Friday, May 13, 2022

What Causes Confusion And Memory Loss

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Do Panic Attacks Cause Memory Loss

Panic attacks are a common symptom of panic disorder . Panic-related memory loss happens for a few reasons similar to those youve just read.

These are more likely to affect the memories leading up to, during, and directly after the panic attack. They dont tend to be total. Folks usually remember having the attack, but the details and specifics outside of feeling ahhhhhhhhhhhhhhh are vaguer than a Senate floor filibuster.

Continuing the theme of anxiety being terrible, having panic attacks can lead to intense anxiety about having panic attacks. This in turn causes more memory loss. Its the circle of life, but instead of musical cartoon animals, we get terror and confusion.

  • aging
  • alcohol or substance use disorders
  • as a side-effect of some medications

If youre prone to hypochondria, its best not to get too caught up in the other possible causes of memory loss. But a lot of these conditions are pretty serious. You should speak with your doctor if your memory loss symptoms dont get better or actively become more severe as your anxiety clears up.

Medicines That Can Cause Confusion:

Many antiepileptic drugs can cause:

cognitive-related dysfunction: confusion, psychomotor slowing, difficulty with concentration/attention, difficulty with memory, speech or language problems, particularly word-finding difficulties.

The FDA requires another serious warning with AEDs:

The increased risk of suicidal thoughts or behavior with AEDs was observed as early as one week after starting drug treatment with AEDs and persisted for the duration of treatment assessed.

Causes Of Sudden Confusion

Sudden confusion can be caused by many different things. Do not try to self-diagnose get medical help if someone suddenly becomes confused or delirious.

Some of the most common causes of sudden confusion include:

Anxiety Is A Sh*thead

As well as messing with your neurochemistry and reducing your hours-to-winks-caught ratio, anxiety has found a whole bunch of ways to screw with your memory.

24/7 worrying is a big slice of the anxiety pie, and it leaves little room for other thoughts. For example, hypervigilance about an upcoming review at work could make you space that its your partners birthday in 2 weeks.

Hypervigilance may make your brain not great at retaining and recalling information that doesnt relate to your personal anxiety focus. Plus, theres the perpetual-motion-like way anxiety can sustain itself in your mind. Many folks with anxiety start getting anxious about their anxiety, leading to a state of Anxiety-ception.

Memory loss is scary because it can point to serious brain conditions. Its not uncommon for memory loss and confusion to become an anxiety trigger or focus. Your anxiety leads to memory loss, which leads to anxiety about memory loss, which leads to more memory loss and more anxiety.

Not nice at all.

Ways Migraine Dumbs You Down And Scrambles Your Thoughts

Can Depression Cause Memory Loss And Confusion

Headache pain, like all pain, inhibits work. But pain like this, felt at the core of one’s being, in the brain, carries an added challenge in interfering with how you think,” author and headache warrior Paula Kamen writes in her hilarious memoir, All in My Head. From brain fog to memory loss, migraines can have a huge impact on the speed and grace of your thoughts.

As if the pounding temples, nauseous stomach, and overly sensitive sight were bad enough, research suggests that migraines change your cognitive functioning. Even worse, some of the brain changes persist between migraine attacks

From the beginning stages to the dreaded migraine hangover, migraines garble thoughts in frustrating – and sometimes entertaining- ways.

Causes Of Memory Loss And Dementia

In this series

Everybody forgets things from time to time. In general, the things that you tend to forget most easily are the things that you feel do not matter as much.

In this article

Causes of Memory Loss and Dementia

In this article

The things that you tend to remember most easily are the things that are important to you – for example, a special birthday. However, some people just seem to have a better memory than others, and some people are more forgetful than others.

There are certain situations that can affect your memory and make you become more forgetful than you normally are. They can include the following.

Metabolic Diseases That Cause Memory Lapses

In some cases, poor memory is a symptom of metabolic diseases such as diseases of the thyroid gland, diabetes and kidney failure. However, memory loss usually appears when the disease has set in for a long time and is usually accompanies by other, more severe symptoms. In addition, some vitamin deficiencies could be behind a poor working memory.

