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Is The Frontal Lobe Of The Brain Necessary For Driving

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Understanding Frontal Lobe Damage Treatment And Recovery

2-Minute Neuroscience: Lobes and Landmarks of the Brain Surface (Lateral View)

    Frontal lobe damage can cause a variety of symptoms. These can range from impaired muscle movements to advanced cognitive functions including personality changes.

    This article will discuss important facts about frontal lobe damage recovery, as well as how can frontal lobe damage can repair itself.

    Lets start by explaining what the frontal lobe is.

    What They Say About Turning 25

    Turning 25 means youre 25 years wiser, but the learning and experiences do not stop here. Appreciate what youve got, make memories, live in the moment and forget about the number. Life is not that bad after all. If youre turning 25 soon, why not read some of the things you should do before turning 25?

    The Study Points To The Underdeveloped Brain As The Cause Of The Increase Of Accidents Teens Are Involved In

    The brain is about 80% developed when a person reaches adolescence. Unfortunately, the parts of the brain that are not yet developed are parts of the brain that can bring particular danger the part of the brain that is responsible for both emotional maturity and motor skills. These brain signals are the very last to reach the frontal lobe of the brain. In short, teens do not possess the brain capacity for safe driving.

    The National Institute of Mental Health first released the research on this issue. It showed that it was not inexperienced but rather emotional immaturity that may be the cause of many accidents involving teen drivers.

    The study also found that one of the most important parts of brain development for driving is the spread of white matter. While this type of matter helps the brain cells communicate more quickly with each other, during the first and second stages of brain development both of which occur before adulthood there are too many brain cells produced without the required mechanisms to process said cells.

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    General Linear Model: Repeated Measure Anova

    Table A1. ANOVA results showed a significant effect on speed across four driving conditions.

    Table A2. Post-hoc tests suggest that speed in the distracted left-turn-traffic condition was significantly slower than both the left and the right turn speed, and the left turn speed was significantly slower than the right turn speed.

    Table A3. The straight driving speed and lane position measures were not significantly different from those during the distracted straight driving conditions.

    Keywords: driving, driving distractions, neural correlates of driving, driving complexity, fMRI

    Citation: Schweizer TA, Kan K, Hung Y, Tam F, Naglie G and Graham SJ Brain activity during driving with distraction: an immersive fMRI study. Front. Hum. Neurosci. 7:53. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2013.00053

    Received: 05 November 2012 Accepted: 08 February 2013 Published online: 28 February 2013.

    Edited by:

    Where Is The Frontal Lobe Located

    PPT

    Neuroscientists have traditionally divided the brain’s cerebrum into four lobes: the frontal, parietal, occipital, and temporal. The cerebrum is the newest part of the brain to have evolved, and houses most higher functions, such as conscious thought, morality, memory, and the ability to learn through memorization, deduction, and other complex processes. The frontal lobe plays a key role in this complex set of cognitive functions.

    Named for its location, the frontal lobe is situated toward the front of the cerebrum, just behind the forehead and under the frontal skull bones. It sits atop the temporal lobe, in front of the parietal lobe, and apart from the occipital lobe, with portions of the limbic systemsometimes called the limbic lobe crossing all four brain lobes, including the frontal lobe.

    The central sulcus separates the frontal and parietal lobes, with the lateral sulcus separating the frontal and temporal lobes.

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    At What Age Is The Teen Brain Fully Developed

    The teen brain typically does not fully developed until at least age 25. When people reach age 20, their white brain matter begins to spread from the back of the brain forward. This process is usually completed between 25 and 30 years of age. The part of the brain that carries the load for driving skills is the frontal lobe . A shortage of white matter in their frontal lobes shows why teens are much likely to disobey traffic signs, speed, and lose control of their vehicles.

    Some safety experts suggest raising the minimum driving age to 18 because of the research done on teen brains. While others say this is an unnecessary and would place an disproportionate burden on parents. Based upon a prior recommendation from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, every state and Washington, D.C. now has a three-tiered graduated license system. This system begins with a learners permit, progresses to an intermediate license with certain limitations, and concludes with an unrestricted license.

    The Georgia Department of Driver Services requires teens to follow a graduated driver’s license process to help you become a safer driver. The Georgia GDL is called the Teenage & Adult Drivers Responsibility Act and applies to teen drivers who are 15 to 18 years old. TADRA includes age restrictions to advance to a the next type of license as well as required practice driving training hours.

    The Georgia GDL program has three stages:

    • Instructional permit.

    Interesting Facts About Your Frontal Lobe

    Check out some interesting facts about your frontal lobe:

    • The frontal lobes are the largest of the lobes in your brain. Theyre located at the front of your brain. Its estimated they make up about one-third of your cerebrum.
    • The frontal lobe of primates, particularly humans, is much larger than those of other species. You might say the frontal lobe is the most important area for our various human skills, such as reasoning and language.
    • The frontal lobes are extensively connected with nerve pathways to other areas of the brain, reinforcing their importance in a vast array of functions. As such, damage to the frontal lobes may cause a ripple effect to other parts of the brain.
    • Your frontal lobes are the last areas of your brain to mature. In some cases, they may not be fully developed

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    Diseases And Conditions Related To The Frontal Brain Lobe

    One of the first conditions we will address is depression. Today, we know with certainty that one of the main characteristics of virtually all depressed persons – regardless of the underlying cause of depression – is a significant decrease in blood flow to the frontal lobe and its impaired activity.

