Friday, May 13, 2022

What Causes A Brain Bleed In A Child

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Recovering Compensation For Disabling Brain Bleeds

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Claimants diagnosed with traumatic brain injuries may develop long-term disabilities. Depending on the damaged area, patients may develop physical, cognitive, and emotional conditions impacting their lives and careers. These often include movement challenges and neurological damage, seizures, speech difficulties, loss of fine motor skills, vision and sensor problems, memory loss, and confusion. Many patients also experience personality changes, mood swings, difficulty focusing at work, depression, or anxiety.

Most patients require extensive physical and cognitive rehabilitation following serious brain bleeds. They may also need specialized nursing care, medications, and occupational therapy. Many people can no longer perform essential work functions, enjoy previous recreational activities, or contribute to household duties.

All these factors add to the extreme financial difficulties and family stress often experienced by injured claimants. By connecting with a local brain injury attorney early in the recovery process, savvy claimants may focus on their recovery instead of their bills.

If another persons careless conduct contributed to your traumatic brain injury and related brain hemorrhage, you might recover monetary damages. These damages may include compensation for the original injury and subsequent brain bleeding related to the initial trauma.

With the help of local brain injury counsel, claimants and their families might recover money for:

Advanced Diagnosis Of Pediatric Gi Bleeding

Advanced examinations might be necessary to diagnose more rare or complex conditions, such as structural problems within the GI tract itself.

In these cases, we use X-ray, ultrasound, CT scan, or MRI to take pictures and find out what’s going on inside the childs digestive tract. If we need a better visual, we can perform one of these minimally invasive procedures to investigate further:

  • Upper endoscopy: The doctor passes a thin, flexible tube with a light and camera on the end into the esophagus, stomach, and beginning of the small intestine to look for abnormalities.
  • Colonoscopy: The doctor passes a thin, flexible tube with an attached camera into the childs rectum to view the colon.
  • Balloon enteroscopy: This procedure uses a slender balloon to gently expand and deflate sections of the child’s GI tract over a thin scope tube to get a deeper look at otherwise restricted parts of the bowels. The American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy likens the procedure to sliding a curtain over a rod.
  • Capsule endoscopy: The child will swallow a pill-sized wireless video camera that takes pictures of the child’s GI tract lining, concentrating on the small intestine, as it passes through their body.

What Are The Symptoms Of Subdural Hematoma

Because a subdural hematoma is a type of traumatic brain injury , they share many symptoms. Symptoms of a subdural hematoma may appear immediately following trauma to the head, or they may develop over time even weeks to months.

Signs and symptoms of a subdural hematoma include:

  • Headache that doesnt go away.
  • Confusion and drowsiness.
  • Slurred speech and changes in vision.
  • Dizziness, loss of balance, difficulty walking.
  • Weakness on one side of the body.
  • Memory loss, disorientation, and personality changes, especially in older adults with chronic subdural hematoma.
  • Enlarged head in babies, whose soft skulls can enlarge as blood collects.

As bleeding continues and the pressure in the brain increases, symptoms can get worse. Symptoms, at this point, include:

  • Paralysis.
  • Breathing problems.
  • Loss of consciousness and coma.

Sometimes people have no symptoms immediately following a head injury. This is called a lucid interval. They develop symptoms days later. Also, its important to know that subdural hematomas that develop more slowly might be mistaken for other conditions, such as a brain tumor or stroke.

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Can Infant Brain Damage Be Prevented

Preventing infant brain damage begins during pregnancy. Proper prenatal care is essential to diagnosing and treating any condition, complication, or infection that could cause problems as pregnancy progresses into eventual delivery. If doctors note a risk factor during pregnancy that could cause infant brain damage, they should label the pregnancy as high-risk. The mother and her developing fetus should be treated and monitored accordingly.

During labor and delivery, it is important that healthcare providers appropriately monitor mother and infant. Any signs of fetal distress should be taken seriously and should be immediately acted upon. That may mean more consistent monitoring of fetal vital signs, or ordering a c-section to prevent oxygen deprivation.