Exclusive Look At Nih Investigation Into Covid Long

Long-term cognitive symptoms from Covid-19 appear to differ with age. Depression, anxiety and sleep trouble are more common among young people, and memory loss and speech impairment are more common in people over age 65, said Dr. Gabriel de Erausquin, director of the Laboratory of Brain Development, Modulation and Repair at the Glenn Biggs Institute of Alzheimer’s and Neurodegenerative Disorders in San Antonio.

According to one of the new studies presented Thursday, people who lose their sense of smell are more likely to experience cognitive impairment, which may show up as memory loss or troubles with speech. Loss of smell also predicts the severity of brain changes and cognitive decline in people with Alzheimer’s disease.

“If you have a loss of smell, you won’t necessarily have cognitive impairment, but if you do, the more severe the loss of smell, the more severe the loss of memory will be,” said de Erausquin, who is leading the research on a growing group of more than 300 Argentines ages 60 and up who have had Covid-19.

What To Do If You Experience These Symptoms

“Life is a gifteven with Alzheimer’s,” tweeted Bennett. But remember: “Memory loss that disrupts daily life is not a typical part of aging,” says the CDC. If you experience any of these symptoms, contact a medical professional. “More than half of people with memory loss have not talked to their healthcare provider, but that doesn’t have to be you. Get comfortable with starting a dialogue with your medical provider if you observe any changes in memory or an increase in confusion, or just if you have any questions.” And to get through this pandemic at your healthiest, don’t miss these 35 Places You’re Most Likely to Catch COVID.

Eat This, Not That!

Stress Anxiety And Depression

Significant stress or anxiety can lead to problems with attention and memory, cautions Lyketsos. This is particularly common among people who may be juggling home and work responsibilities and are not sleeping well. Usually, easing stress can improve memory, Lyketsos says.

Untreated chronic stress can lead to depression, which could also affect brain function, according to research published in the Journal of Pharmacy & BioAllied Sciences. A mood disorder may improve with medication and counseling, notes the National Institute on Aging.

Alcohol Or Illicit Drugs

Drinking alcohol or using illicit drugs can impair your memory, both in the short term and long term. From blackouts to an increased risk of dementia years later, these substances can significantly harm your memory, among many other things. Too much alcohol can also cause Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome, which if treated immediately, may be able to be partially reversed in some people.

Healthis The Key To Alzheimer’s Disease Brain Inflammation

The connection likely has to do with a part of the brain called the olfactory bulb, which processes sense of smell. The olfactory bulb also sends signals to other parts of the brain that play a role in emotion, memory and learning. Past research has shown that this is the point of entry that allows the coronavirus to infiltrate the brain, which is why people commonly lose their sense of smell. However, it’s also possible that the virus may not have to reach the brain to affect the olfactory bulb. Instead, memory loss or speech impairment may be caused by the body’s inflammatory response to the virus.

Past research also showed that people who were sicker with Covid-19 were more at risk for cognitive impairment, but only 10 percent of patients in the Argentine cohort were hospitalized, and 50 percent had cognitive impairment, suggesting that the severity of the disease at the start doesn’t appear to determine long-term effects. And in another new study, published Thursday in JAMA Network Open, Norwegian researchers found that 12 percent of people reported continual issues with concentration eight months after they had Covid-19. Eleven percent had ongoing memory problems.

Cheng led a study published last month in the journal Alzheimer’s Research & Therapy that also linked biomarkers indicative of Alzheimer’s disease and dementia to those found in recovered Covid patients who experienced cognitive impairment.

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Less Common Causes Of Memory Loss

What Causes Sudden Confusion And Memory Loss

Other conditions that can lead to problems with memory include:

  • Infection: Memory loss may be attributed to severe infection around the brain, including neurosyphilis, Gale says.
  • Head injury: Symptoms of a mild brain injury may include confusion and trouble with memory and concentration, according to the U.S. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.
  • Tumors: Memory and the ability to process information may be affected by brain tumors, the American Brain Tumor Association says. In addition, treatments for a tumor can affect your memory, including brain surgery, chemo, or radiation therapy.
  • Alcoholism, Substance Abuse: Both alcoholism and drug abuse can affect memory, says Lyketsos. A study found that men who drank heavily showed signs of mental decline one to six years earlier than light drinkers.

