Types Of Brain Injury
There are different types of brain injuries. Each type of brain injury is unique. The differences in brain injuries depend on the type of applied force, the amount of force, and where the force was received on the head. The brain injury can affect just one functional area of the brain, several areas of the brain, or the entirety. Sometimes I will use the term herein as mild brain injury. Please do not be misled. Mild refers to the trauma that caused the injury. Mild does not describe the consequences, which can be very severe to the injured party and can severely affect the family and relations.
Organic brain syndrome or OBS is an overall term that describes brain damage due to a medical disease. It is often simply called dementia. Dementia can be caused by trauma, but this is rare. It is mostly caused by diseases.
Causes of Organic Brain Injury
Various drug or alcohol-related conditions can contribute to organic brain disease. These include the following:
Certain complications of cancer can cause organic brain injury. Diseases that can mimic organic brain syndrome include neurosis, depression, or psychosis.
The treatment of organic brain injury is usually supportive and involves rehabilitation. In some cases, medication can reduce the aggressive behaviors sometimes seen in organic brain injury. Some organic brain disorders are brief and/or treatable, but most worsen over time and are long-lasting.
Acquired Brain InjuryBrain ContusionConcussion
Related To Organic Brain Syndrome
Plans & Pricing
Is Adhd An Organic Brain Disorder
No problems are normally encountered in the differential diagnosis between organic brain syndromes and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder because the latter is a developmental disorder, so that, although manifested as such at an adult age, its symptoms must have been visible throughout the individuals
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J The Need For Continued Treatment In The Subgroups Of Obs
This was not significant showing that those with the Chronic syndrome required no more maintenance treatment as compared with the Acute group. And in those with a previous psychiatric history, the need for maintenance treatment was no different from those without . Even in the elderly patients, there was no increased need for continued treatment, as evidenced by a value of p = 0.405.
How Is Alcohol Abuse Connected To Wet Brain
Thiamine is an essential nutrient utilized by all parts of the body which can only be obtained through diet.1,3 Thiamine deficiency can cause damage to the brain, nerves, and heart.3
In the United States, alcohol abuse is the leading cause of thiamine deficiency, and consequently the development of WKS. 3
Chronic alcohol abuse can lead to thiamine deficiency through poor nutrition and malabsorption.2, 5 For example, people who drink heavily often do not eat a balanced diet and do not take in sufficient levels of thiamine to meet their nutritional needs.3 Indeed, studies show that chronic drinkers consume lower levels of thiamine.3
For the body to absorb thiamine, it must pass through the gastrointestinal tract to be transported to the tissues of the body, and absorption is decreased in people with chronic alcohol abuse.3,4 Alcohol use can create inflammation in the digestive tract, which makes it far more difficult for the body to absorb thiamine.5 Heavy drinking can also make it difficult for the body to effectively process and utilize thiamine in the cells of the body.3,5 Thiamine is essential for building enzymes that play important roles in processing and converting sugar into energy and creating chemical messengers in the brain and genetic material in the cells.3,4,6
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Organic Mental Disorder Causes And Treatment
Steven Gans, MD is board-certified in psychiatry and is an active supervisor, teacher, and mentor at Massachusetts General Hospital.
An organic mental disorder is a previously used term to describe a dysfunction of the brain that was meant to exclude psychiatric disorders. It is currently known under the category of neurocognitive disorders. It describes reduced brain function due to illnesses that are not psychiatric in nature.
Sometimes the term organic mental disorder is used interchangeably with the terms organic brain syndrome , chronic organic brain syndrome, or neurocognitive disorderthis latter term is the one used more commonly now.
The General Role Of Eeg In Evaluation Of Organic Brain Syndromes
EEG changes associated with organic brain syndromes are typically nonspecific, the most common effects being generalized regular and irregular slowing. Exceptions to the nonspecificity rule include Jakob-Creutzfeldt disease, herpes encephalitis, hepatic encephalopathy, and some types of drug intoxication, all of which will be discussed later. Although EEG changes frequently occur in organic brain syndromes, such changes, particularly in the early stage of the disease, may not reflect a clearly discernible shift to an abnormal morphology . For this reason the use of serial EEGs in the evaluation of such disorders is highly indicated.
