Types Of Brain Tumors
Primary brain tumors come from cells that make up the brain and central nervous system. Theyâre named for the kind of cell in which they first form. There are more than 100 kinds of brain tumors. The most common types in adults are:
- Gliomas. These tumors start in the glial cells, which are cells that help keep nerves healthy. Theyâre most often cancer. There are several categories of gliomas, based on which specific cells they target. Astrocytomas are most common in adults. A glioblastoma is the most aggressive type of glial tumor.
- Meningiomas. These form in the meninges, the thin layer of tissue that covers the brain and spinal cord. They arenât cancer, but they can cause problems by pressing on your brain.
- Schwannomas. These damage the protective coating of nerve cells. They arenât cancer, but they often cause hearing loss or problems with balance.
- Pituitary adenomas. These form on the pituitary gland, which sits at the base of your brain. It makes important hormones. These tumors usually arenât cancer and are slow growing.
What Is Thyroid Brain Fog
According to the National Academy of Hypothyroidism, the thyroid is a small gland located in the front of the neck. It controls the bodys production, regulation, and distribution of thyroid hormones, which regulate the bodys metabolic rate as well as heart and digestive function, muscle control, brain development, mood, and bone maintenance. In other words, your thyroid influences nearly every function within your body.
Brain fog and thyroid problems often go hand in hand because thyroid function has a strong connection with metabolism. When your metabolism fluctuates, you may feel slow, lethargic, and lacking in energy. When your energy level drops below a certain point, your brain is one of the first organs to feel the adverse effects. People with hypothyroidism often experience hypothyroid brain fog.
ATP is a molecule that plays a key role in metabolism, explains Barry Sears, PhD, president of the Inflammation Research Foundation. In hypothyroidism, ATP production is decreased. Because the brain is the highest energy consumer per gram of weight in the body, it is most affected by an overall decrease in ATP production.
What Are The Early Signs And Symptoms Of Glioblastoma
The most common signs and symptoms of a newly diagnosed glioblastoma are:
Headaches, combined With Nausea and Vomiting;Sometimes dizziness or vertigo occur. These tend to occur in the early morning and often become persistent or severe.
Seizures;The type of seizures depend on where in the brain the tumor is located. They can be partial , complex partial , or generalized .
Focal Neurologic Deficits ;These problems can manifest as compromised nerve, brain, or spinal cord dysfunction, and can affect many body functions.
Key examples include:
Also Check: Can Vacuum Delivery Cause Brain Damage
What Does A Throat Cancer Lump Feel Like
Throat cancer is a condition that is characterized by the development of malignant tumors in the throat , voice box or tonsils. In most cases, throat cancer originates in the flat cells that line the inside of the throat, a muscular tube that extends from the nose to the bottom of the neck.
The symptoms of throat cancer can vary based on its specific location. Sometimes, it can cause a palpable lump to form in the neck, although this symptom is not always present. Its also important to note that neck lumps are often associated with upper respiratory infections, such as strep throat, and do not always indicate the presence of cancer. These lumps are actually lymph nodes that have become temporarily enlarged as they fight off infection. After the infection clears, the lymph nodes return to their normal size and the lumps go away. On the other hand, a lump that occurs without an infection or persists long after an infection resolves may be a sign of throat cancer.
In addition to a lump, swelling or thickness in the neck, some other warning signs and symptoms of throat cancer include:
- Swallowing difficulties
- A feeling that food has become lodged in the throat
- Hoarseness and other vocal changes
- Persistent sore throat
- A mouth sore that bleeds easily or does not heal within a few days
- A red or white patch on the gums, tongue or cheek lining
- Mouth or tongue numbness
What Does Cancer Pain Actually Feel Like
If youre experiencing;cancer-related pain, make sure to check with your doctor about treatment options.
