Monday, May 9, 2022

What Is The Emotional Center Of The Brain

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Emotions and the Brain

Another one of my patients Denise came to me with problems with sleep, irritability, and depression. At 51, She was also entering the menopause transition with her periods spaced out at 6-month intervals.

She was a physician who ran a busy cosmetic surgery office. Around the same time, she began to have stomach symptoms. After testing and biopsies, the verdict was inulcerative colitis, an inflammatory bowel problem. For years she had suffered with attacks of colitis, sometimes being unable to go more than a few steps from a bathroom.

I ordered testing for food sensitivities. Her tests showed a problem with digestion of gluten which is a protein found in wheat. I counseled her on a gluten free diet and eventually how to remove all grains from her diet since she felt the best without any type of grain. Her colitis symptoms decreased by 90% and so did her depression and her insomnia.

There is a lot of scientific information about celiac disease and increased risk of depression. Celiac disease is an autoimmune condition where your body turns on itself and attacks your organs. This happens in people who are genetically susceptible.

Eating wheat and other grains sets off a series of reactions in these people. They suffer from symptoms that include intestinal pain and bloating. But they can also have emotional disorders like depression and anxiety.

The Role Of The Thalamus In The Emotional Brain

The thalamus is another region of the brain implicated in the limbic system; this structure is found at the heart of the forebrain and is responsible for emotion processing, such as fear, sadness, disgust, happiness, and pleasure. The thalamus plays an essential role in sensory processing; all sensory input, other than olfactory information, is processed in this region of brain, hence the nickname ‘Grand Central Station’.

Not All Teens Are Impulsive

Some individuals are impulsive from childhood through adulthood. There is more difference between impulsive and non-impulsive people of all ages than there is between adolescents and adults. You may hear about impulsive adolescents more because they drive the news, but they do not represent most young people.

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The Distinct Areas And Functions Of The Temporal Lobe

The temporal lobe has a right and left hemisphere, just like other brain structures. It also has a series of interconnected structures that enable certain functions. The most well-known and studied are:

  • Auditory perception.

Lets take a more detailed look at where each of these processes takes place.

Where Do Emotions Come From

The Nucleus Accumbens  The Pleasure Center of the Brain ...

The limbic system is a group of interconnected structures located deep within the brain. Its the part of the brain thats responsible for behavioral and emotional responses.

Scientists havent reached an agreement about the full list of structures that make up the limbic system, but the following structures are generally accepted as part of the group:

  • Hypothalamus. In addition to controlling emotional responses, the hypothalamus is also involved in sexual responses, hormone release, and regulating body temperature.
  • Hippocampus. The hippocampus helps preserve and retrieve memories. It also plays a role in how you understand the spatial dimensions of your environment.
  • Amygdala. The amygdala helps coordinate responses to things in your environment, especially those that trigger an emotional response. This structure plays an important role in fear and anger.
  • Limbic cortex. This part contains two structures, the cingulate gyrus and the parahippocampal gyrus. Together, they impact mood, motivation, and judgement.

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S Of The Limbic System

Included in the structures of the limbic system are the hypothalamus, one of the busiest areas of the brain, the hippocampus, which plays an important role in memory and spatial navigation, and the amygdala, which coordinates responses to stimuli and plays a part in emotion.

Some other areas near the main structure of limbic system include:

  • The cingulate gyrus, which deals with emotion and memory.
  • The ventral tegmental area, made up of dopamine pathways that affect what pleasure a person may or may not feel.
  • The prefrontal cortex, which also deals with pleasure, as well as ones plans for the future.
  • The basal ganglia, which controls repetitive behaviors.

So What Are The Real Causes Of Anxiety And Depression

Depression and anxiety can have many causes. There are psychological and emotional reasons for them. As a functional medicine specialist, I am going to address the physical causes. Traditional Western medicine often ignores the physical causes.

There are also many physical reasons for depression and anxiety. Hormonal causes, for example.