    This reduced activity is found in the most prominent part of the frontal lobe. It is called the “prefrontal cortex“. It is the part of the brain that truly represents the control center of the brain.

    However, it is much more than that. We know that the prefrontal cortex is responsible for behavioral planning, decision making, emotional control, self-awareness, and independence from other people.

    Depression can be caused by a stroke in the medial part of the frontal lobe. The consequences of these strokes include emotional instability. Generally speaking, depression is not caused by strokes in other parts of the brain.

    Moreover, frontal brain lobe damage can result from surgical removal, injury, or stroke. It can also be a consequence of Alzheimer’s disease. Regardless of the process that damages the frontal lobe, the consequences are generally the same.

    Patients suffering from Alzheimer’s disease who had frontal lobe damage were significantly more depressed. They were also much more likely to have other behavioral problems such as anxiety, self-delusions, and lack of self-discipline.

    Damage to the inferolateral area causes motor aphasia .

    How Does The Frontal Lobe Affect Driving

    Four Lobes of the Brain Mnemonics (Memorable Neurology 1)

    4.2/5Frontal Lobedriverfrontal lobeexplained here

    In a nutshell, the frontal lobe is necessary for driving. Adults typically use the prefrontal cortex of the brain, which is the rational part of the brain while driving. But bear in mind that the frontal lobe is activated upon danger when the brain analyzes the best response to the situation.

    Subsequently, question is, how does brain development affect safe driving? The Developing Brain and Teen Driving. The frontal lobe is associated with a set of higher-level cognitive processes called executive functions that give individuals the ability to make decisions, monitor and control their behavior and to manage complex tasks, such as driving.

    Considering this, how is the frontal lobe active while driving a car?

    Pons: It sends information to other parts of the brain while driving. Frontal lobe: It is responsible for the planning of cognitive behaviors and the execution of voluntary muscle movement. The visual cortex helps us in identifying police cars on the road, thereby alerting us to drive carefully.

    What does the frontal lobe do?

    The frontal lobe is the part of the brain that controls important cognitive skills in humans, such as emotional expression, problem solving, memory, language, judgment, and sexual behaviors. It is, in essence, the control panel of our personality and our ability to communicate.

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    Memory And Attention Problems

    Frontal lobe injuries can greatly affect a persons ability to pay attention, and can even make it difficult for them to form long-term memories.

    Treatment:

    The best way to treat these conditions involves engaging neuroplasticity through cognitive rehabilitation exercises that focus on improving attention and memory skills.

    What Is Driving Inhibition

      One of the main challenges of cognitive neuroscience is to refine existing concepts and models of human behavior so that they are grounded in and in agreement with brain processes observed during a particular behavior. Inhibition has been of particular interest. In a physiological context, inhibition refers to the causal influence exerted by region A on region B, whereby region A decreases excitability and output firing of region B. In contrast, in cognitive models of behavior, inhibition is the suppression of previously activated cognitive contents or processes. Although it has been suggested that brain areas implement cognitive control by exerting inhibitory physiological influence over other brain areas , it is still unclear to what extent inhibition on a behavioral level can be related to physiological mechanisms of inhibition. Here we focus on the frontal lobe mechanisms of behavioral inhibition. This type of inhibition is a vital part of human behavior because it allows flexible adaptation to changing environments, such as the clearing of irrelevant action plans or attention. It is often studied in the motor system, because sudden cancellations of movement plans occur frequently in everyday life and they can be easily controlled in an experimental setup.

      Third, it cannot be ruled out that some truly inhibitory processes might also be present in uncertain go trials, possibly to prevent early and incautious responses.

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      How Does Frontal Lobe Affect Driving

      The most important for driver functions, the frontal lobe monitors motor skills and emotional maturity. Lack of development can explain an increased desire to take risks, and the inability to perform complex maneuvers. Temporal Lobe: The section of the brain most responsible for memory skills and language recognition.

      Does This Mean The Driving Age Should Be Raised To 30

      Brain and Arteries

      No one is suggesting that, but some ideas are being floated around. First, some believe that the driving age should be raised to 18. People who do not agree with this idea point to the burden it would put on parents.

      A more popular option is to change to a graduated licensing process in which a person would gradually gain access to higher tiers of driving so that they could adequately learn how to drive without a parent before being released on the roads.

      If you or your teen driver is injured in an accident, we hope you will contact The Law Offices of Larry H. Parker at 800-333-0000 for a free and confidential personal injury consultation.

