Saturday, August 13, 2022

What Can Cause Memory Loss At A Young Age

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Brain Exercises To Combat Memory Loss

How Can Memory Loss Be Reversed? | FYI

Just as physical exercise can make and keep your body stronger, mental exercise can make your brain work better and lower your risk of mental decline. Try to find brain exercises that you find enjoyable. The more pleasurable an activity is to you, the more powerful its effect will be on your brain. You can make some activities more enjoyable by appealing to your sensesby playing music during the exercise, for example, or lighting a scented candle, or rewarding yourself after youve finished.

Memory Loss Related To Emotional Problems

Emotional problems, such as stress, anxiety, or depression, can make a person more forgetful and can be mistaken for dementia. For instance, someone who has recently retired or who is coping with the death of a spouse, relative, or friend may feel sad, lonely, worried, or bored. Trying to deal with these life changes leaves some people feeling confused or forgetful.

The confusion and forgetfulness caused by emotions usually are temporary and go away when the feelings fade. Emotional problems can be eased by supportive friends and family, but if these feelings last for more than 2 weeks, it is important to get help from a doctor or counselor. Treatment may include counseling, medication, or both. Being active and learning new skills can also help a person feel better and improve his or her memory.

How Trauma Affects The Brain

A traumatic incident can cause a great deal of stress in both the short term and the long term. That stress response can have an impact on different areas of the brain, such as the hippocampus, amygdala and prefrontal cortex. In fact, those areas of the brain can change in shape and volume, and experience diminished function.

Not coincidentally, these are areas of the brain that are strongly associated with memory function. The prefrontal cortex helps process working memory, the information that we need to remember on an everyday basis. The hippocampus is also a major memory center in the brain. The left hippocampus focuses on memorizing facts and recognition, while the right hippocampus is associated with spatial memory. The hippocampus also gives us a way to learn by comparing past memories with present experiences. And the amygdala processes fear-based memories if you ever burned your hand on a stove once, you remember not to touch the hot surface again because the memory is processed and stored by the amygdala. The amygdala is also believed to help with the formation of long-term memory. Trauma-based memory loss, therefore, can easily occur when the trauma creates stress that negatively affects the brain.

When it comes to trauma and memory loss, there are different types of trauma that can cause temporary or permanent problems.

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Focus Issues And Memory Problems Can Be Symptoms Of An Underactive Thyroid

Famous for its near-magical abilities to slow your metabolism, mess with your periods, skew your sense of temperature, and generally induce a feeling of sloth-style sluggishness, an underactive thyroid, or hypothyroidism, can also yield symptoms similar to depression, including memory issues and inability to focus. Luckily, slow thyroids can be fixed easily with medication.

What Is Alzheimer Disease

What Causes Memory Loss And Forgetfulness At A Young Age?

Alzheimer disease, which affects some older people, is different from everyday forgetting. It is a condition that permanently affects the brain. Over time, the disease makes it harder to remember even basic stuff, like how to tie a shoe.

Eventually, the person may have trouble remembering the names and faces of family members or even who he or she is. This can be very sad for the person and his or her family.

It’s important to know that Alzheimer disease does not affect kids. It usually affects people over 65 years of age. Researchers have found medicines that seem to slow the disease down. And there’s hope that someday there will be a cure.

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Your Memory Can Also Be Affected By Depression & Other Mental Health Issues

Depression is just one of many medical problems that can cause forgetfulness. “Anything that can impact the brain may be a cause of memory issues” says Scharre, including “trauma, depression, sleep issues, sleep apnea, certain medications, thyroid disease, nutritional impairments, kidney disease, liver disease, diabetes, lipid disorders, etc.” In fact, forgetfulness is even sometimes considered a symptom of depression.

Why can depression mess with your memory? Because people who are depressed might have difficulty focusing, which can prevent your brain from creating new memories.

But depression isn’t permanent, and neither are depression-related memory issues: doctors find that our memories tend to go back to normal when we get a handle on our depression.

What Are The Symptoms Of Early

For most people with early-onset Alzheimer disease, the symptoms closely mirror those of other forms of Alzheimer disease.

Early symptoms:

  • Withdrawal from work and social situations

  • Changes in mood and personality

Later symptoms:

  • Severe mood swings and behavior changes

  • Deepening confusion about time, place, and life events

  • Suspicions about friends, family, or caregivers

  • Trouble speaking, swallowing, or walking

  • Severe memory loss

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Possible Serious Causes Of Forgetfulness

Memory-related symptoms can also indicate a more serious condition that requires immediate or, in some cases, emergency treatment. Possible serious causes of forgetfulness include:

  • Traumatic brain injury : A mild TBI or can cause temporary problems with memory both short and long term as well as slowed thinking, a sense of fogginess, and .
  • Stroke: Someone who shows sudden along with symptoms such as facial drooping, a loss of balance, , , or difficulty speaking may be having a stroke. Call 911 for symptoms of this life threatening emergency.
  • Transient ischemic attack : Symptoms of a TIA are similar to those of a , but they pass after a few minutes. Even though the symptoms appear to go away, however, a TIA is a serious condition that requires prompt medical attention.
  • Brain tumor: One common symptom of a , which may or may not be cancerous, is memory loss. Other symptoms include headaches, disorientation, changes in personality, and .
  • Neurological conditions: Conditions that affect brain and nerve function can cause memory loss. These include Parkinsons disease, Huntingtons disease, and infections that cause encephalitis, or swelling in the brain.

