Thursday, May 19, 2022

Which Part Of The Brain Is Responsible For Speech

Don't Miss

Speaking Slowly Or Slurring Words

Parts of Brain

If Brocas area is damaged, a person might find it difficult to produce the sounds of speech or may speak very slowly and slur their words. Speech is often limited to short sentences of less than four words. This is called Brocas aphasia or nonfluent aphasia.

Another cause is if stroke or injury damages the areas of the brain that control movements of the muscles of the mouth or tongue.

Which Part Of The Brain Controls The Involuntary Activities

These vital mechanisms are controlled by one of the brains most durable partsthe brain stem. The brain stem is an automatic control center for many such important involuntary actions of the body. And, it is a pathway for impulses travelling back and forth between the body and the rest of the brain.

General Inability To Speak And Understand Language

Widespread damage to the brains language centers can result in global aphasia. People with global aphasia will have an extremely hard time expressing and understanding language.

People with neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimers disease, often experience loss of speech slowly over time. This is called primary progressive aphasia .

PPA is not Alzheimers disease but can be a symptom of Alzheimers disease. PPA can also be an isolated disorder without the other symptoms of Alzheimers disease. Some people with PPA have normal memories and can continue leisure activities and sometimes even work.

Unlike aphasia that results from stroke or brain trauma, PPA results from slow deterioration of one or more areas of the brain used in speech and language.

You May Like: Brain Stem Bleed Prognosis

Blood Supply And Lymphatics

Due to its location on the lateral cortex of the cerebral hemisphere, the Broca area receives blood supply from the superior division of the middle cerebral artery. Most people are left-hemisphere dominant, which means the left middle cerebral artery most commonly supplies the Broca area. In some cases, the callosomarginal artery serves as a collateral artery, providing a redundant, double blood supply to the area.

What Is The Gray Matter And White Matter

How does the brain process speech? We now know the answer ...

Gray and white matter are two different regions of the central nervous system. In the brain, gray matter refers to the darker, outer portion, while white matter describes the lighter, inner section underneath. In the spinal cord, this order is reversed: The white matter is on the outside, and the gray matter sits within.

Gray matter is primarily composed of neuron somas , and white matter is mostly made of axons wrapped in myelin . The different composition of neuron parts is why the two appear as separate shades on certain scans.

Each region serves a different role. Gray matter is primarily responsible for processing and interpreting information, while white matter transmits that information to other parts of the nervous system.

Also Check: Brain Test Level 140 Answers

S Of The Brain: Structures Anatomy And Functions

The human brain is one of the largest and most complex organs in the body. It controls your emotions, thoughts, speech, memory, creativity, breathes, movement, and stores information from the outside world. This article discusses the different parts of the brain and the function of each structure.

The brain is a 3-pound organ that contains more than 100 billion neurons and many specialized areas. There are 3 main parts of the brain include the cerebrum, cerebellum, and brain stem. The Cerebrum can also be divided into 4 lobes: frontal lobes, parietal lobes, temporal lobes, and occipital lobes. The brain stem consists of three major parts: Midbrain, Pons, and Medulla oblongata. Although each structure has a distinct function, they work together to control all functions of the body.

Is Aphasia Considered A Disability

Aphasia: among the list of disabilities given a compassionate allowance. Social Security Disability programs provide monetary assistance to disabled individuals who are unable to work. Aphasia is one. Social Security Disability programs provide monetary assistance to disabled individuals who are unable to work.10-Oct-2014

You May Like: Statin Brain Fog

How Does The Brain Work

The brain sends and receives chemical and electrical signals throughout the body. Different signals control different processes, and your brain interprets each. Some make you feel tired, for example, while others make you feel pain.

Some messages are kept within the brain, while others are relayed through the spine and across the bodys vast network of nerves to distant extremities. To do this, the central nervous system relies on billions of neurons .

What Part Of The Brain Controls Speech

What part of the brain controls speech?

Your brain is responsible for nearly all functions of your body and for interpreting sensory information from the world around you.

Your brain has many parts but speech is primarily controlled by the largest part of the brain, the cerebrum.

The cerebrum can be divided into two parts, called hemispheres, which are joined by a band of nerve fibers called the corpus callosum.

Your speech is typically governed by the left side of your cerebrum. In about a third of people who are left-handed, however, speech may actually be controlled by the right side.

You May Like: Limbic System Seizures

Blood Supply To The Brain

Two sets of blood vessels supply blood and oxygen to the brain: the vertebral arteries and the carotid arteries.

The external carotid arteries extend up the sides of your neck, and are where you can feel your pulse when you touch the area with your fingertips. The internal carotid arteries branch into the skull and circulate blood to the front part of the brain.

The vertebral arteries follow the spinal column into the skull, where they join together at the brainstem and form the basilar artery, which supplies blood to the rear portions of the brain.