How Acute Covid Infection Affects The Brain

An acute infection is a sudden and active infection. According to NINDS, COVID probably does not infect the brain or nerves directly. Inflammation and damage are caused by proteins called antibodies that the immune system makes in response to the infection. These antibodies may cause a severe immune system reaction that could cause brain or nerve swelling. There are also other ways COVID can cause neurological symptoms:

  • COVID mainly affects the lungs and causes oxygen levels to drop. The brain and spinal cord require oxygen to function. Low oxygen levels can cause damage to the central nervous system. Without oxygen brain cells start to die.
  • Some research shows that COVID viruses can attack the cells in the walls of blood vessels and make them weak. This can cause microbleeds. In the brain, these microbleeds lead to mini-strokes.
  • COVID may also increase the risk for blood clots. A blood clot in a blood vessel that supplies part of the brain can also cause a mini-stroke.
  • A large bleed or large blood vessel clot in the brain can cause a full-blown stroke with permanent brain damage.

    Common COVID symptoms dont typically include neurological symptoms, but brain fog and memory loss can occur because of long COVID.

When Its Time To See A Doctor

If youre not sure if loss of memory warrants a doctor visit, consider:

  • Does your memory loss disrupt daily activities?
  • How often do the lapses occur?
  • Whats being forgottendetails of a conversation, or the conversation in its entirety?
  • Are there signs of confusion ?
  • Is the memory loss getting worse?

If someone is having trouble remembering the day of the weeknot the date, but Monday, Tuesday, Wednesdaythats concerning, says Dr. Karlawish. Other concerning signs are repetitive questions: They get an answer, then several minutes later, they ask the same question. Or they repeat a story: something about a recent event, but then 20 minutes later, they tell you the same story.

Its not unusual for people to deny theyre having memory problems or to downplay the issue, but a prompt diagnosis is important.

Arrive at some reasonable, common understanding that you ought to get it looked into, says Dr. Karlawish. They dont have to agree on everything youve seen, and you dont have to make it a confrontation. Just get to the point where you can agree that Gee, it would be good to get this checked out. Then, the key is to go with them to the appointment.

You dont need to find a specialist for an initial consultation. Instead, look close to home.

Start with a doctor who knows you well, so a primary care physician, says Dr. Karlawish. Ideally, people go in with someone who knows them wella spouse, child or close friendwho can speak to what theyve been seeing.

Reversible Causes Of Memory Loss

Its important to remember that memory loss doesnt automatically mean that you have dementia. There are many other reasons why you may be experiencing cognitive problems, including stress, depression, and even vitamin deficiencies. Thats why its so important to go to a doctor to get an official diagnosis if youre experiencing problems.

Sometimes, even what looks like significant memory loss can be caused by treatable conditions and reversible external factors, such as:

Depression. Depression can mimic the signs of memory loss, making it hard for you to concentrate, stay organized, remember things, and get stuff done. Depression is a common problem in older adultsespecially if youre less social and active than you used to be or youve recently experienced a number of important losses or major life changes .

Vitamin B12 deficiency. Vitamin B12 protects neurons and is vital to healthy brain functioning. In fact, a lack of B12 can cause permanent damage to the brain. Older people have a slower nutritional absorption rate, which can make it difficult for you to get the B12 your mind and body need. If you smoke or drink, you may be at particular risk. If you address a vitamin B12 deficiency early, you can reverse the associated memory problems. Treatment is available in the form of a monthly injection.

Are you taking three or more drugs?