If you are suffering from;cancer, you may have to deal with a lot of pain. While not everyone with cancer experiences pain, a significant number do. The pain that you feel will be different based on the type of cancer that you have. Sometimes you might have several different forms of pain, making it difficult to explain. Additionally, with cancer pain comes not only the physical discomfort but also emotional pain, as well.
Don’t Miss: Are Jigsaw Puzzles Good For Your Brain
Brain Tumor Symptoms In Children: When To See A Doctor
Many of these symptoms can be caused by routine health conditions, and thats most often the case. If youre concerned about one or more of these symptoms in your child, seek out the medical opinion of a health professional you trust. Often, an MRI scan can determine whether a brain abnormality is causing the symptoms.
If your child does have a brain tumor, advanced pediatric neurosurgery can offer effective treatment and a successful recovery for the majority of young patients who have this rare condition.
Chemotherapy And Radiation Therapy
You may be given chemotherapy drugs to destroy cancer cells in your brain and to shrink your tumor. Chemotherapy drugs may be given orally or intravenously.
Radiation therapy may be recommended to destroy tumor tissue or cancer cells that cant be surgically removed. This is done with high-energy waves, such as X-rays.
Sometimes, you may need to undergo chemotherapy and radiation therapy at the same time. Chemotherapy may also be done after radiation treatment.
Recommended Reading: What Happens When Your Brain Shrinks
Glioblastoma Headaches: Different From Other Headaches
Headaches occur in about 50 percent of glioblastoma patients.
Pain tends to start when patients wake up.
Pain is persistent and symptoms are not like a migraine headache.
Vomiting may happen along with the headache.
Throbbing may be present, but this varies with the tumors location.
The headaches often get worse with coughing, exercise, or a change in body position.
Headache remedies are of no help in alleviating symptoms.
The headaches may be linked to new neurologic problems.
What Are The Grades For Benign And Cancerous Brain Tumors
Doctors group brain tumors by grade. The grade of a tumor refers to the way the cells look under a microscope:
- Grade I: The tissue is benign. The cells look nearly like normal brain cells, and they grow slowly.
- Grade II: The tissue is malignant. The cells look less like normal cells than do the cells in a Grade I tumor.
- Grade III: The malignant tissue has cells that look very different from normal cells. The abnormal cells are actively growing .
- Grade IV: The malignant tissue has cells that look most abnormal and tend to grow quickly.
Cells from low-grade tumors look more normal and generally grow more slowly than cells from high-grade tumors .;Over time, a low-grade tumor may become a high-grade tumor. However, the change to a high-grade tumor happens more often among adults than children.
Read Also: How Long Is Surgery To Remove Brain Tumor
What Are The Treatments For Benign And Cancerous Brain Tumors
People with brain tumors have several treatment options. The options are surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. Many people get a combination of treatments.
The choice of treatment depends mainly are:
- The type and grade of brain tumor
- Its location in the brain
- Its size
- Your age and general health
For some types of brain cancer, the doctor also needs to know whether cancer cells were found in the cerebrospinal fluid.
Your doctor can describe your treatment choices, the expected results, and the possible side effects. Because cancer therapy often damages healthy cells and tissues, side effects are common. Before treatment starts, ask your health care team about possible side effects and how treatment may change your normal activities. You and your health care team can work together to develop a treatment plan that meets your medical and personal needs.
You may want to talk with your doctor about taking part in a clinical trial, a research study of new treatment methods. See the Taking Part in Cancer Research section.
Your doctor may refer you to a specialist, or you may ask for a referral. Specialists who treat brain tumors include neurologists, neurosurgeons, neuro-oncologists, medical oncologists, radiation oncologists, and neuroradiologists.
Questions to ask your doctor before having brain tumor treatment
Can you recommend other doctors who could give me a second opinion about my treatment options? How often should I have checkups?
Early Warning Signs And Symptoms Of A Brain Lesion
Symptoms of a brain lesion depend upon what part of the brain is affected. Large parts of the brain can be involved in some diseases and there may be relatively few symptoms. Alternatively, very tiny lesions may be catastrophic if they occur in a critical part of the brain.