A correlation between the nature of EEG changes and the distribution of neuropathologic alterations has been postulated for degenerative encephalopathies by Gloor et al . According to this hypothesis, diseases involving only the cortical gray matter, like Alzheimer and Pick disease, present primarily with low-voltage irregular slowing, while cerebral white matter diseases, like multifocal leukoencephalopathy, present with high-voltage polymorphic delta activity. Conditions such as Jakob-Creutzfeldt disease, which affect both cortical and subcortical gray matter, on the other hand, present with either FIRDA or bilaterally synchronous epileptiform complexes. Although such pathophysiologic correlates are conceptually appealing, their general utility in the practice of clinical EEG remains rather limited.
In , 2016
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Suggestions From The Neurocognitive Disorders Working Group
For its part, the neurocognitive disorders working group of the American Psychological Association, which was integrated to form the fifth version of its Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, has accepted the use of the term “neurocognitive” to refer to clinical manifestations where the mind acts as a result of alterations in the brain. Thus arises the classification of “Neurocognitive disorders associated with medical causes” .
Broadly speaking, the manifestations that are included in this category are visible in complex attention, learning and memory, executive functions, language, visoconstructive perception and social cognition).
Origin Of The Concept And Associated Symptoms
In the context of modern psychiatry, the term “Organic Brain Syndrome” was used to differentiate between purely mental etiology, and etiology was clearly related to physiological functioning. However, with the later knowledge and theories about the functioning of the human mind and its relationship both with brain structures, such a distinction has been increasingly undervalued.
In the words of Ganguli, Black, Blazer, et al. the term organic suggested that there was a known brain structure that caused some manifestations. This structure was different from another, which was called “functional” and encompassed all the manifestations that had a purely mental etiology.
But, with the development and transformations of cognitive science and neuroscience, psychiatry has rejected the false disconnect between organic and non-organic functional structures, which ultimately resulted in a distinction between mental and brain manifestations. Currently, psychiatry maintains that the brain , is actually the basis of mental or functional structures.
For example, the journal Rheumatology , in its sixth version defines Organic Brain Syndrome as a state of brain dysfunction associated with disturbances in consciousness, cognition, affect, or mood caused by behavior during drug withdrawal due to infections or metabolic causes.
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Ioverview Of Organic Brain Syndromes
The term organic brain syndrome refers in the literature to both organic mental disorder and organic brain disorder. This reflects the dualist mind-body distinction, which gave rise to it. That is, it implies a distinction between physical and mental causes of behavioral-emotional-cognitive dysfunction. The latter are also known by the general term psychopathology, but can there be an organic mental disorder, or even normal behavioral/cognitive functioning that is not related to brain function ? And can there be a brain disorder that is not organic, in the sense that it refers to something other than normal or impaired function of brain tissue? Current knowledge suggests a negative answer to both questions. There is a long tradition of dualism in psychiatry of functional and organic disorders that reflects the belief that some behavioral abnormalities originate in brain pathology, whereas others result from psychological or functional factors, such as maladjustment in the domains of emotional, social, and familial function.
