Which Sports May Cause Brain Damage
Sports such as football, basketball, boxing, cycling, skating, skiing, skateboarding, horseback riding has had events that caused brain injuries.
In many countries, mentioned sports cause the highest number of brain injuries for adults.
All sports include the risk of getting hurt, but the ones that involve direct contact, speed or heights are most likely to cause injuries to your head.
In contact sports, you wear protective gear to decrease the likelihood of injury. But still, even with protection, you are risking injury if you get involved with contact sports.
Although, risk is part of life and shouldnt hold you back from enjoying your sport, no matter what kind it is.
Ive played basketball for many years, and I never hurt my head in any serious way .
How to treat head injuries:
What happens during a concussion:
Types of head injury:
Losing brain cells:
Getting smarter from head bumps:
How concussions happen:
How Do You Prevent A Concussion
Everyone should wear properly fitting, sport-appropriate headgear and safety equipment when playing contact sports or biking, rollerblading, skateboarding, snowboarding, or skiing. You cant prevent every concussion. But helmets, mouthguards, and other safety gear can reduce the risk of a brain injury.
Should I Go To The Er If I Fell And Hit My Head
Someone with a head injury needs to go to the hospitals emergency department as soon as possible if anything in the box below applies. This should be by ambulance if needed. Unconsciousness or lack of full consciousness, even if the person has now recovered. Any clear fluid running from the ears or nose.
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Strategies For Coping With Memory Problems
Memory problems can destroy a person’s sense of identity and continuity. The inability to remember events and emotions can leave people without a sense of the passage of time or of their own narrative and progression as a person. This is on top of the everyday practical difficulties with planning and organisation.
There are no easy answers for memory difficulties and it is unrealistic to expect lost function to be regained. However, there are simple, practical steps that can make a huge difference.
Our factsheet Coping with memory problems – practical strategies provides comprehensive strategies in an easily accessible form.
Concussion Memory Loss: Recovery Stories From 6 Mtbi Patients
Memory loss is a common concussion symptom. But what many patients dont know is that it comes in multiple forms and might not go away with time.
The patients who come to our clinic often ask us if their memory problems stemmed from a concussion. They want to understand why theyre experiencing it and what we can do to help them recover. In this post, well run through some of their most common questions, then dive into the recovery stories of six patients who experienced memory loss among other symptoms after a mild traumatic brain injury .
Note: If youre experiencing symptoms that wont resolve after a traumatic brain injury, youre not alone. And youre not crazy. On average, our patients improve by 75% after treatment at our center specializing in post-concussion therapy. To see if you are eligible for treatment, .
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When You Hit Your Head And Loss Memory
Forgetting where you put your glasses or keys is a common occurrence even in younger adults. But as we age, it seems that forgetfulness becomes more problematic and occurs more often. Still, few seniors understand what causes memory loss to begin with, and how can you tell if its something more serious. Understanding common memory loss is an important first step in determining if your forgetfulness might indicate a more serious condition. Now If you want to learn the number 1 cause for memory loss youll have to watch this video. It will shock you but once you fix it your memory will start to improve. Here are 12 potential causes for your memory loss which could answer your When You Hit Your Head And Loss Memory Question.
Are There Any Long
Typically we do not see long-term impacts. Most individuals who suffer concussions have difficulty during their period of recovery, but if managed correctly most return to normal functioning without any long-term cognitive difficulties.
To learn more about academic accommodations or the UPMC Sports Medicine Concussion Program, visit us online or call 412-432-3681.
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Living With A Traumatic Brain Injury
Some traumatic brain injuries have lasting effects. You may be left with disabilities. These can be physical, behavioral, communicative, and/or mental. Customized treatment helps you to have as full and normal a life as possible.
If you have lasting effects from your injury, you might find it helpful to find a support group. There, others who have experienced similar injuries can help you learn about issues related to your injury, teach you coping strategies, and offer emotional support. Ask your doctor or rehabilitation therapist if there are any support groups near you.
Does A Concussion Affect A Persons Intelligence
A concussion does not necessarily affect intelligence. Intelligence is a stable trait which includes many aspects of cognitive functioning. Following a concussion, the brain is unable to function as well as it did prior to injury. This is why we typically see some difficulties with memory or academics. However, once the brain recovers there is no change in a persons overall intelligence.
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Why Do I Keep Forgetting The News Ive Read This Morning But I Can Remember Things From Years Ago
Memory is not technically one single skill there are lots of different types of memories stored across the brain and different ways of categorising them. Often, people refer to memories in two broad categories: short term and long term.
The basic stages of getting information from short-term to long-term memory are initially taking information in, storing it and retrieving it when needed . Different parts of the brain are involved in these stages, for instance the hippocampus is a part of the brain involved in storing long-term memories.