Memory Loss Cause # 10 Dementia

An obvious explanation to worsening memory issues, especially the capacity to bear in mind recent occasions, names, as well as phone numbers, is Alzheimers illness and also relevant mental deteriorations. While not all older adults experience memory-related diseases, the danger of developing dementia rises with age. New advancements in technology have actually made it possible to detect Alzheimers illness in your doctors workplace with a straightforward eye examination, and also there are many cognitive examinations that can also be executed to help find out the exact nature of your memory concerns, so make certain to reach out to your doctor if you suspect your memory problems are ending up being a problem for you..


Memory Loss Cause # 9 Brain Tumors

Tumors in the mind can occasionally create signs comparable to dementia. The growth eliminates brain cells as it grows, causing memory loss. Depending upon the place of the tumor, the amount of amnesia will certainly differ between people. Recent research studies show that over half of all cancer people show signs and symptoms of amnesia that can be puzzled with mental deterioration- 90% of these signs and symptoms were connected to spoken memory as well as how promptly the research individuals could raise memories and resolve issues. Research reveals that chemotherapy can straight create cognitive disability, however it is widely acknowledged that amnesia and also cancer cells are both elaborate concerns that most likely have a variety of reasons, instead of simply one drug.

Some signs of brain concerns that suggest you require to see a neurologist consist of:.

Sudden or serious sight issues, like dual and also blurred vision.Seizures.Lightheadedness.Trouble walking and also talking.Abrupt dramatic adjustments in the detects, like scenting something that isnt there as well as listening to points .Unusual throwing up.

Memory Loss Related To Emotional Problems

Emotional problems, such as stress, anxiety, or depression, can make a person more forgetful and can be mistaken for dementia. For instance, someone who has recently retired or who is coping with the death of a spouse, relative, or friend may feel sad, lonely, worried, or bored. Trying to deal with these life changes leaves some people feeling confused or forgetful.

The confusion and forgetfulness caused by emotions usually are temporary and go away when the feelings fade. Emotional problems can be eased by supportive friends and family, but if these feelings last for more than 2 weeks, it is important to get help from a doctor or counselor. Treatment may include counseling, medication, or both. Being active and learning new skills can also help a person feel better and improve his or her memory.

When To Seek Help For Disorientation

If a person suddenly becomes disoriented, call triple zero and ask for an ambulance. Stay with them to keep them calm until help arrives.

When someone experiences symptoms of disorientation, it’s important to see a doctor as soon as you are able.

It’s important to identify what is causing the disorientation so that the right treatment can be started as soon as possible.

Symptoms Of Mild Cognitive Impairment

What Causes Sudden Confusion And Memory Loss

Mild cognitive impairment is an intermediate stage between normal age-related cognitive changes and the more serious symptoms that indicate dementia.

MCI can involve problems with memory, language, thinking, and judgment that are greater than normal age-related changes, but the line between MCI and normal memory problems is not always a clear one. The difference is often one of degrees. For example, its normal as you age to have some problems remembering the names of people. However, its not normal to forget the names of your close family and friends and then still be unable to recall them after a period of time.

If you have mild cognitive impairment, you and your family or close friends will likely be aware of the decline in your memory or mental function. But, unlike people with full-blown dementia, you are still able to function in your daily life without relying on others.

While many people with MCI eventually develop Alzheimers disease or another type of dementia, that doesnt mean its inevitable. Some people with MCI plateau at a relatively mild stage of decline while others even return to normal. The course is difficult to predict, but in general, the greater the degree of memory impairment, the greater your risk of developing dementia some time in the future.

Can I Prevent Sudden Confusion

It depends on the cause. Your doctor can tell you what you need to do. But if you or someone you know has had sudden confusion in the past, itâs a good idea to:

  • Make sure your family knows what to do if it happens again.
  • Go over all the medications you or your loved one take with a doctor during each medical appointment. Check that itâs safe to take them together.
  • Beforeany kind of surgery, talk to the health care team so they can take steps to lower any chances of sudden confusion.

What Causes Disorientation

A common cause of disorientation is dementia, a condition that affects a persons thinking, behaviour and their ability to perform everyday tasks. People with dementia are more likely to develop delirium when there is a sudden disturbance in their state of mind. This is often caused by an infection or medicines.

