Thursday, June 16, 2022

What Part Of The Brain Is Responsible For Balance

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S Of The Brain: Structures Anatomy And Functions

Parts of Brain

The human brain is one of the largest and most complex organs in the body. It controls your emotions, thoughts, speech, memory, creativity, breathes, movement, and stores information from the outside world. This article discusses the different parts of the brain and the function of each structure.

The brain is a 3-pound organ that contains more than 100 billion neurons and many specialized areas. There are 3 main parts of the brain include the cerebrum, cerebellum, and brain stem. The Cerebrum can also be divided into 4 lobes: frontal lobes, parietal lobes, temporal lobes, and occipital lobes. The brain stem consists of three major parts: Midbrain, Pons, and Medulla oblongata. Although each structure has a distinct function, they work together to control all functions of the body.

How Does The Ear Maintain Balance And Equilibrium

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Hereof, what part of the ear is responsible for balance and equilibrium?

earhearingresponsiblebalance

What part of the inner ear is responsible for equilibrium?

earearpart of the earequilibrium

What part of the brain controls balance and equilibrium?

braincontrols balancecontrolequilibrium

Pituitary Gland Controls Growth

The pituitary gland is very small only about the size of a pea! Its job is to produce and release hormones into your body. If your clothes from last year are too small, it’s because your pituitary gland released special hormones that made you grow. This gland is a big player in puberty too. This is the time when boys’ and girls’ bodies go through major changes as they slowly become men and women, all thanks to hormones released by the pituitary gland.

This little gland also plays a role with lots of other hormones, like ones that control the amount of sugars and water in your body.

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What Are The Different Parts Of The Brain

The brain can be divided into the cerebrum, brainstem, and cerebellum:

  • Cerebrum. The cerebrum is composed of the right and left hemispheres. Functions of the cerebrum include: initiation of movement, coordination of movement, temperature, touch, vision, hearing, speech and language, judgment, reasoning, problem solving, emotions, and learning.

  • Brainstem. The brainstem includes the midbrain, the pons, and the medulla. Functions of this area include: movement of the eyes and mouth, relaying sensory messages , hunger, respirations, consciousness, cardiac function, body temperature, involuntary muscle movements, sneezing, coughing, vomiting, and swallowing.

  • Cerebellum. The cerebellum is located at the back of the head. Its function is to coordinate voluntary muscle movements and to maintain posture, balance, and equilibrium.

More specifically, other parts of the brain include the following:

Conditions That Affect The Cerebellum

Coordination &  Response Part 1

When your cerebellum is damaged, nerve cells break down and die and can cause the following:

  • Ataxia: The loss of control of voluntary movement
  • Cognitive impairment: A reduction in conscious mental activities, including thinking, learning, memory, and concentration
  • Dystonia: Involuntary contraction of muscles that normally work in cooperation so that a body part is held in an unusual and often painful position as a result
  • Tremors: Involuntary, rhythmic contraction of muscles that can lead to shaking movements in the hands, legs, face, head, or vocal cords
  • Unsteady gait: Walking unsteadily or clumsily
  • Vertigo:The dizziness sensation of spinning, swaying, or tilting, which is frequently associated with balance problems and often accompanied by nausea, vomiting, headache, or hearing loss

In addition, researchers are studying the link between cerebellum dysfunction and the following:

  • Anxiety disorders: A category of disorders including panic disorder and social anxiety disorder that are marked by excessive or irrational anxiety or fear that is disproportionate to the actual threat
  • Autism spectrum disorder: A developmental condition that causes impairments in social interactions and communication
  • Dyslexia: A disorder that makes it difficult to process speech and results in problems with reading, writing, and spelling
  • Schizophrenia: A psychotic disorder characterized by distorted perceptions, thoughts, emotions, and beliefs that are not connected to reality

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Lobes Of The Brain And What They Control

Each brain hemisphere has four sections, called lobes: frontal, parietal, temporal and occipital. Each lobe controls specific functions.

