What Is A Craniotomy
A craniotomy is often the first step in brain surgery procedures used to treat a variety of conditions. These include brain tumors, vascular conditions and neurological diseases. The goal of a craniotomy is to provide the neurosurgeon access to the area of interest. To accomplish this, the surgeon removes a small section of skull, treats the affected area, then replaces the bone and closes the soft tissues. Once the procedure is complete, you will begin your recovery.
Physical Occupational Or Speech Therapy
You may benefit from physical, occupational, or speech therapy for weeks to months after your surgery.
- Physical therapy helps you improve your balance, strength, and ability to walk.
- Occupational therapy helps you manage your side effects and perform daily activities.
- Speech therapy helps you overcome problems with language.
Advanced Technology Guides Us Throughout Your Brain Surgery
Here at Neurosurgery & Spine Consultants, were here to help you navigate through this difficult time. If youre thinking about having brain surgery, youll want to reach out to us to learn more about the level of care we provide to each and every patient we see. Our advanced technology we incorporate into every brain surgery is some of the best youll experience and were always looking for ways to further improve our already excellent patient satisfaction rating.
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The Entire Experience Is A Bit Surreal
Im still adapting to life after brain surgery, and still having a myriad of appointments, so it doesnt feel quite over for me yet. But despite that, my surgery was almost seven months ago and when I think of the fact I actually even had brain surgery, and look at photos from being in hospital, it honestly feels surreal. And random. And massively crazy.
Brain Surgeon In Colorado
Our brain surgeons at Front Range Spine and Neurosurgery specialize in the surgical and nonsurgical treatment of spine tumors and brain tumors. Our surgeons are experienced in diagnosing and treating a wide range of brain conditions, from complex brain tumors and cancers to cranial cavity and cranial circulatory disorders.
If you have any questions about our neurological services, please call our friendly staff at Front Range Spine and Neurosurgery today at 790-1800 or request an appointment now online now. We are here to help you return to normal and get you back to living the life you love.
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Noticing Something Was Wrong
In early 2016, Jane noticed that she kept leaning towards the left side when drivinga change in her driving that was made apparent as she began colliding with objects on the left side. At first, she attributed this to carelessness and did not think too much of it.
After a few accidents, she sought medical care in Bermuda, prompting an MRI of the brain, which identified a brain tumor, most likely a meningioma.
A meningioma is a brain tumor that originates from the lining of the brain and is very common and very often benign, said Brian Nahed, MD, MSc, a neurosurgical oncologist specializing in brain tumors and the associate director of the Mass General Neurosurgery Residency Program.
As you can imagine, I was in a state of shock and confusion with my recent diagnosis. But I was sure of one thing, I wanted to receive my care from Mass General, said Jane.
Taking Care Of Yourself At Home
Be guided by your doctor, but general suggestions include:
- If your doctor has prescribed medicines, make sure you take them strictly as directed.
- Alcohol could interact with your medications, so check with your doctor.
- There may be a depression in your skull where the bone flap was removed.
- Your wound may ache for a few days after the operation. You may experience itching as the skin heals.
- You may experience headaches for about two weeks.
- Your wound may have a small pocket of fluid beneath it for a while. This is normal and should disappear with time.
- The skin on one side of your wound may feel numb for some months.
- Expect to feel unusually tired afternoon naps may help.
- You may return to work after about six weeks. Keep in mind that you may have to wait about three months before you can drive your car again.
- Walking is a recommended form of exercise. You should wait at least three months before you return to gentle, non-contact sporting activities.
- Contact sports should be avoided for at least one year.
- Physiotherapy, occupational therapy and speech therapy can help you manage any neurological problems like clumsiness and speech problems. Usually, therapy is only needed if there were neurological problems before surgery.
- See your doctor immediately if you experience any signs of wound infection , or if you have any other unusual symptoms such as severe headache, seizures, vomiting, confusion or chest pain.
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I Juiced Every Morning
Our starving cells are yearning for high nutrition and are in a great state to receive and utilize vitamins and nutrients from their overnight fast. But my juice was specific and intentional in its ingredients. My powerhouse recipe for maximal healing and regeneration is:
- 1 whole cucumber
- 3 pods of fresh turmeric
- 2 to 3 inches of fresh ginger
- 4 leaves of basil
What Are The Common Emotional And Social Impacts Of Epilepsy Surgery
It is important to consider common emotional and social aspects a person and their family or caregiver may have before, during, and after surgery. People may react to surgery and hospitalization uniquely, with a range of emotions.