Seek immediate medical care if someone has acute or sudden forgetfulness after a head injury or when accompanied by sudden weakness or on one side of the body, a severe , difficulty speaking, or facial drooping.

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What causes memory loss in children? – Dr. Vykunta Raju K N

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Reversible Causes Of Memory Loss

Its important to remember that memory loss doesnt automatically mean that you have dementia. There are many other reasons why you may be experiencing cognitive problems, including stress, depression, and even vitamin deficiencies. Thats why its so important to go to a doctor to get an official diagnosis if youre experiencing problems.

Sometimes, even what looks like significant memory loss can be caused by treatable conditions and reversible external factors, such as:

Depression. Depression can mimic the signs of memory loss, making it hard for you to concentrate, stay organized, remember things, and get stuff done. Depression is a common problem in older adultsespecially if youre less social and active than you used to be or youve recently experienced a number of important losses or major life changes .

Vitamin B12 deficiency. Vitamin B12 protects neurons and is vital to healthy brain functioning. In fact, a lack of B12 can cause permanent damage to the brain. Older people have a slower nutritional absorption rate, which can make it difficult for you to get the B12 your mind and body need. If you smoke or drink, you may be at particular risk. If you address a vitamin B12 deficiency early, you can reverse the associated memory problems. Treatment is available in the form of a monthly injection.

Are you taking three or more drugs?

Normal Cognitive Development Affects Memory Storage And Retrieval

Plenty of cognitive growth takes place in early childhood. This development includes the ability to remember instructions and events for longer stretches of time.

Another aspect of this cognitive growth? The production of new neurons in the hippocampus. As these neurons are introduced, your brain incorporates them into existing pathways. This is great for developmental progress, but not so great for the memories youve already formed.

These neurons may potentially block off early memories or disrupt memory pathways in other ways, though experts arent yet certain exactly how this happens.

Neuroplasticity research also makes it clear that brain development doesnt stop once you hit adulthood, as experts previously believed. Rather, your brain can restructure itself when it sees the need to adapt to various changes you experience throughout life.

In order to do this, however, it needs to trim away older neural connections you no longer need or use. This process, known as synaptic pruning, helps your brain work more efficiently. It also enables you to make new connections and store new information and memories that are more relevant to your present life and developmental stage.

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What To Do If Your Memory Loss Seems Serious

If you show signs of serious memory loss, you may be concerned that your condition could lead to dementia or Alzheimers.

” Prescription drug interactions may be responsible for as many as three out of four dementia cases.

While thats possible, its more likely that you have an underlying health condition or take a medication thats causing your memory problems.

So first, well take a look at these two scenarios and, hopefully, ease your worries.

Then well take a look at dementia and Alzheimers so that you understand the risks of those as well.

Early Childhood Memories Lack Emotional Significance

Memory Loss in Young Adults

It is believed memories become stronger when they have an emotional component.

You might realize this yourself when considering some of your clearest memories. They likely relate to events that held meaning for you or experiences that generated intense feelings, such as embarrassment, love, happiness, or grief.

Young children dont have a fully developed range of emotions. As a result, childhood experiences may not register with the same emotional significance as those youd have during adolescence or adulthood. Since these memories carry less weight, they fade more easily as you age.

Though you might find it strange you cant remember certain key events parents or older siblings have told you about, your lack of memories may only seem significant because others have suggested you should remember.

Maybe you terrified your family by locking yourself in the house alone as a 4-year-old but they remember what happened clearly since they were old enough to attach emotional significance to the memory. You may have simply been confused by all the fuss.

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Questions For Diagnosing The Cause Of Forgetfulness

To diagnose your condition, your doctor will ask you several questions related to your forgetfulness. Questions could include:

  • When did you first notice your forgetfulness?
  • How many alcoholic drinks do you consume daily?
  • Do you have any other symptoms?
  • What medications are you taking?
  • Do you have a family history of dementia?
  • Are you having any difficulty with normal daily tasks, such as managing your calendar?

If you are experiencing forgetfulness, it may be helpful to bring a family member to your appointment to help answer questions.

Finding The Cause Of Memory Loss

If you find that you are increasingly forgetful or if memory problems interfere with your daily life, schedule an appointment with your doctor to determine the cause and best treatment.

To evaluate memory loss, your doctor will take a medical history, perform a physical exam — including a neurologic exam — and ask questions to test mental ability. Depending on the results, further evaluation may include blood and urine tests, nerve tests, and imaging tests of the brain such as computerized axial tomography scans or magnetic resonance imaging .

You may also be sent for neuropsychological testing, which is a battery of tests that help pinpoint the memory loss.

