a few days or if they get worse, you may need to see a doctor who specializes in concussions.

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What Causes A Concussion

Concussions are caused by some type of impact injury to your head.

Our brains float in a jelly-like fluid inside our skulls. This fluid is called cerebrospinal fluid . Head injuries can cause our brain and its surrounding membrane to hit the side of our skull. This kind of impact can damage the brains tissues, and even cause our CSF to leak.

Causes of a concussion include:

  • falling down
  • getting hit in the head
  • being in a car accident
  • being injured in a blast or explosion

In severe head injuries, part of our skull can fracture. Skull fractures can cause jagged edges of bone to poke at our brain and cause harm.

Some traumatic brain injuries involve more than an impact of the brain against our own skull. TBI and concussion can also occur if a foreign object enters your skull, such as a bullet or shrapnel.

Concussions Are More Common Than You May Think

Concussions are becoming more common in children. The number of ED visits related to concussions and TBIs rose 57 percent in children from 2001 to 2009, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention . Falls were the leading cause of TBIs in youngsters, accounting for about 40 percent of all traumatic brain injuries occurring in this age group.

About 300,000 TBIs occur each year as the result of sports, according to a study published in the Journal of Athletic Training. Female athletes have higher rates of concussions than do their male counterparts, according to the American Physical Therapy Association. While concussions can occur during nearly any sport, they are most common in football, wrestling, ice hockey, basketball, field hockey and lacrosse.

Concussions can also happen as the result of car crashes, physical altercations, and accidental falls.

No matter how they happen, concussions injure your brain to some extent and they all require time to heal. Brain injury from even the mildest concussion can have short-term and long-term effects. The effects of a concussion can be subtle and change over time. Symptoms can last for days, weeks or longer.

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Short Term Effects Of A Concussion

After suffering a concussion, many people experience headache and confusion. Some people experience loss of memory and are unable to remember the event. The amnesia may or may not follow loss of consciousness.

In addition to loss of balance or dizziness, concussions may cause:

  • Headache
  • A temporary loss of consciousness
  • Feeling as if your brain is in a fog
  • Delayed response to questions
  • Blurred vision
  • Sensitivity to light and sound

Head trauma is very common in young children, especially in toddlers who are learning to walk, run and play. Short-term effects may be difficult to recognize in children because youngsters may not be able to describe how they feel. After a child hits his head, watch for non-verbal clues of a concussion, such as:

  • Appearing dazed
  • Changes in eating or sleeping patterns

Deterrence And Patient Education

Mechanism of Closed Head Injury

Most concussion patients recover quickly and fully. During recovery, patients need to understand that they may experience a range of symptoms. Some symptoms may appear right away, while others may go unnoticed for hours or even days following the injury, and they may not realize you have problems until they resume their usual activities again. They should be counseled that if they do not return to normal within a week to seek care with a clinician experienced in treating brain injuries. They should not return to sports and recreational activities before consulting with a clinician. Repeat concussions before full recovery of the brain can be very dangerous can increase the chance for long-term problems.

Concussion education should also focus on prevention, such as wearing safety belts and safety seats for children, using helmets for biking, motorcycle riding, skating, etc. The elderly should take extra measures to prevent falls at home.

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What Are The Causes Of Concussions

Many concussions that require emergency treatment are because of falls, motor vehicle accidents, assaults, and sports injuries. Children, young adults, and older adults are at especially high risk for concussions and may take longer to recover after a concussion. People who have had concussions before are more likely to have them again.

Emergency Symptoms: When To See A Doctor

See a doctor if you suspect that you or someone else has a concussion. While most concussions resolve on their own, its important to evaluate the severity of the injury.

Concussions may be accompanied by injuries to the spine. If you think a person has a neck or back injury, avoid moving them and call an ambulance for help. If you absolutely must move the person, do so very carefully. You should try to keep the persons neck and back as stationary as possible. This will avoid causing further damage to the spine.

According to the American Association of Neurological Surgeons , seek immediate medical assistance if someone with a concussion has:

  • slurred speech
  • consistent vomiting
  • a history of multiple concussions

In general, someone with a concussion should absolutely see a doctor if their symptoms arent getting better after a few days, or are getting worse.

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Symptoms Of A Concussion Or Traumatic Brain Injury

If you or a loved one was involved in a car crash and you are experiencing any or more than one of the following symptoms, seek immediate medical attention for a concussion or traumatic brain injury: loss of consciousness loss of memory, especially short-term memory loss or difficulty with concentration and attention headaches slurred speech vomiting and seizures.

It is important to remember that these are some of the symptoms that doctors and healthcare providers watch for because they may be indicative of someone having suffered a concussion or traumatic brain injury.

The fact that an auto accident victim does not exhibit all of these symptoms does not mean that he or she has not suffered a concussion or TBI.

Other symptoms include: antero- and retrograde amnesia drowsiness or inability to wake up decreased coordination disorientation confusion appeared dazed slow to answer questions dizziness depression and unusual behavior.