Initial signs and symptoms of a brain lesion are often non-specific and may include:
Recommended Reading: Where Are Brain Tumors Located
What Is Radiation Treatment For Brain Tumors
Radiation therapy kills brain tumor cells with high-energy x-rays, gamma rays, or protons.
Radiation therapy usually follows surgery. The radiation kills tumor cells that may remain in the area. Sometimes, people who can’t have surgery have radiation therapy instead.
Doctors use external and internal types of radiation therapy to treat brain tumors:
Some people have no or few side effects after treatment. Rarely, people may have nausea for several hours after external radiation therapy. The health care team can suggest ways to help you cope with this problem. Radiation therapy also may cause you to become very tired with each radiation treatment. Resting is important, but doctors usually advise people to try to stay as active as they can.
Also, external radiation therapy commonly causes hair loss from the part of the head that was treated. Hair usually grows back within a few months. Radiation therapy also may make the skin on the scalp and ears red, dry, and tender. The health care team can suggest ways to relieve these problems.
Questions to ask your doctor before starting;radiation treatment
Everything Else You Need To Know
What causes a tumor? Dr. Schwartz says some genetic disorders can lead to brain tumors. “But the majority of tumors arise in people with no known risk factors or predisposing factors,” he explains. Children and adults over 60 are more likely to develop tumors, but “everyone is at risk at any age,” he adds.
Despite what you may have heard, cell phones are not a known risk factor. “That’s a common misconception, but there’s no compelling evidence that pushes us to consider a link between cell phones and tumors,” he says.
For large or malignant brain tumors, treatments could involve surgery, medications, radiation, or chemotherapy. The good news: Not all brain tumors are serious. “Many tumors are small and benign, and require no treatment,” Dr. Schwartz explains. “If we find one, we’ll just monitor it for growth or changes.”
Recommended Reading: How Does A Brain Look Like
Confusion Conditions: Is It A Brain Tumor Migraine Or Something Else
Symptoms of brain tumors can also be similar to those of other medical conditions, such as headaches and multiple sclerosis .
Most headaches do not signal the presence of a brain tumor, and experiencing a headache by itself is usually not a cause for concern.
However, signs that a headache could be a symptom of a brain tumor include:
- persistent headaches, particularly if the person has no history of severe headaches
- headaches that increase in intensity over time
- headaches that are worse in the morning
- headaches that wake people up from sleep
Symptoms of migraine can range from mild to severe and include:
- nausea, which may worsen with activity
- a throbbing sensation on one side of the head
- increased sensitivity to light and sound
- facial pain
- communication difficulties
- changes in personality or behavior
A doctor will take a full medical history and perform a range of neurological tests to see what is causing the symptoms. For example, they may:
- run CT scans or MRI scans, to provide an image of the brain
- conduct tests to check balance, vision, and coordination
Also, if they locate a tumor in the brain, they may take a tissue sample, or biopsy, to find out what type it is.
How To Help When Someone Is Having A Seizure
Seizures are a sudden attack or convulsion caused by abnormal burst of electricity in the brain. Signs can range from muscle contractions, to staring, to loss of consciousness.
- Stay with them and allow the seizure to pass
- Loosen any tight clothing if possible and make sure they are breathing
- Try to cushion harmful objects to prevent injury while convulsing
- DO NOT put anything in their mouth
Recommended Reading: What Is The Reward Center Of The Brain
Focal Neurologic Deficits: When Tumors Affect A Specific Body Part
Focal deficits occur because of problems with the nerve, spinal cord, or brain function. Such deficits typically affect a specific location, such as the left side, right leg, or ear. The patient can develop a useless arm or leg, or become unaware of a part of the body. Changes in movement and sensation are common. Speech, vision, and hearing changes are also focal deficits. Swallowing difficulties, poor gag reflex, and frequent choking can also occur. What makes these problems focal is that the part of the body that is affected tracks back to the part of the brain affected by the tumor.