Common themes for people living with epilepsy and family members during the journey through epilepsy surgery include
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Care And Recovery After Brain Tumor Surgery
After your brain tumor surgery, you will likely spend the night in a neuro-critical care unit for observation. You may be connected to IVs, a heart monitor, a catheter and an oxygen mask. You will also have a dressing on your head for a day or two. When you leave the NCCU, you will continue recovery at a neurosurgery nursing unit. You should be able to be out of bed eating and taking short walks the day after surgery. Once you are eating and drinking normally, the IVs will be removed from your arm.
You should not experience a lot of pain after surgery. Most people take acetaminophen for minor discomfort, but stronger pain relievers may be appropriate as recommended by your doctor.
What Happens Before A Craniotomy
Before a craniotomy, the surgeon will explain what the procedure will involve and its risks and benefits. Consent forms and other paperwork will be completed to inform the surgeon of relevant medical history such as allergies, other medications you are taking, reactions to anesthesia, and any previous surgeries.
One week before surgery, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen , naproxen , and other prescribed NSAIDs, as well as blood thinners such as warfarin , acetylsalicylic acid , and clopidogrel should be stopped to decrease the risk of bleeding. This list is not all-inclusive. Inform your physician of all medications and supplements you are taking, and follow his or her recommendations.
Several days before surgery, a physical exam, blood tests, an electrocardiogram , chest X-rays, and other tests might be performed to ensure that your body can safely undergo anesthesia and handle the surgery and that surgical scenarios are properly prepared for. A baseline neurological exam is conducted and repeated after surgery. MRI might be scheduled if the surgeon plans to use image guidance during the operation.
On the night before or morning of the surgery, your physician might ask that you fast to prevent vomiting while under general anesthesia. To reduce the possibility of infection at the site of incision, showering or washing your hair with a special antiseptic shampoo might be required.
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You Wont Get Any Sleep Whilst In Hospital
People are noisy, everything beeps, and you have your observations checked every hour, even at night. But the nurses are so patient and doing their best, despite often being burnt out and tired. So even if your sleeping pattern takes a few weeks to normalise again, youll be grateful for that time when you had someone constantly on hand.
Appreciating My New Balance Accommodations
My second new me adjustment is balance. I am especially wobbly navigating crowds, which has led to some surprising encounters with other people. Im not sure who is more surprised when I veer toward people them or me.
At least I havent actually knocked anyone over yet and that is what I focus on. I can still experience life instead of lamenting the loss of the more active person that I was a few short years ago.
I also carry a cane. I use it as a third leg for stability instead of leaning on it for every step. It works wonders to part the waves in a sea of humans if I hold it in front of me when Im navigating a crowded airport, for example. People are more gracious and provide a wider space for me to walk, which encourages me to get around.
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What Happens After I Am Discharged From Hospital After Brain Surgery
If a significant neurologic deficit remains after surgery, a period of rehabilitation is often necessary to maximise your improvement. Otherwise you are likely to be discharged home.Your GP should check your wounds 4 days after discharge. We will advise you when to have your staples removed at your GPs surgery or by the Precision Neurosurgery Practice Nurse . You should not sign or witness any legal documents until you have been seen by your GP. You will need to take it easy for 6-8 weeks.
In summary, you should try to do around an hour of gentle exercise, such as walking, every day. You will be reviewed after 6-8 weeks by your neurosurgeon. You should not drive a motor vehicle, operate heavy machinery, or return to work until your neurosurgeon gives you the go ahead.
How To Progress Through The Tbi Recovery Stages
The key to progressing through the ten brain injury recovery stages lies in activating neuroplasticity. This term refers to the brains ability to repair neural connections and reassign functions to other undamaged portions of the brain. It is neuroplasticity that allows people to regain functions even after a devastating injury.
Therapy is usually strongly encouraged during the early stages of recovery because neuroplasticity is activated through intensive repetition of therapeutic activities and exercises. Oftentimes, survivors will participate in physical, occupational, and speech therapy to address multiple areas of recovery.
Even after returning home, it is crucial to continue practicing skills learned during therapy. If you struggle with remembering your exercises, ask your therapist to provide a home program handout to use as a guide. There are also home therapy devices, such as FitMi, that can walk you through common exercises in a more stimulating and engaging manner.
Want 25 pages of TBI recovery exercises in PDF form?
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Stage 2 Vegetative State
Comas and vegetative states are often believed to be the same, but they are actually two separate states of consciousness.
