Sunday, May 8, 2022

Which Part Of The Brain Is Responsible For Balance

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What Are Some Examples Of How The Network Of Neurons In Our Gut And Brain Communicate With Each Other

Parts of Brain

There are several familiar examples. When a person feels danger, the fight or flight response of the central nervous system is triggered. At the same time, the enteric nervous systems response is to slow down or stop digestion. This is done so that more of the bodys energy can be diverted to the situation causing the threat.

The fear of public speaking also causes the digestive system to either slow down or speed up depending on the GI disorder and can cause abdominal pain, diarrhea, and other symptoms. Emotions, feelings of excitement, or nervousness can cause the familiar churning in the stomach the so-called butterflies in your stomach feeling. The gut-brain connection works in both directions too. For example, GI problems can create anxiety and stress.

The Part Of The Brain Controlling: Balance And Posture

As we mentioned earlier, the cerebellum does not work alone. It controls your equilibrium by combining sensory information from the outside world.

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Those pieces of information come from the eyes , ears , and your bodys muscles and joints . After the information is sent to the cerebellum, it processes it and relays the information back to your body instructing it on how to stay balanced during a specific movement.

For example, Consider standing on one foot. Your joints and muscles use receptors, called proprioceptors, to gather information about the spacial position of your body.

These receptors then send the information back to the cerebellum adjusting your position by making you shift body weight, or even stretching your arms out to help maintain your balance.

Now, continue standing on one foot but close your eyes. It is much more difficult to stay in that position, isnt it?

This is because you have limited the information coming to the cerebellum. Its now unable to use visual information from the eyes and has lost a little of the spatial orientation.

Usually, we are not aware of these processes they happen reflexively. But we often become aware of them when we exercise especially exercise that involves a high degree of coordination.

What Is The Gray Matter And White Matter

Gray and white matter are two different regions of the central nervous system. In the brain, gray matter refers to the darker, outer portion, while white matter describes the lighter, inner section underneath. In the spinal cord, this order is reversed: The white matter is on the outside, and the gray matter sits within.

Gray matter is primarily composed of neuron somas , and white matter is mostly made of axons wrapped in myelin . The different composition of neuron parts is why the two appear as separate shades on certain scans.

Each region serves a different role. Gray matter is primarily responsible for processing and interpreting information, while white matter transmits that information to other parts of the nervous system.

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Contextual Influences On Eating Behavior11

Laurette Dubé considered the different levels of context within whichbrain-digestive system interactions operate. Specifically, she consideredhow higher-level brain systems and mental processes the fetal environment and lifelongprogramming parenting and other familial influences and the broadersocial, commercial, and cultural food environment can impact eatingbehavior.

The Brain & Nervous System In Everyday Life


If the brain is like a central computer that controls all the functions of your body, then the nervous system is like a network that sends messages back and forth from the brain to different parts of the body. It does this via the spinal cord, which runs from the brain down through the back and contains threadlike nerves that branch out to every organ and body part.

When a message comes into the brain from anywhere in the body, the brain tells the body how to react. For example, if you accidentally touch a hot stove, the nerves in your skin shoot a message of pain to your brain. The brain then sends a message back telling the muscles in your hand to pull away. Luckily, this neurological relay race takes a lot less time than it just took to read about it!

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Interaction Between The Brain And Digestive System

The workshop began with an exploration of what happens in the body when food is first consumed, that is, how the presence of food in the gut triggers signals to the brain about nutrient content, character, and volume and how that information, in turn, impacts further food intake. Timothy Moran of Johns Hopkins University explained how most of the information that the brain receives about gastrointestinal contents comes from vagal afferent feedback signals,1 some of which come from the stomach and others from the intestine. Most vagal signals sent from the stomach respond to factors such as stretch and tension and are related to the volume of food, not its nutrient content. Signals from the intestine, on the other hand, respond to both load and content, with the presence of nutrients in the intestine triggering the release of gut peptides, such as cholecystokinin , which, in turn, activate vagal afferent activity. Importantly, Moran said, while vagal signals from the stomach are different than those arising in the intestine, the two intersect in the hindbrain where, together, they play a role in reducing further food intake.

Which Body Part Sends Messages To The Brain

The peripheral nervous system carries messages to and from the central nervous system. It sends information to the brain and carries out orders from the brain. Messages travel through the cranial nerves, those which branch out from the brain and go to many places in the head such as the ears, eyes and face.

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Pituitary Gland Controls Growth

The pituitary gland is very small only about the size of a pea! Its job is to produce and release hormones into your body. If your clothes from last year are too small, it’s because your pituitary gland released special hormones that made you grow. This gland is a big player in puberty too. This is the time when boys’ and girls’ bodies go through major changes as they slowly become men and women, all thanks to hormones released by the pituitary gland.