Long-term memories have had time to undergo each stage and be stored properly through a process known as consolidation. Day-to-day memories, on the other hand, are new information that have not had a chance to undergo this process of consolidation. A brain injury can affect any of the stages involved in this process, therefore disrupting memory storage and leading to poor recollection of the information.
Trauma And Memory Loss
Memory loss is a frustrating and sometimes scary experience, especially if the memory loss is caused by a traumatic event. Research shows that there is a definite relationship between occurrences of emotional, psychological or physical trauma and memory. Some of this memory loss may be a temporary way to help you cope with the trauma, and some of it may be permanent due to a severe brain injury or disturbing psychological trauma. Knowing how trauma can affect your memory can guide you in choosing an appropriate treatment to help you cope with trauma and heal your memory problems.
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How To Manage A Concussion
Get a concussion test before a possible injury occurs. Concussion tests assess your brain function both before and after trauma to the head. Doctors or other medical professionals evaluate skills like balance, memory, concentration, and response time. This serves as a baseline to compare if you are later injured in order to diagnose a concussion. Theres also now a science-tested rapid concussion test, produced by Abbott, for evaluating mild traumatic brain injury . The test, cleared by the FDA, requires a small blood sample from the arm which is analyzed for specific proteins that are present after a TBI. Results are available within 15 minutes.
“Evaluating brain injuries is complex and research shows that we only catch about half of those who show up to the hospital with a suspected TBI,” said Geoffrey Manley, M.D., Ph.D., vice chair of neurological surgery at the University of California, San Francisco in a press release. “A test like this could encourage more people to get tested after a head trauma, which is important, because not receiving a diagnosis can be dangerous and may prevent people from taking the necessary steps to recover safely.”
And those next steps are crucial. Once you have been diagnosed with a concussion, both physical and mental rest are necessary in order to heal. The CDC suggests limiting activities that require high mental concentration, and following these tips for a speedy recovery:
What Treatments Are Available
No person should return to sports or vigorous activity while signs or symptoms of a concussion are present. Treatment for a mild brain injury is usually rest and medication. The best treatment is time to allow the brain to heal.
Get plenty of sleep. Avoid physical exertion as well as activities that require mental concentration, such as playing video games, watching TV, texting or using a computer. School workloads should also be temporarily reduced.
For headaches, use acetaminophen . Avoid other pain relievers such as ibuprofen and aspirin, as there is a possibility these medications may increase the risk of bleeding.
Common questions & answers:
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Long Term Effects Of A Concussion
Some symptoms of a concussion develop hours or days after the traumatic brain injury occurred. These symptoms include:
- Trouble concentrating
- Irritability and other personality changes
- Sensitivity to light and noise
- Sleep disturbances
- Depression and other psychological problems
- Disorders of smell and taste
Long-term effects of concussion are rare. In fact, the vast majority of people see any symptoms resolve within a few weeks. Only about 20 percent of people might suffer from post-concussion syndrome, where they continue to experience symptoms after six weeks. However, the more concussions you get, the more likely you are to suffer long term consequences, especially if you dont give your brain enough time to heal between injuries.
At some level, concussions result in a brain injury, so were certainly worried about the accumulative affects of concussions, says Gregory Hawryluk, MD, neurosurgeon and concussion specialist at University of Utah Health. Were starting to learn that perhaps these seemingly minor blows to the head, when theyre accumulative, can lead to depression and behavior change. In fact, we think that some suicides may be linked to the brain damage that results from multiple concussions.
Memory Loss Cause #11 Stress And Anxiety
To some level, stress can assist your memory, Legendre claims. Both ends of the continuum as well little anxiety, or also much can injure your memory. Contrary to what we may believe, not having sufficient stress hormonal agents can be as poor for your memory as having as well much, Legendre claims.
To restrict exactly how stress influences your concentration as well as memory, Legendre suggests building mindfulness practices into your day. As an example, try meditation for a few mins every day. These practices help you know the here and now minute as well as concentrate on what youre doing, she claims.
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Can You Have A Brain Bleed And Not Know It
There may be no warning signs of a bleed on the brain. For example, it could happen after someone falls and hits their head. If there is a weakness in the blood vessel wall, it can bulge or swell, which is known as an aneurysm. Aneurysms can rupture suddenly without warning, and cause a bleed on the brain.
Watch And Wait For A Few Hours
If concussion symptoms persist over the following few hours or get worse, get to a doctor as soon as possible. It could be a sign of something evolving, like a blood clot in the brain, which is very uncommon but does occur, Benzel says.
Keep in mind that sometimes concussion symptoms can appear six or seven hours after an accident if you have what Benzel calls a sub-concussive blow. Again, head to the ER. It could be a more serious injury than they may have thought, says Benzel.
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Memory Loss Cause # 7 Thyroid Problems
According to current professional research studies, hypothyroidism is present in concerning 5% of individuals over the age of 65, and ladies are virtually three times as most likely to have thyroid problems. Hyperthyroidism is equally as hazardous, both to rest and also general health and wellness, and also research shows that 15% of individuals diagnosed with an overactive thyroid more than the age of 65.