  • Hormone imbalances and deficiencies that occur with menstrual cycling, menopause, or aging.
  • Imbalances of important brain chemicals called neurotransmitters can cause anxiety or depression.
  • Inflammation is another cause of anxiety and depression. Most people are aware of inflammation having something to do with causing heart disease, but the same is true for emotional problems.
  • Gastrointestinal problems such as food allergies, parasite infections, and yeast overgrowth can cause inflammation and affect the production of neurotransmitters.
  • Stress can also cause neurotransmitter imbalances.
  • There also can be nutrient deficiencies due to poor diet or poor digestion that will contribute to mood problems.
  • Genetic abnormalities can contribute to emotional problems. Genes determine our methylation ability. Methylation is an important chemical process involved in over 200 places in our bodies including manufacture of neurotransmitters and detoxification of hormones. This is one of the ways genetics affects emotional problems.
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    Is Yoga Better Than Gym

    Yoga trainer, Yogesh Chavhan says, A gym session can make you feel tired and hungry while yoga revitalises you and helps in digestion. Nawaz states that while yoga has its distinct pluses, barring the odd exceptions , yoga does not provide the cardiovascular benefits, which are so vitally important

    A Psychological Constructionist Account Of The Brain Basis Of Emotion

    Richie Davidson – The Emotional Life of Your Brain (Complete)

    A psychological constructionist account of emotion assumes that emotions are psychological events that emerge out of more basic psychological operations that are not specific to emotion. In this view, mental categories such as anger, sadness, and fear are not respected by the brain . A psychological constructionist approach to emotion is as old as the locationist approach, at least in its nascent form . Our contemporary psychological constructionist approach shares much in common with cognitive neuroscience approaches arguing that basic psychological operations are common across diverse task domains . As in the neural context hypothesis, it assumes that the psychological function of individual brain regions is determined, in part, by the network of brain regions it is firing with . It is also consistent with recent evidence that large-scale networks intrinsic to the brain interact to produce psychological events . In philosophy of mind, it is consistent with both a token identity and a supervenience approach to mindbrain correspondence and the mental mechanisms approach . We discuss the psychological constructionist view in somewhat more detail because it is unfamiliar to many readers.

    Psychological Constructionist Hypotheses of BrainEmotion Correspondence

    A: Lateral view. B: Sagital view at the midline. C: Ventral view. D: Coronal view.

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    What Part Of The Brain Controls Anger

    Much like fear, anger is a response to threats or stressors in your environment. When youre in a situation that seems dangerous and you cant escape, youll likely respond with anger or aggression. You can think of the anger response and the fight as part of the fight-or-flight response.

    Frustration, such as facing roadblocks while trying to achieve a goal, can also trigger the anger response.

    Anger starts with the amygdala stimulating the hypothalamus, much like in the fear response. In addition, parts of the prefrontal cortex may also play a role in anger. People with damage to this area often have trouble controlling their emotions, especially anger and aggression.

    Parts of the prefrontal cortex of the brain may also contribute to the regulation of an anger response. People with damage to this area of the brain sometimes

    What Part Of The Brain Controls Happiness

    Happiness refers to an overall state of well-being or satisfaction. When you feel happy, you generally have positive thoughts and feelings.

    Imaging studies suggest that the happiness response originates partly in the limbic cortex. Another area called the precuneus also plays a role. The precuneus is involved in retrieving memories, maintaining your sense of self, and focusing your attention as you move about your environment.

    A 2015 study found that people with larger gray matter volume in their right precuneus reported being happier. Experts think the precuneus processes certain information and converts it into feelings of happiness. For example, imagine youve spent a wonderful night out with someone you care about. Going forward, when you recall this experience and others like it, you may experience a feeling of happiness.

    It may sound strange, but the beginnings of romantic love are associated with the stress response triggered by your hypothalamus. It makes more sense when you think about the nervous excitement or anxiety you feel while falling for someone.