Mild Tbi And Concussion

Concussion / Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

Most TBIs that occur each year are mild TBIs or concussions.1 A mild TBI or concussion is caused by:

  • A bump, blow, or jolt to the head, or

This sudden movement can cause:

  • The brain to bounce around or twist in the skull
  • Chemical changes in the brain
  • Stretching and damaging brain cells2

These changes in the brain lead to symptoms that may affect how a person thinks, learns, feels, acts, and sleeps.1

Healthcare providers may describe these injuries as mild because they are usually not life-threatening. Even so, the effects of a mild TBI or concussion can be serious.

Get medical care for a mild TBI or concussion

People with a mild TBI or concussion need to be seen by a healthcare provider. Contact your healthcare provider as soon as you can if you think you have a mild TBI or concussion.

You may consider using telemedicine or telehealth services if you are unable to visit a healthcare provider in person. Telemedicine and telehealth servicesexternal icon:

  • Connect patients and their healthcare providers through a phone or video chat
  • Allow patients to get checked for mild TBI or concussion symptoms and get recovery tips without needing to travel to a medical office or hospital

Your healthcare provider can identify whether these services are available to you.

Patients experiencing mild TBI or concussion danger signs should seek care right away at an emergency department.

Your healthcare provider may ask about symptoms and test you to see if you have any problems with:

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Each Concussion Is Unique

Concussions have a high degree of variability. Theyre kind of like fingerprints each person is unique in their presenting symptoms. To be diagnosed with Post Concussion Syndrome, one must have at least three symptoms, across three categories, four weeks following the head injury.

Loss of consciousness, following the concussion, is also a defining feature of this syndrome. Symptoms must include both physical and cognitive impairments. To clarify, a loss of consciousness is not imperative to be diagnosed with a concussion, but it is a precipitating factor in Post Concussion Syndrome.

Considering the staggering number of people that sustain concussions each year, think how many of those individuals will be diagnosed with PCS. Thats a significant amount of suffering. It makes me wonder how many cases of depression, learning disabilities, and problematic relationships are the result of concussions.

You Cant Tell A Concussion Just By Looking At An Athlete

It is important to remember that you cant see a concussion by observation and some athletes may not experience and/or report symptoms until hours or days after the injury. It may take days or even weeks for some of the signs and symptoms of a sports concussion to develop.

Any time a sports concussion is suspected, it is important to have the player evaluated by a trained concussion professional before being allowed to resume sporting or educational activities.

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Tips For Healing: Children

Parents and caregivers of children who have had a concussion can help them recover by taking an active role in their recovery:

  • Having the child get plenty of rest. Keep a regular sleep schedule, including no late nights and no sleepovers.
  • Making sure the child avoids high-risk/ high-speed activities such as riding a bicycle, playing sports, or climbing playground equipment, roller coasters or rides that could result in a second bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body. Children should not return to these types of activities until the doctor says they are well enough.
  • Giving the child only those drugs that are approved by the pediatrician or family physician.
  • Talking with the doctor about when the child should return to school and other activities and how the parent or caregiver can help the child deal with the challenges that the child may face. For example, your child may need to spend fewer hours at school, rest often, or require more time to take tests.
  • Sharing information about concussion with parents, siblings, teachers, counselors, babysitters, coaches, and others who interact with the child helps them understand what has happened and how to meet the childs needs.

Just A Bump On The Head

Is post

Unfortunately, infants and especially toddlers learning how to walk frequently fall and bump their heads. Most of these bumps don’t cause traumatic brain injuries. However, if the child will not stop crying, is vomiting, can’t move around normally , and says their head and/or neck hurts or is difficult to wake up, the child needs to be evaluated emergently by a doctor.

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A Warning About The Long

Anyone who has had a concussion shouldnt return to sports or strenuous activities without a doctors permission. Getting a second concussion before the first concussion is healed can cause a condition known as second impact syndrome, which can increase the chances of severe brain swelling and may be fatal.

Remember, its important to take time to rest after any concussion. This allows your brain to heal. Even once your doctor has granted permission to return to sports or exercise, that return should be gradual.

At Integrated Brain Centers Our Team Believes That Brain Based Therapies Are The Best Course Of Action For Mild Tbis Such As Concussions

Traumatic brain injuries can mean a lot of things, and its important that our team give you the proper tests to determine how severe yours is. The sudden movement of the head rapidly moving back and forth can cause the brain to bounce around inside of the skull. This damages brain cells and actually causes chemicals to release. These can create stress within the brain and result in you losing a lot of functionality.

Without the proper therapy plan in place your brain injury can easily get worse. Our chiropractic neurologists use specialized therapy techniques to help build new connections where the brain was damaged during the injury. If you had a blow or bump to the head, you could be experiencing symptoms of a concussion without even realizing it. Nausea, anxiety, depressed mood, persistent low grade headaches, intolerance of loud noises and a ringing in the ears are just a few of the symptoms that can alert you to a mild brain injury like this.

Our goal is to determine the type of therapy that will benefit you the most and then implement it in a way that starts triggering new connections to form. Our team of experts will monitor your condition, make sure you are getting the care you need and answer your questions every step of the way.We are unique, willing to help and enjoy seeing people thrive from the brain injury therapies that we as chiropractic neurologists can offer you.

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