During and after delivery, it is also important that healthcare providers take measures to prevent head trauma. During delivery, head trauma may occur as a result of pressure, use of delivery assistance tools, or a doctor who uses too much force. After delivery, healthcare providers must monitor the infant for signs of fetal distress, jaundice, stroke, or infection. They must also be careful to properly handle and support the infants head to prevent injuries.

Failure to properly care for an infant before, during or after delivery is medical negligence.

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If you or your child is injured as a result of medical negligence, call us to learn more.

Treatment Of Nosebleeds In Children

Infant Brain Bleed Lawyers

The first thing you need to do when your childs nose is bleeding, have him seated on a chair. It is evident that your child would panic and wail but calm him to treat further. Following the steps are given below to affirm hassle-free treatment.

1. Have your child seated upright and then try to tilt his head slightly forward. If the head of the child is pushed backwards, then this would push back the blood to your throat. Following this, your child might feel discomfort and lead to coughing and vomiting as it tastes terrible.

2. Apply a little pressure at the soft part of the nose adjacent to the nasal bridge. Make sure that your child is breathing via his mouth while you pinch his nose. Keep doing this for alteast 10 minutes as if you stop early then this would induce greater bleeding. To reduce the flow of blood, you can try applying ice on the nose.

Most of the children witness nosebleed only for a fraction of time with no further indications. For cases where you notice frequent nosebleeds in your child, make a point to keep the nasal membrane of your childs nose moist. To attain this, you can try one of the following:

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About The Hie Help Center And Abc Law Centers

The HIE Help Center is run by ABC Law Centers, a medical malpractice firm exclusively handling cases involving HIE and other birth injuries. Our lawyers have over 100 years of combined experience with this type of law, and have been advocating for children with HIE and related disabilities since the firms inception in 1997.

We are passionate about helping families obtain the compensation necessary to cover their extensive medical bills, loss of wages , assistive technology, and other necessities.

If you suspect your childs HIE may have been caused by medical negligence, please contact us today to learn more about pursuing a case. We provide free legal consultations, during which we will inform you of your legal options and answer any questions you have. Moreover, you would pay nothing throughout the entire legal process unless we obtain a favorable settlement.

You are also welcome to reach out to us with inquiries that are not related to malpractice. We cannot provide individualized medical advice, but were happy to track down informational resources for you.

Symptoms Of Nosebleeds In Kids

The most evident and visible symptoms of nosebleeding are blood running out of the nose of your child. The bleeding that occurs from the membranes of the mucus from the nose front majorly oozes out of a single nostril. However, if the bleeding occurs from a higher nasal cavity, then you might notice, the blood flow from both the nostrils. Predominantly, the bleeding in the nose does not induce pain. In case the bleeding is because of an internal injury, then the bleeding could be largely painful. Also, the presence of sore tissue inside the nose might cause discomfort and pain.

Several health problems might also lead to a nosebleed. So it is advisable that you keep a check on the other symptoms as well.

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Intracranial Hemorrhage In Babies

Intracranial hemorrhage is a broad term used to describe bleeding that occurs inside the skull. When bleeding is found around or inside the brain, a more specific term, cerebral hemorrhage, is used.

Hematoma is a word youll often see used as a synonym for hemorrhage, although the two conditions are slightly different. Hemorrhage refers to bleeding in general, any time blood escapes from the circulatory system. Hematoma, on the other hand, is a collection of blood outside the circulatory system. Hemorrhage leads to hematoma, but not in all cases.

Brain bleeds are classified by where they occur:

  • epidural hematoma bleeding between the skull and the dura mater, the first of several membranes surrounding the brain
  • subdural hematoma bleeding between the brain and the dura mater
  • subarachnoid hemorrhage bleeding between the brain and the pia mater, a thin layer of tissues closest to brain tissue
  • intraparenchymal hemorrhage bleeding inside brain tissue itself
  • intraventricular hemorrhage bleeding inside the ventricles, channels within the brain that produce cerebrospinal fluid

Image courtesy of National Institutes of Health.

Intracranial hemorrhage is particularly common in babies with a low-birth weight and premature babies, who have blood vessels that havent fully developed yet.