Robert M. Kliegman MD, inNelson Textbook of Pediatrics, 2020
Is Wernicke Korsakoff Syndrome Reversible
WKS is a potentially reversible condition.2,5,7 The severity of a persons symptoms, how early a person begins treatment, and the type of treatment that they receive can all have a significant impact on whether a case of WKS can be reversed or alleviated.2,4
Some people may make a full recovery, although this is rare. Thiamine therapy will offer varying levels of improvement in symptoms after 5-12 days.6
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Organic Brain Syndrome Causes
Disorders that cause injury or damage to the brain and contribute to organic brain syndrome include, but are not limited to 1):
- Infections such as meningitis or intracerebral abscess
- Metabolic illnesses such as uremia or hepatic failure with hyperammonemia
- Disturbances of electrolyte balance such as:
- hypo- or hypernatremia,
Filing For Social Security Disability With The Diagnosis Of An Organic Mental Disorder
The Social Security Administration considers Organic Mental Disorders under Section 12.02 of the Blue Book. A related listing, Cerebral Trauma – Traumatic Brain Injury, is found in Section 11.18. The SSA defines Organic Mental Disorders as psychological or behavioral abnormalities associated with a dysfunction of the brain and requires that when you apply for disability benefits you submit records documenting the patients medical history, including examinations or laboratory tests which demonstrate the presence of a specific organic factor judged to be the cause of the persons abnormal mental state and loss of mental function.
In order to meet the eligibility requirements of this section and qualify for Social Security Disability benefits, you must meet the stipulations of BOTH Paragraph A and Paragraph B below, or ALL of the stipulations of Paragraph C.
You must demonstrate the loss of specific cognitive abilities or affective changes and must provide medical documentation of the persistence of at least one of the following:
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Recommended For Further Reading
BENSON, D. F., and BLUMER, D. Psychiatric Aspects of Neurologic Disease. New York, Grune and Stratton, 1975. this textbook deals with the psychiatric aspects of localized brain lesions, including frontal and temporal lobe seizures.
CHESS, S. Neurological Dysfunction and Childhood Behavioural Pathology. J. Aut. Child Schizo. 2: 299311, 1972. drawing from her experience of more than one thousand consultations over nineteen years, the author discusses the relationship between neurological dysfunction and childhood behavioural disturbance.
CLEMENTS, S. D. Minimal Brain Dysfunction in Children: Terminology and Identification: Phase One of a Three-Phase Project. U. S. Dept. H. E. and W., Public Health Publication, no. 1415, 1966. best single reference with regard to terminology and identification. Brief and well organized with an extensive bibliography.
GARDNER, R. A. Psychogenic Problems of Brain-Injured Children and Their Parents. J. Amer. Acad. Child Psychiat. 7: 47191, 1968. discusses both intrapsychic or interpersonal elements of the adaptation of both brain-injured children and their parents, with emphasis on short-term supportive forms of treatment.
What Is Organic Brain Syndrome
4.9/5Organic brain syndromeorganic brain diseaseorganic brain disorderorganicsyndromeorganicdisordersyndromedisorderorganic
Also to know is, what is meant by organic brain disease?
Medical Definition of organic brain syndrome: any acute or chronic mental dysfunction resulting chiefly from physical changes in brain structure and characterized especially by impaired cognition. called also organic brain disorder, organic mental syndrome.
Beside above, what is considered an organic disease? Organic disease is the term used to describe any health condition in which there is an observable and measurable disease process, such as inflammation or tissue damage. An organic disease is one that can be validated and quantified through the standardized biological measures known as biomarkers.
Just so, what is a cause of an organic mental disorder?
Organic mental disorders are disturbances that may be caused by injury or disease affecting brain tissues as well as by chemical or hormonal abnormalities. Low oxygen in the blood, high amounts of carbon dioxide in the body, strokes, brain infections, and heart infections can lead to an organic mental disorder as well.
Is schizophrenia an organic brain disorder?
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How Are Neurocognitive Disorders Diagnosed
Neurocognitive disorders arent caused by a mental disorder. However, many of the symptoms of neurocognitive disorders are similar to those of certain mental disorders, including schizophrenia, depression, and psychosis. To ensure an accurate diagnosis, healthcare providers will perform various diagnostic tests that can differentiate symptoms of neurocognitive disorders from those of a mental disorder. These tests often include:
- cranial CT scan: This test uses a series of X-ray images to create images of the skull, brain, sinuses, and eye sockets. It may be used to examine the soft tissues in the brain.
- head MRI scan: This imaging test uses powerful magnets and radio waves to produce detailed images of the brain. These pictures can show signs of brain damage.
