Sunday, May 15, 2022

What Is Brain Cancer Called

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Symptoms Caused By The Position Of A Tumour

What is brain cancer?

Different areas of the brain control different functions, so the symptoms caused by a brain tumour will depend on where the tumour is located. For example, a tumour affecting:

  • the frontal lobe may cause changes in personality, weakness in one side of the body and loss of smell
  • the temporal lobe may cause;forgetfulness,;language problems and seizures
  • the parietal lobe may cause aphasia and;numbness or weakness in one side of the body
  • the occipital lobe may cause loss of vision on one side
  • the cerebellum may cause a loss of co-ordination, flickering of the eyes, vomiting and a stiff neck
  • the brain stem may cause unsteadiness and difficulty walking, facial weakness, double vision, and difficulty speaking and swallowing

Other Primary Brain Tumors

Other primary brain tumors include:

  • pituitary tumors, which are usually benign
  • pineal gland tumors, which can be benign or malignant
  • ependymomas, which are usually benign
  • craniopharyngiomas, which occur mostly in children and are benign but can have clinical symptoms like changes in vision and premature puberty
  • primary central nervous system lymphomas, which are malignant
  • primary germ cell tumors of the brain, which can be benign or malignant
  • meningiomas, which originate in the meninges
  • schwannomas, which originate in cells that produce the protective cover of your nerves called Schwann cells

Most meningiomas and schwannomas occur in people between the ages of 40 and 70. Meningiomas are more common in women than men. Schwannomas occur equally in both men and women. These tumors are usually benign, but they can cause complications because of their size and location. Cancerous meningiomas and schwannomas are rare but can be very aggressive.

What Is Terminal Brain Cancer

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Chemotherapy For Metastatic Brain Tumors

Because traditional chemotherapy cannot cross the blood-brain barrier, newer treatments called targeted therapy are used as the primary type of chemotherapy for treating metastatic brain tumors.

These drugs identify and attack cancer cells with minimal harm to normal cells while preventing the growth and spread of cancer cells. Targeted therapy can be administered after surgery or in conjunction with radiation therapy to destroy remaining cancer cells.

Targeted therapies used to treat metastatic brain tumors include:

  • Trastuzumab for breast cancer that has spread to the brain
  • Erlotinib for the most common type of lung cancer that has spread to the brain

What Does A Throat Cancer Lump Feel Like

Deadly brain cancer stopped with new compound

Throat cancer is a condition that is characterized by the development of malignant tumors in the throat , voice box or tonsils. In most cases, throat cancer originates in the flat cells that line the inside of the throat, a muscular tube that extends from the nose to the bottom of the neck.

The symptoms of throat cancer can vary based on its specific location. Sometimes, it can cause a palpable lump to form in the neck, although this symptom is not always present. Its also important to note that neck lumps are often associated with upper respiratory infections, such as strep throat, and do not always indicate the presence of cancer. These lumps are actually lymph nodes that have become temporarily enlarged as they fight off infection. After the infection clears, the lymph nodes return to their normal size and the lumps go away. On the other hand, a lump that occurs without an infection or persists long after an infection resolves may be a sign of throat cancer.

In addition to a lump, swelling or thickness in the neck, some other warning signs and symptoms of throat cancer include:

  • Swallowing difficulties

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Adult Brain Tumour Types

There are over 130 types of brain tumour, as classified by the World Health Organisation.Learn more about some of the most common types of adult brain tumours including glioblastoma, astrocytoma and pituitary adenoma.

Brain tumours can differ in terms of the cells they originate from, how quickly they are likely to grow and spread, and the part of the brain they affect. Knowing your tumour’s type can therefore help you understand your condition.

As a general rule, brain tumours are named according to the type of cell they start from and/or where in the brain they are located.;Information about the most common brain tumour types is below.;

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If you or someone you love has been diagnosed with a brain tumour and you dont know which way to turn, start with our Information Pack.

Confusion Conditions: Is It A Brain Tumor Migraine Or Something Else

Symptoms of brain tumors can also be similar to those of other medical conditions, such as headaches and multiple sclerosis .

Most headaches do not signal the presence of a brain tumor, and experiencing a headache by itself is usually not a cause for concern.

However, signs that a headache could be a symptom of a brain tumor include:

  • persistent headaches, particularly if the person has no history of severe headaches
  • headaches that increase in intensity over time
  • headaches that are worse in the morning
  • headaches that wake people up from sleep

If a person experiences frequent or severe headaches, they may have migraine, tension, or cluster headaches. These can also create feelings of nausea.

Symptoms of migraine can range from mild to severe and include:

  • nausea, which may worsen with activity
  • a throbbing sensation on one side of the head
  • increased sensitivity to light and sound
  • facial pain
  • communication difficulties
  • changes in personality or behavior

A doctor will take a full medical history and perform a range of neurological tests to see what is causing the symptoms. For example, they may:

  • run CT scans or MRI scans, to provide an image of the brain
  • conduct tests to check balance, vision, and coordination

Also, if they locate a tumor in the brain, they may take a tissue sample, or biopsy, to find out what type it is.