The circle of Willis, a loop of blood vessels near the bottom of the brain that connects major arteries, circulates blood from the front of the brain to the back and helps the arterial systems communicate with one another.

Which Part Of The Brain Is Responsible For Speech

The frontal lobe is responsible for the majority of our movement. Affectionately known as the frontal lobe, it is located at the front of the head and plays a role in personality, decision-making, and movement. In most cases, smell is detected by parts of the frontal lobes. Brocas area, which is associated with speech ability, is found in the frontal lobe.

Also Check: How Can You Tell If Your Brain Is Bleeding

Lobes Of The Brain And What They Control

Each brain hemisphere has four sections, called lobes: frontal, parietal, temporal and occipital. Each lobe controls specific functions.

  • Frontal lobe. The largest lobe of the brain, located in the front of the head, the frontal lobe is involved in personality characteristics, decision-making and movement. Recognition of smell usually involves parts of the frontal lobe. The frontal lobe contains Brocas area, which is associated with speech ability.
  • Parietal lobe. The middle part of the brain, the parietal lobe helps a person identify objects and understand spatial relationships . The parietal lobe is also involved in interpreting pain and touch in the body. The parietal lobe houses Wernickes area, which helps the brain understand spoken language.
  • Occipital lobe. The occipital lobe is the back part of the brain that is involved with vision.
  • Temporal lobe. The sides of the brain, temporal lobes are involved in short-term memory, speech, musical rhythm and some degree of smell recognition.

Pituitary Gland Controls Growth

What Areas of the Brain Relate to Language and Reading ...

The pituitary gland is very small only about the size of a pea! Its job is to produce and release hormones into your body. If your clothes from last year are too small, it’s because your pituitary gland released special hormones that made you grow. This gland is a big player in puberty too. This is the time when boys’ and girls’ bodies go through major changes as they slowly become men and women, all thanks to hormones released by the pituitary gland.

This little gland also plays a role with lots of other hormones, like ones that control the amount of sugars and water in your body.

You May Like: Where Is Jfk’s Brain

Which Parts Of The Brain Are Responsible For Language Acquisition

Language is a complex skill. So, there are several areas of the brain responsible for language acquisition. Each of them is highly important and cannot be excluded.

First of all, we need to mention Brocas area, which is located in the left hemisphere. This one is responsible for speech, namely its production and articulation. So, whenever one articulates ideas or uses words in correct order , this is due to the proper work of this area.

Second goes Wernickes area. It is located in the posterior superior temporal lobe. It connects to the Brocas area via a neural pathway. It is responsible for comprehension.

The last one is the angular gyrus, which is located close to other essential brain parts, like parietal lobe , occipital lobe or the temporal lobe . This part, due to its location, gives us the opportunity to process various language-related information .

Brain damages can seriously hurt the language acquisition, especially if one of the parts mentioned above would be damaged.

You might find the following materials interesting too

Also Check: What Does The Front Of The Brain Control

How Does The Balance System Work

Here, well explore a more detailed explanation of how your brains balance system works.

The Role of the Temporal Lobe

Have you ever flinched upon hearing a loud noise? You have your temporal lobes to thank. The temporal lobes are located in the cerebrum, and they help process audio and visual stimuli. Your temporal lobe has a direct line to the cerebellum by neural pathways, allowing your brain to process stimuli and react quickly by jumping away from a loud sound, for example. This is a major factor in maintaining your overall equilibrium, or sense of balance.

The Role of Semicircular Canals

Try moving your head up and down quickly. Did you recover quickly from the sudden movement? Your semicircular canals, located in your inner ear, helped with that. Your semicircular canals contain a fluid known as endolymph. This fluid moves when you move your head, activating the tiny hairs lining the canal and communicating the direction and speed of movement to your brain.

The Role of the Utricle and Saccule

_____

Understanding which part of the brain controls balance is a key part of treating balance-related issues. The balance system is highly complex fortunately, vestibular experts have a thorough understanding of the system and its unique components.

You May Like: Balancing Brain Chemistry

Damage Of The Brocas Area

Lesions in the Brocas zones lead to severe expressive language deficits. There are also non-linguistic difficulties that lead to problems in understanding signs, gestures, and pantomime.

Impairment of the Brodman areas 44 and 45 lead to a whole group of language disorder symptoms that represent Brocas aphasia syndrome. Brodman areas 44 and 45 are found in both cerebral hemispheres, but almost all patients with this type of aphasia have lesions in the lower left frontal cortex.

We now know that the Broca zone plays a primary role in the creation of speech production programs and the syntactic aspects of language. It also enables the adoption of grammatical rules. Thats why damage or lesions in these zones have severe consequences to speech and language production.

Damage of the Brodman Area 44 leads to milder motor aphasic disorders, but if the lesion engages deeper parts of the white mass and adjacent cortex area, the classic Brocas motor aphasia occurs.