This little gland also plays a role with lots of other hormones, like ones that control the amount of sugars and water in your body.

What Controls Balance In The Brain

Brain Lobes and Left and Right Hemispheres of the Brain

The main part of the brain that controls balance is the cerebellum. The cerebellum is located at the back of your skull, above the amygdala . Besides controlling balance and posture, its also responsible for monitoring voluntary movement, eye movement, and speech control.

But there are other parts of the brain that help out too, such as the brain stem which mainly is responsible for breathing as well as balance.

Maintaining balance is a very complex process that is happening in the brain. Its performed by multiple parts of the brain and occurs as a result of the brain communicating with our environment.

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The Brain Stem Remains Your Breath

Another portion of the brain that is tiny but powerful is the brainstem. The brain stem is under the brain and in front of the cerebellum.

It connects the rest of the brain with the spinal cord that runs along the neck and back.

The brain stem is responsible for all the functions that your body needs to survive, such as breathing air, digesting food and blood circulation.

Part of the brainstem process includes controlling involuntary muscles those that work automatically, even without thinking about it.

In the heart and stomach are involuntary muscles, and this core of the brain tells your heart to pump more blood when you ride your bike or stomach to start digesting lunch.

Can Balance Problems Be Cured

Treatment for loss of balance may involve taking medication, making lifestyle changes, or even undergoing surgery in some cases. Some people will need to manage a balance condition long-term, and they may need to work with a specialist called a vestibular rehabilitation therapist.

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Ataxia Caused By Stroke

Stroke is a clot or bleed in any part of the brain. The cerebellum is a less common site for stroke than the cerebrum, but it can still occur there.

A clot or bleed in the cerebellum can cause the following:

  • ataxia
  • nausea
  • vomiting

Treating the stroke might resolve the ataxia. Occupational and physical therapy can help manage any permanent damage.

Ataxia Caused By Toxins


The cerebellum is vulnerable to poisons, including alcohol and certain prescription medications.

These poisons damage nerve cells in the cerebellum, leading to ataxia.

The following toxins might cause ataxia:

  • alcohol
  • drugs, especially barbiturates and benzodiazepines
  • heavy metals, including mercury and lead
  • solvents, such as paint thinners

Treatment and expected recovery time depend on the toxin involved and the extent of brain damage.

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Other Key Parts Of The Brain

Ventricular System The brain is not a solid organ. Instead, there are fluid-filled cavities within the brain called ventricles. The ventricles provide nourishment to the brain. The ventricular system produces and processes cerebrospinal fluid, a clear, watery substance flowing around the brain to cushion and protect it.

Cranial NervesThe brain also contains 12 pairs of cranial nerves. Each is responsible for specific body functions.

  • Olfactory nerve: Sense of smell
  • Optic nerve: Vision

Which Part Of The Brain Controls Balance And Posture Plus Coordination

Did you know that maintaining balance is a very difficult and complicated process that is happening in your brain? It involves multiple parts of your brain performing and happens as a result of your brain communicating with your environment.

If you are curious about which part of the brain controls balance and posture, that main part of your brain is theCerebellum.

But, other parts of the brain that help out too. The brain stem is also responsible for the development of healthy breathing practicesand balance as well.

TheCerebellum, which is also known as your little brain, is located at the back of your cranium or your head, above the amygdala . Besides controlling balance and posture, the Cerebellum is also responsible for monitoring your voluntary movements, eye movements, and speech control.

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Good Balance Is Often Taken For Granted

Good balance is often taken for granted. Most people dont find it difficult to walk across a gravel driveway, transition from walking on a sidewalk to grass, or get out of bed in the middle of the night without stumbling. However, with impaired balance such activities can be extremely fatiguing and sometimes dangerous. Symptoms that accompany the unsteadiness can include dizziness, vertigo, hearing and vision problems, and difficulty with concentration and memory.

History Of The Cerebellum


The distinct appearance of the cerebellum was first described thousands of years ago by philosophers. The Roman physician Galen gave the earliest written surviving descriptions of this part of the brain.

It was not until the early 19th-century, however, that physicians and researchers began to learn more about the functions of this region of the brain. Experimental work that involved ablating portions of the cerebellum in animals revealed that this part of the brain is important in the coordination of movement.