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What To Expect At Your Doctors Visit

The doctor will ask you a lot of questions about your memory, including:

  • How long have you or others noticed a problem with your memory?
  • What kinds of things have been difficult to remember?
  • Did the difficulty come on gradually or suddenly?
  • Are you having trouble doing ordinary things?

The doctor also will want to know what medications youre taking, how youve been eating and sleeping, whether youve been depressed or stressed lately, and other questions about whats been happening in your life. Chances are the doctor will also ask you or your partner to keep track of your symptoms and check back in a few months. If your memory problem needs more evaluation, your doctor may send you to a neuropsychologist.

Compensating For Memory Loss

Can Alzheimer’s Start In Your 20s?

The same practices that contribute to healthy aging and physical vitality also contribute to a healthy memory. So, by taking steps early to prevent cognitive decline, youll also be improving all other aspects of your life as well.

Stay social. People who arent socially engaged with family and friends are at higher risk for memory problems than people who have strong social ties. Quality face-to-face social interaction can greatly reduce stress and is powerful medicine for the brain, so schedule time with friends, join a book club, or visit the local senior center. And be sure to put your phone away and focus fully on the people youre with if you want the full brain benefit.

Stop smoking. Smoking heightens the risk of vascular disorders that can cause stroke and constrict arteries that deliver oxygen to the brain. When you quit smoking, the brain quickly benefits from improved circulation.

Manage stress. Cortisol, the stress hormone, damages the brain over time and can lead to memory problems. But even before that happens, stress or anxiety can cause memory difficulties in the moment. When youre stressed out or anxious, youre more likely to suffer memory lapses and have trouble learning or concentrating. But simple stress management techniques can minimize these harmful effects.

Walking: An easy way to fight memory loss

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What Causes Memory Loss And Forgetfulness At A Young Age

Why do you forget to put things somewhere? Why your mind is unable to remember anything? Know why your memory becomes weak.

Nowadays, weakening or loss of memory is a common problem due to the lack of good food and drinks. Most people are troubled by their forgetting habit. Our brain is the storeroom of our entire body of information which is gathered in various parts of it. Memory is usually divided into three parts, such as short-term memory, recent memory and remote memory. Short-term memory contains recent events or names of people you have met recently. Recent memory contains information like what you ate in the morning. Remote memory contains information that happened years ago, such as childhood memories.

Risk Factors For Age Associated Memory Impairment

Lifestyle is the main predisposing factor for any aggravating condition. Memory decline can closely be associated with a certain environmental process that speeds up the death of brain cells and decreases the amount of acetylcholine in the synapses. These factors can be broadly classified into inherited factors and non-inherited factors.

The inherited factors include genetic association linked up with mutation under the action of poisons, toxins, and radiations. The lifestyle choices on the other hand are even the key strollers to this date. Smoking, drinking, and a bad diet are a few of the common risk factors.

Few of the drugs which are used as anti- sedative and anti-hypnotic drugs are benzodiazepines, tricyclic antidepressants, statins, anticonvulsant drugs, antihistamines are known to induce memory impairment with time. Alzheimer’s disease which is a memory disorder is likely to be acquired if one is found with apolipoprotein e-4 allele. This is somewhat directed to dose-related effects directing the late onset of Alzheimer’s disease.

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Feeling Forgetful In Your 20s Could Be A Symptom Of These 5 Underlying Medical Conditions

When forgetting things at a young age of 20 or 30 becomes a pattern, you might need to reconsider your overall health.

We’ve all been in a situation where we forget the name of the person we are meeting, the hilarious movie weve seen a million times or even just where we kept those pesky car keys again. We also often notice our grandparents and parents forgetting things we told them every now and then. To forget things is a natural part of being human. After all, we arent machines.

Representational image.Image by Gerd Altmann from Pixabay.

But when forgetting things at a young age of 20 or 30 becomes a pattern, then you might need to reconsider your overall health. Here are five medical reasons that could be responsible for forgetfulness at a young age:

Dementia Vs Alzheimers Whats The Difference

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There is a lot of confusion about what dementia is and how it differs from Alzheimers disease.

The terms are often used interchangeably even though they arent the same thing.

Lets clear up the difference.

Dementia is not a specific disease.

Its an umbrella term used to describe a group of symptoms, including impairments to memory, communication, and thinking.

There are over 100 underlying health conditions that can cause dementia and Alzheimers is just one of them.

Alzheimers is the most common form of dementia, responsible for about 60% of dementia cases.

The remaining dementia cases are due to a wide range of medical conditions including:

  • neurodegenerative diseases
  • ischemic vascular dementia
  • vascular dementia
  • infectious diseases
  • alcoholism
  • temporary conditions such as fever, dehydration, or a minor head injury

So you can see that there are still many non-Alzheimers possibilities to rule out.

Most forms of dementia are treatable and some are even reversible.

And lastly, rest assured that being diagnosed with a non-Alzheimers form of dementia does not necessarily mean that it will develop into Alzheimers later.

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