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      Major Structures And Functions Of The Brain

      Outside the specialized world of neuroanatomy and for most of the uses of daily life, the brain is more or less an abstract entity. We do not experience our brain as an assembly of physical structures if we envision it at all, we are likely to see it as a large, rounded walnut, grayish in color.

      This schematic image refers mainly to the cerebral cortex, the outermost layer that overlies most of the other brain structures like a fantastically wrinkled tissue wrapped around an orange. The preponderance of the cerebral cortex is actually a recent development in the course of evolution. The cortex contains the physical structures responsible for most of what we call ”brainwork”: cognition, mental imagery, the highly sophisticated processing of visual information, and the ability to produce and understand language. But underneath this layer reside many other specialized structures that are essential for movement, consciousness, sexuality, the action of our five senses, and moreall equally valuable to human existence. Indeed, in strictly biological terms, these structures can claim priority over the cerebral cortex. In the growth of the individual embryo, as well as in evolutionary history, the brain develops roughly from the base of the skull up and outward. The human brain actually has its beginnings, in the four-week-old embryo, as a simple series of bulges at one end of the neural tube.

      Brain Activity During Driving With Distraction: An Immersive Fmri Study

      • 1Keenan Research Centre of the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St. Michael’s Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada
      • 2Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Division of Neurosurgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
      • 3Institute of Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
      • 4Department of Physical Sciences, Sunnybrook Research Institute, Toronto, ON, Canada
      • 5Department of Medicine, Baycrest Geriatric Health Care Centre, Toronto, ON, Canada
      • 6Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest, Toronto, ON, Canada
      • 7Toronto Rehabilitation Research Institute, University Health Network, Toronto, ON, Canada
      • 8Department of Medicine and Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
      • 9Department of Medical Biophysics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada

      Introduction: Non-invasive measurements of brain activity have an important role to play in understanding driving ability. The current study aimed to identify the neural underpinnings of human driving behavior by visualizing the areas of the brain involved in driving under different levels of demand, such as driving while distracted or making left turns at busy intersections.

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      Building Blocks Of The Brain

      Extensive and intricate as the human brain is, and with the almost limitless variation of which it is capable, it is built from relatively few basic units. The fundamental building block of the human brain, like that of nervous systems throughout the animal kingdom, is the neuron, or nerve cell. The neuron conducts signals by means of an axon, which extends outward from the soma, or body of the cell, like a single long arm. Numerous shorter arms, the dendrites , conduct signals back to the soma.

      The ability of the axon to conduct nerve impulses is greatly enhanced by the myelin sheath that surrounds it, interrupted at intervals by nodes. Myelin is a fatty substance, a natural electrical insulator, that protects the axon from interference by other nearby nerve impulses. The arrangement of nodes increases the speed of conductivity, so that an electrical impulse sent along the axon can literally jump from node to node, reaching velocities as high as 120 meters per second.

      Racer Vs Control Comparison

      How to learn major parts of the brain quickly

      used inter-subject correlation to identify group level differences in brain activation between professional racing drivers and naïve controls . The advantage of reverse-correlation methods like ISC is that it reveals hemodynamic responses in multiple brain areas based on the synchrony of activation between subjects. It therefore does not require a rigid trial structure, repeating the same stimulus, or a priori identification of trigger events. This makes it particularly suitable for designs with naturalistic stimuli that present the subject with continuous streams stimulation, unlike more traditional block designs .

      The participants were shown in-car footage of an F1 car driving on official circuits, and were instructed to imagine themselves driving the racing car. Brain activity was measured using fMRI, and the BOLD signal time-series were analyzed to find areas that were reliably co-activated within each group .

      Significant activation was observed in both groups, bilaterally, in the visual cortex , precentral cortex, posterior parietal cortex , and parahippocampal cortex . The racer group showed, in addition, activation in dorsal visual stream , medial temporal gyrus , lateral prefrontal cortex, and the frontal pole , and posterior cingulate/retrosplenial cortex .

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      The Timing Of Teen Brain Growth

      The frontal lobe is not finished maturing by the time most people receive their first drivers license. According to medical research, this process isnt completed until closer to the age of 30. By this time, many teenagers have already been on the road for more than ten years.

      In addition, the brain develops at different speeds in boys and girls. The parts of the brain involved in information processing start to develop at around age 12 in girls. On the other hand, this doesnt happen until age 14 in boys. This means that brain development in boys appears to lag about two years behind that of girls.

      Finally, teen brains are also more susceptible to the toxic effects of alcohol. Studies have shown that alcohol tends to wash out of the teen brain cells more slowly than their adult counterparts. While the legal age of alcohol consumption in this country is 21, many teenagers still drink. Because their brains are so susceptible, the impacts of alcohol on teenagers, particularly when it comes to drunk driving, are severe.

      How Do You Stay Calm While Driving

      Use mindfulness strategies.

    • Take notice of all your senses as you drive.
    • Pay attention to how your body feels.
    • Take notice of your thoughts and emotions.
    • Allow yourself to experience your feelings without trying to stop them from happening.
    • Notice as the feelings slowly go away and how you feel as they do.
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