    As these feelings grow, the hypothalamus triggers release of other hormones, such as dopamine, oxytocin, and vasopressin.

    Dopamine is associated with your bodys reward system. This helps make love a desirable feeling.

    Vasopressin is similarly produced in your hypothalamus and released by your pituitary gland. Its also involved in social bonding with a partner.

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    Emotion Trauma And The Prefrontal Cortex

    The ventromedial prefrontal cortex is a part of the brain that regulates emotions. This emotion-regulating center is often affected after trauma and becomes vulnerable to other parts of the brain.

    Normally, the amygdala will sense a negative emotion, such as fear, and the prefrontal cortex will rationally react to this emotion. After trauma though, this rationality might be overridden and your prefrontal cortex will have a hard time regulating fear and other emotions.

    So, these three parts of the brain- the amygdala, the hippocampus, and the prefrontal cortex- are the most-affected areas of the brain from trauma.

    They can make a trauma survivor constantly fearful, especially when triggered by events and situations that remind them of their past trauma.

    Overcoming emotional trauma is a long process, but it is possible. If you are suffering from after-effects of emotional trauma or PTSD, know that recovering from your trauma is possible.

    Understand The Teen Brain

    The emotion centre is the oldest part of the human brain ...

    Adolescence is a time of profound brain, body and emotional growth. It offers parents an opportunity to support healthy development that is paralleled only by our influence in the very first few years of their lives. Adolescence is also a time of heightened emotions. The depth of teen emotions is enviable. We are inspired by their sheer exuberance and capacity to experience life to the fullest. Their sensitivity, passion, and compassion make them reliable, committed friends. They restore our hope as they commit to building a better world. On the other hand, heightened adolescent emotions can also lead to risky behaviors, or to self-defeating feelings like excessive worry, sadness, or anger.

    We must take full advantage of the opportunity we are given to shape our tweens and teens by learning how to best connect with and advise them, during both calm and challenging moments. An understanding of the developing brain is an important stepping-off point.

    It is our role to guide our teens as they grow. Part of this includes supporting them to experience their emotions to the fullest. It also means ensuring they stay safe, make wise decisions, and gain the experience and knowledge they need to launch into adulthood.

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    The Amygdala Cognition And Social Behaviour

    Emotions influence cognitive processes such as attention, memory formation, and decision making, and they play a prominent role in social behaviour. A large body of literature supports a role for the amygdala in those functions, presumably by virtue of amygdalar projections to the prefrontal and sensory cortices, to the hippocampus and rhinal cortices, and to subcortical neuromodulatory systems. For example, patients with isolated lesions of the amygdala resulting from Urbach-Wiethe disease can exhibit a deficit in identifying fearful facial expressions. That deficit appears to be due to difficulties in directing attention to the eyes of others, which is important for discerning fear. Consistent with that observation, amygdala neural activity can reflect the emotional significance and location of visual stimuli. Substantial work also implicates a role for the basolateral amygdala in modulating the formation of memories in relation to emotional events. In addition, human neuroimaging studies suggest a role for the amygdala in mediating the so-called framing effect during economic choices, which is thought to reflect the effect of positive or negative emotion on decision making.

    Does Emf Radiation Affect Our Gut Health Heres What We Know So Far

    A good digestion turneth all to healthGeorge Herbert

    Do you trust your gut instincts? If both ancient wisdom and science are to be believed, you should.

    Because theres growing evidence that the old adage about relying on our gut is based on unshakeable biological science. Our gut – or the gastro-intestinal tract – is intimately tied to our overall well-being, affecting not only the robustness of our physical but also our emotional and mental health.;

    However, the harmony of our digestive wellness is facing potential disruption from an unlikely source – EMF radiation from wireless devices. Today, lets find out how wireless radiation impacts this vital bodily function, and what implications it has on our overall health.;

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    Therapy At Highland Springs

    Another common treatment to help survivors who are recovering from emotional trauma is therapy. There are many different types of therapy, but the main goal is to change the thought process of the victim. This may involve talking, exercises, or other types of treatment.