  • Frontal lobe. The largest lobe of the brain, located in the front of the head, the frontal lobe is involved in personality characteristics, decision-making and movement. Recognition of smell usually involves parts of the frontal lobe. The frontal lobe contains Brocas area, which is associated with speech ability.
  • Parietal lobe. The middle part of the brain, the parietal lobe helps a person identify objects and understand spatial relationships . The parietal lobe is also involved in interpreting pain and touch in the body. The parietal lobe houses Wernickes area, which helps the brain understand spoken language.
  • Occipital lobe. The occipital lobe is the back part of the brain that is involved with vision.
  • Temporal lobe. The sides of the brain, temporal lobes are involved in short-term memory, speech, musical rhythm and some degree of smell recognition.

The Cerebellum’s Balancing Act

Next up is the cerebellum. The cerebellum is at the back of the brain, below the cerebrum. It’s a lot smaller than the cerebrum. But it’s a very important part of the brain. It controls balance, movement, and coordination .

Because of your cerebellum, you can stand upright, keep your balance, and move around. Think about a surfer riding the waves on his board. What does he need most to stay balanced? The best surfboard? The coolest wetsuit? Nope he needs his cerebellum!

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Tumor In The Cerebellum

Tumors are abnormal cells that can either grow in the brain or migrate there from a different part of the body. These tumors might be benign and not spread through the body. Malignant tumors grow and spread, leading to cancer.

Symptoms of a tumor in the cerebellum include:

  • a headache
  • ataxia
  • difficulties with coordination

Diagnosis and treatment will vary based on age, the overall state of health, the course of the disease, the potential outlook, and other factors.

Preserving overall brain health is the best way to avoid damage to the cerebellum.

Reducing the risk of stroke, brain injury, and exposure to poisons can help prevent some forms of ataxia.

  • Quitting smoking: Smoking increases the risk of stroke by thickening the blood and raising blood pressure.
  • Limiting alcohol use: Large amounts of alcohol can damage the cerebellum. Alcohol also raises blood pressure, which increases the risk of stroke.
  • Exercise: Regular physical activity benefits the heart and blood vessels and reduces the risk of stroke. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend

What Controls The Bodys Balance

Brain

In addition to the cerebellum, two crucial structures in maintaining balance are the inner ear and the vestibular cranial nerves.

Located in the inner ear, the vestibular system provides your brain with the necessary information for motion, head position, and spatial orientation.

It also plays a role in your motor functions that are involved in keeping your balance, stabilizing your head and body during movement, and also helps maintain your posture.

The vestibular system is absolutely essential for your bodys equilibrium, thus making it a vital part aiding you in balance.

Damage to any part of the brain related to balance isnt inherently life-threatening, however, it can result in jerky and uncoordinated movements if the damage is severe.

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Balance And The Brain: A Review Of Structural Brain Correlates Of Postural Balance And Balance Training In Humans

aWaisman Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1500 Highland Avenue, Madison, WI 53705, USA.

bNeuroscience Training Program, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53705, USA.

cDepartment of Psychiatry, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 6001 Research Park Boulevard, Madison, Wisconsin, 53719, USA.

The Basics Of The Vestibular System

Think of the vestibular system as a messenger service. Located in the inner ear, the vestibular system provides your brain with information on things like motion, the position of your head, and sudden movements. This helps you maintain your balance by ensuring that your brain processes your bodys position every time it changes. Overall, the vestibular system helps you maintain a sense of equilibrium, preventing falls and dizziness.

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How Can I Keep My Brainstem Healthy

Some lifestyle changes can keep your entire brain healthier. To keep your mind sharp and support your brain health, you may:

  • Drink alcohol only in moderation.
  • Eat a diet full of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, healthy fats and lean protein.
  • Exercise regularly.

A strong social network has also been linked with brain health. Healthy relationships can help lower your blood pressure, decrease stress and increase your life span.