- positron emission tomography scan: A PET scan uses a special dye that contains radioactive tracers. These tracers are injected into a vein and then spread throughout the body, highlighting any damaged areas.
- electroencephalogram : An EEG measures the electrical activity in the brain. This test can help detect any problems associated with this activity.
Treatment for neurocognitive disorders varies depending on the underlying cause. Certain conditions may only require rest and medication. Neurodegenerative diseases may require different types of therapy.
Treatments for neurocognitive disorders may include:
Examples Of Organic Brain Syndrome In A Sentence
Organic brain syndrome, senile dementia and intellectual disabilities are excluded from the definition of mental disease.
Organic brain syndrome involves a constellation of behavioral or psychological signs and symptoms including problems withrecommended that Marshall participate in a head trauma study requiring donation of Marshalls brain to research following his death.
Organic brain syndrome, functional disorders, or mental deficiencies resulting in severe mental and social incapacity as evidenced by marked dependence upon others for personal needs or to avoid physical danger or the inability to understand the spoken word or the inability to follow simple directions would meet this standard.
Organic brain syndrome and delirium are common in early trans- plant recipients.
Organic brain syndrome – Psychiatric or neurological symptoms that arise from damage to or disease in the brain.
Organic brain syndrome, senile dementia and mental retardation are excluded from the definition of mental disease.
Organic brain syndrome is acute and irreversible or reversible depending on the causative factor.
Organic brain syndrome describes decreased mental function caused by a medical disease that is not a psychiatric disorder.
Organic brain syndrome is a temporary or permanent dysfunction of the brain caused by a disturbance in the physical or physiologic functioning of the brain tissue.
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Your Organic Mental Disorder Disability Case
If you are disabled because of an Organic Mental Disorder so severe that it prevents employment, you may be entitled to Social Security Disability benefits. Working closely with medical professionals and a qualified Social Security Disability attorney or advocate to collect and present the appropriate materials to support your disability claim can help to ensure that your Organic Mental Disorder disability case will have the highest possible chance of success.
What Is Wet Brain
Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome , also referred to casually as wet brain is a severe, life-threatening brain disorder that is actually comprised of two conditions.2
The first part of WKS, Wernickes encephalopathy, is a severe and temporary condition characterized by confusion, loss of muscular coordination, and abnormal eye movements and vision changes.
The second aspect of WKS, Korsakoffs psychosis, often follows or accompanies Wernickes encephalopathy. Korsakoffs psychosis is a persistent, chronic condition that can cause significant impairment in learning and memory and interfere with a persons ability to function normally.1,3 The casual name for WKS, wet brain, was coined because the condition most commonly emerges as a consequence of several years spent abusing alcohol.1,3
The symptoms of WKS actually begin from a deficiency in thiamine that is typically associated with extended heavy alcohol use but may also be caused by malnutrition and other diseases.1,3 Up to 80% of people with severe alcohol use disorder become thiamine deficient.1 A person must be sober when demonstrating symptoms to be diagnosed with wet brain, considering that withdrawal, or medical complications associated with alcohol use can mimic symptoms of WKS.4
Although it is estimated that only 1-2% of the general population develop WKS, those who chronically drink are at a higher risk with prevalence rates estimated around 12-14%.2
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How Is Wet Brain Treated
The primary way that physicians treat Wernicke Korsakoff Syndrome is through potent thiamine supplementation. Abstinence from alcohol will be beneficial while receiving treatment for WKS. 3,5,6 Since WKS is caused by thiamine deficiency, high dose thiamine supplementation proves to be one of the most effective treatments for the reversal or prevention of symptoms, especially in the early stages of WKS.1,5,6,7
Thiamine may be taken as an oral supplement or as an intramuscular or intravenous injection to restore a persons normal thiamine levels to the body and reduce symptoms.5,7Additional vitamins or supplements can be provided as well, which can help the body to process thiamine and increase levels in the body.6,7 Increased thiamine levels have been shown to reduce confusion, increase coordination, improve eye function, and reduce memory problems in patients with WKS.3,6