The primary difference between comas and vegetative states are the neurological responses the survivor displays. In a coma, individuals are completely unresponsive. In a vegetative state, the survivor has regained some of their reflexes.
Survivors in a vegetative state may sometimes appear to be awake. Their eyes may open and close, and they can even react to pain and loud noises. However, they are not yet truly conscious. Rather these reactions, which are often delayed, are caused by autonomic responses of the brain that are still intact or have begun to heal themselves.
If a person begins to react and communicate in a purposeful way, they have entered the next stage of recovery: the minimally conscious state.
There Are Several Potential Goals Of A Tumour Craniotomy These May Include One Or More Of The Following:
- To establish a diagnosis. This is called a biopsy. This is usually done through a small hole , rather than a craniotomy, but in some situations a craniotomy is the best option. Biopsies are often done at the same time as removal of the tumour.
- To reduce pressure on the brain . There are several types of surgery to achieve this:
- Tumour debulking. The goal here is to remove enough of the tumour to reduce the amount of pressure on the brain .
- Tumour removal .
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How Long Does It Take To Recover After Brain Surgery
In total, it typically takes about 4-8 weeks to make a full recovery from a brain surgery. The initial incisions on your head may be sore for about a week afterwards. You may have some mild headaches for a period of about 4-8 weeks as well. If you experience any severe or unusual side effects post-surgery, you should seek immediate, emergency medical care.
How Well Does Surgery Work In Treating Brain Cancer
Surgery is an option for small or easily accessible tumors. Survival rates widely vary based on the type of cancer and tend to decrease with advancing age.
Looking at the predicted survival rates can help you understand what to expect, but many factors can influence your individual survival rate. Your medical team can help you get an idea of your particular chances of survival.
People who have brain tumors surgically removed tend to have higher survival rates than people who dont have surgery. For example, glioblastoma accounts for about
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Going Home After Brain Tumor Surgery
Before being released from the hospital, you will receive detailed instructions about caring for yourself at home and what to expect during recovery.
After you are released from the hospital, you can continue your recovery at home with home-based or outpatient physical, occupational and speech therapy, as needed. You will need to return for a follow-up visit with your surgeon in one week or so to assess your health and remove any staples or stitches. In some cases, they will need to stay in for longer.
It will take time to return to your usual level of energy. Healing requires extra rest. The amount of time required to recover after brain surgery is different for each person, and it depends on:
- The procedure used to remove the brain tumor
- The location of the tumor within the brain
- Areas of the brain affected by the surgery
- Your age and overall health
Peoples Reactions Will Surprise You
They will act in such different ways that you wont be able to predict who will do what. Some will be amazing and will visit you in hospital, send you fresh fruit hampers and flowers, and check in on you constantly. I had messages and cards from people Id not spoken to for years that just wanted to reach out to send me their love and tell me I could contact them if I needed anything at all.
But then there are others that you will expect to be there that will suddenly drop off the face of the earth or dismiss what youve been through completely. Theres no denying that this is confusing and infuriating. But, you begin to realise its not really on your radar how others act. Youll have bigger things to focus on, like recovering and getting stronger. And sometimes, its not a bad thing to learn who will actually be there in a crisis. Besides, the relationships and bonds with the people that are there will flourish so much.
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Additional Side Effects Of Brain Surgery
Comaâ Coma is another side effect either during or post-surgery. In this state, the affected patient is unconscious and fails to move or respond.
Brain damageâ Removal of damaged tissue in the brain sometimes leads to the removal of some unaffected tissue as well.
The possibility of damage to the normal tissues also exists. Brain damage can be either temporary or permanent.
Symptoms gradually fade out in temporary cases, but the ones with permanent damage of tissue require rehabilitation. Such damage can also alter personality.
Brain swellingâ Accumulation of the cerebrospinal fluid or swelling of the brain can lead to increased intracranial pressure.
Such elevated pressure leads to a feeling of lethargy, vomiting or headache. In such cases, certain changes in the behavioral patterns may be noticed. Steroids are recommended to bring the pressure down.
In cases of elevated intracranial pressure, another intervention is required when CSF is increasing.
The treated area may experience certain skin reactions too. The ear and operated scalp may turn itchy or experience a change in color .
Protection from the sun and exposure to air are important for the treated area to heal properly.
Immediately After Your Procedure
Immediately following your procedure, you will spend about an hour in the post-anesthesia care unit. During this time, your doctor will monitor your vital signs, such as your blood pressure and breathing. Once you have stabilized, you will be transferred to the ICU for close monitoring. Your care team will be watching for signs of any side effects or complication following surgery.