What Are Treatment Options
Because the symptoms of hypothyroidism are often nonspecific and easily missed, and brain fog is often attributed to aging, stress, menopause, or some other cause, people with thyroid issues often go under the radar. Patients can only get a diagnosis of underactive thyroid by having a doctor look at symptoms in their totality and carry out the necessary tests..
Treatment starts with an appointment with your physician for a thorough checkup and to determine whether you have hypothyroidism. Your doctor should take your medical history, examine your thyroid, and order a complete thyroid blood test panel, advises Shomon. If your doctor diagnoses you with hypothyroidism, treatment with a prescription thyroid drug may quickly and easily resolve your brain fog.
If you are already being treated for hypothyroidism but still have brain fog, you may need more aggressive thyroid treatment. Shomon suggests talking to your doctor about increasing your thyroid medication or adding a medication like Cytomel to your standard levothyroxine treatment. You may need to switch to a natural desiccated thyroid drug like Armour or Nature-thyroid to resolve your brain fog, she says.
If you think you have brain fog from medication , talk to your doctor about alternatives.
Recommended Reading: Where Is Einstein’s Brain
What Does Brain Cancer Feel Like
- The constant agony that is more horrible after waking up in the morning and shows signs of improvement within a couple of hours.
- Migraine persevering, no headache.
- Can be attached for lifting.
- It could be latent, dependent on the area of the tumor.
- Can be combined with the piracy, the training or an adjustment in the position of the body.
- Not reacting as a rule care standard of a migraine.
- It may be related to new neurological problems.
See also:;Brain Cancer Symptoms in Females
See also:;What is Brain Cancer Curable
When And Why A Brain Aneurysm Requires Surgery
A brain aneurysm is a balloon-like bulge in a blood vessel that can potentially burst. Between 1.5 and 5 percent of people have or develop a brain aneurysm, according to the American Stroke Association.
Given the diagnosis, Mureddu and her husband, Chuck, went online to the;Brain Aneurysm Foundation;and found an experienced surgeon at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston for the operation. But it would be another month until she was wheeled into the operating room.
Her surgeon explained that when she had felt pain in her head, the aneurysm had bled. He didnt expect it to bleed again in the next four weeks, and he needed the time to study the best way to proceed with the surgery. Mureddus aneurysm was considered giant at 3.1 centimeters. Any aneurysm over 2.5 centimeters one inch is termed giant, according to;MGHs Neurovascular Center. Hers also had veins going through it, which meant the surgeon wouldnt be able to just clip it off. He would have to do two bypasses.
Although she’d had no symptoms until that day at the gym, her doctors suspected Mureddu had had the brain aneurysm for some time.
She had a history of 23 years of;migraines, she says. I would get 12 to 18 migraines a month where I would get sick. But I lived in three states during those 23 years, and no one ordered a scan of my head.
Also Check: What Do The Ventricles Of The Brain Do
Types Doses And Forms Of Pain Medicines
The nurse or doctor will assess your pain and figure out the average level or degree of pain you have. There are a lot of different types, forms, and doses of pain medicines available.
The types of pain medicines range from acetaminophen to non-steroidal anti-inflammatories to stronger drugs called narcotics, such as opioids . Sometimes other drugs may be used. For instance, certain anti-depressants or anti-convulsants often work well to help with nerve pain. Steroids may be used to help with certain types of pain, such as that caused by swelling or inflammation. These medicines are often given along with the opioid drugs.
There are also different doses of each medicine. Some people need less, and some need more to keep pain controlled. Some may find they need to increase their dose over time. Needing larger doses of drugs has nothing to do with being unable to withstand pain, nor does it mean that you are a complainer. The body can become tolerant to a drug, and you may need to increase the dose because of that tolerance.