Spectrum Of Intracerebral Hemorrhage In Children: A Report From Picu Of A Resource Limited Country

Father accused of shaking baby, causing brain bleed

Qalab Abbas

1Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan

2Department of Radiology, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan

3Department of Surgery, Section of Neurosurgery, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan

Academic Editor:

Abstract

Intracerebral hemorrhage in children is a rare but disabling disease that accounts for almost half cases of stroke. We report our experience of ICH in children. Retrospective review of medical records of children admitted in Pediatric Intensive Care Unit between January 2007 and December 2014 was done. Data collected included age, gender, presentation, examination findings, neuroimaging done management , and outcome. Results are presented as frequency and percentages. Of the total 50 patients, 58% were male and 26% were < 1 year. On presentation 44% had vomiting, 42% had seizures, and GCS < 8 while 40% had altered level of consciousness. Single bleed was present in 88%, 94% had supratentorial bleed, and 32% had intraventricular extension. 72% had bleed volume of < 30mL and 8% had > 60mL. CT scan was done in 98% patients and MRI in 34%, while 6% underwent conventional angiography. 60% patients were managed conservatively, 36% underwent neurosurgical intervention, and 6% underwent radiological vascular intervention. Hematologic causes were identified in 52% patients and vascular malformations in 14% and in 26% no cause could be identified. 26% of patients expired.

1. Introduction

2. Methods

3. Results

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What Are The Symptoms Of A Head Injury In A Child

Symptoms can occur a bit differently in each child, and vary depending on how severe the injury is.

Symptoms of mild head injury may include:

  • Raised, swollen area from a bump or a bruise

  • Small, shallow cut in the scalp

  • Headache

  • Blood or clear fluid draining from ears or nose

  • Dark circle in the center of the eye looks larger in one eye

  • Deep cut in the scalp

  • Loss of consciousness and cant be awakened

  • Loss of thinking and awareness of surroundings

  • Locked-in syndrome, a condition where a person is conscious and can think, but cant speak or move

The symptoms of head injury can be like other health conditions. Make sure your child sees his or her healthcare provider for a diagnosis.

Types Of Newborn Brain Damage

Each case of newborn brain damage can differ in severity and symptoms. Although no two cases are completely alike, certain types of brain damage share similar characteristics.

Researchers and medical professionals separate brain damage cases into three groups mild injuries, moderate injuries, and severe injuries.

  • Mild injuries: Mild brain damage can cause mild bleeding on the brain, infant hematoma, or skull fractures.
  • Moderate injuries: Moderate newborn brain damage can cause extended bleeding, significant fractures, subdural hemorrhages, and lack of oxygen flow to the brain .
  • Severe injuries: Severe brain damage is caused by excessive pressure from bleeding and seizures. Infant brain injury or birth trauma can also result in severe brain damage.

Cases of mild and moderate brain damage may require less medical intervention than a severe injury. Children with severe brain damage caused during childbirth may suffer from significant lifelong physical and neurological impairments.

  • Sensitivity to light or sound
  • Slurred speech
  • State of disorientation or a dazed look

If your child is showing any symptoms of brain damage, it is important to contact a medical professional to get an accurate diagnosis. Doctors can help get your child the treatment they need to manage their condition.

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Brain Hemorrhage Symptoms & Signs

The Worst Headache of Your Life

âDoctor, I have the worst headache of my life.â Those words send up a warning when a doctor walks into a room to see the patient. The textbooks say that this symptom is one of the clues that the patient may be suffering from a subarachnoid hemorrhage from a leaking cerebral aneurysm. These words donât mean that a disaster is waiting to happen, but the red flag is waving. If those words are associated with a patient who is lying very still, complaining of a stiff neck, and has difficulty tolerating the lights in the room, this makes the suspicions rise even higher. Add vomiting and confusion as associated symptoms, and the sirens are going off in the doctorâs head. Something bad is happening and time is critical.

Effects Of Brain Damage In Newborns

Newborn and Infant Intracranial Hemorrhage or Subarachnoid ...

Newborn brain damage can lead to a number of behavioral and cognitive abnormalities in children. These effects may change with age as the brain starts to develop.