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What Are Some Of The Possible Risks Or Complications

Radiation is a powerful weapon against cancer cells, but sometimes it kills healthy brain tissue as wella severe side effect called radiation necrosis. Necrosis can cause headaches, seizures, or even death in a small number of cases. This can occur six months to a few years after treatment. However, the risk of necrosis has declined in recent years with the advent of the newer, targeted radiation therapies described above and the emergence of powerful imaging, brain mapping;and information technologies.

Other complications include:

What Causes A Brain Tumor

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Doctors are not sure what causes most brain tumors. Mutations or defects in genes may cause cells in the brain to grow uncontrollably, causing a tumor.

The only known environmental cause of brain tumors is having exposure to large amounts of radiation from X-rays or previous cancer treatment. Some brain tumors occur when hereditary conditions are passed down among family members.

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If Treatment Does Not Work

Recovery from a brain tumor is not always possible. If the tumor cannot be cured or controlled, the disease may be called advanced or terminal.

This diagnosis is stressful, and for many people, an advanced brain tumor is difficult to discuss. However, it is important to have open and honest conversations with your health care team to express your feelings, preferences, and concerns. The health care team has special skills, experience, and knowledge to support patients and their families and is there to help. Making sure a person is physically comfortable, free from pain, and emotionally supported is extremely important.

People who have an advanced brain tumor and who are expected to live less than 6 months may want to consider hospice care. Hospice care is designed to provide the best possible quality of life for people who are near the end of life. You and your family are encouraged to talk with the health care team about hospice care options, which include hospice care at home, a special hospice center, or other health care locations. Nursing care and special equipment can make staying at home a workable option for many families. Learn more about;advanced care planning.

After the death of a loved one, many people need support to help them cope with the loss. Learn more about;grief and loss.

Clinical Trials For New Treatments

Researchers are always finding new ways to treat metastatic brain tumors. These new methods are tested in clinical trials. Talk with your health care provider to find out if there are any clinical trials you should consider.

Johns Hopkins Comprehensive Brain Tumor Center

Every metastatic brain tumor, and every patient, is different. The specialists at Johns Hopkins take the time to determine which treatment or combination of treatments will be the most effective for you.

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Symptoms Of ‘the Terminator’ Brain Cancer You Shouldn’t Ignore

Glioblastoma is a disease so deadly its been called the terminator and the eraser because the fast-growing brain cancer can affect anyone, at any age, and comes with a grim prognosis.

As it spreads, the tumor can affect cognition, mood, behavior and every function of the body, leaving a previously active and otherwise healthy person unable to work or do everyday activities, the National Brain Tumor Society warned.

British singer Tom Parker, best known as a member of the boy band The Wanted, announced Monday he is undergoing treatment for stage 4 glioblastoma.

“We are all absolutely devastated but we are gonna fight this all the way,” Parker, 32, wrote .

“We don’t want your sadness, we just want love and positivity and together we will raise awareness of this terrible disease and look for all available treatment options.”

Parker and his wife, Kelsey Hardwick who is expecting their second child told Britain’s OK! magazine they learned six weeks ago he has the disease.

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Glioblastoma took the life of Sen. John McCain, who died on August 25, 2018 nine years to the day after Sen. Edward Kennedy died of the same type of brain tumor in 2009. Both men passed away a little more than a year after their diagnoses, showing patients havent faced much better prospects over time.

Beau Biden, the son of Democratic presidential candidate and former Vice President Joe Biden, died of glioblastoma in 2015 at the age of 46.

Newly Diagnosed Or Worried About A Symptom

Brain Cancer Causes and Risk Factors

In the days or weeks after a diagnosis of secondary breast cancer, you may feel in turmoil and find it hard to think clearly.

You can read our information for people newly diagnosed with secondary breast cancer, including where to find support.

If you havent been diagnosed but are worried about a symptom, find out more about the signs and symptoms of secondary breast cancer.

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Sen John Mccain Diagnosed With Brain Cancer; Lawmakers Unite In Support

Scans completed since Friday indicate that doctors were able to remove all the tumor tissue they could see in the 80-year-old senator’s brain. “The tissue of concern was completely resected by imaging criteria,” the statement read. The procedure and surgery were performed by doctors at the Mayo Clinic Hospital in Phoenix.

“The Senator and his family are reviewing further treatment options with his Mayo Clinic care team. Treatment options may include a combination of chemotherapy and radiation,” the statement said.

Here’s what we know about this type of cancer:

Radiation Chemotherapy And Clinical Trials For Brain Cancer

Radiation therapy is the use of high-energy rays to kill tumor cells and stop them from growing and multiplying.

  • Radiation therapy is sometimes used for people who cannot undergo surgery. In other cases, it is used after surgery to kill any tumor cells that may remain. Tomotherapy may be used .
  • Radiation therapy is a local therapy. This means that it affects only cells in its path. It does not harm cells elsewhere in the body or even elsewhere in the brain.

Radiation can be administered in either of two ways.