Another common cause of disorientation is drugs, especially alcohol or marijuana. It is also a side effect of some medicines.

There are many other causes of disorientation. Some of the more common ones include:

Some less-common causes of disorientation include:

  • inflammation of the brain or surrounding membrane
  • very low amounts of sodium or calcium in the body
  • liver failure

When To See A Doctor

If your forgetfulness symptoms are significantly interfering with your day-to-day, schedule an appointment with your doctor. He or she will perform tests to determine the cause and degree of your memory impairment. After the initial evaluation, your doctor may suggest:

  • Therapy: Working with a professional is the best way to address underlying problems like depression or anxiety that may be contributing to memory problems.
  • Medication: There are currently several medications available for treating some forms of dementia.

Normal Forgetfulness Vs Dementia

For most people, occasional lapses in short-term memory are a normal part of the aging process, not a warning sign of serious mental deterioration or the onset of Alzheimers or another dementia.

The following types of memory lapses are normal among older adults and generally are not considered warning signs of dementia:

  • Occasionally forgetting where you left things you use regularly, such as glasses or keys.
  • Forgetting names of acquaintances or blocking one memory with a similar one, such as calling a grandson by your sons name.
  • Occasionally forgetting an appointment or walking into a room and forgetting why you entered.
  • Becoming easily distracted or having trouble remembering what youve just read, or the details of a conversation.
  • Not quite being able to retrieve information you have on the tip of your tongue.

Memory Loss From Drinking

An NIAAA study found that most cases of memory loss occurred because of binge drinking, or drinking large quantities of alcohol very quickly. This causes their blood alcohol levels to shoot up rapidly.

Binge drinking is recognized as the consumption of five or more standard drinks in any two-hour period, says the NIAAA. Binge drinking is prevalent among youngsters, mainly students, who are encouraged to drink large amounts of alcohol by their friends. Young people who are alcohol dependent may experience poor school performance due to the memory loss associated with binge drinking.

You Could Be Taking An Aed And Not Know It:

Before you say you dont have epilepsy and assume that you are not taking such medicines, be aware that they are often prescribed for pain. People with migraines frequently take topiramate to prevent their headaches. Some doctors use it off label to treat bipolar disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder and obsessive compulsive disorder .

Gabapentin and pregabalin are also prescribed for nerve pain . In addition, Lyrica is a mainstay in the treatment of fibromyalgia. At last count, more than 10 million people take one or the other of these drugs.

Does Your Memory Loss Affect Your Ability To Function

The primary difference between age-related memory loss and dementia is that the former isnt disabling. The memory lapses have little impact on your daily performance and ability to do what you want to do. Dementia, on the other hand, is marked by a persistent, disabling decline in two or more intellectual abilities such as memory, language, judgment, and abstract thinking.

When memory loss becomes so pervasive and severe that it disrupts your work, hobbies, social activities, and family relationships, you may be experiencing the warning signs of Alzheimers disease, or another disorder that causes dementia, or a condition that mimics dementia.

Memory Loss Cause # 7 Thyroid Problems

Can Depression Cause Memory Loss And Confusion

According to current clinical research studies, hypothyroidism is present in concerning 5% of people over the age of 65, and ladies are practically 3 times as likely to have thyroid issues. Hyperthyroidism is equally as dangerous, both to sleep and also overall wellness, and research reveals that 15% of individuals diagnosed with an overactive thyroid are over the age of 65.

As we age, it ends up being more difficult to identify is thyroid problems are even existing- people over 70 frequently have no evident signs of a thyroid condition, as the signs are likewise existing with other issues they are dealing with as a result of aging. It is approximated that 20% of those over 65 struggle with some type of thyroid problem. Little is learnt about exactly how exactly thyroid conditions impact memory, yet research reveals a clear web link in between amnesia and also hypo along with hyperthyroidism. Talk with your physician to learn more about your thyroid health and wellness and also if there is anything you can do to assist enhance your memory.

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