It is important for parents and caregivers to recognize the effects of brain damage and seek medical care as needed. Getting a proper diagnosis can help your child get prompt treatment.

  • Behavioral effects: Brain damage can cause an exaggeration of personality characteristics that can affect their behavior.
  • Cognitive effects: Brain injuries can change a childs ability to learn, think, and perceive. Children may have issues remembering people and events.
  • Coma and reduced awareness states: Children with newborn brain damage may constantly seem as if they are in a daze. Some children with severe brain damage may fall into a coma.
  • Communication problems: Infants and children with brain damage may find it difficult to communicate through spoken language or physical movements.
  • Emotional effects: Individuals suffering from brain damage may suffer from extreme mood swings, depression, or anxiety.
  • Hormonal imbalances: Brain damage can also affect hormone levels in the brain. Hormonal imbalances can cause diabetes, weight gain, or reduced body hair.
  • Physical effects: Traumatic brain injuries can cause problems with mobility, muscle weakness, balance, and coordination.

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How Is Intraventricular Hemorrhage Diagnosed

In addition to a complete medical history and a physical examination, a cranial ultrasound is usually used to diagnose IVH. This test uses sound waves to create a picture of internal structures. A cranial ultrasound can view the inside of the baby’s brain through the fontanelles, the spaces between the bones of the baby’s head. With the ultrasound, the amount of bleeding can be graded.

What Happens To Babies Who Have An Ivh

As many as 30% of babies born weighing less than 1,000 grams have intraventricular hemorrhages. Most of these bleeds are mild , and about 90% resolve with few or no problems. In mild cases, the body absorbs the blood. Usually the follow-up head ultrasound is normal. The baby’s development is most often typical for a preterm baby.

In more severe bleeds , as blood absorbs there can be damage to the brain tissue. These bleeds may result in more problems. Short-term problems include enlarged ventricles and hydrocephalus. Long-term problems include cerebral palsy , hearing loss, vision problems and learning disabilities.

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Did You Recently Get Hit In The Head And Are Now Panicky That There Might Be Bleeding In Your Brain

Knowledge is power! Heres how to know if you should go to the ER.

I was inspired to write this article, which includes an interview with a medical doctor, after reading what laypeople in threads were posting in an effort to reassure OPs who were panicking over getting hit in the head.

Im going to explain how to overcome your fear that you might have a brain bleed and this includes for younger people.

Lets first look at a few myths that have been perpetuated in laypeople forums.

Myth: If you still feel fine a few days after getting hit in the head, you probably dont have a brain bleed.

Myth: If you didnt have a headache or other neurological symptoms in the first 20 minutes after hitting your head, youll be fine.

Myth: In order to get a brain bleed the strike to your head must be high impact like falling off a ladder or a car crash.

What Are The Symptoms Of Brain Bleeds

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Symptoms of a brain hemorrhage depend on the area of the brain involved. In general, symptoms of brain bleeds can include:

  • Sudden tingling, weakness, numbness, or paralysis of the face, arm or leg, particularly on one side of the body.
  • Headache.
  • Loss of vision or difficulty seeing.
  • Loss of balance or coordination.
  • Stiff neck and sensitivity to light.
  • Abnormal or slurred speech.
  • Difficulty reading, writing or understanding speech.
  • Change in level of consciousness or alertness, lack of energy, sleepiness or coma.
  • Trouble breathing and abnormal heart rate .

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Treatment For Intracranial Hemorrhage

An intracranial hemorrhage can sometimes be treated through supportive means. This is most common in minor bleeds that are not likely to cause permanent damage. More severe bleeding may require brain surgery. Surgery closes off the hemorrhage, stops the bleeding and keeps additional brain cells healthy. While no parent wants their infant to go into emergency brain surgery, your baby may die without it.

In addition to supportive care and possible surgery, your infant may also need therapies after the hemorrhage has healed. Severe intracranial hemorrhages can cause physical and mental impairments, such as cerebral palsy and developmental delays. Your doctor may recommend physical, occupational or speech therapies begin as soon as possible.

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