A note from Cleveland Clinic

Your brainstem is the bottom part of your brain. It looks like a stalk that connects the rest of your brain to your spinal cord. Your brainstem sends signals from your brain to the rest of your body. It controls many subconscious body functions, like breathing and maintaining your heart rate. Brain tumors, strokes or traumatic brain injuries may damage your brainstem. You can lower your risk of these conditions by adopting healthy habits like exercising and eating a nutritious diet.

Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 06/21/2021.

References

Coordinating The Body’s Voluntary Movements

PPT

Movement is a complex process that requires a number of different muscle groups working together. Consider how many muscle groups are involved in the process of walking, running, or throwing a ball.

While the cerebellum is not thought to initiate movement, this part of the brain helps organize all of the actions of the muscle groups involved in a particular movement to ensure that the body is able to produce a fluid, coordinated movement. This includes eye movements and movements associated with speaking.

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How Does The Brain Work

In a gist, your brain controls everything. It controls your ability to think, feel, talk, hear, see, remember things, walk, and many more. Your brain even controls your breathing.

The brain is a spongy mass holding tissues and nerves connected to your spinal cord. Some of these nerves connect directly to your eyes, ears, and other parts of your head other nerves connect with the different parts of your body through the spinal cord controlling your senses, personality, and body functions from breathing to walking.

Together, your brain, spinal cord, and nerves form part of the central nervous system.

Which Part Of The Brain Controls Balance And Posture

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Standing straight, maintaining balance, and walking are all natural processes for humans. We dont usually think about them in our daily lives. But, did it ever occur to you how do you manage to do any sport or stand on one foot? Or how quick your reflexes are that you dont fall down every time you stumble? In this article, we are going to explore which part of the brain controls balance and posture. Read on to know some interesting facts!

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Brain Stem Keeps You Breathing And More

Another brain part that’s small but mighty is the brain stem. The brain stem sits beneath the cerebrum and in front of the cerebellum. It connects the rest of the brain to the spinal cord, which runs down your neck and back. The brain stem is in charge of all the functions your body needs to stay alive, like breathing air, digesting food, and circulating blood.

Part of the brain stem’s job is to control your involuntary muscles the ones that work automatically, without you even thinking about it. There are involuntary muscles in the heart and stomach, and it’s the brain stem that tells your heart to pump more blood when you’re biking or your stomach to start digesting your lunch. The brain stem also sorts through the millions of messages that the brain and the rest of the body send back and forth. Whew! It’s a big job being the brain’s secretary!

The Coordinated Balance System

Brain Anatomy and Functions Animation

The human balance system involves a complex set of sensorimotor-control systems. Its interlacing feedback mechanisms can be disrupted by damage to one or more components through injury, disease, or the aging process. Impaired balance can be accompanied by other symptoms such as dizziness, vertigo, vision problems, nausea, fatigue, and concentration difficulties.

The complexity of the human balance system creates challenges in diagnosing and treating the underlying cause of imbalance. The crucial integration of information obtained through the vestibular, visual, and proprioceptive systems means that disorders affecting an individual system can markedly disrupt a persons normal sense of balance. Vestibular dysfunction as a cause of imbalance offers a particularly intricate challenge because of the vestibular systems interaction with cognitive functioning,2 and the degree of influence it has on the control of eye movements and posture.

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Good Balance Is Often Taken For Granted

Good balance is often taken for granted. Most people dont find it difficult to walk across a gravel driveway, transition from walking on a sidewalk to grass, or get out of bed in the middle of the night without stumbling. However, with impaired balance such activities can be extremely fatiguing and sometimes dangerous. Symptoms that accompany the unsteadiness can include dizziness, vertigo, hearing and vision problems, and difficulty with concentration and memory.

What Part Of The Brain Is Responsible For Balance

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Correspondingly, which part of the brain is responsible for maintaining balance?