  • External radiation uses a high-energy beam of radiation targeted at the tumor. The beam travels through the skin, the skull, healthy brain tissue, and other tissues to get at the tumor. The treatments are usually given five days a week for about four to six weeks. Each treatment takes only a few minutes. The gamma knife and cyber knife are two terms that describe methods that use external radiation to kill cancer cells in the brain.
  • Internal or implant radiation uses a tiny radioactive capsule that is placed inside the tumor itself. The radiation emitted from the capsule destroys the tumor. The radioactivity of the capsule decreases a little bit each day; the amount of radioactivity of the capsule is carefully calculated to run out when the optimal dose has been given. One needs to stay in the hospital for several days while receiving this treatment.

Chemotherapy is the use of powerful drugs to kill tumor cells.

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    What You Need To Know

    • Gliomas can affect all ages, but they are most often seen in adults. Gliomas are slightly more likely to occur in men than in women, and more common in Caucasians than in African Americans.
    • There are different grades of gliomas, indicating their growth potential and aggressiveness.
    • This group of tumors includes glioblastomas. Glioblastoma symptoms may be similar to those of other gliomas.

    What Are The Grades For Benign And Cancerous Brain Tumors

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    Doctors group brain tumors by grade. The grade of a tumor refers to the way the cells look under a microscope:

    • Grade I: The tissue is benign. The cells look nearly like normal brain cells, and they grow slowly.
    • Grade II: The tissue is malignant. The cells look less like normal cells than do the cells in a Grade I tumor.
    • Grade III: The malignant tissue has cells that look very different from normal cells. The abnormal cells are actively growing .
    • Grade IV: The malignant tissue has cells that look most abnormal and tend to grow quickly.

    Cells from low-grade tumors look more normal and generally grow more slowly than cells from high-grade tumors .;Over time, a low-grade tumor may become a high-grade tumor. However, the change to a high-grade tumor happens more often among adults than children.

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    Types Of Brain Tumors

    A brain tumor, known as an intracranial tumor, is an abnormal mass of tissue in which cells grow and multiply uncontrollably, seemingly unchecked by the mechanisms that control normal cells. More than 150 different brain tumors have been documented, but the two main groups of brain tumors are termed primary and metastatic.

    Primary brain tumors include tumors that originate from the tissues of the brain or the brain’s immediate surroundings. Primary tumors are categorized as glial or non-glial and benign or malignant.

    Metastatic brain tumors include tumors that arise elsewhere in the body and migrate to the brain, usually through the bloodstream. Metastatic tumors are considered cancer and are malignant.

    Metastatic tumors to the brain affect nearly one in four patients with cancer, or an estimated 150,000 people a year. Up to 40 percent of people with lung cancer will develop metastatic brain tumors. In the past, the outcome for patients diagnosed with these tumors was very poor, with typical survival rates of just several weeks. More sophisticated diagnostic tools, in addition to innovative surgical and radiation approaches, have helped survival rates expand up to years; and also allowed for an improved quality of life for patients following diagnosis.

    Types Of Brain And Spinal Cord Tumors In Adults

    There are two main types of brain and spinal cord tumors:

    • Tumors that start in the brain or spinal cord are called primary brain tumors.
    • Tumors that start in another part of the body and then spread to the brain or spinal cord are called metastatic or secondary brain tumors.

    In adults, metastatic tumors to the brain are actually more common than primary brain tumors, and they are treated differently. This information is about primary brain tumors.

    Unlike cancers that start in other parts of the body, tumors that start in the brain or spinal cord rarely spread to distant organs. Even so, brain or spinal cord tumors are rarely considered benign . They can still cause damage by growing and spreading into nearby areas, where they can destroy normal brain tissue. And unless they are completely removed or destroyed, most brain or spinal cord tumors will continue to grow and eventually be life-threatening.

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    Side Effects Of Treatment

    Some people who have had a brain tumour can develop side effects from treatment months or years later, such as:

    • cataracts
    • problems with thinking, memory, language or judgement

    Rarely, a stroke might happen.

    If you or someone you care for has any worrying symptoms that develop after brain tumour treatment, see your doctor.

    If you think it’s a stroke, dial 999 immediately and ask for an ambulance.

    What Are The Side Effects Of Brain Cancer Treatment

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      Side effects of brain cancer treatment vary with the treatment plan and the overall health status of the patient. Most treatment plans try to keep all side effects to a minimum. For some patients, the side effects of brain cancer treatment can be severe. Treatment plans should include a discussion of potential side effects and the likelihood of them developing, so the patient and their caregivers can make appropriate treatment decisions in conjunction with their medical team. Also, if side effects develop, the patient has some knowledge of what to do about them such as when to take certain medicines or when to call their doctor to report health changes.

      Surgical side effects include an increase in current symptoms, damage to normal brain tissue, brain swelling, and seizures. Other symptoms of changes in brain function such as muscle weakness, mental changes, and decreases in any brain-controlled function can occur. Combinations of these side effects may happen. The side effects are most noticeable shortly after surgery but frequently decline over time. Occasionally, the side effects do not go away.

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