    Here at Highland Springs Specialty Clinic, we have a PTSD Treatment Center to help victims of trauma heal and overcome their PTSD. Our therapists and clinicians are experienced in PTSD and emotional trauma. They have specialized training and high-level expertise that allow them to customize trauma treatment options according to individuals.

    At Highland Springs Specialty Clinic, we combine cognitive behavioral therapy and desensitization therapy. Our cognitive behavioral therapy helps our therapists and patients identify the root of the trauma and triggers that bring fear and agitation to the surface.

    Once these triggers are identified, the therapist and client work together to replace these emotions with more rational, neutral emotions and overcome emotional trauma.

    Desensitization therapy will then help the client heal by verbalizing the trauma that occurred in the past. This allows them to release emotions connected with the event and decrease flashbacks and other symptoms. Desensitization is all about acceptance and moving on.

    The client will be able to leave their trauma in the past and learn to live a more healthy lifestyle free from PTSD symptoms.

    Why Do I Feel Weird After Yoga

    What Emotional Abuse Does To Your Brain

    There are many factors that contribute to post yoga nausea that include, but arent limited to eating a meal before class, release of toxins, and the body moving through emotions and trauma. In an intense yoga class, the body is sending blood to major muscle groups through a variety of yoga positions.

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    Progesterones Role In Emotional Disorders

    Progesterone, the other major female hormone also cycles up and down during the menstrual cycle. In perimenopause, its levels become erratic and unpredictable. Finally, at menopause, there is very little, if any, produced. The effects of this are profound. Anxiety increases during perimenopause. Women who previously did not experience anxiety can become anxious. In addition, those who already experienced anxiety can go on to develop full blown panic attacks, a more severe form of anxiety.

    Progesterone in its natural form is a hormone that calms the brain. This improves sleep and relieves anxiety. Studies have shown that treatment of women with bioidentical forms of estrogen and progesterone results in a 25% reduction in moodiness, irritability and anxiety.

    Remember my patient Callie? She was correct in resisting the use of medications for her emotional disorder. Once she experienced restoration of her estrogen and progesterone hormones, she felt calmer, more resilient, and had increased ability to handle stress. Her panic attacks stopped within the first month of treatment. She no longer became angry at home. The co-workers and students at her school no longer walked on eggshells when they spoke to her. She was a much happier person and her family was happier also.

    The Brain Becomes More Efficient

    We lose connections between brain cells during adolescence. But this process, called pruning, is actually a really good thing because it ensures that the connections which remain are efficient. Learning relies on the effectiveness of communication between the cells in different parts of our brain. These connections are developed through experience.

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    How Does The Brain Work

    The brain sends and receives chemical and electrical signals throughout the body. Different signals control different processes, and your brain interprets each. Some make you feel tired, for example, while others make you feel pain.

    Some messages are kept within the brain, while others are relayed through the spine and across the bodys vast network of nerves to distant extremities. To do this, the central nervous system relies on billions of neurons .

    What Part Of The Brain Controls Mood And Emotional Behavior

    Brain, Neurons, and Spinal Cord

    Your emotional response and general mood is generated in the amygdala.;But its the prefrontal cortex thats responsible for planning future action, aka, the way you behave based on those emotions.

    So if you thought about robbing a bank, your prefrontal cortex would help you;process the idea and connect it to an appropriate emotional response.

    If the amygdala is damaged, you lose control of base impulses. In fact, you may even begin to act in an inappropriate way. Disinhibited behavior, hypersexuality, and risk-taking are behavioral consequences of a damaged amygdala.

    The left hemisphere;of the brain processes while the right hemisphere identifies. For example, if you felt as if you were falling in love, your right hemisphere would identify the feeling, but your left hemisphere would help you decide on how to act.

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