What Lobe Of The Brain Controls Thirst And Hunger

Language and The Brain & Sound and Speech Production

The hypothalamus controls your pulse, thirst, appetite, sleep patterns, and other processes in your body that happen automatically. The hypothalamus also controls the pituitary gland, which makes the hormones that control growth, metabolism, water and mineral balance, sexual maturity, and response to stress.

You May Like: Roy Jones Jr Brain Damage

Findings Could Help Treat Speech Problems

The dorsal precentral gyrus, in red, crossing the folded front surface at the top of the brain.

Image Courtesy of NYU Grossman School of Medicine

A region crossing the folded surface of the top of the brain, called the dorsal precentral gyrus, plays an essential role in how people use the sound of their voices to control how they want the words to sound, a new study shows.

The ability to take cues from ones own voice while talking, researchers say, has long been recognized as essential to fluent speech. Also recognized is each persons ability to make possible near-immediate adaptations based on these cues, such as slowing down speech to better articulate multisyllable words, or raising the voice to overcome loud background noise.

Led by researchers at NYU Grossman School of Medicine, the new study focuses on the half-dozen subregions of the brains surface layer, or cerebral cortex, because they are known to control how people move their mouth, lips, and tongue to form words, and to have a role in processing what they hear themselves saying. But the precise role of each subregion in real-time speech feedback has until now remained unclear, in part, because of the difficulties in directly accessing the brain for study while people are alive and talking.

VIDEO: Researcher demonstrates speech feedback, both normally and then delayed by 200 milliseconds, while reading aloud the study test sentence, The cereal was fortified with vitamins and nutrients.

Right Brain Left Brain

The cerebrum is divided into two halves: the right and left hemispheres They are joined by a bundle of fibers called the corpus callosum that transmits messages from one side to the other. Each hemisphere controls the opposite side of the body. If a stroke occurs on the right side of the brain, your left arm or leg may be weak or paralyzed.

Not all functions of the hemispheres are shared. In general, the left hemisphere controls speech, comprehension, arithmetic, and writing. The right hemisphere controls creativity, spatial ability, artistic, and musical skills. The left hemisphere is dominant in hand use and language in about 92% of people.

Read Also: Brain Bleed Name

The Basics Of The Vestibular System

Think of the vestibular system as a messenger service. Located in the inner ear, the vestibular system provides your brain with information on things like motion, the position of your head, and sudden movements. This helps you maintain your balance by ensuring that your brain processes your bodys position every time it changes. Overall, the vestibular system helps you maintain a sense of equilibrium, preventing falls and dizziness.

What Is Broca’s Area

The human

Broca’s area is the area of the brain responsible for speech production, language processing, and language comprehension, as well as controlling facial neurons. First discovered in 1861, this area was named after Pierre Paul Broca. Broca discovered the area after studying the brain of a patient with a speech impairment after his death.

This part of the brain is connected to the Wernicks area of the brain by the arcuate fasciculus, which is a pathway made of neurons. It is found in the frontal lobe of the cortex, within the inferior frontal gyrus. It is comprised of two primary parts: the Pars triangularis and the Pars opercularis.

The Pars triangularis is located in the anterior portion of Broca’s area. Researchers believe that this area of the brain is responsible for helping the human brain interpret different stimulus modes. It is also where verbal conducts are programmed in the brain.

Recommended Reading: Jahi Mcmath Decomposing

Which Side Of Your Brain Is Emotional

The neural system for emotions linked to approaching and engaging with the world like happiness, pride and anger lives in the left side of the brain, while emotions associated with avoidance like disgust and fear are housed in the right. But those studies were done almost exclusively on right-handed people.

Can Speech Return After Stroke

Language impairment or aphasia occurs in more than a third of people who survive a stroke on the left side of their brain. Many recover within a few months after the stroke, but up to 60% still have language impairments more than six months after a stroke, a condition known as chronic aphasia.9 thg 6, 2005

Recommended Reading: How Does A Brain Freeze Happen

What Are The Parts Of The Nervous System

The nervous system is made up of the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system:

  • The brain and the spinal cord are the central nervous system.
  • The nerves that go through the whole body make up the peripheral nervous system.

The human brain is incredibly compact, weighing just 3 pounds. It has many folds and grooves, though. These give it the added surface area needed for storing the body’s important information.

The spinal cord is a long bundle of nerve tissue about 18 inches long and 1/2-inch thick. It extends from the lower part of the brain down through spine. Along the way, nerves branch out to the entire body.

Both the brain and the spinal cord are protected by bone: the brain by the bones of the skull, and the spinal cord by a set of ring-shaped bones called vertebrae. They’re both cushioned by layers of membranes called meninges and a special fluid called cerebrospinal fluid. This fluid helps protect the nerve tissue, keep it healthy, and remove waste products.

More articles

Popular Articles