The cerebellum is at the back of the brain, below the cerebrum. It’s a lot smaller than the cerebrum. But it’s a very important part of the brain. It controls balance, movement, and coordination .

Likewise, what part of the brain controls what? Protected within the skull, the brain is composed of the cerebrum, cerebellum, and brainstem. The brain controls our thoughts, memory and speech, movement of the arms and legs, and the function of many organs within our body. The central nervous system is composed of the brain and spinal cord.

Besides, what part of the brain is responsible for taste?

The gustatory cortex is the area of the brain responsible for the sensation of taste. The gustatory cortex is made up of two smaller substructures, the anterior insula and the frontal operculum. These substructures are found in the insular and the frontal lobes of the brain.

What part of the brain controls balance and walking?

The cerebellum, in the back of the brain, controls balance, coordination and fine muscle control . It also functions to maintain posture and equilibrium.

These exercises can help you or a loved one to regain and maintain their balance:

  • Standing on One Leg. Stand and raise one leg with your knee bent at a 45-degree angle.
  • Walking Heel-to-Toe.
  • Causes of balance problems include:

    • infections of your ear.
    • chemical imbalance in your brain.
    • low blood pressure.

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    What Is The Gray Matter And White Matter

    Gray and white matter are two different regions of the central nervous system. In the brain, gray matter refers to the darker, outer portion, while white matter describes the lighter, inner section underneath. In the spinal cord, this order is reversed: The white matter is on the outside, and the gray matter sits within.

    Gray matter is primarily composed of neuron somas , and white matter is mostly made of axons wrapped in myelin . The different composition of neuron parts is why the two appear as separate shades on certain scans.

    Each region serves a different role. Gray matter is primarily responsible for processing and interpreting information, while white matter transmits that information to other parts of the nervous system.

    The Cell Structure Of The Brain

    What Is the Cerebellum?

    The brain is made up of two types of cells: neurons and glial cells, also known as neuroglia or glia. The neuron is responsible for sending and receiving nerve impulses or signals. Glial cells are non-neuronal cells that provide support and nutrition, maintain homeostasis, form myelin and facilitate signal transmission in the nervous system. In the human brain, glial cells outnumber neurons by about 50 to one. Glial cells are the most common cells found in primary brain tumors.

    When a person is diagnosed with a brain tumor, a biopsy may be done, in which tissue is removed from the tumor for identification purposes by a pathologist. Pathologists identify the type of cells that are present in this brain tissue, and brain tumors are named based on this association. The type of brain tumor and cells involved impact patient prognosis and treatment.

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    What Part Of The Brain Controls Balance

    Standing upright, maintaining balance, and walking are all pretty natural processes to us. We dont consciously think about balance during our daily activities.

    But have you ever wondered how you manage to stand on one foot? Or perform any sports activity? Or how you dont fall down every time you stumble? Today were going to explore what part of the brain controls balance.

    How Does The Balance System Work

    Here, well explore a more detailed explanation of how your brains balance system works.

    The Role of the Temporal Lobe

    Have you ever flinched upon hearing a loud noise? You have your temporal lobes to thank. The temporal lobes are located in the cerebrum, and they help process audio and visual stimuli. Your temporal lobe has a direct line to the cerebellum by neural pathways, allowing your brain to process stimuli and react quickly by jumping away from a loud sound, for example. This is a major factor in maintaining your overall equilibrium, or sense of balance.

    The Role of Semicircular Canals

    Try moving your head up and down quickly. Did you recover quickly from the sudden movement? Your semicircular canals, located in your inner ear, helped with that. Your semicircular canals contain a fluid known as endolymph. This fluid moves when you move your head, activating the tiny hairs lining the canal and communicating the direction and speed of movement to your brain.

    The Role of the Utricle and Saccule

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    Understanding which part of the brain controls balance is a key part of treating balance-related issues. The balance system is highly complex fortunately, vestibular experts have a thorough understanding of the system and its unique components.

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