Little is recognized regarding just how exactly thyroid problems influence memory, yet research shows a clear link between memory loss and also hypo as well as hyperthyroidism. Talk to your doctor to find out even more concerning your thyroid wellness as well as if there is anything you can do to aid improve your memory.
How Is A Head Injury Diagnosed
One of the first ways your doctor will assess your head injury is with the Glasgow Coma Scale . The GCS is a 15-point test that assesses your mental status. A high GCS score indicates a less severe injury.
Your doctor will need to know the circumstances of your injury. Often, if youve had a head injury, you wont remember the details of the accident. If its possible, you should bring someone with you who witnessed the accident. It will be important for your doctor to determine if you lost consciousness and for how long if you did.
Your doctor will also examine you to look for signs of trauma, including bruising and swelling. Youre also likely to get a neurological examination. During this exam, your doctor will evaluate your nerve function by assessing your muscle control and strength, eye movement, and sensation, among other things.
Imaging tests are commonly used to diagnose head injuries. A CT scan will help your doctor look for fractures, evidence of bleeding and clotting, brain swelling, and any other structural damage. CT scans are fast and accurate, so theyre typically the first type of imaging youll receive. You may also receive an MRI scan. This can offer a more detailed view of the brain. An MRI scan will usually only be ordered once youre in stable condition.
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Memory Loss Cause #12 Aging
Most older people have some memory troubles, Legendre says. Some older individuals have even worse memory loss, understood as mild cognitive problems, Legendre says. They may have trouble bearing in mind current conversations or neglect consultations.
There are means to aid stop lapse of memory as you age. A study from McMaster University located that workout, especially at a high strength, could improve memory in older grownups. One more research study published in the Lancet in 2019 found workout can reduce your threat of mental deterioration.
You can likewise change up your routine to keep your mind sharp. One of our memorys most dangerous adversaries is an absence of stimulation. Shaking up your regimen is a winning approach, Legendre says. Read publications, create or discover new things to stimulate your brain.
When You Hit Your Head And Loss Memory Can be a difficult question to answer. Following this guideline should generally improve your memory loss however if it doesnt you may want to look into for more causes that are particular to your situation.
Who Is Most At Risk For A Concussion
People at greater risk for concussion include:
- Older people and children ages 4 and under due to their risk of falls.
- Adolescents due to bike accidents and sports-related head injuries.
- Military personnel due to exposure to explosive devices.
- Anyone involved in a car accident.
- Victims of physical abuse.
- Anyone who has had a previous concussion.
Adolescents are at higher risk of concussion than any other age group. Researchers think this is because their brains are still developing. The brain is still laying down its neural pathways and adolescents necks are typically weaker at this age than in young adults and older people.
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What Can Happen If An Athlete Who Had A Concussion Returns To Competition Too Soon
Returning to competition too soon could put you at risk for a second concussion. A repeat concussion that occurs before your brain has recovered from a first one is called second impact syndrome.
Second impact syndrome can:
- Make your symptoms last longer than they would have if you rested and fully recovered.
- Slow your overall recovery.
- Increase the chances for long-lasting or permanent problems.
Long-lasting problems include difficulties with concentration and memory, headaches, and sometimes physical skills like maintaining your balance. Although this is rare, returning to competition without being fully recovered and getting hit again could result in a brain hemorrhage or even death. Never return to competition until ALL your symptoms are gone and you feel you are 100% back to your normal self.
Questions For Your Doctor
- Could I have a traumatic brain injury and not know it?
- Will my symptoms show up weeks later?
- For a mild traumatic brain injury, how long before I can return to my daily routine?
- Does a traumatic brain injury cause permanent brain damage?
- Can you recommend a support group for people who have traumatic brain injuries?
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How Is A Diagnosis Made
When a concussion is suspected during a sporting event, a coach, athletic trainer, or team physician should immediately perform a “sideline” evaluation. These tests including alertness, short-term memory recall , long-term recall , and athlete’s ability to stay attentive to a complex task .
When a person is brought to the emergency room with a head injury, doctors will do an exam, ask about his or her symptoms, and ask how the injury occurred. A CT scan of the head may be done if needed. Patients with moderate or severe brain injury are admitted to the hospital for treatment.
Patients with mild brain injury are usually released home after a few hours of observation in the ER. A family member or caregiver must closely monitor and watch for changes in the patient’s behavior for the next 24 to 48 hours.
Return to the ER if any of these existing symptoms get worse or new ones occur:
- Excessive sleepiness can’t stay awake or can’t be woken from sleep
- Headache that gets worse and is not relieved with typical medications
- Increased nausea and vomiting
- More confusion, agitation, or restlessness
- Trouble talking, walking, or changes in vision
- Seizure or convulsion