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Brain And Nervous System

Youre in the middle of a meeting at work, but your mind keeps drifting to the parent-teacher conference you have tonight and the car you have to pick up at the shop on the way home and how you wish you hadnt skipped lunch because the rumbling in your stomach is driving you nuts. Then, suddenly, youre back in the moment, hoping nobody noticed your brief departure.

It may seem as if your brain is always on the go. And it is. The brain not only controls what you think and feel, how you learn and remember, and the way you move and talk, but also many things youre less aware of such as the beating of your heart, the digestion of your food, and yes, even the amount of stress you feel. Like you, your brain is quite the juggler.

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  • Add an air freshener to your air vent.
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    The Brain Is The Boss

    When youre taking a big math test, you know that your brain is hard at work. But your brain is doing a lot more than just remembering formulas. Those sweaty palms you get as the test starts? Thats your brain at work. The relief you feel when you know an answers right? Thats your brain too. And yes, your brain is even in charge when you take a minute to daydream about the big party on Friday night.

    The brain may simply be the bossiest part of the body: It tells virtually every other part of your body what to do, all the time, whether youre aware of it or not. It controls what you think and feel, how you learn and remember, and the way you move. It also controls things you might not think about like the beating of your heart and whether you feel sleepy or awake.

    How Does The Balance System Work

    The nervous system

    Here, well explore a more detailed explanation of how your brains balance system works.

    The Role of the Temporal Lobe

    Have you ever flinched upon hearing a loud noise? You have your temporal lobes to thank. The temporal lobes are located in the cerebrum, and they help process audio and visual stimuli. Your temporal lobe has a direct line to the cerebellum by neural pathways, allowing your brain to process stimuli and react quickly by jumping away from a loud sound, for example. This is a major factor in maintaining your overall equilibrium, or sense of balance.

    The Role of Semicircular Canals

    Try moving your head up and down quickly. Did you recover quickly from the sudden movement? Your semicircular canals, located in your inner ear, helped with that. Your semicircular canals contain a fluid known as endolymph. This fluid moves when you move your head, activating the tiny hairs lining the canal and communicating the direction and speed of movement to your brain.

    The Role of the Utricle and Saccule


    Understanding which part of the brain controls balance is a key part of treating balance-related issues. The balance system is highly complex fortunately, vestibular experts have a thorough understanding of the system and its unique components.

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    What Part Of The Brain Controls Happiness

    limbic cortexImaging studies suggest that the happiness response originates partly in the limbic cortex. Another area called the precuneus also plays a role. The precuneus is involved in retrieving memories, maintaining your sense of self, and focusing your attention as you move about your environment.

    Which Part Of The Brain Controls Balance Example With Picture

    The brain controls the capability to think, speak, feel, see, hear, remember, walk and many other things. It controls even your breath. The brain is a spongy mass of carrying tissues and nerves connected to the spinal cord.

    Few nerves in the brain go direct to the eyes, ears and other parts of the head. Other nerves attach the brain to other parts of the body through the spinal cord to control the personality, senses, and functions of the body from breathing to walking.

    Together with the brain, spinal cord, and nerves from the central nervous system.

    The cerebral brain, a big, outside part of the brain, controls reading, thinking, learning, speech, emotions and planned muscle movements, such as walking. It also controls sight, hearing and other senses.

    The brain is split into two cerebral hemispheres : left and right. The right side half part controls the left side of the body. The left side half part controls the right side of the body.

    Each hemisphere has four sections, called lobes: frontal, parietal, temporal and occipital. Each tab controls specific functions. For example, the frontal lobe controls personality, decision making, and reasoning, while the temporal lobe controls memory, speech, and sense of smell.

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    The Basics Of The Vestibular System

    Think of the vestibular system as a messenger service. Located in the inner ear, the vestibular system provides your brain with information on things like motion, the position of your head, and sudden movements. This helps you maintain your balance by ensuring that your brain processes your bodys position every time it changes. Overall, the vestibular system helps you maintain a sense of equilibrium, preventing falls and dizziness.

    S Of The Brain: Structures Anatomy And Functions

    Brain Anatomy and Functions Animation

    The human brain is one of the largest and most complex organs in the body. It controls your emotions, thoughts, speech, memory, creativity, breathes, movement, and stores information from the outside world. This article discusses the different parts of the brain and the function of each structure.

    The brain is a 3-pound organ that contains more than 100 billion neurons and many specialized areas. There are 3 main parts of the brain include the cerebrum, cerebellum, and brain stem. The Cerebrum can also be divided into 4 lobes: frontal lobes, parietal lobes, temporal lobes, and occipital lobes. The brain stem consists of three major parts: Midbrain, Pons, and Medulla oblongata. Although each structure has a distinct function, they work together to control all functions of the body.

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